Full Length PMP Simulation Test 1

200 Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is an Input to Monitor and Control Project Work?
    • A. 

      Risk Management Plan

    • B. 

      Requirements Traceability Matrix

    • C. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • D. 

      Activity Attributes

  • 2. 
    The Project Management Knowledge Areas _______________
    • A. 

      Include Initiation, Planning, Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, and Closing

    • B. 

      Consist of nine areas that bring together processes that have things in common

    • C. 

      Consist of five processes that bring together phases of projects that have things in common

    • D. 

      Include Planning, Executing, and Monitoring and Controlling processes because these three processes are commonly interlinked

  • 3. 
    Which of the following describes the Executing process group?
    • A. 

      Project plans are put into action.

    • B. 

      Project performance measurements are taken and analyzed.

    • C. 

      Project plans are developed.

    • D. 

      Project plans are published.

  • 4. 
    According to the PMBOK Guide, the project manager is identified and assigned during which process?
    • A. 

      Prior to beginning the Develop Project Charter process

    • B. 

      At the conclusion of the Develop Project Charter process

    • C. 

      Prior to beginning the Planning processes

    • D. 

      Prior to beginning the Preliminary Scope Statement process

  • 5. 
    You are refining the product description for your company’s new line of ski boots. Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      You are in the Initiating processes of your project and know that the product description will contain more detail in this stage and that a decreasing amount of detail will be added to it as the project progresses.

    • B. 

      You are in the Planning processes of your project and know that the product description will contain less detail in this stage and greater detail as the project progresses.

    • C. 

      You are in the Planning processes of your project and know that the product description should contain the most detail possible at this stage, because this is critical information for the Planning process.

    • D. 

      You are in the Initiating process of your project and know that the product description will contain less detail in this stage and greater detail as the project progresses.

  • 6. 
    Each of the following statements describes an element of the Develop Project Management Plan process except for which one?
    • A. 

      Project management methodology

    • B. 

      Project specifications

    • C. 

      Configuration management system

    • D. 

      Expert judgment

  • 7. 
    You are the project manger for Xylophone Phonics. This company produces children’s software programs that teach basic reading and math skills. You are ready to assign project roles, responsibilities, and reporting relationships. Which project Planning process are you working on?
    • A. 

      Resource Planning

    • B. 

      Human Resource Planning

    • C. 

      Acquire Staff

    • D. 

      Human Resource Acquisition

  • 8. 
    The primary function of the Closing processes is to perform which of the following?
    • A. 

      Formalize lessons learned and distribute this information to project participants.

    • B. 

      Perform audits to verify the project results against the project requirements.

    • C. 

      Formalize project completion and disseminate this information to project participants.

    • D. 

      Perform post-implementation audits to document project successes and failures.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements is true regarding Close Project?
    • A. 

      Close Project occurs at the end of a project phase and at the end of the project.

    • B. 

      Close Project occurs at the end of the project phase only.

    • C. 

      Close Project occurs at the end of the project only.

    • D. 

      Close Project is performed after Contract Closure.

  • 10. 
    All of the following statements are true of the project Closing processes except for which one?
    • A. 

      Probability for success is greatest in the project Closing\ processes.

    • B. 

      The project manager’s influence is greatest in the project Closing processes.

    • C. 

      The stakeholders’ influence is least in the project Closing processes.

    • D. 

      Risk is greatest in the project Closing processes.

  • 11. 
    Name the ethical code you’ll be required to adhere to as a PMP.
    • A. 

      Project Management Policy and Ethics Guide

    • B. 

      Project Management Professional Standards and Ethics

    • C. 

      Project Management Code of Professional Ethics

    • D. 

      Project Management Professional Code of Professional Conduct

  • 12. 
    All the following are Inputs to Close Project or Phase EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Organisation Process Assets

    • B. 

      Accepted deliverables

    • C. 

      Project Management Plan

    • D. 

      Enterprise Environment Factors

  • 13. 
    All of the following are inputs into the Directing and Managing Project Execution EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Risk Register

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • C. 

      Enterprise Environmental Factors

    • D. 

      Project Management Plan

  • 14. 
    As a PMP, one of your responsibilities is to ensure integrity on the project. When your personal interests are put above the interests of the project or when you use your influence to cause others to make decisions in your favor without regard for the project outcome, this is considered:
    • A. 

      Conflict of interest

    • B. 

      Using professional knowledge inappropriately

    • C. 

      Culturally unacceptable

    • D. 

      Personal conflict issue

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is an Input to Close Project or Phase?
    • A. 

      Work Performance Measurement

    • B. 

      Project Schedule

    • C. 

      Validated Changes

    • D. 

      Accepted Deliverables

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an Output of Develop Project Management Plan?
    • A. 

      Change Requests

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets Updates

    • C. 

      Communication Management Plan

    • D. 

      Project Management Plan

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is an Output of  Develop Project Charter?
    • A. 

      Requirements Documentations

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • C. 

      Resource Calenders

    • D. 

      Project Charter

  • 18. 
    All of the following are Inputs to Direct and Manage Project Execution EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Risk Management Plans

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • C. 

      Project Management Plans

    • D. 

      Approved Change Requests

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is an Input to Monitor and Control Project Work?
    • A. 

      Teaming Agreements

    • B. 

      Work Performance Information

    • C. 

      Procurement Contract Award

    • D. 

      Organisational Process Assets

  • 20. 
    All of the following processes form part of the Executing process group except?
    • A. 

      Performing activities in accordance with the project management plan.

    • B. 

      Managing changes to the deliverables

    • C. 

      Completing the work in accordance with the defined quality framework and specification.

    • D. 

      Coordinating people and resources.

  • 21. 
    The purpose of the Initiation process is to?
    • A. 

      Formally recognize the existence of a project or project phase

    • B. 

      Formally recognize the need that brought about the project be it marketing demand, customer requests, business need, technological advances, or legal requirements

    • C. 

      . Formally recognize the stakeholders of the project and identify them in the project charter

    • D. 

      Formally recognize the project sponsor and document his or her project goals

  • 22. 
    Your company is going to introduce a new service called Phone Home. This service will allow you to speak the name of the person you want to call into your cellular phone. To call home, you would simply speak the word home into the phone, and it will dial that number for you. Your company is taking advantage of the progress that has been made recently with voice recognition software. Initial projections show that market demand is very high for this product. This project came about as a result of which of the following?  
    • A. 

      Marketing demand

    • B. 

      Customer request

    • C. 

      Business need

    • D. 

      Technological advance

  • 23. 
    What is the purpose of the project charter?
    • A. 

      To recognize and acknowledge the project sponsor

    • B. 

      To recognize and acknowledge the existence of the project and commit organizational resources to the project

    • C. 

      To acknowledge the existence of the project team, project manager, and project sponsor

    • D. 

      To describe the selection methods used to choose this project over its competitors

  • 24. 
    According to the Guide to the PMBOK, the project manager is identified and assigned during which process?
    • A. 

      As an input to the Initiation process

    • B. 

      As an input to the Planning process

    • C. 

      As an output of the Initiation process

    • D. 

      As an output of the Scope Planning process

  • 25. 
    What are the triple constraints?
    • A. 

      Time, schedules, and quality

    • B. 

      Time, availability, and quality

    • C. 

      Time, money, and schedules

    • D. 

      Time, money, and quality

  • 26. 
    When a project is being performed under contract, the product description is provided by which of the following?  
    • A. 

      The buyer

    • B. 

      The project sponsor

    • C. 

      The project manager

    • D. 

      The contractor

  • 27. 
    You are a project manager for the information technology division of a local satellite TV broadcasting company. This spring, the chief information officer for your company gave you the project to convert and upgrade all the PCs in the department to the latest release of a specific desktop application. Prior to this conversion, all manner of desktop software existed on machines throughout the company and had caused increasing problems with sharing files and information across the company. A lot of unproductive hours were spent typing information into several formats. This project came about as a result of which of the following?  
    • A. 

      Technological advance

    • B. 

      Business need

    • C. 

      Customer request

    • D. 

      Legal requirement

  • 28. 
    What are the inputs to the Initiation process?
    • A. 

      Product description, strategic plan, project selection criteria, and historical information

    • B. 

      Product description, strategic plan, project overview document, and historical information

    • C. 

      Strategic plan, project overview document, feasibility study, and historical information

    • D. 

      Product description, strategic plan, constraints, and assumptions

  • 29. 
    Deliverables can be described as?
    • A. 

      The purpose for undertaking the project

    • B. 

      The verifiable results of products or services that must be produced to consider the project complete

    • C. 

      The specifications regarding the goals of the project that must be produced to consider the project complete

    • D. 

