Geology 111 Hardest Trivia Quiz

62 Questions | Total Attempts: 83

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Geology Quizzes & Trivia

As we continue to learn more about the earth surface, we also get a lot of material that can be tested come exam time. Below is what is considered the hardest quiz for the biology 111 quizzes, do you think that you can tackle it with ease? Take it up and ensure you share it with the rest of your classmates.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The orbit of our earth is:
    • A. 

      Closer, or

    • B. 

      Farther from the sun than the orbit of mars

  • 2. 
    The innermost 4 planets of our solar system are geologically similar to earth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Volcanic eruptions teach us that the interior of the earth:
    • A. 

      Contains liquid, molten rock.

    • B. 

      Is very hot, possibly thousands of degrees

    • C. 

      That geologic activity is far from over

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    A new concept in the earth sciences is to look at our planet as a system with four components that interact with each other. check the four spheres of earth.
    • A. 

      Geosphere

    • B. 

      Atmosphere

    • C. 

      Biosphere

    • D. 

      Hydrosphere

    • E. 

      Ecosphere

    • F. 

      Lithosphere

    • G. 

      Stratosphere

    • H. 

      Asthenosphere

  • 5. 
    How many minerals exist on earth?
    • A. 

      100-300

    • B. 

      300-500

    • C. 

      1000-2000

    • D. 

      3000-5000

  • 6. 
    Even though most minerals of the earth's crust are made up of the same 8 elements (invariable proportions), the minerals can look and feel very different
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Of these substances, pick those that are not crystalline:
    • A. 

      Coal

    • B. 

      Mineral Oil

    • C. 

      Calcite

    • D. 

      Graphite

    • E. 

      Obsidian

  • 8. 
    Considering where we are, in the coastal plain of Virginia, which of these minerals are most abundant at the surface, near the beach, or in riverbeds?
    • A. 

      Quartz

    • B. 

      K-spar

    • C. 

      Graphite

    • D. 

      Coal

    • E. 

      Calcite

    • F. 

      Clay Minerals

  • 9. 
    A mineral is (three part answer):
    • A. 

      Hard solid

    • B. 

      Defined chemical composition

    • C. 

      Naturally occuring solid

    • D. 

      Ordered atomic structure

    • E. 

      Inorganic

  • 10. 
    Which rocks originate from crystallization of a melt?
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

  • 11. 
    The most abundant volcanic rock is:
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Diorite

    • C. 

      Basalt

    • D. 

      Rhyolite

  • 12. 
    The most abundant intrusive igneous rock:
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Diorite

    • C. 

      Basalt

    • D. 

      Rhyolite

  • 13. 
    If lava flow cools too fast for crystals to form, it becomes what?
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Dacite

    • C. 

      Trachyte

    • D. 

      Obsidian

  • 14. 
    If lava cools quickly and foams up because of a lot of gas, it is called:
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Dacite

    • C. 

      Trachyte

    • D. 

      Pumice

  • 15. 
    Which of these igneous rocks is mostly dark colored:
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Diorite

    • C. 

      Basalt

    • D. 

      Rhyolite

  • 16. 
    Which of these igneous rocks is mostly light colored:
    • A. 

      Granite

    • B. 

      Diorite

    • C. 

      Basalt

    • D. 

      Rhyolite

  • 17. 
    At what temperature do rocks melt, provided they are water free?
    • A. 

      350 degrees

    • B. 

      500 degrees

    • C. 

      650 degrees

    • D. 

      1000 degrees

  • 18. 
    Porous volcanic rocks such as basalt contain important ore deposits of copper and gold.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    A clastic sedimentary rock comes about by:
    • A. 

      Compaction

    • B. 

      Cementation

    • C. 

      Dilution

    • D. 

      Dissolution of clastic particles, which can be minerals or rock fragments.

  • 20. 
    Check the four most basic types of sedimentary rocks:
    • A. 

      Biogenic

    • B. 

      Intrusive

    • C. 

      Chemical

    • D. 

      Clastic

    • E. 

      Biochemical

    • F. 

      Other

  • 21. 
    Of these types of sedimentary rocks, which one is by far the most abundant?
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Limestone

    • C. 

      Shale

    • D. 

      Conglomerate

  • 22. 
    Even though sedimentary rocks are common near the earth's surface, they still only account for ____ of the volume of the earth's crust.
    • A. 

      1%

    • B. 

      7%

    • C. 

      15%

    • D. 

      20%

  • 23. 
    Even though conglomerates are fairly rare amoung sedimentary rocks, they can still tell us quite a lot about past environments, for example the location of ancient beaches.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    Of the following types of sediments, which is the most fine-grained?
    • A. 

      Gravel

    • B. 

      Sand

    • C. 

      Silt

    • D. 

      Clay

  • 25. 
    A shale, also sometimes called clay- or mudstone, comes about by cementation of slowly settling clay.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 26. 
    Shale, more so than any other clastic sedimentary rock, is subject to severe compaction.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 27. 
    Limestones can be composed of:
    • A. 

      Chemically precipitated calcite

    • B. 

      Organically produced calcite

    • C. 

      Fossil fragments

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 28. 
    Which of the following terms are not sedimentary structures?
    • A. 

      Cross beds

    • B. 

      Ripple marks

    • C. 

      Lava flows

    • D. 

      Boulders

    • E. 

      Fossils

  • 29. 
    Which of these rocks identifies a tropical environment?
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Claystone

    • C. 

      Coral reefs

    • D. 

