PMP- Initiating Process Group

80 Questions

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Attempt all 80 questions in 2 hours.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Inform the subcontractor that they must adopt a non-discriminatory policy or you will be forced to terminate the contract and find a subcontractor that does not discriminate against women

    • B. 

      Do nothing, because discrimination against women is a cultural norm in the subcontractor’s country

    • C. 

      Update the project charter to add a requirement that teams expect cultural differences

    • D. 

      Promote another team member, but find a different way to reward the woman for her work

  • 2. 
    When do you perform stakeholder analysis?
    • A. 

      When managing communications on your project

    • B. 

      When developing the project charter

    • C. 

      When creating the project management plan

    • D. 

      When putting changes through change control

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      When the product is being assembled

    • B. 

      When the product is being designed

    • C. 

      When the quality management plan is being written

    • D. 

      When the quality management plan is being written

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      It authorizes the project manager to work on the project

    • B. 

      It identifies the sponsor and describes his or her role on the project

    • C. 

      It contains a list of all activities to be performed

    • D. 

      It describes the initial scope of the work

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Verify Scope

    • B. 

      Using the Project Charter

    • C. 

      Alternatives Identification

    • D. 

      Obtaining Plan Approval

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      At the beginning of the project

    • B. 

      When each deliverable is created

    • C. 

      At the start of each phase

    • D. 

      When the Communications Management plan is approved

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      -10% to +10%

    • B. 

      -50% to +50%

    • C. 

      -50% to +100%

    • D. 

      -100% to +200%

  • 8. 
    You are developing the project charter for a new project. Which of the following is NOT part of the enterprise environmental factors?
    • A. 

      Lessons learned from previous projects

    • B. 

      Knowledge of which departments in your company typically work on projects

    • C. 

      The work authorization system

    • D. 

      Government and industry standards that affect your project

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Create the work breakdown structure

    • B. 

      Develop the project management plan

    • C. 

      Start working on the project charter

    • D. 

      Figure out who has a stake in the project

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      An assigned project manager using authority and responsibility

    • B. 

      Not paying for copyrighted software

    • C. 

      Contributing to the project management body of knowledge

    • D. 

      Enhancing personal professional competence

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Informal verbal

    • B. 

      Formal written

    • C. 

      Formal verbal

    • D. 

      Informal written

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is NOT a type of communication ?
    • A. 

      Formal written

    • B. 

      Paralingual

    • C. 

      Nonverbal

    • D. 

      Noise

  • 13. 
    A company is about to begin work on a large construction project to build four new buildings for a bank that wants to open new branches. The sponsor is writing a project charter. She recalls that a previous project the company performed for another bank ran over budget because the team had underestimated the effort required to install the reinforced walls in the vault. The previous project manager had documented the details of the lessons learned from this project. Where should the sponsor look for these lessons learned?
    • A. 

      The project records management system

    • B. 

      The company’s organizational process assets

    • C. 

      The project’s work performance information

    • D. 

      The project’s work performance information

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT found in a project charter?
    • A. 

      The summary budget

    • B. 

      High-level requirements

    • C. 

      Procedures for managing changes to contracts

    • D. 

      Responsibility and name of the person authorized to manage the project

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      All of the features and deliverables your project will deliver

    • B. 

      All of the products your project will make

    • C. 

      All of the people involved in your project

    • D. 

      All of the work you will do to build the product

  • 16. 
    • A. 

      Review lessons learned from prior projects

    • B. 

      Perform a stakeholder analysis

    • C. 

      Review procurement documents

    • D. 

      Create the change control system

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      A project team member

    • B. 

      An attorney from your company’s competitor

    • C. 

      A representative from your project team’s union

    • D. 

      The project sponsors

  • 18. 
    If you want to have multiple vendors bid on your contract, what is the best way to ensure that all vendors have the same information before bidding?
    • A. 

      Issue a standard request for bid and do not allow any questions

    • B. 

      Hold a bidder's conference

    • C. 

      Communicate only through email

    • D. 

      Communicate only through phone calls

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Complain about the project charter not being completed.

    • B. 

      Wait and see if a project charter is needed.

    • C. 