      The measurable outcomes of the project goals

  • 30. 
    You are a project manager working on a new software product. Your company plans for market businesses. The project sponsor told you that the project must be completed by September 1. The company plans to demo the new software product at a trade show in late September and therefore needs the project completed in time for the trade show. However, the sponsor has also told you that the budget is fixed at $85,000 and cannot be increased by even $10 due to overall budget cuts this year. You must complete the project within the given time frame and budget. Which of the following is the primary constraint? for this project?  
    • A. 

      Budget

    • B. 

      Quality

    • C. 

      Time

    • D. 

      Schedule

  • 31. 
    Before closing a contract, the project manager should:
    • A. 

      Consult a lawyer

    • B. 

      Verify that all deliverables were acceptable

    • C. 

      Re-read the contract

    • D. 

      Contact everyone on the project team for approval

  • 32. 
    At the end of a project, what will your schedule variance be equal to?
    • A. 

      Zero

    • B. 

      Five

    • C. 

      One

    • D. 

      Hundred

  • 33. 
    The customer has reviewed the deliverables of a project and finds that they are acceptable, and must now communicate that acceptance to the project manager. Which form of communication is appropriate?
    • A. 

      Informal written

    • B. 

      Informal verbal

    • C. 

      Formal written

    • D. 

      Formal verbal

  • 34. 
    During procurement closure, a procurement audit includes all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Reviewing the contract terms to ensure that they have all been met

    • B. 

      Identifying successes and failures that should be recognized

    • C. 

      Documenting lessons learned

    • D. 

      Using the payment system to process consideration as per the terms of the contract

  • 35. 
    Your project team has completed the project work. All of the following must be done before the project can be closed EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ensure that the schedule baseline has been updated

    • B. 

      Get formal acceptance of the deliverables from the customer

    • C. 

      Make sure the scope of the project was completed

    • D. 

      Verify that the product acceptance criteria have been met

  • 36. 
    Your client has terminated your project before it is complete. Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      You must stop all work and release the team immediately

    • B. 

      You must work with the team to document the lessons learned

    • C. 

      You must keep the team working on the project to give your senior management time to talk to the client

    • D. 

      You must update the project management plan to reflect this change

  • 37. 
    Customer satisfaction should be measured at the end of the project to maintain long-term relationships. Which of the following is NOT always an aspect of customer satisfaction?
    • A. 

      The product meets its stated and unstated requirements

    • B. 

      The project is profitable

    • C. 

      The product is high quality

    • D. 

      The customer’s needs are met

  • 38. 
    At the close of your project, you measure the customer satisfaction and find that some customer needs were not fully met. Your supervisor asks you what steps you took on your project to improve customer satisfaction. Which subsidiary plan would you consult to determine this information?
    • A. 

      Quality management plan

    • B. 

      Communications management plan

    • C. 

      Staffing management plan

    • D. 

      Risk management plan

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is NOT an input of the Close Project or Phase process?
    • A. 

      Project Management Plan

    • B. 

      Project Management Methodology

    • C. 

      Accepted Deliverables

    • D. 

      Organizational Process Assets

  • 40. 
    A project manager is reporting the final status of the closed contract to the stakeholders. Which form of communication is appropriate?
    • A. 

      Informal written

    • B. 

      Informal verbal

    • C. 

      Formal written

    • D. 

      Formal verbal

  • 41. 
    One way the Close Project or Phase process differs from Close Procurement is:
    • A. 

      Procurement closure involves verification that all work and deliverables are acceptable, where Close Project or Phase does not

    • B. 

      Close Project or Phase is only a subset of Close Procurement

    • C. 

      Procurement closure means verifying that the project is complete or terminated; Close Project or Phase is the process of tying up all of the activities for every management process group

    • D. 

      Procurement closure is performed by the seller; Close Project or Phase is performed by the buyer

  • 42. 
    A project manager is just finishing a project that has not gone well. Apart from cost overruns and schedule overruns, there have been a lot of quality defects and the project required a lot of senior management intervention to finally reach completion. The project manager should now:
    • A. 

      Focus on closing the project and moving on to the next one. Lessons learned is not applicable to this project since it has done badly

    • B. 

      Focus on presenting the data in positive light while ensuring that the reasons for the delays and problems are appropriately documented.

    • C. 

      Mask bad data and only present good data since his performance appraisal will otherwise be impacted.

    • D. 

      Document lessons learned from the project and update the lessons learned knowledge database.

  • 43. 
    Fill in the blank: A _______ is a document established by consensus and approved by a recognized body that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.
    • A. 

      Advisory

    • B. 

      Standard

    • C. 

      Regulation

    • D. 

      Policy

  • 44. 
    A company that designs and manufactures a series of new bicycles each year may manage the effort more efficiently how?
    • A. 

      As a program

    • B. 

      As separate design and engineering projects

    • C. 

      As separate UPC codes

    • D. 

      As independent product lines

  • 45. 
    Which of the following shows roles and responsibilities on your project?
    • A. 

      Bar chart

    • B. 

      Resource histogram

    • C. 

      RACI matrix

    • D. 

      Human Resource Management Plan

  • 46. 
    Which conflict resolution technique is most effective?
    • A. 

      Withdrawal

    • B. 

      Compromise

    • C. 

      Smoothing

    • D. 

      Confronting

  • 47. 
    The transition from one phase to another within a project's life cycle (e.g. design to manufacturing) is typically marked by:
    • A. 

      Technical transfer or handoff

    • B. 

      Deliverables

    • C. 

      Milestones

    • D. 

      Reviews

  • 48. 
    Ongoing operations and a project both have Initiating Processes, but only a project has __________.
    • A. 

      Planning Processes

    • B. 

      Closing Processes.

    • C. 

      Control processing

    • D. 

      Executing Processes

  • 49. 
    Which of the following are enterprise environmental factors influencing a project's success?
    • A. 

      Stakeholder risk tolerances

    • B. 

      Political climate

    • C. 

      Marketplace conditions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 50. 
    Estimating the type and quantities of material, people, equipment or supplies required to perform each activity is:
    • A. 

      Estimate Activity Workload

    • B. 

      Estimate Activity Input

    • C. 

      Activity Resource Requirements

    • D. 

      Estimate Activity Resources

  • 51. 
    You are developing the project charter for a new project. Which of the following is NOT part of the enterprise environmental factors?
    • A. 

      Lessons learned from previous projects

    • B. 

      Knowledge of which departments in your company typically work on projects

    • C. 

      The work authorization system

    • D. 

      Government and industry standards that affect your project

  • 52. 
    You are initiating project that has a virtual team. Half of your team members will be located in another country, where they are working for a subcontractor. The subcontractor’s team members speak a different dialect of English than your team does. After a conference call to review the project charter, two of your team members make jokes about the way your subcontractor’s team members speak. What is the BEST way to handle this situation?
    • A. 

      Inform the subcontractor that they must adopt a non-discriminatory policy or you will be forced to terminate the contract and find a subcontractor that does not discriminate against women

    • B. 

      Do nothing, because discrimination against women is a cultural norm in the subcontractor’s country

    • C. 

      Update the project charter to add a requirement that teams expect cultural differences

    • D. 

      Promote another team member, but find a different way to reward the woman for her work

  • 53. 
    When do you perform stakeholder analysis?
    • A. 

      When managing communications on your project

    • B. 

      When developing the project charter

    • C. 

      When creating the project management plan

    • D. 

      When putting changes through change control

  • 54. 
    When are the most expensive defects most likely to be introduced into a product?
    • A. 

      When the product is being assembled

    • B. 

      When the product is being designed

    • C. 

      When the quality management plan is being written

    • D. 

      When the quality management plan is being written

  • 55. 
    Which of the following BEST describes the main purpose of the project charter?
    • A. 

      It authorizes the project manager to work on the project

    • B. 

      It identifies the sponsor and describes his or her role on the project

    • C. 

      It contains a list of all activities to be performed

    • D. 

      It describes the initial scope of the work

  • 56. 
    You are developing the project scope statement for a new project. Which of the following is NOT part of creating a project scope statement?
    • A. 

      Verify Scope

    • B. 

      Using the Project Charter

    • C. 

      Alternatives Identification

    • D. 

      Obtaining Plan Approval

  • 57. 
    When is the BEST time to have project kickoff meetings?
    • A. 

      At the beginning of the project

    • B. 

      When each deliverable is created

    • C. 

      At the start of each phase

    • D. 

      When the Communications Management plan is approved

  • 58. 
    You are managing a construction project that is currently being initiated. You met with the sponsors, and have started to work on identifying stakeholders. You’ve documented several key stakeholders and identified their needs. Before you can finish initiating the project, your company guidelines require that you make a rough order of magnitude estimate of both time and cost, so that the sponsor can allocate the final budget.   What’s the range of a rough order of magnitude (ROM) estimate?
    • A. 