      Diamicton

  • 30. 
    Clay in its natural despositional environment can hold a lot of water
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    Which chemical element is the most abundant, by far, in minerals of the earth's crust (not the whole earth)?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Carbon

  • 32. 
    Which mineral is used as an ingredient in toothpaste?
    • A. 

      Halite

    • B. 

      Gypsum

    • C. 

      Apatite

    • D. 

      Flourite

  • 33. 
    The surface layer of the earth is composed of lithospheric plates that move over the underlying asthenosphere
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    What is Lithosphere?
    • A. 

      Crust and mantle

    • B. 

      Crust and the core

    • C. 

      Crust and a portion of the upper mantle

    • D. 

      Crust and Asthenosphere

  • 35. 
    How many large lithospheric plates are there?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      12-16

    • C. 

      25-30

  • 36. 
    A lithospheric plate can be:
    • A. 

      Oceanic

    • B. 

      Continental

    • C. 

      Continental and Oceanic

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 37. 
    The North American plate is
    • A. 

      Continental

    • B. 

      Oceanic

    • C. 

      Continental and Oceanic

  • 38. 
    Movement of lithospheric plates is driven by what?
    • A. 

      Underlying Asthenosphere

    • B. 

      Magnetic Reversals

  • 39. 
    The upper part of oceanic lithosphere consists of what?
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Dacite

    • C. 

      Trachyte

    • D. 

      Obsidian

  • 40. 
    The upper mantle consists of:
    • A. 

      Basalt

    • B. 

      Diorite

    • C. 

      Peridotite

    • D. 

      Granite

  • 41. 
    Which of the following tectonic settings has the most dangerous, explosive volcanism?
    • A. 

      Interior of large continents

    • B. 

      Subduction zones

    • C. 

      Spreading ridges

    • D. 

      Hot Spots

  • 42. 
    Oceanic crust is generated at:
    • A. 

      Mid-ocean ridges

    • B. 

      Over hot spots

    • C. 

      Volcanic island arcs

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 43. 
    Hawaii sits atop a:
    • A. 

      Hot spot

    • B. 

      Mantle plume

    • C. 

      Transform fault

    • D. 

      Spreading ridge

  • 44. 
    Yellowstone is a hot spot
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    The eastern coast of North America is called an:
    • A. 

      Active plate margin

    • B. 

      Passive plate margin

  • 46. 
    Name the three most basic types of rocks:  
    • A. 

      Igneous, Metamorphic, Sedimentary

    • B. 

      Igneous, Metamorphic

    • C. 

      Sedimentary, Metamorphic

  • 47. 
    Sediment turns into a sedimentary rock by____________ of ___________
    • A. 

      Petrification, Sediment

    • B. 

      Compaction, Sediment

    • C. 

      Lithification, Sediment

    • D. 

      Cementation, Sediment

  • 48. 
    3 pieces of evidence that Alfred Wegener used to support his hypothesis of continental drift
    • A. 

      Plants/Rock layers

    • B. 

      Fossil Evidence

    • C. 

      Magnetic Reversals

    • D. 

      Sonar Waves

    • E. 

      Land Margins

  • 49. 
    Earthquakes occur primarily on active plate margins
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    How deep, approximately, is the global ocean at mid-ocean ridge?
    • A. 

      1000 meters

    • B. 

      2000-3000 meters

    • C. 

      6000 meters

  • 51. 
    Which name did Harry Hess propose for the process that is operating at the mid ocean ridges?
    • A. 

      Sea-floor spreading

    • B. 

      Paleomagnetism

  • 52. 
    Relative to the underlying mantle, is the NA plate moving..
    • A. 

      Northwards

    • B. 

      Southwards

    • C. 

      Westwards

  • 53. 
    The last earthquake in Japan was caused by the collision of the ________ plate with the_______ plate
    • A. 

      African; Juan de Fuca

    • B. 

      Pacific; Eurasian

  • 54. 
    Which of these rocks cannot be dated directly?
    • A. 

      Igneous

    • B. 

      Sedimentary

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

  • 55. 
    If you get a radiometric age of 2 billion years from a zircon crystal in an ancient sandstone, the sandstone itself is______ than 2 billion years
    • A. 

      The same age

    • B. 

      Older

    • C. 

      Younger

  • 56. 
    Clay can hold water at a maximum of:
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      40-50%

    • D. 

      Up to 80%

  • 57. 
    Which of these sedimentary rocks would be produced by an earthquake?
    • A. 

      Sandstone

    • B. 

      Greywacke

    • C. 

      Arkose

    • D. 

      Breccia

  • 58. 
    Which of these geologic products characterizes a glacial environment?
    • A. 

      Cross beds

    • B. 

      Diamicton

    • C. 

      Arkose

    • D. 

      Mudcracks

  • 59. 
    Texture that often develops in the desert:
    • A. 

      Mudcracks

    • B. 

      Foliation

    • C. 

      Granite

    • D. 

      Cross bedding

  • 60. 
    Which of these sedimentary structures defines a tidal, near shore, environment?
    • A. 

      Cross beds

    • B. 

      Ripple marks

    • C. 

      Glacial till

    • D. 

      Turbidites

  • 61. 
    Coal formed mainly during the ________ period
    • A. 

      Precambrian

    • B. 

      Ordovician

    • C. 

      Carboniferous

    • D. 

      Cretaceous

  • 62. 
    Prime time for the formation of rock salt?
    • A. 

      Cretaceous

    • B. 

      Permian

    • C. 

      Triassic

    • D. 

      Jurassic