      Establish a project charter at the point when you enter the project.

    • D. 

      Assume that it is too late and continue without a project charter.

  • 20. 
    You have been asked to establish a project charter for your new project. According to PMBOK, who normally has the responsibility to authorize the charter?
    • A. 

      Company president or CEO

    • B. 

      Project initiator or sponsor

    • C. 

      Key project stakeholders

    • D. 

      Project manager

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Project management plan

    • B. 

      Project scope statement

    • C. 

      Project configuration document

    • D. 

      Change management plan

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      Yes. Acquisition of the project tam is primarily an Initiating Process Group activity.

    • B. 

      Yes. The project manager needs to get the team together as soon as the project starts.

    • C. 

      No. It is the responsibility of the Project sponsor to provide the team for execution.

    • D. 

      No. Acquisition of the project team is primarily an Executing Process Group activity.

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Include Initiation, Planning, Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, and Closing

    • B. 

      Consist of nine areas that bring together processes that have things in common

    • C. 

      Consist of five processes that bring together phases of projects that have things in common

    • D. 

      Include Planning, Executing, and Monitoring and Controlling processes because these three processes are commonly interlinked

  • 24. 
    Which of the following describes the Executing process group?
    • A. 

      Project plans are put into action.

    • B. 

      Project performance measurements are taken and analyzed.

    • C. 

      Project plans are developed.

    • D. 

      Project plans are published.

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Prior to beginning the Develop Project Charter process

    • B. 

      At the conclusion of the Develop Project Charter process

    • C. 

      Prior to beginning the Planning processes

    • D. 

      Prior to beginning the Preliminary Scope Statement process

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      You are in the Initiating processes of your project and know that the product description will contain more detail in this stage and that a decreasing amount of detail will be added to it as the project progresses.

    • B. 

      You are in the Planning processes of your project and know that the product description will contain less detail in this stage and greater detail as the project progresses.

    • C. 

      You are in the Planning processes of your project and know that the product description should contain the most detail possible at this stage, because this is critical information for the Planning process.

    • D. 

      You are in the Initiating process of your project and know that the product description will contain less detail in this stage and greater detail as the project progresses.

  • 27. 
    Each of the following statements describes an element of the Develop Project Management Plan process except for which one?
    • A. 

      Project management methodology

    • B. 

      Project specifications

    • C. 

      Configuration management system

    • D. 

      Expert judgment

  • 28. 
    You are the project manger for Xylophone Phonics. This company produces children’s software programs that teach basic reading and math skills. You are ready to assign project roles, responsibilities, and reporting relationships. Which project Planning process are you working on?
    • A. 

      Resource Planning

    • B. 

      Human Resource Planning

    • C. 

      Acquire Staff

    • D. 

      Human Resource Acquisition

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Formalize lessons learned and distribute this information to project participants.

    • B. 

      Perform audits to verify the project results against the project requirements.

    • C. 

      Formalize project completion and disseminate this information to project participants.

    • D. 

      Perform post-implementation audits to document project successes and failures.

  • 30. 
    Which of the following statements is true regarding Close Project?
    • A. 

      Close Project occurs at the end of a project phase and at the end of the project.

    • B. 

      Close Project occurs at the end of the project phase only.

    • C. 

      Close Project occurs at the end of the project only.

    • D. 

      Close Project is performed after Contract Closure.

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Probability for success is greatest in the project Closing\ processes.

    • B. 

      The project manager’s influence is greatest in the project Closing processes.

    • C. 

      The stakeholders’ influence is least in the project Closing processes.

    • D. 

      Risk is greatest in the project Closing processes.

  • 32. 
    Name the ethical code you’ll be required to adhere to as a PMP.
    • A. 

      Project Management Policy and Ethics Guide

    • B. 

      Project Management Professional Standards and Ethics

    • C. 

      Project Management Code of Professional Ethics

    • D. 

      Project Management Professional Code of Professional Conduct

  • 33. 
    As a PMP, one of your responsibilities is to ensure integrity on the project. When your personal interests are put above the interests of the project or when you use your influence to cause others to make decisions in your favor without regard for the project outcome, this is considered:
    • A. 

