Final Exam Review Part 1

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 45

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Element Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A common type of oil trap is:
    • A. 

      Salt dome

    • B. 

      Anticline

    • C. 

      Fault trap

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    All of the following are young mountain belts except:
    • A. 

      North American Cordillera

    • B. 

      Himalayas

    • C. 

      Appalacians

    • D. 

      Alps

  • 3. 
    A tenfold increase in wave amplitude corresponds to an increase of ____ on the magnitude scale.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      10

    • D. 

      32

  • 4. 
    Occording to the Nebular Theory, our solar system is ______ years old. 
    • A. 

      13.7 billion

    • B. 

      3.6 billion

    • C. 

      542 million

    • D. 

      4.6 billion

  • 5. 
    Earthquakes can be as deep as:
    • A. 

      300km

    • B. 

      700km

    • C. 

      1,000km

    • D. 

      500km

  • 6. 
    The number of protons in an element:
    • A. 

      Atomic structure

    • B. 

      Mass number

    • C. 

      Atomic number

    • D. 

      Atomic strata

  • 7. 
    Mountain height is limited by all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Deposition

    • B. 

      Erosion

    • C. 

      Isostasy

    • D. 

      Gravitational collapse

  • 8. 
    Accreted crustal blocks that have geologic history distinct from the adjoining crustal blocks:
    • A. 

      Terrane

    • B. 

      Crust

    • C. 

      Continent

  • 9. 
    Igneous rocks that have cooled very fast will have a texture that is:
    • A. 

      Phaneritic

    • B. 

      Porphyritic

    • C. 

      Pyroclastic

    • D. 

      Aphanitic

  • 10. 
    When rocks exhibit the same magnetism as the present magnetic field, they are said to possess ________ polarity, whereas rocks exhibiting the opposite magnetism are said to ______ polarity.
    • A. 

      Opposite, normal

    • B. 

      Reverse, regular

    • C. 

      Normal, reverse

    • D. 

      Normal, opposite

  • 11. 
    Each drainage basin is bounded by an imaginary line called a:
    • A. 

      Rill

    • B. 

      Mouth

    • C. 

      Divide

    • D. 

      Pothole

  • 12. 
     Richter magnitude measures ________ while Moment Magnitude measures __________.
    • A. 

      Ground shaking, total energy released

    • B. 

      Total energy released, ground shaking

    • C. 

      Intensity, ground shaking

    • D. 

      Ground shaking, intensity

  • 13. 
     Which of the following is not a major province of the ocean floor?
    • A. 

      Abyssal plain

    • B. 

      Continental margin

    • C. 

      Deep-ocean basin

    • D. 

      Mid-ocean ridges

  • 14. 
    The “D” layer is significant in plate tectonics because:
    • A. 

      The lithosphere glides on its weak zone

    • B. 

      It is the graveyard of subducted lithosphere

    • C. 

      Magma from the D layer rises to the surface

    • D. 

      The “D” layer plays a major role in transform faults

  • 15. 
    Where are most caverns formed? a)   b) below the water table   c) underwater    d) in outer space 
    • A. 

      Above the water table

    • B. 

      Below the water table

    • C. 

      Underwater

    • D. 

      In outer space

  • 16. 
    Which of the following has normal faulting?
    • A. 

      The Himalayas

    • B. 

      Basin and Ridge Province

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      San Andreas

  • 17. 
    The elastic rebound theory explains how:
    • A. 

      Earthquakes occur

    • B. 

      Rocks spring back into their original position

    • C. 

      Faults rupture

    • D. 

      Foreshocks occur

  • 18. 
    During metamorphism, what changes might take place in a rock?
    • A. 

      Minerology

    • B. 

      Texture

    • C. 

      Chemical composition

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 19. 
    Beaches and tidal flats are _________ sedimentary environments.
    • A. 

      Continental

    • B. 

      Marine

    • C. 

      Transitional

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    The aim of historical geology is to:
    • A. 

      Examine the materials composing the Earth

    • B. 

      Understand the many processes that operate beneath and upon Earth’s surface

    • C. 

      Understand the origin of Earth and its development through time

    • D. 

      Study plate tectonics

  • 21. 
    About 410km deep in Earth’s interior, a soft, weak layer exists. This is called the ___________.
    • A. 

      Asthenosphere

    • B. 

      Lithosphere

    • C. 

      Transition zone

    • D. 

      Mantle

  • 22. 
    Glass is not a mineral because:
    • A. 

      It is not a solid

    • B. 

      It lacks a well-defined chemical composition

    • C. 

      It is organic

    • D. 

      It lacks a repetitive atomic structure

  • 23. 
    A lava flow that exhibits smooth surfaces that often resemble twisted braids of rope:
    • A. 

      Pahoehoe

    • B. 

      Aa

    • C. 

      Lava tubes

    • D. 

      Pillow lava

  • 24. 
    This type of weathering involves a transformation of rock into one or more new compounds.
    • A. 

      Physical

    • B. 

      Chemical

    • C. 

      Mass wasting

    • D. 

      Erosion

  • 25. 
    Humans can cause all of these impacts on the environment except:
    • A. 

      Sun spots

    • B. 

      Surface warming

    • C. 

      CO2 levels rising

    • D. 

      Increased aerosols