Economic Geography

51 Questions

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Geography Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is NOT a primary industrial region of the world today?
    • A. 

      South Asia

    • B. 

      Eastern Asia

    • C. 

      Western and Central Europe

    • D. 

      Russia and the Ukraine

    • E. 

      Eastern North America

  • 2. 
    Which country possesses the greatest natural gas reserves?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      Brazil

    • C. 

      United States

    • D. 

      Russia

    • E. 

      India

  • 3. 
    Twenty thousand nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Bangladesh constitute what can be called ___________
    • A. 

      Development islands.

    • B. 

      A parallel state.

    • C. 

      Subversive zones.

    • D. 

      Colonial enclaves.

  • 4. 
    A large component of survival in countries with low per capita GNP is___________
    • A. 

      The informal economy.

    • B. 

      Foreign aid.

    • C. 

      Tourism.

    • D. 

      The sale of resources.

  • 5. 
    In peripheral countries it is not unusual for hotels in tourist areas to be owned by _________________
    • A. 

      Local owner operators.

    • B. 

      Worker's cooperatives.

    • C. 

      Multinational corporations.

    • D. 

      Local or regional governments.

  • 6. 
    The transfer of an automobile from a train to a truck at a distribution point is a good example of a(n) 
    • A. 

      Outsourcing

    • B. 

      Break-of-bulk point

    • C. 

      Gross national product

    • D. 

      Growth pole

    • E. 

      Carrier efficiency

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      Harold Hotelling/ locational interdependence theory

    • B. 

      Alfred Weber/ variable revenue analysis theory

    • C. 

      Immanuel Wallerstein/ modernization theory

    • D. 

      Von Thuen/ space-time compression theory

    • E. 

      W.W. Rostow/ capitalist world economy theory

  • 8. 
    Company A orders 1,000 pounds of sugar at a cost of $1 per pound. Company B purchases 500 pounds of sugar at $2 per pound. This is an example of what concept? 
    • A. 

      Variable costs

    • B. 

      Agglomeration

    • C. 

      Fixed costs

    • D. 

      Carrier efficiency

    • E. 

      Substitution principle

  • 9. 
    Establishment of government quotas on imports (e.g. cotton shirts or steel) to the U.S. has led to _______________
    • A. 

      A collapse of the U.S. market for shirts.

    • B. 

      A decrease in Chinese shirt production.

    • C. 

      A shifting of production form country to country in the periphery and semi-periphery.

    • D. 

      An increase in Chinese wages.

  • 10. 
    Which of the four classifications of industry must locate where the resources are found?
    • A. 

      Tertiary

    • B. 

      Secondary

    • C. 

      Primary

    • D. 

      Quaternary

  • 11. 
    _______ give loans to poor people, preferably women, to encourage development of small businesses. 
    • A. 

      NGOs

    • B. 

      Structural adjustment loans

    • C. 

      Micro credit programs

    • D. 

      Maquiladoras

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Singapore

    • B. 

      Vietnam

    • C. 

      Taiwan

    • D. 

      Hong Kong

    • E. 

      South Korea

  • 13. 
    The UN developed which statistic as a measure of development in the 1970s to try to quantify economic development? 
    • A. 

      Dependence theory

    • B. 

      Technology gap

    • C. 

      Purchasing power parity

    • D. 

      Physical Quality of Life Index

    • E. 

      Human Development Indes

  • 14. 
    In 2005, China, Japan, the United States, Russia, and South Korea were the five top producers of ________
    • A. 

      Steel.

    • B. 

      Coal.

    • C. 

      Airplanes.

    • D. 

      Titanium.

  • 15. 
    Alfred Weber identified three factors that determine the location of industries: transportation, labor costs and 
    • A. 

      Agglomeration

    • B. 

      Site factors

    • C. 

      Sustainable development

    • D. 

      Space-time compression

    • E. 

      Location of competitors

  • 16. 
    Economic development in some African states (e.g. Malawi and Zimbabwe) is hampered by _____________
    • A. 

      Drought.

    • B. 

      Drop in the price of oil.

    • C. 

      Corrupt governments.

    • D. 

      Religions intolerance.

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Traditional society, preconditions for takeoff, drive to maturity, takeoff age of mass consumption

    • B. 

      Traditional society, takeoff, preconditions for takeoff, age of mass consumption, drive to maturity

    • C. 

