FSOT Pq - World History And Geography

75 Questions | Total Attempts: 1128

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FSOT Quizzes & Trivia

FSOT PQ - World History and GeographyBeware of the typos! They're there to keep you on your toes. OK, not really. Just keep an eye out and let me know.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In the 1978 Iranian Revolution, which overthrew the shah and resulted in the establishment of an Islamic Republic, 
    • A. 

      Took Western diplomats largely by surprise

    • B. 

      Was driven by frustration with Iran's lack of economic development and modernization.

    • C. 

      Was sparked by President Jimmy Carter's decision to admit the shah to the United States for medical treatment.

    • D. 

      Put Sunni Muslim clerics in control of the government.

  • 2. 
    Although the 1917 Balfour Declaration pledged British support for an eventual Jewish state, Britain strictly limited Jewish immigration to Palestine before 1948
    • A. 

      To placate anti-Zionist sentiments in Britain.

    • B. 

      To encourage Jewish immigration to the less contentious British colony of Uganda.

    • C. 

      To keep from alienating Arab leaders.

    • D. 

      To maintain pressure on the United States to accept higher numbers of refugees.

  • 3. 
    With the expulsion of the Kuomintang from China in 1949,
    • A. 

      The Chinese Communist Party moved quickly to secure its power in China by instituting the Cultural Revolution.

    • B. 

      Chaing Kai-shek was overthrown as leader of the Kuomintang.

    • C. 

      The Nationalists withdrew to the Island of Formosa.

    • D. 

      Chairman Mao initiated conversations with the Truman Administration to normalize relations.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following countries never belonged to the Warsaw Pact?
    • A. 

      Burgaria.

    • B. 

      Hungary.

    • C. 

      Czechoslovakia.

    • D. 

      Yugoslavia.

  • 5. 
    Although it came to symbolize the entire Cold War conflict, the Berlin Wall was built with what narrower purpose?
    • A. 

      To stop residents of the Soviet sector of Germany from fleeing to the West.

    • B. 

      As a preliminary step to imposing the Berlin Blockade.

    • C. 

      To embarrass President Truman.

    • D. 

      To undermine efforts by the East German government to improve relations with the West.

  • 6. 
    With international recognition of the Congo Free State by the Berlin congress in 1885, responsibility for governing the Congo
    • A. 

      Fell by default to the government of Belgium.

    • B. 

      Was returned to the tribal chiefs of the Congo.

    • C. 

      Was shared by Belgium, France, and Britain.

    • D. 

      Was held personally by Belgium's King Leopold II.

  • 7. 
    The Fashoda Crisis of 1896 brought which two great powers to the brink of war?
    • A. 

      Russia and Britain.

    • B. 

      France and Germany.

    • C. 

      France and Britain.

    • D. 

      Britain and the United States.

  • 8. 
    Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) advocated what broad goal for British involvement in Africa?
    • A. 

      The establishment of autonomous English-speaking dominions, on the model of Australia and Canada.

    • B. 

      The creation of a continuous line of British possessions connecting Capetown with Cairo.

    • C. 

      Greater respect for indigenous African institutions.

    • D. 

      Greater cooperation with other European powers.

  • 9. 
    The French decision to support the nascent United States against Britain in the American Revolutionary War was most decisively motivated by
    • A. 

      French Enlightenment thinking.

    • B. 

      French perceptions that an independent United States would counterbalance British power in the Atlantic.

    • C. 

      French hostility to Britain in the aftermath of the Seven Years War.

    • D. 

      French confidence that the Americans would win with or without French support.

  • 10. 
    The Seven Years War (1756-1763) went by what name in North America?
    • A. 

      King William's War.

    • B. 

      Queen Anne's War.

    • C. 

      The French and Indian War.

    • D. 

      The War of Jenkin's Ear.

  • 11. 
    During the Tokugawa Shogunate (1603-1868), Japan's government
    • A. 

      Sought to keep outside influences from reaching Japan as much as possible.

    • B. 

      Was frustrated in its efforts to expand Japanese influence into Asia.

    • C. 

      Encouraged immigration in order to limit population growth.

    • D. 

      Encouraged the efforts of Jesuit and other Christian missionaries.

  • 12. 
    A fundamental difference between the colonialism of the 18th century and that of the 19th was that
    • A. 

      19th century colonial policies, unlike those of the 18th, focused on controlling raw materials and markets.

    • B. 

      19th century colonial powers, unlike those of the 18th, often claimed land simply to keep it away from the competing power.

    • C. 

