FSOT : World History Geography! Practice Test! Trivia Quiz

75 Questions | Total Attempts: 124

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FSOT : World History Geography! Practice Test! Trivia Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the 1978 Iranian Revolution, which overthrew the shah and resulted in the establishment of an Islamic Republic, 
    • A. 

      Took Western diplomats largely by surprise

    • B. 

      Was driven by frustration with Iran's lack of economic development and modernization.

    • C. 

      Was sparked by President Jimmy Carter's decision to admit the shah to the United States for medical treatment.

    • D. 

      Put Sunni Muslim clerics in control of the government.

  • 2. 
    Although the 1917 Balfour Declaration pledged British support for an eventual Jewish state, Britain strictly limited Jewish immigration to Palestine before 1948
    • A. 

      To placate anti-Zionist sentiments in Britain.

    • B. 

      To encourage Jewish immigration to the less contentious British colony of Uganda.

    • C. 

      To keep from alienating Arab leaders.

    • D. 

      To maintain pressure on the United States to accept higher numbers of refugees.

  • 3. 
    With the expulsion of the Kuomintang from China in 1949,
    • A. 

      The Chinese Communist Party moved quickly to secure its power in China by instituting the Cultural Revolution.

    • B. 

      Chaing Kai-shek was overthrown as leader of the Kuomintang.

    • C. 

      The Nationalists withdrew to the Island of Formosa.

    • D. 

      Chairman Mao initiated conversations with the Truman Administration to normalize relations.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following countries never belonged to the Warsaw Pact?
    • A. 

      Burgaria.

    • B. 

      Hungary.

    • C. 

      Czechoslovakia.

    • D. 

      Yugoslavia.

  • 5. 
    Although it came to symbolize the entire Cold War conflict, the Berlin Wall was built with what narrower purpose?
    • A. 

      To stop residents of the Soviet sector of Germany from fleeing to the West.

    • B. 

      As a preliminary step to imposing the Berlin Blockade.

    • C. 

      To embarrass President Truman.

    • D. 

      To undermine efforts by the East German government to improve relations with the West.

  • 6. 
    With international recognition of the Congo Free State by the Berlin congress in 1885, responsibility for governing the Congo
    • A. 

      Fell by default to the government of Belgium.

    • B. 

      Was returned to the tribal chiefs of the Congo.

    • C. 

      Was shared by Belgium, France, and Britain.

    • D. 

      Was held personally by Belgium's King Leopold II.

  • 7. 
    The Fashoda Crisis of 1896 brought which two great powers to the brink of war?
    • A. 

      Russia and Britain.

    • B. 

      France and Germany.

    • C. 

      France and Britain.

    • D. 

      Britain and the United States.

  • 8. 
    Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) advocated what broad goal for British involvement in Africa?
    • A. 

      The establishment of autonomous English-speaking dominions, on the model of Australia and Canada.

    • B. 

      The creation of a continuous line of British possessions connecting Capetown with Cairo.

    • C. 

      Greater respect for indigenous African institutions.

    • D. 

      Greater cooperation with other European powers.

  • 9. 
    The French decision to support the nascent United States against Britain in the American Revolutionary War was most decisively motivated by
    • A. 

      French Enlightenment thinking.

    • B. 

      French perceptions that an independent United States would counterbalance British power in the Atlantic.

    • C. 

      French hostility to Britain in the aftermath of the Seven Years War.

    • D. 

      French confidence that the Americans would win with or without French support.

  • 10. 
    The Seven Years War (1756-1763) went by what name in North America?
    • A. 

      King William's War.

    • B. 

      Queen Anne's War.

    • C. 

      The French and Indian War.

    • D. 

      The War of Jenkin's Ear.

  • 11. 
    During the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868), Japan's government
    • A. 

      Sought to keep outside influences from reaching Japan as much as possible.

    • B. 

      Was frustrated in its efforts to expand Japanese influence into Asia.

    • C. 

      Encouraged immigration in order to limit population growth.

    • D. 

      Encouraged the efforts of Jesuit and other Christian missionaries.

  • 12. 
    A fundamental difference between the colonialism of the 18th century and that of the 19th was that
    • A. 

      19th century colonial policies, unlike those of the 18th, focused on controlling raw materials and markets.

    • B. 

      19th century colonial powers, unlike those of the 18th, often claimed land simply to keep it away from the competing power.

    • C. 

      19th century colonial powers, unlike those of the 18th, established colonies in locations that were unlikely to ever support a substantial European population.