      Conflict of interest

    • B. 

      Using professional knowledge inappropriately

    • C. 

      Culturally unacceptable

    • D. 

      Personal conflict issue

  • 34. 
    All the following are Inputs to Close Project or Phase EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Organisation Process Assets

    • B. 

      Accepted deliverables

    • C. 

      Project Management Plan

    • D. 

      Enterprise Environment Factors

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is an Input to Close Project or Phase?
    • A. 

      Work Performance Measurement

    • B. 

      Project Schedule

    • C. 

      Validated Changes

    • D. 

      Accepted Deliverables

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is an Output of Develop Project Management Plan?
    • A. 

      Change Requests

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets Updates

    • C. 

      Communication Management Plan

    • D. 

      Project Management Plan

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is an Input to Monitor and Control Project Work?
    • A. 

      Risk Management Plan

    • B. 

      Requirements Traceability Matrix

    • C. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • D. 

      Activity Attributes

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is an Output of  Develop Project Charter?
    • A. 

      Requirements Documentations

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • C. 

      Resource Calenders

    • D. 

      Project Charter

  • 39. 
    All of the following are Inputs to Direct and Manage Project Execution EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Risk Management Plans

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • C. 

      Project Management Plans

    • D. 

      Approved Change Requests

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Teaming Agreements

    • B. 

      Work Performance Information

    • C. 

      Procurement Contract Award

    • D. 

      Organisational Process Assets

  • 41. 
    All of the following are inputs into the Directing and Managing Project Execution EXCEPT?
    • A. 

      Risk Register

    • B. 

      Organisational Process Assets

    • C. 

      Enterprise Environmental Factors

    • D. 

      Project Management Plan

  • 42. 
    All of the following processes form part of the Executing process group except?
    • A. 

      Performing activities in accordance with the project management plan.

    • B. 

      Managing changes to the deliverables

    • C. 

      Completing the work in accordance with the defined quality framework and specification.

    • D. 

      Coordinating people and resources.

  • 43. 
    Fill in the blank: A _______ is a document established by consensus and approved by a recognized body that provides, for common and repeated use, rules, guidelines or characteristics for activities or their results, aimed at the achievement of the optimum degree of order in a given context.
    • A. 

      Advisory

    • B. 

      Standard

    • C. 

      Regulation

    • D. 

      Policy

  • 44. 
    A company that designs and manufactures a series of new bicycles each year may manage the effort more efficiently how?
    • A. 

      As a program

    • B. 

      As separate design and engineering projects

    • C. 

      As separate UPC codes

    • D. 

      As independent product lines

  • 45. 
    Which of the following shows roles and responsibilities on your project?
    • A. 

      Bar chart

    • B. 

      Resource histogram

    • C. 

      RACI matrix

    • D. 

      Human Resource Management Plan

  • 46. 
    Which conflict resolution technique is most effective?
    • A. 

      Withdrawal

    • B. 

      Compromise

    • C. 

      Smoothing

    • D. 

      Confronting

  • 47. 
    • A. 

      Technical transfer or handoff

    • B. 

      Deliverables

    • C. 

      Milestones

    • D. 

      Reviews

  • 48. 
    • A. 

      Planning Processes

    • B. 

      Closing Processes.

    • C. 

      Control processing

    • D. 

      Executing Processes

  • 49. 
    Which of the following are enterprise environmental factors influencing a project's success?
    • A. 

      Stakeholder risk tolerances

    • B. 

      Political climate

    • C. 

      Marketplace conditions

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 50. 
    Estimating the type and quantities of material, people, equipment or supplies required to perform each activity is:
    • A. 

      Estimate Activity Workload

    • B. 

      Estimate Activity Input

    • C. 

      Activity Resource Requirements

    • D. 

      Estimate Activity Resources

  • 51. 
    Mary is a project manager at a consulting company. The company regularly builds teams to create products for clients. When the product is delivered, the team is dissolved and assigned to other projects. What kind of organization is she working for?
    • A. 

      Weak matrix

    • B. 

      Projectized

    • C. 

      Functional

    • D. 

      Strong matrix

  • 52. 
    • A. 

