Took Western diplomats largely by surprise
Was driven by frustration with Iran's lack of economic development and modernization.
Was sparked by President Jimmy Carter's decision to admit the shah to the United States for medical treatment.
Put Sunni Muslim clerics in control of the government.
To placate anti-Zionist sentiments in Britain.
To encourage Jewish immigration to the less contentious British colony of Uganda.
To keep from alienating Arab leaders.
To maintain pressure on the United States to accept higher numbers of refugees.
The Chinese Communist Party moved quickly to secure its power in China by instituting the Cultural Revolution.
Chaing Kai-shek was overthrown as leader of the Kuomintang.
The Nationalists withdrew to the Island of Formosa.
Chairman Mao initiated conversations with the Truman Administration to normalize relations.
To stop residents of the Soviet sector of Germany from fleeing to the West.
As a preliminary step to imposing the Berlin Blockade.
To embarrass President Truman.
To undermine efforts by the East German government to improve relations with the West.
Fell by default to the government of Belgium.
Was returned to the tribal chiefs of the Congo.
Was shared by Belgium, France, and Britain.
Was held personally by Belgium's King Leopold II.
Russia and Britain.
France and Germany.
France and Britain.
Britain and the United States.
The establishment of autonomous English-speaking dominions, on the model of Australia and Canada.
The creation of a continuous line of British possessions connecting Capetown with Cairo.
Greater respect for indigenous African institutions.
Greater cooperation with other European powers.
French Enlightenment thinking.
French perceptions that an independent United States would counterbalance British power in the Atlantic.
French hostility to Britain in the aftermath of the Seven Years War.
French confidence that the Americans would win with or without French support.
King William's War.
Queen Anne's War.
The French and Indian War.
The War of Jenkin's Ear.
Sought to keep outside influences from reaching Japan as much as possible.
Was frustrated in its efforts to expand Japanese influence into Asia.
Encouraged immigration in order to limit population growth.
Encouraged the efforts of Jesuit and other Christian missionaries.
19th century colonial policies, unlike those of the 18th, focused on controlling raw materials and markets.
19th century colonial powers, unlike those of the 18th, often claimed land simply to keep it away from the competing power.
19th century colonial powers, unlike those of the 18th, established colonies in locations that were unlikely to ever support a substantial European population.
19th century colonial policies were more efficient to the presence of indigenous people than were those of the 18th.
It preceded and partially shaped the American Revolution.
Like the American Revolution, it was inspired by Enlightenment thinking.
It bore only a superficial relationship to the American Revolution.
Unlike the American Revolution, which was political and economic in nature, it was a product of the Enlightenment.
The Chinese government's efforts to halt the importation of opium into China by British and other merchants.
The British government's efforts to halt the export of opium from China to India.
American efforts to monopolize legal drug imports from China.
The Chinese government's refusal to control the production of opium.
Won the admiration and support of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Was also directed against corruption and incompetence with the Ch'ing government.
Was openly supported by Tz'u Hsi, the Dowager Empress.
Shared the same progressive goals that the deposed emperor Kuang-Hsu had supported.
Sought to prevent the partitioning of China by outside powers.
Sought to prevent Chinese workers from competing with American labor.
Sought to regulate immigration from China.
Promised citizenship to Chinese immigrants after a four-year waiting period.
After the establishment of the Fifth Republic in France.
After the Japanese conquest of southeast Asia in 1941.
After the death of President DeGaulle.
After the battle of Dien Bien Phu.
Remained friendly from 1949 until the end of the Soviet Union.
Although initially friendly, quickly turned hostile and remained so into the 1970s.
Although initially hostile, quickly turned friendly because both states shared a common enemy.
Were adversarial at times, but were never hostile.
If the emperors lack virtue and can no longer maintain a proper relationship with Heaven.
If the people lack virtue.
If the emperor dies without a legitimate male heir.
If the army suffers a military defeat.
The political and economic power of the United Fruit Company in much of Central America.
The power of the pumpen proletariat in Honduras.
The autarkic policies of several Central American countries that restricted the growing of export products, like bananas and coffee.
The power of a few wealthy landowning families in many Central American countries.
Britain's desire to keep France and Spain out of the New World.
France's desire to regain control of Canada.
The failure of the European powers to discover the value of Latin America as a market.
The absorption of the European powers with East Asia and Africa.
The 1867 purchase of Alaska.