      -10% to +10%

    • B. 

      -50% to +50%

    • C. 

      -50% to +100%

    • D. 

      -100% to +200%

  • 59. 
    You have just been authorized to manage a new project for your company. Which of the following BEST describes your first action?
    • A. 

      Create the work breakdown structure

    • B. 

      Develop the project management plan

    • C. 

      Start working on the project charter

    • D. 

      Figure out who has a stake in the project

  • 60. 
    While creating a project charter, you discover a new project management software tool has come onto the market. You spend the weekend taking an online tutorial to learn about it. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      An assigned project manager using authority and responsibility

    • B. 

      Not paying for copyrighted software

    • C. 

      Contributing to the project management body of knowledge

    • D. 

      Enhancing personal professional competence

  • 61. 
    A notice sent to a subcontractor about the contract is an example of which kind of communication?
    • A. 

      Informal verbal

    • B. 

      Formal written

    • C. 

      Formal verbal

    • D. 

      Informal written

  • 62. 
    Which of the following is NOT a type of communication ?
    • A. 

      Formal written

    • B. 

      Paralingual

    • C. 

      Nonverbal

    • D. 

      Noise

  • 63. 
    A company is about to begin work on a large construction project to build four new buildings for a bank that wants to open new branches. The sponsor is writing a project charter. She recalls that a previous project the company performed for another bank ran over budget because the team had underestimated the effort required to install the reinforced walls in the vault. The previous project manager had documented the details of the lessons learned from this project. Where should the sponsor look for these lessons learned?
    • A. 

      The project records management system

    • B. 

      The company’s organizational process assets

    • C. 

      The project’s work performance information

    • D. 

      The project’s work performance information

  • 64. 
    Which of the following is NOT found in a project charter?
    • A. 

      The summary budget

    • B. 

      High-level requirements

    • C. 

      Procedures for managing changes to contracts

    • D. 

      Responsibility and name of the person authorized to manage the project

  • 65. 
    Which is the BEST description of project scope?
    • A. 

      All of the features and deliverables your project will deliver

    • B. 

      All of the products your project will make

    • C. 

      All of the people involved in your project

    • D. 

      All of the work you will do to build the product

  • 66. 
    You’re managing an industrial design project. Your project is currently in the Initiating phase. The project charter has been created, and you are working on identifying the stakeholders. Which of the following is NOT something that you should do?
    • A. 

      Review lessons learned from prior projects

    • B. 

      Perform a stakeholder analysis

    • C. 

      Review procurement documents

    • D. 

      Create the change control system

  • 67. 
    Which of the following is NOT a stakeholder?
    • A. 

      A project team member

    • B. 

      An attorney from your company’s competitor

    • C. 

      A representative from your project team’s union

    • D. 

      The project sponsors

  • 68. 
    If you want to have multiple vendors bid on your contract, what is the best way to ensure that all vendors have the same information before bidding?
    • A. 

      Issue a standard request for bid and do not allow any questions

    • B. 

      Hold a bidder's conference

    • C. 

      Communicate only through email

    • D. 

      Communicate only through phone calls

  • 69. 
    You have recently been assigned to be the project manager for a project that is already underway (the previous project manager has been moved to a different project). As you begin to learn about the project, you realize that a project charter was never established. What should you do?
    • A. 

      Complain about the project charter not being completed.

    • B. 

      Wait and see if a project charter is needed.

    • C. 

      Establish a project charter at the point when you enter the project.

    • D. 

      Assume that it is too late and continue without a project charter.

  • 70. 
    You have been asked to establish a project charter for your new project. According to PMBOK, who normally has the responsibility to authorize the charter?
    • A. 

      Company president or CEO

    • B. 

      Project initiator or sponsor

    • C. 

      Key project stakeholders

    • D. 

      Project manager

  • 71. 
    Where would you find a detailed list and description of specific project assumptions associated with the project?
    • A. 

      Project management plan

    • B. 

      Project scope statement

    • C. 

      Project configuration document

    • D. 

      Change management plan

  • 72. 
    On obtaining the project charter, the project manager of a project immediately put together the project team to execute the project. Is this correct?
    • A. 

      Yes. Acquisition of the project tam is primarily an Initiating Process Group activity.

    • B. 

      Yes. The project manager needs to get the team together as soon as the project starts.

    • C. 

      No. It is the responsibility of the Project sponsor to provide the team for execution.

    • D. 

      No. Acquisition of the project team is primarily an Executing Process Group activity.

  • 73. 
    You are managing a construction project. During your risk identification interviews you learn that there has been a string of construction site thefts over the past few months in the area where your will be building your project. The team agrees that it’s unlikely that people will be able to steal from your site. Even if thieves could get around your security, it’s even more unlikely that your project will lose a significant amount of material if a theft does occur. You decide to monitor the risk from time to time to be sure that it continues to have a low probability and impact. Where do you record the risk so that you don’t lose track of it?
    • A. 

      In a trigger

    • B. 

      On a watchlist

    • C. 

      In the Probability and Impact Matrix

    • D. 

      In the Monte Carlo analysis report

  • 74. 
    A bar chart shows the number and type of resources you need throughout your project is called a _______________.
    • A. 

      Organizational Chart

    • B. 

      Resource Schedule

    • C. 

      Resource Histogram

    • D. 

      Staffing Timetable

  • 75. 
    A junior project manager at your company does not know how to perform earned value analysis. You spend a weekend with him to teach him how to do this. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Contributing to the project management body of knowledge

    • B. 

      Fraternizing, and should be discouraged

    • C. 

      Unpaid overtime

    • D. 

      Giving access to proprietary information, and should be reported to PMI

  • 76. 
    A project manager uses a facilitator to gather opinions from experts anonymously. What risk identification tool or technique is being performed?
    • A. 

      Brainstorming

    • B. 

      Delphi Technique

    • C. 

      Interviews

    • D. 

      SWOT Analysis

  • 77. 
    You’re the project manager on a software project that is planning out various approaches to technical work. There’s a 20% chance that a component you are going to license will be difficult to integrate and cost $3,000 in rework and delays. There’s also a 40% chance that the component will save $10,000 in time and effort that would have been used to build the component from scratch. What’s the EMV for these two possibilities?
    • A. 

      $13,000

    • B. 

      $7,000

    • C. 

      $3,400

    • D. 

      - $600

  • 78. 
    If you are developing a Project Management Plan, how should you determine the level of detail to be included in the plan?
    • A. 

      Always only provide a summary or high level plan

    • B. 

      Include only the details your manager specifically requested

    • C. 

      Always provide the maximum level of detail possible

    • D. 

      Provide the level of detail based on the project complexity and application area

  • 79. 
    Randy is managing a project and identifies that there are 8 stakeholders in the project. He is worried that he might end up with an unmanageable number of communication channels. In your view, how many communication channels does Randy have to plan for?
    • A. 

      64 channels

    • B. 

      56 channels

    • C. 

      8 channels

    • D. 

      28 channels

  • 80. 
    In general, Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis is:
    • A. 

      Not often completed

    • B. 

      Complete and 100% accurate

    • C. 

      In-depth and thorough

    • D. 

      Quick and cost-effective

  • 81. 
    What tool should you use to help identify project risks and their mitigation plans to support the project schedule?
    • A. 

      Risk Register

    • B. 

      Critical Path Method

    • C. 

      Risk and Evaluation Plan

    • D. 

      Schedule Network Analysis

  • 82. 
    Quantitative risk analysis should be performed:
    • A. 

      Only on risks identified by the project manager

    • B. 

      Only in extreme cases

    • C. 

      Only on prioritized risks

    • D. 

      On all risks

  • 83. 
    Which of these is not an approved Estimate Activity Durations technique?
    • A. 

      Three Point Estimating

    • B. 

      Parametric Estimating

    • C. 

      Analogous Estimating

    • D. 

      Critical Path Estimation

  • 84. 
    If you are working on a project where there is no definite project detailed scope, but similar projects have been completed in the past, what is the correct Estimate Activity Durations tool to use?
    • A. 

      Analogous Estimating

    • B. 

      Parametric Estimating

    • C. 

      Critical Path Estimation

    • D. 

      Three Point Estimating

  • 85. 
    Which of these items are important to address when determining each person's role in the project team?
    • A. 

      Role, authority, responsibility, and competency

    • B. 

      Role, responsibility, and competency

    • C. 

      Role and responsibility

    • D. 

      Role, authority, and competency

  • 86. 
    When beginning a new outsourcing project, what is the best way to determine which companies you should request a bid from?
    • A. 

      Send your proposal to the company you last worked with

    • B. 

      Have someone else manage this part of the process

    • C. 

