First Aid Review 2017

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| By Charliearyan
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Quizzes Created: 13 | Total Attempts: 7,593
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First Aid Review 2017 - Quiz

Annual First Aid Review by the American Red Cross.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    As a staff for Dungarvin, you are required to watch each video segment in its entirety.  To begin a video please press the "Play" triangle button in the middle of the screen.  Upon completion of the video you may hit the "next" button underneath the video player.  You will then be taken to another video segment or a test question to complete.

  • 2. 

    Slide 2

  • 3. 

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    Slide 5

  • 6. 

    Slide 6

  • 7. 

    First Aid Review

  • 8. 

    You’re at practice for your soccer league when you notice one of your teammates is struggling to keep her energy up and looks a little pale. You ask if she’s feeling okay, to which she admits that she’s actually a little nauseous and dizzy. Although she insists she wants to keep playing, you recognize the signs of heat exhaustion and urge her to sit down on the sidelines. Which of the following five (5) steps should you take to help care for your teammate’s condition?

    • A.

      Have her "walk it off".

    • B.

      Tell her to remove any extra clothing.

    • C.

      Spray her with water.

    • D.

      Giver her salt tablets.

    • E.

      Fan her.

    • F.

      Giver her a cool electrolyte-based sports drink if available.

    • G.

      Encourage her to rest.

    • H.

      Have her lie flat on the ground.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Tell her to remove any extra clothing.
    C. Spray her with water.
    E. Fan her.
    F. Giver her a cool electrolyte-based sports drink if available.
    G. Encourage her to rest.
    Explanation
    When someone is showing signs of heat exhaustion, the goal is to help the individual cool and rehydrate the body before the heat exhaustion develops into an even more serious condition known as heat stroke. If the person’s condition does not improve after taking these measures, or if she refuses liquids, has a change in consciousness or starts vomiting, you should call 9-1-1 as these are signs the condition is getting worse.

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  • 9. 

    You are training on the high school track when a fellow jogger takes a misstep and twists his knee. You go over to where he is lying on the ground, introduce yourself and ask if you can help. Given the considerable pain he is in, he gladly accepts. Your training has taught you that providing care for a muscle, bone or joint injury should start by following the mnemonic RICE. You also know that the R in RICE stands for Rest. This means you should have him lie down flat on his back and keep perfectly still. 

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    Rest means having the man avoid any movements that cause pain by finding the most comfortable position that works for him, whether sitting, lying or something else.

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  • 10. 

    The I in RICE means Immobilization, which is always achieved using a splint.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    While Immobilization is an important step in RICE for many reasons—including reducing pain, lessening the risk for severe bleeding, and preventing further injury or a loss of circulation—actually splinting the injury should only be performed if you have to move or transport the person to receive care, and if you can do so without causing more pain.

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  • 11. 

    The C in RICE stands for Compression, which is necessary to prevent the accumulation of fluid and swelling in an injured joint.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    C actually stands for Cold, which should be applied to the injury to prevent joint swelling. Remember to use a thin towel to serve as a barrier between the ice and the skin.

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  • 12. 

    The E in RICE stands for Elevation, which helps slow the flow of blood and reduces swelling.

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Elevation is used to limit or slow the flow of blood to the injured area, thereby reducing the amount of swelling. You should only elevate an injury, however, if doing so causes no further pain.

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  • 13. 

    You are visiting with a friend when suddenly her toddler screams out in pain. After leaping to his aid, she discovers that he has been stung by a bee. While she tries to comfort him, she worries aloud that he might have a bad reaction. You ask if he is allergic to stings, but she says this is the first time he has ever had one. You can see that his cheek is a little red and irritated, but there is no noticeable swelling yet. Hoping to ease her fears, you explain what the six (6) indicators of a severe allergic reaction, known as anaphylaxis, would be. They include:

    • A.

      Rash or Hives

    • B.

      Headache

    • C.