      The project must improve customer satisfaction

    • B. 

      The project should be higher quality

    • C. 

      The project must yield a 15% reduction in part cost

    • D. 

      All stakeholders’ needs must be satisfied

  • 53. 
    Dave is the project manager for a construction project that is building a gazebo. When the project first started, he met with the stakeholders to define the scope. The sponsors mentioned that the gazebo is a really important part of their daughter’s wedding ceremony that was planned for seven months from then. In fact, they said that if the gazebo couldn’t be completed in seven months, it wouldn’t be worth it for them to even start the project. Dave wrote down the seven-month deadline to put in his Project Scope Statement. In which section of the document did the deadline appear?
    • A. 

      Project Deliverables

    • B. 

      Project Objectives

    • C. 

      Project Constraints

    • D. 

      Project Assumptions

  • 54. 
    Which of the following is a “hygiene factor” under Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory?
    • A. 

      Recognition for excellent work

    • B. 

      Self-actualization

    • C. 

      Good relations with coworkers and managers

    • D. 

      Clean clothing

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Project -based and Non-project based

    • B. 

      Management driven or revenue driven

    • C. 

      Mature or immature

    • D. 

      Project management or program management

  • 56. 
    Fill in the blank: _______________ means developing in steps and continuing by increments.
    • A. 

      Progressive management

    • B. 

      Iterative elaboration

    • C. 

      Waterfall development

    • D. 

      Progressive elaboration

  • 57. 
    Defining the requirements for a new product is what type of activity?
    • A. 

      Initiating process group

    • B. 

      Planning process

    • C. 

      Scope management process

    • D. 

      Control process

  • 58. 
    Project scope, time, and cost are often referred to as the:
    • A. 

      Three-legged stool

    • B. 

      Triple constraint

    • C. 

      Project drivers

    • D. 

      Standard constraints

  • 59. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the most common sources of project conflict?
    • A. 

      Schedules

    • B. 

      Priorities

    • C. 

      Resources

    • D. 

      Costs

  • 60. 
    Which of the following statements is not true about a subproject?
    • A. 

      A subproject is a manageable component of a project.

    • B. 

      A subproject is the smallest unit of a project and cannot be broken down further.

    • C. 

      A subproject may be created from a project depending on human resource skill requirements.

    • D. 

      A subproject can be contracted to an external enterprise or another functional unit in the performing organization.

  • 61. 
    Why is it important to have a staff release plan for people within the project team?
    • A. 

      It helps people manage their time.

    • B. 

      The project protects itself from lawsuit.

    • C. 

      It is not important.

    • D. 

      The project saves money by releasing people from the project at the right time and morale is also improved.

  • 62. 
    Project risks should include impacts to project:
    • A. 

      Organization and profitability

    • B. 

      Project scope

    • C. 

      Schedule and cost

    • D. 

      Schedule, cost, quality or performance

  • 63. 
    Which of the following is inaccurately represented by the term Progressive elaboration?
    • A. 

      Changes to project scope

    • B. 

      Rolling wave planning

    • C. 

      Detailing out the product requirements which were developed during the initiation process.

    • D. 

      Production of fabrication and construction drawings from the design drawings for a chemical plant.

  • 64. 
    Which document describes the project's deliverables and the work required to create those deliverables?
    • A. 

      Project authorization document

    • B. 

      Project scope statement

    • C. 

      Project scope management plan

    • D. 

      Project charter

  • 65. 
    During a presentation to management, you want to display the project schedule with only the key deliverables displayed. What is the correct tool for this purpose?
    • A. 

      Project Schedule Network Diagram

    • B. 

      Critical Path Schedule

    • C. 

      Milestone chart

    • D. 

      Bar chart

  • 66. 
    Which of these is an input to the Collect Requirements process?
    • A. 

      Requirements management plan

    • B. 

      Risk register

    • C. 

      Scope statement

    • D. 

      Project charter

  • 67. 
    During lunch with a project manager from another department, you are given to understand that it is sufficient to adhere to the applicable Standards for the project. Regulations are not necessarily applicable to projects since they are guidelines and you as PM have the option to decide whether they are applicable or not. Your understanding is that :
    • A. 