      Send your proposal to everyone

    • D. 

      Consult the qualified sellers list

  • 87. 
    Which tools and techniques are recommended for developing a project team?
    • A. 

      Performance assessment, recognition and rewards, and team building

    • B. 

      Training, team building, and ground rules

    • C. 

      Team building, creating organizational charts, and assessing individual's performance

    • D. 

      Setting ground rules and assessing team members based on those rules

  • 88. 
    Which of the following items needs to be kept in mind when relying on risk identification checklists?
    • A. 

      They are biased.

    • B. 

      They are not exhaustive.

    • C. 

      They are often inaccurate.

    • D. 

      They are easy to prepare.

  • 89. 
    Which of the following may help in ensuring that certain bidders in the procurement process do not receive preferential treatment?
    • A. 

      Use of weighted criteria

    • B. 

      Use of bidder conferences

    • C. 

      Use of screening techniques

    • D. 

      Use of expert judgment

  • 90. 
    Your manager has asked you to include the Human Resource Plan and Schedule Management Plan in your Project Management Plan. Is this the appropriate place for those items?
    • A. 

      No, these are stand alone documents only.

    • B. 

      Yes, you should unquestioningly include anything your manager suggests.

    • C. 

      No, these documents should not be created until later in the project.

    • D. 

      Yes, include them in the Project Management Plan.

  • 91. 
    Brandi is a project manager on a software project. About halfway through development, her team found that they had not estimated enough time for some of the technical work they needed to do. She requested that the new work be added to the scope statement and that the time to do the work be added to the schedule. The change control board approved her change. What’s her next step?
    • A. 

      Update the scope and schedule baselines to reflect the approved change

    • B. 

      Start doing the work

    • C. 

      Gather performance metrics on the team’s work so far

    • D. 

      Perform Quality Assurance

  • 92. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of obtaining project plan approval?
    • A. 

      Until you obtain plan approval, you don’t need to put changes to it through change control

    • B. 

      Change control makes sure that only approved changes can make it into the approved plan

    • C. 

      Only one person needs to approve the Project Management Plan and that’s the Project Manager

    • D. 

      It’s important for the entire team to buy into the Project Management Plan for it to be successful

  • 93. 
    Which of the following best describes decomposition?
    • A. 

      Waiting for a task to expire so that it can break down into smaller tasks

    • B. 

      Taking a deliverable and breaking it down into the smaller work packages so that it can be organized and planned

    • C. 

      Categorizing work packages

    • D. 

      Dividing work packages into deliverables that can be planned for

  • 94. 
    Which is the BEST definition of quality?
    • A. 

      A product made of very expensive materials

    • B. 

      A product made with a lot of care by the team who built it

    • C. 

      A product that satisfies the requirements of the people who pay for it

    • D. 

      A product that passes all of its tests

  • 95. 
    In which plan do you define the processes that will be used to keep people informed throughout the project?
    • A. 

      Staffing Management Plan

    • B. 

      Project Management Plan

    • C. 

      Schedule Management Plan

    • D. 

      Communications Management Plan

  • 96. 
    Which enterprise environmental factor defines how work is assigned to people?
    • A. 

      RACI matrix

    • B. 

      Project Management Information System (PMIS)

    • C. 

      Resource histogram

    • D. 

      Work authorization system

  • 97. 
    Tom is the project manager of an accounting project. He has just finished defining the scope for the project and is creating the WBS. He goes to his organizational process asset library and finds a WBS from a past project to use as a jumping off point. Which of the following describes the asset that Tom is using?
    • A. 

      Decomposition

    • B. 

      Delphi Technique

    • C. 

      Brainstorming

    • D. 

      Templates

  • 98. 
    You are the project manager for a software development project. When you need to get staff from the manager of the QA department, he suggests a few test engineers with performance problems for your team. Which is the BEST response to this situation?
    • A. 

      Stop talking to the QA manager

    • B. 

      Call a meeting with the QA manager to try to figure out why he suggested those candidates and how the two of you can work together to find team members with suitable skills and interests for your team

    • C. 

      Tell the QA manager that the staffing problems are really no big deal, and you’re sure that the two of you can eventually figure out the right answer together

    • D. 

      Tell the manager that you know which team members you want for your team and he needs to give them to you

  • 99. 
    Which of the following contracts has the MOST risk for the buyer?
    • A. 

      Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF)

    • B. 

      Time and Materials (T&M)

    • C. 

      Cost plus award fee (CPAF)

    • D. 

      Fixed price (FP)

  • 100. 
    While identifying risks for a new construction project, you discover that a chemical you are using on your building cannot be applied in rainy conditions. You also learn that your project will be ready for the chemical application around the time when most of the rainfall happens in this part of the country. Since the project can’t be delayed until after the rainy season and you need to make sure the building gets the chemical coating, you decide that your team will just have to allow enough time in the schedule for non worked rain days. This is an example of which strategy?
    • A. 

      Mitigate

    • B. 

      Exploit

    • C. 

      Accept

    • D. 

      Transfer

  • 101. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the Project Management Plan?
    • A. 

      Collection of subsidiary plans

    • B. 

      Formal, written communication

    • C. 

      A bar chart that shows the order of tasks and their resource assignments

    • D. 

      Must be approved by project sponsor

  • 102. 
    Which of the following is NOT a tool or technique of Estimate Costs?
    • A. 

      Bottom-up

    • B. 

      Parametric

    • C. 

      Cost aggregation

    • D. 

      Analogous

  • 103. 
    Joe is a project manager on an industrial design project. He has found a pattern of defects occurring in all of his projects over the past few years and he thinks there might be a problem in the process his company is using that is causing it. He uses Ishikawa diagrams to come up with the root cause for this trend over projects so that he can make recommendations for process changes to avoid this problem in the future. What process is he doing?
    • A. 

      Plan Quality

    • B. 

      Perform Quality Assurance

    • C. 

      Perform Quality Control

    • D. 

      Qualitative Risk Analysis

  • 104. 
    The terms of union contracts are considered ______________ in your project plan.
    • A. 

      Assumptions

    • B. 

      Constraints

    • C. 

      Requirements

    • D. 

      Collective bargaining agreements

  • 105. 
    You are a project manager on a construction project. You have just prepared an RFP to send around to electrical contractors. You get a call from your uncle who owns an electrical contracting company. He wants to bid on your project. You know he’s done good work before, and it may be a good fit for your company. How do you proceed?
    • A. 

      You disclose the conflict of interest to your company, and disqualify your uncle’s company

    • B. 

      You disclose the conflict of interest to your company, and make the selection based on objective criteria

    • C. 

      You disclose the conflict of interest to your company, and provide your uncle with information that the other bidders don’t have so that he has a better chance of winning the contract

    • D. 

      You do not disclose the conflict of interest, and give your uncle the bid

  • 106. 
    The scope baseline consists of:
    • A. 

      The Scope Management Plan, the Project Scope Statement, and the WBS

    • B. 

      The Scope Management Plan, Requirements Documents, and the WBS

    • C. 

      The Scope Management Plan, the WBS, and the WBS Dictionary

    • D. 

      The Project Scope Statement, the WBS, and the WBS Dictionary

  • 107. 
    You are the project manager on a construction project. As you’re planning out the work your team will do, you divide up all of the work into work packages and create a WBS that shows how they fit into categories. For each one of the work packages, you write down details such as initial estimates and information about what account it should be billed against. Where do you store all of that information?
    • A. 

      Scope Management Plan

    • B. 

      WBS

    • C. 

      WBS Dictionary

    • D. 

      Project Scope Statement

  • 108. 
    Which of the following is NOT a tool or technique of Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis?
    • A. 

      Risk urgency assessment

    • B. 

      Expected monetary value analysis

    • C. 

      Probability and impact matrix

    • D. 

      Risk categorization

  • 109. 
    Which of the following is NOT a tool in Identify Risks?
    • A. 

      Brainstorming

    • B. 

      Risk Urgency Assessment

    • C. 

      Delphi technique

    • D. 

      SWOT Analysis

  • 110. 
    A project manager is planning the staffing levels that will be needed through the course of her project. She figures out the number of people that will be needed in each role over time and displays that information in a chart as part of her staffing management plan. What is that chart called?
    • A. 

      Gantt chart

    • B. 

      RACI matrix

    • C. 

      Organization chart

    • D. 

      Resource histogram

  • 111. 
    Which of the following is NOT a tool of the Define Scope process?
    • A. 

      Facilitated Workshops

    • B. 

      Constrained Optimization

    • C. 

      Alternatives Identification

    • D. 

      Product Analysis

  • 112. 
    A project manager is negotiating with a contractor. Neither has a good idea of how long the project will take, or how much the materials will cost. Which contract type is MOST appropriate for this project?
    • A. 