American intervention in Cuba and Guatemala.
The Monroe Doctrine.
The Spanish American War.
The American aircraft carriers were at sea and escaped harm.
The newest battle ships (with a few exceptions) escaped unharmed.
Hawaii proved to be of minimal strategic value.
The Japanese failed to take advantage of the attack in the rest of the Pacific.
The United States had the right to collect debts and maintain order in countries that failed to do so on their own.
The United States was obligated to protect the sovereignty of Central and South American states.
The United States would refrain from interfering in the internal affairs of its Latin American neighbors.
The United States would intervene in Latin America only if a European power intervened first.
The British Empire.
The papacy gave up its claim to sovereignty over the city of Rome.
The papacy agreed not to interfere in Italian politics.
Pope Pius IX agreed to recognize the legitimacy of the Fascist state.
The Nazis agreed not to suppress the Catholic Church in Germany.
Chemical weapons ban.
Biological weapons ban.
The Geneva Convention.
A return to traditional Taoist and Confuscianist values.
Freedom and democracy.
A recovery of Maoist Communism.
The overthrow of the Chinese Communist Party.
Attempted to appease American demands without giving up power.
Softened his hardline commitment to communism.
Offered to send Cuban troops to replace Soviet forces in Africa.
Eased restrictions on religion and looked for new trading partners while maintaining one-party control of the state.
Changing weather patterns.
Dams and channels that divert the sea's upstream sources.
Geophysical changes that have raised the sea level in the region.
The Prague Spring.
The Hungarian Uprising.
The Polish Uprising.
The Cultural Revolution in China.
The People's Republic of China.
A secular multi-national state.
A religious national state.
A religious multi-national state.
A secular national state.
Tends to be more secular than other branches.
Focuses on encouraging spiritual transformation through meditation.
Calls for a return to the purity of the earliest years of Islam.
Tends to be more liberal than other branches.
World War I.
World War II.
The Seven Years War.
The Opium Wars.
The Shining Path.
The use of contraband diamonds to fund civil insurgencies and terrorism in Africa.
A rare, reddish gem found only in Liberia and Sierra Leone.
A diamond-shaped region in western Africa noted for its history of tribal violence.
A notorious terrorist organization in Germany.
That he committed crimes against humanity.
That he was involved in narcotics trafficking.
That he provided cover for terrorist organizations.
That he had seized power in Panama illegally.
Communism would eventually collapse of its own accord.
Global thermonuclear was was inevitable.
China and Russia were uniquely vulnerable to communist subversion.
Few people outside f the intelligentsia would ever find communism attractive.
An agricultural research station.
A penal colony.
A base for missionary work among the aborigines.
A leprosy colony.
Miguel Hidalgo's call for universal freedom.
Mexican independence Day.
The Expulsion of the French.
Santa Ana's victory at the Alamo.
To maintain a rough balance of power among the European great powers.
To encourage democracy within the lesser states.
To encourage nationalist movements in the Ottoman Empire.
To promote economic liberalism.
Encourage free trade.
Promote economic self-sufficiency.
Maintain a favorable balance of trade.
The fall of the Tokugawa shogunate.
The Opening of Japan to trade with the West.
The eventual restoration of power to the emperor.
All of the above.
The Czech Republic.
Defeat Russia first, and then turn on France.
Invade France by way of Belgium, before attacking Russia.
Invade Belgium and France before launching a cross-channel invasion of Britain.
Employ a holding force against France while launching a lightning invasion against Russia.
The Baltic Sea.
The North Sea.
The Adriatic Sea.
The Arial Sea.
An independent city-state.
The Polish city of Gedansk.
A victim of Stalin's vengeance and was destroyed.
A Russian enclave in East Germany.
Serbian independence from Austria.
The unification of Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Hungarian independence from Austria.
The Ottoman Empire.
Vietnamese independence from French rule.
Vietnamese independence from China.
Vietnam's victory over the United States.
The lunar new year.
A monk's leaving the monastery to enter secular life.
A son abandoning his family.
A war of conquest.
A rebellion against the emperor.
Tsar Nicholas II.
Alexander Kerensky's provisional government.
The Menshevik regime.
Germany's government of occupation in Moscow.
Find refuge for German Jews seeking to escape Germany.
Settle Germany's claims to the Sudetenland.
Preserve Ethiopian independence.
Settle Germany's dispute with France over the Ruhr Valley.