      Traditional society, preconditions for takeoff, takeoff, drive to maturity, age of mass consumption

    • D. 

      Preconditions for takeoff, takeoff, traditional society, drive to maturity, age of mass consumption

    • E. 

      Drive to maturity, traditional society, takeoff, preconditions for takeoff, age of mass consumption

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      Worker productivity

    • B. 

      Literacy rates

    • C. 

      Access to raw materials

    • D. 

      Gross Domestic Product

    • E. 

      Availability of consumer goods

  • 19. 
    The increase in time and cost with distance is referred to as _____________
    • A. 

      Distribution costs.

    • B. 

      Production costs.

    • C. 

      Friction of distance.

    • D. 

      Distance decay.

  • 20. 
    The principal structuralist alternative to Rostow's model of economic development is known as __________
    • A. 

      Dependency theory.

    • B. 

      The "takeoff" model.

    • C. 

      The liberal model.

    • D. 

      The modernization model.

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Washington Federal Savings and Loan

    • B. 

      United Nations

    • C. 

      World Bank

    • D. 

      IMF

  • 22. 
    The country with the largest oil reserves in the world is
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      Kuwait

    • C. 

      Saudi Arabia

    • D. 

      United States

    • E. 

      Russia

  • 23. 
    Mexico has established export processing zones with special tax, trade and regulatory arrangements for foreign firms. This phenomena is referred to as _____________
    • A. 

      Haciendas.

    • B. 

      NAFTA zones.

    • C. 

      Maquiladoras.

    • D. 

      Border cities.

  • 24. 
    According to the Core-Periphery Model of economic development, all of the following are peripheral areas of Europe EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Portugal

    • B. 

      Southern Italy

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Ukraine

    • E. 

      Southeastern England

  • 25. 
    Industrialization occurred along an axis from Northern France through North-Central Germany to Czech Republic and South Poland. This axis correlates with ___________ as a locational factor. 
    • A. 

      Coalfields

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Major ports

    • D. 

      The trend of the drainage system

  • 26. 
    In terms of today's global economy, which areas would be considered the resource frontier of the world? 
    • A. 

      Central and Western Europe

    • B. 

      Eastern South America

    • C. 

      East Asin

    • D. 

      Southwest Asia

    • E. 

      Sub-Saharan Africa

  • 27. 
    What is the major drawback to burning lignite coal?
    • A. 

      the health of the coal miners is adversely affected by working in shaft mines

    • B. 

      It produces a large amount of air pollution

    • C. 

      It cannot produce enough heat for many blast furnaces

    • D. 

      It costs too much to transport from its sources in the Rocky Mountains to the industrial plants in the eastern U.S.

    • E. 

      Mining it is not profitable enough to justify the investment and effort

  • 28. 
    Just-in-time delivery refers to what?
    • A. 

      The process of getting food to the market as people are willing to buy it

    • B. 

      The process of reducing labor costs to control prices

    • C. 

      The process of moving materials to reduce cost

    • D. 

      The process of producing food in time to meet the demand for the food

    • E. 

      He process of getting food to the market before it spoils

  • 29. 
    Which does NOT make up a portion of Columbia's GNP? 
    • A. 

      Professional sports franchises

    • B. 

      Drug trafficking

    • C. 

      Coffee production

    • D. 

      Tourism

  • 30. 
    Which of the following factors would most likely increase the cost of transportation the most?
    • A. 

      Volumn

    • B. 

      Refrigeration

    • C. 

      Finished products

    • D. 

      Size

    • E. 

      Weight

  • 31. 
    A sock manufacturing in China needs support services, such as surface and ocean transportion, and access to telephone and electricity. These supporting services are all examples of
    • A. 

      Infrastructure

    • B. 

      Situational factors

    • C. 

      Deglomeration

    • D. 

      Substainable development

    • E. 

      Value adding products

  • 32. 
    Theories which hold that economic disparities are built into the global economic system are referred to as ______ 
    • A. 

      Neo-capitalist theories

    • B. 

      Liberal theories

    • C. 

      Structuralist theories

    • D. 

      Modernization theories

  • 33. 
    This cartel, established in 1960, is the primary group in the world setting oil prices. 
    • A. 

      Oil and Petroleum Exporting Companies

    • B. 

      Organization of Phosphate Enhancing Countries

    • C. 

      Oil and Petroleum Exporting Countries

    • D. 

      Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

    • E. 