      19th century colonial powers, unlike those of the 18th, established colonies in locations that were unlikely to ever support a substantial European population.

    • D. 

      19th century colonial policies were more efficient to the presence of indigenous people than were those of the 18th.

  • 13. 
    The French Revolution bore what relation to the American Revolution?
    • A. 

      It preceded and partially shaped the American Revolution.

    • B. 

      Like the American Revolution, it was inspired by Enlightenment thinking.

    • C. 

      It bore only a superficial relationship to the American Revolution.

    • D. 

      Unlike the American Revolution, which was political and economic in nature, it was a product of the Enlightenment.

  • 14. 
    The First Opium War (1839-1842) was a result of
    • A. 

      The Chinese government's efforts to halt the importation of opium into China by British and other merchants.

    • B. 

      The British government's efforts to halt the export of opium from China to India.

    • C. 

      American efforts to monopolize legal drug imports from China.

    • D. 

      The Chinese government's refusal to control the production of opium.

  • 15. 
    The Boxer Uprising, while aimed against Western influences in China,
    • A. 

      Won the admiration and support of President Theodore Roosevelt.

    • B. 

      Was also directed against corruption and incompetence with the Ch'ing government.

    • C. 

      Was openly supported by Tz'u Hsi, the Dowager Empress.

    • D. 

      Shared the same progressive goals that the deposed emperor Kuang-Hsu had supported.

  • 16. 
    America's Open Door Policy toward China
    • A. 

      Sought to prevent the partitioning of China by outside powers.

    • B. 

      Sought to prevent Chinese workers from competing with American labor.

    • C. 

      Sought to regulate immigration from China.

    • D. 

      Promised citizenship to Chinese immigrants after a four-year waiting period.

  • 17. 
    The French colonial presence in Vietnam became unsupportable
    • A. 

      After the establishment of the Fifth Republic in France.

    • B. 

      After the Japanese conquest of southeast Asia in 1941.

    • C. 

      After the death of President DeGaulle.

    • D. 

      After the battle of Dien Bien Phu.

  • 18. 
    Relations between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union
    • A. 

      Remained friendly from 1949 until the end of the Soviet Union.

    • B. 

      Although initially friendly, quickly turned hostile and remained so into the 1970s.

    • C. 

      Although initially hostile, quickly turned friendly because both states shared a common enemy.

    • D. 

      Were adversarial at times, but were never hostile.

  • 19. 
    The United States and the People's Republic of China started to normalize relations during the
    • A. 

      Eisenhower administration.

    • B. 

      Kennedy administration.

    • C. 

      Johnson administration.

    • D. 

      Nixon administration.

  • 20. 
    In traditional Chinese political thinking, the Mandate of Heaven can be lost
    • A. 

      If the emperors lack virtue and can no longer maintain a proper relationship with Heaven.

    • B. 

      If the people lack virtue.

    • C. 

      If the emperor dies without a legitimate male heir.

    • D. 

      If the army suffers a military defeat.

  • 21. 
    Augusto Sandino, whose name came to be associated with the left-leaning Sandinistas, became famous for resisting the United States military intervention in
    • A. 

      Guatemala.

    • B. 

      Cuba.

    • C. 

      Nicaragua.

    • D. 

      The Philippines.

  • 22. 
    Although intended as a term of derision, banana republic reflected
    • A. 

      The political and economic power of the United Fruit Company in much of Central America.

    • B. 

      The power of the pumpen proletariat in Honduras.

    • C. 

      The autarkic policies of several Central American countries that restricted the growing of export products, like bananas and coffee.

    • D. 

      The power of a few wealthy landowning families in many Central American countries.

  • 23. 
    During the bloodiest phase of the Mexican Revolution, American troops fought a series of cross-border skirmishes with this revolutionary leader.
    • A. 

      Pancho Villa.

    • B. 

      Emiliano Zapata.

    • C. 

      Alvero Obreson.

    • D. 

      Lazaro Cardenas.

  • 24. 
    During its first decades, the success of the Monroe Doctrine depended largely on
    • A. 

      Britain's desire to keep France and Spain out of the New World.

    • B. 

      France's desire to regain control of Canada.

    • C. 

      The failure of the European powers to discover the value of Latin America as a market.

    • D. 

      The absorption of the European powers with East Asia and Africa.

  • 25. 
    The United States emerged as a self consciously colonial power as a result of
    • A. 

      The 1867 purchase of Alaska.

    • B. 

      American intervention in Cuba and Guatemala.

    • C. 

      The Monroe Doctrine.

    • D. 

      The Spanish American War.