      Cost plus fixed fee (CPFF)

    • B. 

      Time and Materials (T&M)

    • C. 

      Cost plus award fee (CPAF)

    • D. 

      Firm fixed price (FFP)

  • 113. 
    What is the main output of the Define Scope process?
    • A. 

      Requirements Documentation

    • B. 

      Scope Definition

    • C. 

      Scope Dictionary

    • D. 

      Project Scope Statement

  • 114. 
    Paul is a project manager for an industrial design project. The project has a 60% chance of making the company $230,000 over the next year. It has a 40% chance of costing the company $150,000. What’s the project’s EMV?
    • A. 

      $138,000

    • B. 

      $60,000

    • C. 

      $78,000

    • D. 

      $230,000

  • 115. 
    You are currently performing the Conduct Procurements process. You are considering two bids from companies on your qualified sellers list. Your project is on a tight budget, and you have been instructed by senior management to consider the cost over any other criteria. You used the company that submitted the lower bid on a previous project, and you were not happy with their work. The company that submitted the higher bid has a reputation for treating their clients well, flying project managers first class, and giving them accommodations in five-star hotels. What is the BEST way to handle this situation?
    • A. 

      Select the company with the lowest bid

    • B. 

      Give the manager at the company with the higher bid information that will allow him to tailor his bid so that it better meets your needs

    • C. 

      Rewrite the RFP so that the company with the lowest bid is excluded

    • D. 

      Select the company with the higher bid

  • 116. 
    You are managing a design project. You find that bringing all of your team members into a single room to work increases their communication, and helps build a sense of community. This is referred to as a:
    • A. 

      War room

    • B. 

      Virtual team

    • C. 

      Socially active team

    • D. 

      Common area

  • 117. 
    You have identified an opportunity to potentially increase the project’s value. Which of the following is an example of enhancing that opportunity?
    • A. 

      By forming a partnership with another company, the project’s value will increase for both companies

    • B. 

      By taking additional actions, you increase the potential reward without reducing its probability

    • C. 

      By taking out insurance, you can reduce potential costs to the project

    • D. 

      By documenting the opportunity in the register, you can keep track of it and ensure it gets exploited

  • 118. 
    Which of the following best describes the Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle?
    • A. 

      Invented by Joseph Juran, it’s a way of tracking how soon defects are found in your process.

    • B. 

      Invented by Walter Shewhart and popularized by W. E. Deming, it’s a method of making small changes and measuring the impact before you make wholesale changes to a process.

    • C. 

      Made popular by Phillip Crosby in the 1980s, it’s a way of measuring your product versus its requirements

    • D. 

      It means that you plan your project, then do it, then test it, and then release it

  • 119. 
    Tom is a project manager on an industrial design project. He is always watching when his team members come into the office, when they take their breaks, and when they leave. He periodically walks around the office to be sure that everyone is doing work when they are at their desks and he insists that he make every project decision, even minor ones. What kind of manager is he?
    • A. 

      Theory X

    • B. 

      Theory Y

    • C. 

      Cost cutter

    • D. 

      Effective

  • 120. 
    Your top team member has performed extremely well, and you want to reward her. She knows that you don’t have enough money in the budget to give her a bonus, so she approaches you and requests an extra day off, even though she is out of vacation days. She asks if she can take one of her sick days, even though the company doesn’t allow that. Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      You should give her the time off, because McClelland’s Achievement Theory states that people need achievement, power, and affiliation to be motivated

    • B. 

      You should give her the time off, because Expectancy Theory says that you need to give people an expectation of a reward in order to motivate them

    • C. 

      You should give her the time off, because a Theory Y manager trusts the team

    • D. 

      You should not give her the time off

  • 121. 
    • A. 

      The person who monitors the watchlist that contains the risk

    • B. 

      The person who meets with stakeholders to explain the risk

    • C. 

      The person who makes a risk happen

    • D. 

      The person who is responsible for the response plan for the risk

  • 122. 
    You are managing an accounting project when a new CFO is hired at your company. He’ll be affected by all accounting projects in your company. What’s the BEST thing for you to do?
    • A. 

      Show him the Project Charter so that he knows that you are in charge of the project

    • B. 

      Work with him to understand the current requirements and determine if he has new ones to add to the project

    • C. 

      Keep working on the project and get his feedback when he can review the finished product

    • D. 

      Add him to the communications plan

  • 123. 
    Which of the following BEST describes the records management system?
    • A. 

      A system to store contracts and project records for future project managers to reference

    • B. 

      A library that stores the lessons learned for past projects

    • C. 

      A filing system to store paid invoices

    • D. 

      A system to store human resource records, salary information and work performance history

  • 124. 
    If you want to compress a project schedule, what are two of the recommended alternatives to consider?
    • A. 

      Fast Tracking and Schedule Network Analysis

    • B. 

      Crashing and Fast Tracking

    • C. 

      Resource Leveling and What-If Scenario Analysis

    • D. 

      Crashing and Schedule Network Analysis

  • 125. 
    Which is NOT an example of cost of quality?
    • A. 

      The cost of inspecting your product to be sure that it meets requirements

    • B. 

      The cost of reviewing documents used to produce your product to be sure that they do not have defects

    • C. 

      The cost of training your team on techniques that will help them avoid defects

    • D. 

      The cost of contracting another company to build part of the product

  • 126. 
    A project manager wishes to expand an existing list of sellers. Which of the following techniques should she consider?
    • A. 

      Networking

    • B. 

      Outsourcing

    • C. 

      Expert Judgment

    • D. 

      Advertising

  • 127. 
    As project manager, you would like to show the relationship between two variables to help your project team understand the quality impacts better. Which tool should be used?
    • A. 

      Scatter Diagram

    • B. 

      Run Chart

    • C. 

      Fishbone Diagram

    • D. 

      Pareto Chart

  • 128. 
    Which of the following is not a general management technique used to generate different approaches to execute and perform the project work?
    • A. 

      Lateral thinking

    • B. 

      Six Thinking Hats

    • C. 

      Map Out

    • D. 

      Brainstorming

  • 129. 
    You are currently performing the Conduct Procurements process. You are considering two bids from companies on your qualified sellers list. Your project is on a tight budget, and you have been instructed by senior management to consider the cost over any other criteria. You used the company that submitted the lower bid on a previous project, and you were not happy with their work. The company that submitted the higher bid has a reputation for treating their clients well, flying project managers first class, and giving them accommodations in five-star hotels. What is the BEST way to handle this situation?
    • A. 

      Select the company with the lowest bid

    • B. 

      Give the manager at the company with the higher bid information that will allow him to tailor his bid so that it better meets your needs

    • C. 

      Rewrite the RFP so that the company with the lowest bid is excluded

    • D. 

      Select the company with the higher bid

  • 130. 
    You are managing a design project. You find that bringing all of your team members into a single room to work increases their communication, and helps build a sense of community. This is referred to as a:
    • A. 

      War room

    • B. 

      Virtual team

    • C. 

      Socially active team

    • D. 

      Common area

  • 131. 
    You have identified an opportunity to potentially increase the project’s value. Which of the following is an example of enhancing that opportunity?
    • A. 

      By forming a partnership with another company, the project’s value will increase for both companies

    • B. 

      By taking additional actions, you increase the potential reward without reducing its probability

    • C. 

      By taking out insurance, you can reduce potential costs to the project

    • D. 

      By documenting the opportunity in the register, you can keep track of it and ensure it gets exploited

  • 132. 
    Which of the following best describes the Plan-Do-Check-Act cycle?
    • A. 

      Invented by Joseph Juran, it’s a way of tracking how soon defects are found in your process.

    • B. 

      Invented by Walter Shewhart and popularized by W. E. Deming, it’s a method of making small changes and measuring the impact before you make wholesale changes to a process.

    • C. 

      Made popular by Phillip Crosby in the 1980s, it’s a way of measuring your product versus its requirements

    • D. 

      It means that you plan your project, then do it, then test it, and then release it

  • 133. 
    Tom is a project manager on an industrial design project. He is always watching when his team members come into the office, when they take their breaks, and when they leave. He periodically walks around the office to be sure that everyone is doing work when they are at their desks and he insists that he make every project decision, even minor ones. What kind of manager is he?
    • A. 

      Theory X

    • B. 

      Theory Y

    • C. 

      Cost cutter

    • D. 

      Effective

  • 134. 
    Your top team member has performed extremely well, and you want to reward her. She knows that you don’t have enough money in the budget to give her a bonus, so she approaches you and requests an extra day off, even though she is out of vacation days. She asks if she can take one of her sick days, even though the company doesn’t allow that. Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      You should give her the time off, because McClelland’s Achievement Theory states that people need achievement, power, and affiliation to be motivated

    • B. 