      Oil Producing Exporting Countries

  • 34. 
    Fast, flexible production of small lots with outsourcing around the world is referred to as: ___________
    • A. 

      Post-Fordist

    • B. 

      Socialist

    • C. 

      Colonial production

    • D. 

      Fordist

  • 35. 
    The word "development" implies ________ 
    • A. 

      Technology

    • B. 

      Progress

    • C. 

      Colonialism

    • D. 

      Lowering wages through mechanization

  • 36. 
    The country with the largest coal reserves in the world is
    • A. 

      Brazil

    • B. 

      Canada

    • C. 

      Russia

    • D. 

      U.S.

    • E. 

      China

  • 37. 
    Southeast Asia cities have promoted economic growth through what primary means?
    • A. 

      Western transportation systems

    • B. 

      Western investment and trade

    • C. 

      Irrigated fruit farming

    • D. 

      Truck farming

    • E. 

      Eastern religion

  • 38. 
    Special economic zones (SEZs) are most common in which country?
    • A. 

      Japan

    • B. 

      Great Britain

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      Russia

    • E. 

      Brazil

  • 39. 
    Which of the following would be most likely to be critical of modernization theory?
    • A. 

      A variable revenue analysus theorist

    • B. 

      A locational interdependence theorist

    • C. 

      A dependency theorist

    • D. 

      A least cost theorist

    • E. 

      A westernization theorist

  • 40. 
     Countries in which tier of the world economy (region) have high birth and death rates and low life expectancy at birth?
    • A. 

      Post-industrial

    • B. 

      Semi-periphery

    • C. 

      Core

    • D. 

      Periphery

  • 41. 
     What major factor has led the Four Asian Tigers to economic success?
    • A. 

      Low land costs

    • B. 

      Cheap immigrant labor

    • C. 

      Low transportation costs

    • D. 

      Raw materials

    • E. 

      Trading goods

  • 42. 
    Even if the Gross National Product (GNP) index is used to measure the well-being of a country, it will fail to show _________
    • A. 

      the distribution of wealth

    • B. 

      Growth in secondary industries(manufacturing)

    • C. 

      Growth within tertiary industries (services)

    • D. 

      Growth within primary industries (mining, forestry, agriculture, fishing)

  • 43. 
    The Ruhr industrial area is connected to its port by _________ 
    • A. 

      Cart roads

    • B. 

      North Sea

    • C. 

      Rail roads

    • D. 

      Rhine river

  • 44. 
    The most important cost in Weber's least cost theory is
    • A. 

      Transportation costs

    • B. 

      Labor costs

    • C. 

      Land plot costs

    • D. 

      Infrastructure costs

    • E. 

      Energy production costs

  • 45. 
    Most of the ethanol (a form of biomass) in the U.S. comes from which biodegradable commodity? 
    • A. 

      Wheat

    • B. 

      Soybeans

    • C. 

      Corn

    • D. 

      Sugarcane

    • E. 

      Urban Waste

  • 46. 
    Which of the following is the best example of a labor-intensive industry?
    • A. 

      An automobile manufacturer

    • B. 

      A textile manufacturer

    • C. 

      A soft drink manufacturer

    • D. 

      A computer parts manufacturer

    • E. 

      An iron ore processor

  • 47. 
    The U.S. and many other more developed countries rely on what natural resources for the majority of their electricity production? 
    • A. 

      Nuclear power

    • B. 

      Natural gas

    • C. 

      Uranium

    • D. 

      Petroleum

    • E. 

      Coal

  • 48. 
     Which continent uses nuclear power for a greater percentage of its total power output than any other continent? 
    • A. 

      South America

    • B. 

      Europe

    • C. 

      North America

    • D. 

      Asia

    • E. 

      Africa

  • 49. 
     Core area agriculture is characterized by_____________ 
    • A. 

      High levels of farmer education

    • B. 

      Scientific agronomy

    • C. 

      Mechanization

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 50. 
    Which of the following is used to determine the Human Development Index for economic development? 
    • A. 

      Natural increase rate

    • B. 

      Gender inequalities

    • C. 

      Literacy rate

    • D. 

      Contagion

    • E. 

      Resource orientation

  • 51. 
    Which of the following is used to determine the Human Development Index for economic development? 
    • A. 

      Natural increase rate

    • B. 

      Gender inequalities

    • C. 

      Literacy rate

    • D. 

      Contagion

    • E. 

      Resource orientation