    • D. 

      19th century colonial policies were more efficient to the presence of indigenous people than were those of the 18th.

  • 13. 
    The French Revolution bore what relation to the American Revolution?
    • A. 

      It preceded and partially shaped the American Revolution.

    • B. 

      Like the American Revolution, it was inspired by Enlightenment thinking.

    • C. 

      It bore only a superficial relationship to the American Revolution.

    • D. 

      Unlike the American Revolution, which was political and economic in nature, it was a product of the Enlightenment.

  • 14. 
    The First Opium War (1839-1842) was a result of
    • A. 

      The Chinese government's efforts to halt the importation of opium into China by British and other merchants.

    • B. 

      The British government's efforts to halt the export of opium from China to India.

    • C. 

      American efforts to monopolize legal drug imports from China.

    • D. 

      The Chinese government's refusal to control the production of opium.

  • 15. 
    The Boxer Uprising, while aimed against Western influences in China,
    • A. 

      Won the admiration and support of President Theodore Roosevelt.

    • B. 

      Was also directed against corruption and incompetence with the Ch'ing government.

    • C. 

      Was openly supported by Tz'u Hsi, the Dowager Empress.

    • D. 

      Shared the same progressive goals that the deposed emperor Kuang-Hsu had supported.

  • 16. 
    America's Open Door Policy toward China
    • A. 

      Sought to prevent the partitioning of China by outside powers.

    • B. 

      Sought to prevent Chinese workers from competing with American labor.

    • C. 

      Sought to regulate immigration from China.

    • D. 

      Promised citizenship to Chinese immigrants after a four-year waiting period.

  • 17. 
    The French colonial presence in Vietnam became unsupportable
    • A. 

      After the establishment of the Fifth Republic in France.

    • B. 

      After the Japanese conquest of southeast Asia in 1941.

    • C. 

      After the death of President DeGaulle.

    • D. 

      After the battle of Dien Bien Phu.

  • 18. 
    Relations between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union
    • A. 

      Remained friendly from 1949 until the end of the Soviet Union.

    • B. 

      Although initially friendly, quickly turned hostile and remained so into the 1970s.

    • C. 

      Although initially hostile, quickly turned friendly because both states shared a common enemy.

    • D. 

      Were adversarial at times, but were never hostile.

  • 19. 
    The United States and the People's Republic of China started to normalize relations during the
    • A. 

      Eisenhower administration.

    • B. 

      Kennedy administration.

    • C. 

      Johnson administration.

    • D. 

      Nixon administration.

  • 20. 
    In traditional Chinese political thinking, the Mandate of Heaven can be lost
    • A. 

      If the emperors lack virtue and can no longer maintain a proper relationship with Heaven.

    • B. 

      If the people lack virtue.

    • C. 

      If the emperor dies without a legitimate male heir.

    • D. 

      If the army suffers a military defeat.

  • 21. 
    Augusto Sandino, whose name came to be associated with the left-leaning Sandinistas, became famous for resisting the United States military intervention in
    • A. 

      Guatemala.

    • B. 

      Cuba.

    • C. 

      Nicaragua.

    • D. 

      The Philippines.

  • 22. 
    Although intended as a term of derision, banana republic reflected
    • A. 

      The political and economic power of the United Fruit Company in much of Central America.

    • B. 

      The power of the pumpen proletariat in Honduras.

    • C. 

      The autarkic policies of several Central American countries that restricted the growing of export products, like bananas and coffee.

    • D. 

      The power of a few wealthy landowning families in many Central American countries.

  • 23. 
    During the bloodiest phase of the Mexican Revolution, American troops fought a series of cross-border skirmishes with this revolutionary leader.
    • A. 

      Pancho Villa.

    • B. 

      Emiliano Zapata.

    • C. 

      Alvero Obreson.

    • D. 

      Lazaro Cardenas.

  • 24. 
    During its first decades, the success of the Monroe Doctrine depended largely on
    • A. 

      Britain's desire to keep France and Spain out of the New World.

    • B. 

      France's desire to regain control of Canada.

    • C. 

      The failure of the European powers to discover the value of Latin America as a market.

    • D. 

      The absorption of the European powers with East Asia and Africa.

  • 25. 
    The United States emerged as a self consciously colonial power as a result of
    • A. 

      The 1867 purchase of Alaska.

    • B. 

      American intervention in Cuba and Guatemala.

    • C. 

      The Monroe Doctrine.

    • D. 