      You should give her the time off, because Expectancy Theory says that you need to give people an expectation of a reward in order to motivate them

    • C. 

      You should give her the time off, because a Theory Y manager trusts the team

    • D. 

      You should not give her the time off

  • 135. 
    What is a risk owner?
    • A. 

      The person who monitors the watchlist that contains the risk

    • B. 

      The person who meets with stakeholders to explain the risk

    • C. 

      The person who makes a risk happen

    • D. 

      The person who is responsible for the response plan for the risk

  • 136. 
    You are managing an accounting project when a new CFO is hired at your company. He’ll be affected by all accounting projects in your company. What’s the BEST thing for you to do?
    • A. 

      Show him the Project Charter so that he knows that you are in charge of the project

    • B. 

      Work with him to understand the current requirements and determine if he has new ones to add to the project

    • C. 

      Keep working on the project and get his feedback when he can review the finished product

    • D. 

      Add him to the communications plan

  • 137. 
    Which of the following BEST describes the records management system?
    • A. 

      A system to store contracts and project records for future project managers to reference

    • B. 

      A library that stores the lessons learned for past projects

    • C. 

      A filing system to store paid invoices

    • D. 

      A system to store human resource records, salary information and work performance history

  • 138. 
    If you want to compress a project schedule, what are two of the recommended alternatives to consider?
    • A. 

      Fast Tracking and Schedule Network Analysis

    • B. 

      Crashing and Fast Tracking

    • C. 

      Resource Leveling and What-If Scenario Analysis

    • D. 

      Crashing and Schedule Network Analysis

  • 139. 
    Which is NOT an example of cost of quality?
    • A. 

      The cost of inspecting your product to be sure that it meets requirements

    • B. 

      The cost of reviewing documents used to produce your product to be sure that they do not have defects

    • C. 

      The cost of training your team on techniques that will help them avoid defects

    • D. 

      The cost of contracting another company to build part of the product

  • 140. 
    A project manager wishes to expand an existing list of sellers. Which of the following techniques should she consider?
    • A. 

      Networking

    • B. 

      Outsourcing

    • C. 

      Expert Judgment

    • D. 

      Advertising

  • 141. 
    As project manager, you would like to show the relationship between two variables to help your project team understand the quality impacts better. Which tool should be used?
    • A. 

      Scatter Diagram

    • B. 

      Run Chart

    • C. 

      Fishbone Diagram

    • D. 

      Pareto Chart

  • 142. 
    Which of the following is not a general management technique used to generate different approaches to execute and perform the project work?
    • A. 

      Lateral thinking

    • B. 

      Six Thinking Hats

    • C. 

      Map Out

    • D. 

      Brainstorming

  • 143. 
    When you look at a control chart that measures defects in the product produced by your project, you find that seven values are showing up below the mean on the chart. What should you do?
    • A. 

      Look into the process that is being measured; there’s probably a problem there

    • B. 

      Ignore the anomaly; this is the rule of seven, so statistically the data doesn’t matter

    • C. 

      This means that the mean is too high

    • D. 

      You should adjust your lower control limit—the values indicate a problem with where the limits have been set

  • 144. 
    You are managing a software engineering project, when two team members come to you with a conflict. The lead developer has identified an important project risk: you have a subcontractor that may not deliver on time. Another developer doesn’t believe that the risk is likely to happen; however, you consult the lessons learned from previous projects and discover that subcontractors failed to deliver their work on two previous projects. You decide that the risk is too big; you terminate the contract with the subcontractor, and instead hire additional developers to build the component. Both team members agree that this has eliminated the risk. Which of the following BEST describes this scenario?
    • A. 

      Transferrence

    • B. 

      Mitigation

    • C. 

      Avoidance

    • D. 

      Acceptance

  • 145. 
    Two of your project team members approach you with a conflict that they are having with each other over the technical approach to their work. One of the two people is very aggressive, and tries to get you to make a decision quickly. The other team member is quiet, and seems less willing to talk about the issue. The conflict is starting to cause delays, and you need to reach a decision quickly. What’s the BEST approach to solving this conflict?
    • A. 

      Tell the team members that they need to work this out quickly, because otherwise the project could face delays

    • B. 

      Since it’s a technical problem, tell the team members that they should take it to the functional manager

    • C. 

      Confront the issue, even though one team member is hesitant

    • D. 

      Escalate the issue to your manager

  • 146. 
    You are managing a project with an EV of $15,000, PV of $12,000, and AC of $11,000. How would you BEST describe this project?
    • A. 

      The project is ahead of schedule and within its budget

    • B. 

      The project is behind schedule and within its budget

    • C. 

      The project is ahead of schedule and over its budget

    • D. 

      The project is behind schedule and over its budget

  • 147. 
    You are using a Pareto chart to examine the defects that have been found during an inspection of your product. Which process are you performing?
    • A. 

      Perform Quality Assurance

    • B. 

      Perform Quality Planning

    • C. 

      Perform Quality Control

    • D. 

      Verify Scope

  • 148. 
    A project manager is faced with two team members who have conflicting opinions. One team member explains her side of the conflict. The other team member responds by saying, “I know you’ll never really listen to my side, so let’s just go with her opinion and get back to work.” This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Withdrawal

    • B. 

      Compromise

    • C. 

      Smoothing

    • D. 

      Forcing

  • 149. 
    Your company’s quality assurance department has performed a quality audit on your project. They have found that your team has implemented something inefficiently, and that could lead to defects. What’s the NEXT thing that should happen on your project?
    • A. 

      You work with the quality department to implement a change to the way your team does their work

    • B. 

      You document recommended corrective actions and submit them to the change control board

    • C. 

      You add the results of the audit to the lessons learned

    • D. 

      You meet with the manager of the quality assurance department to figure out the root cause of the problem

  • 150. 
    You are managing a construction project to install new door frames in an office building. You planned on spending $12,500 on the project, but your costs are higher than expected, and now you’re afraid that your project is spending too much money. What number tells you the difference between the amount of money you planned on spending and what you’ve actually spent so far on the project?
    • A. 

      AC

    • B. 

      SV

    • C. 

      CV

    • D. 

      VAC

  • 151. 
    Tom is the project manager on a construction project. Midway through his project, he realizes that there’s a problem with the lumber they’ve been using in a few rooms and they’re going to have to tear down some of the work they’ve done and rebuild. One of his team members suggests that the defect isn’t bad enough to cause all of that re-work. Tom says that he’s worked on a project that made this same mistake before and they ended up having to redo the work when inspectors looked at the house. He convinces the team member that it’s probably better to fix it now than later. What kind of power is he using to make the decision?
    • A. 

      Legitimate

    • B. 

      Expert

    • C. 

      Referent

    • D. 

      Reward

  • 152. 
    You are managing a software project. You are partway through the project, and your team has just delivered a preliminary version of part of the software. Your team gives a demonstration to the project sponsor and key stakeholders. Later, the sponsor informs you that there is an important client who will be using the software your team is building, and whose needs are not being met. As a result, you must now make a large and expensive change to accommodate that client. What is the BEST explanation for this?
    • A. 

      The sponsor is being unreasonable

    • B. 

      Stakeholder analysis was not performed adequately

    • C. 

      The team made a serious mistake and you need to use punishment power to correct it

    • D. 

      You do not have enough budget to perform the project

  • 153. 
    You are a project manager for a software project. Your team buys a component for a web page but they run into defects when they use it. Those defects slow your progress down considerably. Fixing the bugs in the component will double your development schedule and building your own component will take even longer. You work with your team to evaluate the cost and impact of all of your options and recommend hiring developers at the company that built the component to help you address problems in it. That will cost more but it will reduce your delay by a month. What is your next step?
    • A. 

      Fix the component

    • B. 

      Write up the change request and take it to the change control board

    • C. 

      Start Plan Procurements so you can get the contract ready for the vendor

    • D. 

      Change the Scope Baseline to include your recommendation

  • 154. 
    A change has occurred on your project. You’ve documented the change, filled out a change request, and submitted that request to the change control board (CCB). What’s the NEXT thing that must happen on the project?
    • A. 

      A senior manager decides whether or not to make the change and informs the project management team of the decision

    • B. 

      The project manager informs the CCB whether or not to approve the change

    • C. 

      Stakeholders on the CCB use expert judgment to evaluate the requested change for approval

    • D. 

      The project manager meets with the team to analyze the impact of the change on the project’s time, scope, and cost

  • 155. 
    You’re managing a construction project to install several hundred air conditioner panels in a new office building. Every floor has identical panels. The customer, a construction contracting company, has provided specifications for the installations. The team is using a process to install and verify each panel. As the team completes each panel, your team’s quality control inspector measures it and adds the data point to a control chart. You examine the control chart, and discover that the process is out of control and you need to take close look at it immediately. Which of the following BEST describes what you found on the control chart?
    • A. 