      Weakness, dizziness, or confusion

    • D.

      Chills

    • E.

      Nausea or stomach cramps

    • F.

      Nosebleed

    • G.

      Trouble breathing, wheezing, or shortness of breath

    • H.

      Swelling of the face throat or tongue

    • I.

      Tight feeling in the chest or throat

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rash or Hives
    C. Weakness, dizziness, or confusion
    E. Nausea or stomach cramps
    G. Trouble breathing, wheezing, or shortness of breath
    H. Swelling of the face throat or tongue
    I. Tight feeling in the chest or throat
    Explanation
    These signs of anaphylaxis usually occur within seconds or minutes after contact with a substance. They can then progress quickly until the allergic person has a blocked airway, low blood pressure or goes into shock. Death may occur if the person is not treated. Those who are aware that they are prone to anaphylaxis may have an epinephrine auto-injector to combat the reaction.

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  • 14. 

    You offer to provide care to your son’s friend. Aside from pain and some redness, you observe no other symptoms. Care should include which of the following? Check all that apply: 

    • A.

      Apply a cold pack

    • B.

      Remove any visible stinger

    • C.

      Wash the site with soap and water

    • D.

      Cover the site

    • E.

      Call 911

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Apply a cold pack
    B. Remove any visible stinger
    C. Wash the site with soap and water
    D. Cover the site
    Explanation
    All of these choices are appropriate care for a bee sting. As for calling 9-1-1, you should do so immediately only if the person has trouble breathing, complains that his throat is tightening, is prone to severe allergic reactions or becomes unconscious. Otherwise, you do not need to call 9-1-1 for a minor allergic reaction.

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  • 15. 

    You are helping your friend Suzie get ready for a yard sale when she gashes her arm on an old piece of lawn furniture in the garage. The wound is bleeding pretty badly, but luckily, you always have a first aid kit in your car, which you hurry to retrieve. After quickly checking the scene, Suzie nods her consent when you ask if you can give first aid. After doing your check, your first step is to quickly apply: 

    • A.

      Pressure

    • B.

      Disposable non-latex gloves

    Correct Answer
    B. Disposable non-latex gloves
    Explanation
    Putting on disposable non-latex gloves before giving first aid for a bleeding wound helps to protect you from potential bloodborne pathogens —even if you know the person you are helping well. If you think the blood could splatter, wear goggles or other eye protection. Make sure you keep your first aid kit equipped with appropriate personal protective equipment for these situations.

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  • 16. 

    With your gloves in place, you know you must now apply pressure to stop the bleeding. This pressure should be:

    • A.

      Direct

    • B.

      Indirect

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct
    Explanation
    Direct pressure is needed to help stop the bleeding. Use a sterile dressing placed directly on the wound, and firmly press with your gloved hand until the bleeding stops or you have applied a pressure bandage over the dressing to hold it firmly in place.

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  • 17. 

    The wound has been bandaged, but you notice that it is still bleeding, as evidenced by the large amount of blood that has seeped through the first bandage. Knowing you need to get the bleeding under control, you grab for:

    • A.

      A tourniquet

    • B.

      Another bandage

    Correct Answer
    B. Another bandage
    Explanation
    A tourniquet should only be used as a last resort, as it can cause major tissue damage and even limb loss. When applying another bandage, remember that you should never remove the first bandage. Rather, apply additional pressure and bandages over top of the first layer.

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  • 18. 

    When dealing with a burn you should flush the burn with large amounts of cool running water, true or false?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When dealing with a burn, it is important to flush the burn with large amounts of cool running water. This helps to cool down the burned area and remove any heat from the skin, which can help to alleviate pain and prevent further damage. Flushing the burn with water also helps to remove any debris or chemicals that may be on the skin, reducing the risk of infection. Overall, this immediate action can aid in the initial treatment of a burn and promote faster healing.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 02, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Charliearyan
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