      The Spanish American War.

  • 26. 
    The Japanese attack on the American Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor had only a limited strategic effect largely because
    • A. 

      The American aircraft carriers were at sea and escaped harm.

    • B. 

      The newest battle ships (with a few exceptions) escaped unharmed.

    • C. 

      Hawaii proved to be of minimal strategic value.

    • D. 

      The Japanese failed to take advantage of the attack in the rest of the Pacific.

  • 27. 
    The Roosevelt Corollary of 1904 held that
    • A. 

      The United States had the right to collect debts and maintain order in countries that failed to do so on their own.

    • B. 

      The United States was obligated to protect the sovereignty of Central and South American states.

    • C. 

      The United States would refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of its Latin American neighbors.

    • D. 

      The United States would intervene in Latin America only if a European power intervened first.

  • 28. 
    The Horn of Africa includes all of the following countries except
    • A. 

      Eritrea.

    • B. 

      Ethiopia.

    • C. 

      Somalia.

    • D. 

      Kenya.

  • 29. 
    The modern state of Bangladesh won its independence in 1971 from
    • A. 

      Pakistan.

    • B. 

      India.

    • C. 

      The British Empire.

    • D. 

      Indonesia.

  • 30. 
    Among the sites holy to Islam, this is associated with the Prophet Muhammad's ascension to heaven:
    • A. 

      Mecca.

    • B. 

      Medina.

    • C. 

      Jerusalem.

    • D. 

      Baghdad.

  • 31. 
    As a result of the Lateran Treaty of 1929, 
    • A. 

      The papacy gave up its claim to sovereignty over the city of Rome.

    • B. 

      The papacy agreed not to interfere in Italian politics.

    • C. 

      Pope Pius IX agreed to recognize the legitimacy of the Fascist state.

    • D. 

      The Nazis agreed not to suppress the Catholic Church in Germany.

  • 32. 
    During the 1980s, the Soviet experience in this country was compared to the American experience in Vietnam.
    • A. 

      Uzbekistan.

    • B. 

      Kazakhstan.

    • C. 

      Afghanistan.

    • D. 

      Azerbaijan.

  • 33. 
    Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD) was the basis of what policy?
    • A. 

      Nuclear deterrence.

    • B. 

      Chemical weapons ban.

    • C. 

      Biological weapons ban.

    • D. 

      The Geneva Convention.

  • 34. 
    In the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, Chinese students called for
    • A. 

      A return to traditional Taoist and Confuscianist values.

    • B. 

      Freedom and democracy.

    • C. 

      A recovery of Maoist Communism.

    • D. 

      The overthrow of the Chinese Communist Party.

  • 35. 
    After the fall of the Soviet Union, Fidel Castro
    • A. 

      Attempted to appease American demands without giving up power.

    • B. 

      Softened his hardline commitment to communism.

    • C. 

      Offered to send Cuban troops to replace Soviet forces in Africa.

    • D. 

      Eased restrictions on religion and looked for new trading partners while maintaining one-party control of the state.

  • 36. 
    The Aral Sea in Central Asia has shrunk dramatically in the last several decades due largely to
    • A. 

      Irrigation.

    • B. 

      Changing weather patterns.

    • C. 

      Dams and channels that divert the sea's upstream sources.

    • D. 

      Geophysical changes that have raised the sea level in the region.

  • 37. 
    Although they are identified largely with Iraq, the Tigris and Euphrates rivers originate in
    • A. 

      Jordan.

    • B. 

      Iran.

    • C. 

      Syria.

    • D. 

      Turkey.

  • 38. 
    Although three-fourths of the world's surface is covered by water, how much of the world's water is fresh?
    • A. 

      15 percent.

    • B. 

      10 percent.

    • C. 

      5 percent.

    • D. 

      2 percent.

  • 39. 
    The Basque people are indigenous to 
    • A. 

      Spain.

    • B. 

      Italy.

    • C. 

      Switzerland.

    • D. 

      Romania.

  • 40. 
    Qat (or khat), a relatively mild stimulant, is most widely used in
    • A. 

      Yemen.

    • B. 

      South Africa.

    • C. 

      Brazil.

    • D. 

      Mexico.

  • 41. 
    The Brezhnev Doctrine was enunciated in response to
    • A. 

      The Prague Spring.

    • B. 

      The Hungarian Uprising.

    • C. 

      The Polish Uprising.

    • D. 

      The Cultural Revolution in China.