      At least seven consecutive measurements are either above or below the mean but within the control limits

    • B. 

      At least one point is inside of the control limits

    • C. 

      At least seven consecutive measurements are inside of the control limits

    • D. 

      At least one point is above or below the mean

  • 156. 
    A senior manager is presenting to your client’s board of directors about your project. As part of distributing information, you must deliver status updates and other project materials to him via overnight mail. If the materials do not arrive tomorrow, your company will miss a major contract deadline and you will lose future business from this important client. The deadline cannot be negotiated. The team worked right up to the last minute in order to give you the files. Due to a traffic jam, you are running late and the overnight delivery company will close in five minutes. You can only make it if you drive over the speed limit. Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      You must drive over the speed limit so that you can save the client relationship

    • B. 

      You must stay within the speed limit, even if you lose the client

    • C. 

      Update the organizational process assets to reflect the change

    • D. 

      You can use the earned value metrics to show that the SPI is over 1, meaning the project is not late

  • 157. 
    Which of the following is the correct order of the Monitoring & Controlling processes for Scope Management?
    • A. 

      First Verify Scope, then Control Scope

    • B. 

      First Control Scope, then Verify Scope

    • C. 

      Both happen simultaneously

    • D. 

      There is not enough information to decide

  • 158. 
    You are working on a construction project. You, your team, and your senior manager all feel that the work is complete. However, one of your important clients disagrees, and feels that one deliverable is not acceptable. What is the BEST way to handle this conflict?
    • A. 

      Consult the contract and follow its claims administration procedure

    • B. 

      Renegotiate the contract

    • C. 

      File a lawsuit to force the stakeholder to accept the deliverable

    • D. 

      Terminate the contract and follow any termination procedure in the contract

  • 159. 
    You are managing a software project. During a walkthrough of newly implemented functionality, your team shows you a new feature that they have added to help make the workflow in the product easier for your client. The client didn’t ask for the feature, but it does look like it will make the product easier to use. The team developed it on their own time because they wanted to make the client happy. You know this change would never have made it through change control. What is this an example of?
    • A. 

      Gold plating

    • B. 

      Scope creep

    • C. 

      Alternatives Analysis

    • D. 

      Schedule Variance

  • 160. 
    You are managing a software engineering project. While investigating the cause of a low SPI, you discover that your team is having trouble completing their object design tasks, which are on the critical path. One of your team members tells you that her friend at another company sent her a copy of a software package they own that will help your team meet its deadline. Without that software package, your project will probably be late. But you don’t have enough money in the budget to purchase it. What’s the BEST way to handle this situation?
    • A. 

      Tell the team member not to use the software, and accept that the project will be late

    • B. 

      Use the software so that your project comes in on time

    • C. 

      Purchase the software so that you have a licensed copy

    • D. 

      Find a way to add resources to the object design activity or move it off of the critical path.

  • 161. 
    You are managing a project with a total budget of $450,000. According to the schedule, your team should have completed 45% of the work by now. But at the latest status meeting, the team only reported that 40% of the work has actually been completed. The team has spent $165,000 so far on the project. How would you BEST describe this project?
    • A. 

      The project is ahead of schedule and within its budget

    • B. 

      The project is behind schedule and within its budget

    • C. 

      The project is ahead of schedule and over its budget

    • D. 

      The project is behind schedule and over its budget

  • 162. 
    You are managing a construction project using a firm fixed price (FFP) contract. The contract is structured so that your company will be paid a fee of $85,000 to complete the work. There was a $15,000 overhead cost that your company had to cover. It’s now three months into the project, and your costs have just exceeded $70,000. The project has now consumed the entire fee, and your company will now be forced to pay for all costs on the project from this point forward. What’s the BEST way to describe this situation?
    • A. 

      The project manager has overspent the budget

    • B. 

      The project is overdrawn

    • C. 

      The project has reached the point of total assumption

    • D. 

      The project has ceased to be a profit center for the company

  • 163. 
    Configuration Status Accounting is an activity that is performed as part of which process?
    • A. 

      Perform Integrated Change Control

    • B. 

      Collect Requirements

    • C. 

      Monitor and Control Project Work

    • D. 

      Close Project or Phase

  • 164. 
    You have just delivered a product to your client for acceptance, when you get a call that some features they were expecting are missing. What’s the first thing you should do?
    • A. 

      Call a meeting with the client to understand exactly what is unacceptable in the product and try to figure out what went wrong along the way

    • B. 

      Tell the team to start building the missing features into the product right away

    • C. 

      Tell the client that the product passed all of your internal quality inspections and scope verification processes, so it must be fine

    • D. 

      Get your team together and reprimand them for building a product that doesn’t meet user expectations

  • 165. 
    Which of the following is NOT an input to Perform Quality Control?
    • A. 

      Validated Changes

    • B. 

      Quality Checklists

    • C. 

      Work Performance Measurements

    • D. 

      Deliverables

  • 166. 
    Which of the following is not a tool or technique of the Perform Quality Control process?
    • A. 

      Statistical sampling

    • B. 

      Pareto charts

    • C. 

      Quality audits

    • D. 

      Inspection

  • 167. 
    • A. 

      Initiate cost control to update the cost baseline.

    • B. 

      Consult the Cost Management Plan about payment

    • C. 

      Pay the police for private protection services, because it is customary in the country they are operating in

    • D. 

      Do not pay the police for private protection services, because that would be a bribe

  • 168. 
    You have been hired by a contractor, who wants you to manage a construction project for one of their clients. The project team has been working for six weeks. You need to determine whether the team is ahead of or behind schedule. Which of the following tools and techniques is the BEST one for you to consult?
    • A. 

      Bottom-Up Estimating

    • B. 

      Schedule Change Control System

    • C. 

      Project Management Software

    • D. 

      Performance Measurement

  • 169. 
    A team member approaches you with a change that could cut your schedule down by a month. What is the first thing you should do?
    • A. 

      Tell the team member that you’ve already communicated the deadline for the project, so you can’t make any changes now

    • B. 

      Figure out the impact on the scope of the work and the cost before you write up the change request

    • C. 

      Make the change; it’s going to save time and nobody will want the project to take longer than it should

    • D. 

      Write up a change request and see if you can get it approved

  • 170. 
    You are managing a software project. You are partway through the project, and your team has just delivered a preliminary version of part of the software. You are holding a weekly status meeting, when one of the team members points out that an important stakeholder is running into a problem with one of the features of the current software. The team member feels that there is a risk that the stakeholder will ask for a change in that feature, even though that change would be out of scope of the current release—and if the stakeholder requests that change, there is a high probability that the change control board would approve the change. What is the BEST action to take next?
    • A. 

      Add the risk to the issue log and revisit it when there is more information

    • B. 

      Add the risk to the risk register and gather information about its probability and impact

    • C. 

      Schedule a meeting with the stakeholder to discuss the risk

    • D. 

      Mitigate the risk by asking a team member to get familiar with the feature of the software that might be changed

  • 171. 
    As an external vendor, you are managing a complex software project that has been contracted on Time & Material (T&M). One of your team- members reports a break-through in automating some of the testing activities. This will potentially result in cost savings to the project as well as the project getting completed ahead of schedule by a month. Which of the following actions would you take?
    • A. 

      Communicate the savings in cost and time to the customer. At the end of the project, notify your billing department that they need to prepare an invoice for 50% of the cost being saved.

    • B. 

      Communicate the current status to the customer and indicate the potential changes to cost and schedule.

    • C. 

      Communicate the current status and inform the customer that you will be incorporating some additional features to use up the savings in cost and time since it has been budgeted for.

    • D. 

      This is confidential information within your project team and need not be shared with the customer. The savings will be additional profits on the project.

  • 172. 
    If you have an unresolved issue while working on a project, what is the best way to communicate that issue?
    • A. 

      Complain to a fellow colleague

    • B. 

      Create an issue log

    • C. 

      Write an email describing the issue

    • D. 

      Assume that someone else is already working on it

  • 173. 
    A project team member finds that the color scheme of the webpage he is designing appears too gaudy and decides to change it to a mellowed down color scheme. The independent testing team flags this as a defect and there is a heated discussion between the team member and the testing team. What is your view?
    • A. 

      The testing team is correct in flagging this down. The team member should have sent a note along with the work product indicating that the color scheme change had been made.

    • B. 

      The testing team is not right in flagging this down. The color scheme is a simple matter and the new colors are definitely more pleasing than the old ones.

    • C. 

      The testing team is correct. Even though the new color scheme is more pleasing than the old one, the appropriate change management process has not been followed and the work product is not as per design.