      Standards are guidelines established by consensus and approved by a recognized body whereas Regulations are mandatory, government-imposed requirements.

    • B. 

      Standards are mandatory requirements created by the project team whereas Regulations are mandatory requirements issued by the Government.

    • C. 

      Standards are internally issued guidelines whereas Regulations are government-issued guidelines.

    • D. 

      Both are the same. The usage of the term varies depending on the country in which you operate.

  • 68. 
    The date through which the project has provided actual status and accomplishments is called:
    • A. 

      Data Date (DD)

    • B. 

      Due Date (DD)

    • C. 

      Project Date (PD)

    • D. 

      Reporting Date (RD)

  • 69. 
    Which of these is NOT a risk diagramming technique?
    • A. 

      System or process flow charts

    • B. 

      Cause and effect diagram

    • C. 

      RACI chart

    • D. 

      Influence diagrams

  • 70. 
    A hierarchical structure of resources organized by resource type category and resource type used in resource leveling schedules is known as:
    • A. 

      Team structure

    • B. 

      Resource Pool

    • C. 

      Organization breakdown Structure

    • D. 

      Resource Breakdown Structure

  • 71. 
    A project manager's primary professional responsibility is towards:
    • A. 

      The performing organization

    • B. 

      The project sponsor

    • C. 

      All stakeholders

    • D. 

      Customers

  • 72. 
    What does a Cost Performance Index (CPI) of more than 1.0 indicate?
    • A. 

      The project is over budget.

    • B. 

      The project is right on budget.

    • C. 

      The project is under budget.

    • D. 

      The project is ahead of schedule.

  • 73. 
    • A. 

      A collection of unrelated programs can constitute a portfolio.

    • B. 

      The scope of a portfolio is typically smaller than that of a program.

    • C. 

      A program is a group of unrelated projects.

    • D. 

      A program need not consist of projects.

  • 74. 
    What is the advantage of preparing an estimate of costs by an outside professional estimator?
    • A. 

      To determine if a lump sum contract should be used

    • B. 

      To determine the project funding limits

    • C. 

      To hold vendors accountable to a certain price

    • D. 

      To serve as a comparison point for incoming estimates

  • 75. 
    When a project is being performed under contract, the product description is provided by which of the following?  
    • A. 

      The buyer

    • B. 

      The project sponsor

    • C. 

      The project manager

    • D. 

      The contractor

  • 76. 
    Your company is going to introduce a new service called Phone Home. This service will allow you to speak the name of the person you want to call into your cellular phone. To call home, you would simply speak the word home into the phone, and it will dial that number for you. Your company is taking advantage of the progress that has been made recently with voice recognition software. Initial projections show that market demand is very high for this product. This project came about as a result of which of the following?  
    • A. 

      Marketing demand

    • B. 

      Customer request

    • C. 

      Business need

    • D. 

      Technological advance

  • 77. 
    You are a project manager for the information technology division of a local satellite TV broadcasting company. This spring, the chief information officer for your company gave you the project to convert and upgrade all the PCs in the department to the latest release of a specific desktop application. Prior to this conversion, all manner of desktop software existed on machines throughout the company and had caused increasing problems with sharing files and information across the company. A lot of unproductive hours were spent typing information into several formats. This project came about as a result of which of the following?  
    • A. 

      Technological advance

    • B. 

      Business need

    • C. 

      Customer request

    • D. 

      Legal requirement

  • 78. 
    • A. 

      Product description, strategic plan, project selection criteria, and historical information

    • B. 

      Product description, strategic plan, project overview document, and historical information

    • C. 

      Strategic plan, project overview document, feasibility study, and historical information

    • D. 

      Product description, strategic plan, constraints, and assumptions

  • 79. 
    Deliverables can be described as?
    • A. 

      The purpose for undertaking the project

    • B. 

      The verifiable results of products or services that must be produced to consider the project complete

    • C. 

      The specifications regarding the goals of the project that must be produced to consider the project complete

    • D. 

      The measurable outcomes of the project goals

  • 80. 
    • A. 

      Budget

    • B. 

      Quality

    • C. 

      Time

    • D. 

      Schedule