  • 42. 
    Since its introduction in 2002, which country has not adopted Europe's common currency, the Euro.
    • A. 

      Britain.

    • B. 

      Germany.

    • C. 

      France.

    • D. 

      Greece.

  • 43. 
    The Truman Doctrine, which held that the United States would aid any country threatened with communist takeover, was first applied in
    • A. 

      Vietnam.

    • B. 

      Korea.

    • C. 

      Greece.

    • D. 

      Cuba.

  • 44. 
    In the United Nations Security Council, which country does not have a veto power?
    • A. 

      The People's Republic of China.

    • B. 

      France.

    • C. 

      Japan.

    • D. 

      Great Britain.

  • 45. 
    The Hungarian Uprising of 1954 was premised on the hope of American intervention.  What American policy made this intervention unlikely.
    • A. 

      Containment.

    • B. 

      Rollback.

    • C. 

      Non-proliferation.

    • D. 

      Avoidance.

  • 46. 
    The founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, sought to create
    • A. 

      A secular multi-national state.

    • B. 

      A religious national state.

    • C. 

      A religious multi-national state.

    • D. 

      A secular national state.

  • 47. 
    The Wahhabi interpretation of Islam
    • A. 

      Tends to be more secular than other branches.

    • B. 

      Focuses on encouraging spiritual transformation through meditation.

    • C. 

      Calls for a return to the purity of the earliest years of Islam.

    • D. 

      Tends to be more liberal than other branches.

  • 48. 
    Hong Kong became a British possession as a result of
    • A. 

      World War I.

    • B. 

      World War II.

    • C. 

      The Seven Years War.

    • D. 

      The Opium Wars.

  • 49. 
    Although the Dalai Lama claims sovereignty over Tibet, the People's Republic of China has ruled the country since China invaded Tibet in
    • A. 

      1949.

    • B. 

      1939.

    • C. 

      1849.

    • D. 

      1969.

  • 50. 
    Beginning in the 1980s, Peru has struggled with a particularly violent, terrorist group that wanted to transform Peru along Maoist lines.  This group is called
    • A. 

      Tupac Amaru.

    • B. 

      The Shining Path.

    • C. 

      FARC.

    • D. 

      Aum Shinrikyo.

  • 51. 
    Blood diamonds refers to
    • A. 

      The use of contraband diamonds to fund civil insurgencies and terrorism in Africa.

    • B. 

      A rare, reddish gem found only in Liberia and Sierra Leone.

    • C. 

      A diamond-shaped region in western Africa noted for its history of tribal violence.

    • D. 

      A notorious terrorist organization in Germany.

  • 52. 
    Manuel Noriega, who ruled Panama from 1983 to 1989, was toppled and imprisoned in the United States on charges 
    • A. 

      That he committed crimes against humanity.

    • B. 

      That he was involved in narcotics trafficking.

    • C. 

      That he provided cover for terrorist organizations.

    • D. 

      That he had seized power in Panama illegally.

  • 53. 
    The policy of containment, as enunciated by George Kennan, was based on a belief that
    • A. 

      Communism would eventually collapse of its own accord.

    • B. 

      Global thermonuclear was was inevitable.

    • C. 

      China and Russia were uniquely vulnerable to communist subversion.

    • D. 

      Few people outside f the intelligentsia would ever find communism attractive.

  • 54. 
    Simon Bolivar was instrumental in freeing all of the following from Spanish rule except
    • A. 

      Venezuela.

    • B. 

      Colombia.

    • C. 

      Argentina.

    • D. 

      Bolivia.

  • 55. 
    In the 18th century, Botany Bay in Australia served Britain as
    • A. 

      An agricultural research station.

    • B. 

      A penal colony.

    • C. 

      A base for missionary work among the aborigines.

    • D. 

      A leprosy colony.

  • 56. 
    The Republic of Panama won its independence from ______________ in 1903.
    • A. 

      Costa Rica.

    • B. 

      Mexico.

    • C. 

      Colombia.

    • D. 

      Honduras.

  • 57. 
    In Mexico, the Dia del Grito (Day of the Call) celebrates
    • A. 

      Miguel Hidalgo's call for universal freedom.

    • B. 

      Mexican independence Day.

    • C. 

      The Expulsion of the French.

    • D. 

      Santa Ana's victory at the Alamo.

  • 58. 
    As an international athletic competition, the first modern Olympiad was held in Athens in
    • A. 

      1840.

    • B. 

      1896.

    • C. 

      1888.