    • D. 

      The testing team is incorrect in flagging this as a defect. This is an example of expert judgment, wherein historical expertise is being brought into the project.

  • 174. 
    In a cause and effect diagram, which of these is not a potential cause?
    • A. 

      Material

    • B. 

      Time

    • C. 

      Effect

    • D. 

      Personnel

  • 175. 
    If you want to reduce the number of quality inspections and thus reduce the cost of quality control for your project, which technique should be used?
    • A. 

      Pareto Chart

    • B. 

      Statistical Sampling

    • C. 

      Defect Repair Review

    • D. 

      Run Chart

  • 176. 
    Which of these is not one of the tools and techniques recommended in the Control Schedule process?
    • A. 

      Schedule compression

    • B. 

      Variance Analysis

    • C. 

      Expert Judgment

    • D. 

      Performance Measurement

  • 177. 
    Midway through a project, a project manager determined that the project was running way behind schedule. If the project manager needs to now shorten the project schedule, without changing the project scope, which of the following schedule compression techniques could be applied?
    • A. 

      Last Tracking

    • B. 

      Forecasting

    • C. 

      Reserve Analysis

    • D. 

      Crashing

  • 178. 
    While analyzing a project, the project manager calculated the ratio of the Earned Value (EV) to the Actual Costs (AC) and obtained a value of 1.2. The project manager decided that this was an unfavorable condition to the project and decided to take corrective action. What is your view?
    • A. 

      The project manager is correct. The ratio of EV to AC is called Cost Pricing Index and a ratio greater than 1 is unfavorable to the project

    • B. 

      The project manager is not correct. The ratio of EV to AC is called Cost Performance Index and a ratio greater than 1 is favorable to the project

    • C. 

      The project manager is not correct. The ratio of EV to AC is called Cost Pricing Index and a ratio greater than 1 is favorable to the project.

    • D. 

      The project manager is correct. The ratio of EV to AC is called Cost Performance Index and a ratio greater than 1 is unfavorable to the project

  • 179. 
    Two efficiency indicators that reflect the cost and schedule performance of a project are:
    • A. 

      Actual Cost (AC) and Planned Value (PV)

    • B. 

      Cost Pricing Index (CPI) and Schedule Performance Index (SPI)

    • C. 

      Cost Performance Index (CPI) and Schedule Performance Index (SPI)

    • D. 

      Cost Projection Index (CPI) and Schedule Projection Index (SPI)

  • 180. 
    Which of these tools is NOT part of the Seven Basic Tools of Quality?
    • A. 

      Scatter Diagram

    • B. 

      Flowcharting

    • C. 

      Statistical Sampling

    • D. 

      Control Chart

  • 181. 
    Which quality control technique or tool should be used when trying to determine the cause of a major defect?
    • A. 

      Fishbone diagram

    • B. 

      Histogram

    • C. 

      Control Chart

    • D. 

      Pareto Chart

  • 182. 
    As a project manager, you are performing various project performance measurements to assess the magnitude of variation. You then attempt to determine the cause and decide whether corrective action is required. This would be known as:
    • A. 

      Performance Reporting

    • B. 

      Configuration Management

    • C. 

      Scope Analysis

    • D. 

      Variance Analysis

  • 183. 
    You are managing a construction project. During your risk identification interviews you learn that there has been a string of construction site thefts over the past few months in the area where your will be building your project. The team agrees that it’s unlikely that people will be able to steal from your site. Even if thieves could get around your security, it’s even more unlikely that your project will lose a significant amount of material if a theft does occur. You decide to monitor the risk from time to time to be sure that it continues to have a low probability and impact. Where do you record the risk so that you don’t lose track of it?
    • A. 

      In a trigger

    • B. 

      On a watchlist

    • C. 

      In the Probability and Impact Matrix

    • D. 

      In the Monte Carlo analysis report

  • 184. 
    A bar chart shows the number and type of resources you need throughout your project is called a _______________.
    • A. 

      Organizational Chart

    • B. 

      Resource Schedule

    • C. 

      Resource Histogram

    • D. 

      Staffing Timetable

  • 185. 
    A junior project manager at your company does not know how to perform earned value analysis. You spend a weekend with him to teach him how to do this. This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Contributing to the project management body of knowledge

    • B. 

      Fraternizing, and should be discouraged

    • C. 

      Unpaid overtime

    • D. 

      Giving access to proprietary information, and should be reported to PMI

  • 186. 
    A project manager uses a facilitator to gather opinions from experts anonymously. What risk identification tool or technique is being performed?
    • A. 

      Brainstorming

    • B. 

      Delphi Technique

    • C. 

      Interviews

    • D. 

      SWOT Analysis

  • 187. 
    You’re the project manager on a software project that is planning out various approaches to technical work. There’s a 20% chance that a component you are going to license will be difficult to integrate and cost $3,000 in rework and delays. There’s also a 40% chance that the component will save $10,000 in time and effort that would have been used to build the component from scratch. What’s the EMV for these two possibilities?
    • A. 

      $13,000

    • B. 

      $7,000

    • C. 

      $3,400

    • D. 

      - $600

  • 188. 
    If you are developing a Project Management Plan, how should you determine the level of detail to be included in the plan?
    • A. 

      Always only provide a summary or high level plan

    • B. 

      Include only the details your manager specifically requested

    • C. 

      Always provide the maximum level of detail possible

    • D. 

      Provide the level of detail based on the project complexity and application area

  • 189. 
    Randy is managing a project and identifies that there are 8 stakeholders in the project. He is worried that he might end up with an unmanageable number of communication channels. In your view, how many communication channels does Randy have to plan for?
    • A. 

      64 channels

    • B. 

      56 channels

    • C. 

      8 channels

    • D. 

      28 channels

  • 190. 
    In general, Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis is:
    • A. 

      Not often completed

    • B. 

      Complete and 100% accurate

    • C. 

      In-depth and thorough

    • D. 

      Quick and cost-effective

  • 191. 
    What tool should you use to help identify project risks and their mitigation plans to support the project schedule?
    • A. 

      Risk Register

    • B. 

      Critical Path Method

    • C. 

      Risk and Evaluation Plan

    • D. 

      Schedule Network Analysis

  • 192. 
    Quantitative risk analysis should be performed:
    • A. 

      Only on risks identified by the project manager

    • B. 

      Only in extreme cases

    • C. 

      Only on prioritized risks

    • D. 

      On all risks

  • 193. 
    Which of these is not an approved Estimate Activity Durations technique?
    • A. 

      Three Point Estimating

    • B. 

      Parametric Estimating

    • C. 

      Analogous Estimating

    • D. 

      Critical Path Estimation

  • 194. 
    If you are working on a project where there is no definite project detailed scope, but similar projects have been completed in the past, what is the correct Estimate Activity Durations tool to use?
    • A. 

      Analogous Estimating

    • B. 

      Parametric Estimating

    • C. 

      Critical Path Estimation

    • D. 

      Three Point Estimating

  • 195. 
    Which of these items are important to address when determining each person's role in the project team?
    • A. 

      Role, authority, responsibility, and competency

    • B. 

      Role, responsibility, and competency

    • C. 

      Role and responsibility

    • D. 

      Role, authority, and competency

  • 196. 
    When beginning a new outsourcing project, what is the best way to determine which companies you should request a bid from?
    • A. 

      Send your proposal to the company you last worked with

    • B. 

      Have someone else manage this part of the process

    • C. 

      Send your proposal to everyone

    • D. 

      Consult the qualified sellers list

  • 197. 
    Which tools and techniques are recommended for developing a project team?
    • A. 

      Performance assessment, recognition and rewards, and team building

    • B. 

      Training, team building, and ground rules

    • C. 

      Team building, creating organizational charts, and assessing individual's performance

    • D. 

      Setting ground rules and assessing team members based on those rules

  • 198. 
    Which of the following items needs to be kept in mind when relying on risk identification checklists?
    • A. 

      They are biased.

    • B. 

      They are not exhaustive.

    • C. 

      They are often inaccurate.

    • D. 

      They are easy to prepare.

  • 199. 
    Which of the following may help in ensuring that certain bidders in the procurement process do not receive preferential treatment?
    • A. 

      Use of weighted criteria

    • B. 

      Use of bidder conferences

    • C. 

      Use of screening techniques

    • D. 

      Use of expert judgment

  • 200. 
    Your manager has asked you to include the Human Resource Plan and Schedule Management Plan in your Project Management Plan. Is this the appropriate place for those items?
    • A. 

      No, these are stand alone documents only.

    • B. 

      Yes, you should unquestioningly include anything your manager suggests.

    • C. 

      No, these documents should not be created until later in the project.

    • D. 

      Yes, include them in the Project Management Plan.