    • D. 

      1916.

  • 59. 
    A fundamental goal of the concert of Europe was
    • A. 

      To maintain a rough balance of power among the European great powers.

    • B. 

      To encourage democracy within the lesser states.

    • C. 

      To encourage nationalist movements in the Ottoman Empire.

    • D. 

      To promote economic liberalism.

  • 60. 
    The purpose of mercantilist policies was to 
    • A. 

      Encourage free trade.

    • B. 

      Promote economic self-sufficiency.

    • C. 

      Maintain a favorable balance of trade.

    • D. 

      Encourage standardization.

  • 61. 
    The ____________ dynasty ruled China from 1644 until it was overthrown in 1908.
    • A. 

      Chin.

    • B. 

      Xin.

    • C. 

      Ming.

    • D. 

      Qing (Manchu).

  • 62. 
    Admiral Perry's entry into Yokohama in 1853 led to
    • A. 

      The fall of the Tokugawa shogunate.

    • B. 

      The Opening of Japan to trade with the West.

    • C. 

      The eventual restoration of power to the emperor.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

  • 63. 
    Bohemia and Moravia are part of what modern state?
    • A. 

      Germany.

    • B. 

      Austria.

    • C. 

      The Czech Republic.

    • D. 

      Switzerland.

  • 64. 
    The Schlieffen Plan in World War I called for Germany to
    • A. 

      Defeat Russia first, and then turn on France.

    • B. 

      Invade France by way of Belgium, before attacking Russia.

    • C. 

      Invade Belgium and France before launching a cross-channel invasion of Britain.

    • D. 

      Employ a holding force against France while launching a lightning invasion against Russia.

  • 65. 
    The body of water that links Sweden, Lithuania, and Russia is
    • A. 

      The Baltic Sea.

    • B. 

      The North Sea.

    • C. 

      The Adriatic Sea.

    • D. 

      The Arial Sea.

  • 66. 
    After World War II, the German city of Danzig became
    • A. 

      An independent city-state.

    • B. 

      The Polish city of Gedansk.

    • C. 

      A victim of Stalin's vengeance and was destroyed.

    • D. 

      A Russian enclave in East Germany.

  • 67. 
    The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, although it sparked the First World War, was motivated by a desire for
    • A. 

      Italian unification.

    • B. 

      Serbian independence from Austria.

    • C. 

      The unification of Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

    • D. 

      Hungarian independence from Austria.

  • 68. 
    Among the states of the former Soviet Union, the state with the closest ties to Russia is
    • A. 

      Azerbaijan.

    • B. 

      Belarus.

    • C. 

      Ukraine.

    • D. 

      Moldova.

  • 69. 
    The Armenian Genocide of 1915-1923 took place in
    • A. 

      The Ottoman Empire.

    • B. 

      Russia.

    • C. 

      India.

    • D. 

      East Africa.

  • 70. 
    The Vietnamese celebration of Tet marks
    • A. 

      Vietnamese independence from French rule.

    • B. 

      Vietnamese independence from China.

    • C. 

      Vietnam's victory over the United States.

    • D. 

      The lunar new year.

  • 71. 
    In traditional Chinese thinking, the loss of the Mandate of Heaven justifies
    • A. 

      A monk's leaving the monastery to enter secular life.

    • B. 

      A son abandoning his family.

    • C. 

      A war of conquest.

    • D. 

      A rebellion against the emperor.

  • 72. 
    Transylvania is part of what European state?
    • A. 

      Romania.

    • B. 

      Bulgaria.

    • C. 

      Turkey.

    • D. 

      Greece.

  • 73. 
    The October 1917 Revolution (also called the Bolshevik Revolution) overthrew
    • A. 

      Tsar Nicholas II.

    • B. 

      Alexander Kerensky's provisional government.

    • C. 

      The Menshevik regime.

    • D. 

      Germany's government of occupation in Moscow.

  • 74. 
    Vaclav Havel, a former dissident and playwright, became president of ___________ in 1990.
    • A. 

      Hungary.

    • B. 

      Poland.

    • C. 

      Bulgaria.

    • D. 

      Czechoslovakia.

  • 75. 
    Although it accomplished little, the Evian Conference (1938) was intended to
    • A. 

      Find refuge for German Jews seeking to escape Germany.

    • B. 

      Settle Germany's claims to the Sudetenland.

    • C. 

      Preserve Ethiopian independence.

    • D. 

      Settle Germany's dispute with France over the Ruhr Valley.