Earth Science Final - Semester 2

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 171

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Earth Science Final - Semester 2 - Quiz

Semester Two Earth Science Final Mrs. Von Berg


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What energy source drives volcanic eruptions? 
    • A. 

      Heat from the Earth's core

    • B. 

      Heat from ocean currents

    • C. 

      Heat from the sun

    • D. 

      Heat from gravitational forces

  • 2. 
    According to many scientists, what process led to the formation of the early atmosphere? 
    • A. 

      Out-gassing from volcanoes

    • B. 

      Asteroid collision

    • C. 

      Metamorphism

    • D. 

      Galactic fust

  • 3. 
    Where would you most likely find active volcanoes? 
    • A. 

      Only above the surface of the ocean

    • B. 

      Near plate boundaries

    • C. 

      Below the north pole

    • D. 

      In the center of continents

  • 4. 
    A stratovolcano is another name for a: 
    • A. 

      Shield volcano

    • B. 

      Lava dome

    • C. 

      Cinder cone volcano

    • D. 

      Composite volcano

  • 5. 
    The Ring of Fire is where most of the Earth's active volcanoes are found. It is located in the: 
    • A. 

      Atlantic Ocean

    • B. 

      Southern Ocean

    • C. 

      Mediterranean Sea

    • D. 

      Pacific Ocean

  • 6. 
    An increase in carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere is most likely going to cause:
    • A. 

      Longer winters

    • B. 

      Lower wind speeds

    • C. 

      Higher temperatures

    • D. 

      Fewer daylight horurs

  • 7. 
    Earth's atmosphere is mostly: 
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Methane

  • 8. 
    The reaction occurring inside all stars, that creates immense amounts of energy is called: 
    • A. 

      Nuclear fusion

    • B. 

      Nuclear fission

    • C. 

      Nuclear bombs

    • D. 

      Hydrogren bombs

  • 9. 
    Which of the following actions removes carbon from the atmosphere? 
    • A. 

      Vegetable scarps decaying

    • B. 

      Animals consuming legumes

    • C. 

      Fossil fuels burning

    • D. 

      Evergreen trees growing

  • 10. 
    Ozone prevents which type of electromagnetic radiation from reaching the Earth's surface? 
    • A. 

      Radio waves

    • B. 

      Ultraviolet waves

    • C. 

      Microwaves

    • D. 

      Infared waves

  • 11. 
    Which atmospheric gas will become more plentiful if deforestation continues on Earth? 
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Carbon monoxide

  • 12. 
    The release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) through the use of aerosol sprays and other products, may decrease the amount of ozone in the Earth's atmosphere. How might this affect Earth over time? 
    • A. 

      Increased ultraviolet radiation could be harmful to humans and other organisms

    • B. 

      Refracted radiation could increased the suns intensity

    • C. 

      More blue light could cause and increase in the rate of photosynthesis

    • D. 

      The reflected infrared radiation could appear as a reddish glow in the atmosphere

  • 13. 
    Which of the following best explains how the Earth’s moon formed?
    • A. 

      An object the size of Mars collided with Earth

    • B. 

      A planet larger than Neptune split into two parts

    • C. 

      Earth’s gravity captured it from Mars

    • D. 

      Dust and gas collected in Earth’s orbit

  • 14. 
    Convection currents in the Earth's atmosphere result from: 
    • A. 

      Density differences

    • B. 

      Compositional differences

    • C. 

      Color differences

    • D. 

      Age differences

  • 15. 
    Identify the three main greenhouse gases. 
    • A. 

      Methane

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • E. 

      Water vapor

    • F. 

      Carbon monoxide

    • G. 

      Argon

    • H. 

      Neon

  • 16. 
    Which of the following best describes the Earth's greenhouse effect? 
    • A. 

      The warming of the Earth due to trapped heat in the atmosphere

    • B. 

      The cause of the ocean tides

    • C. 

      Earth's protection from ultraviolet radiation

    • D. 

      The natural cooling process of the Earth

  • 17. 
    There are ___ planets in our solar system: 
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      12

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      17

  • 18. 
    People can reduce the amount of carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere by: 
    • A. 

      Raising more animals

    • B. 

      Using less hydroelectric energy

    • C. 

      Burning less fossil fuels

    • D. 

      Using fireplaces for heating

  • 19. 
    What type of volcano has a wide base and slowly sloping sides? This type of volcano does not explode. Instead, viscous lava will flow from the peak. 
    • A. 

      Composite

    • B. 

      Dome

    • C. 

      Shield

    • D. 

      Cinder cone

  • 20. 
    The particles produced in a volcanic eruption are called: 
    • A. 

      Pyroclastic material

    • B. 

      Calderas

    • C. 

      Laccoliths

    • D. 

      Volcanic stocks

  • 21. 
    What formation is formed from the collapse of a magma chamber? 
    • A. 

      Cinder cone

    • B. 

      Caldera

    • C. 

      Geyser

    • D. 

      Lava dome

  • 22. 
    The study of the early Earth as it existed approximately 4.0 billion years ago shows that Earth most likely lacked: 
    • A. 

      Volcanoes

    • B. 

      A magnetic field

    • C. 

      A solid core

    • D. 

      An oxygen atmosphere

  • 23. 
    The best indicator of a stars temperature is: 
    • A. 

      Size

    • B. 

      Color

    • C. 

      Age

    • D. 

      Density

  • 24. 
    Ozone is made from 3 atoms of:
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon

    • C. 

      Water vapor

    • D. 

      Cheese

  • 25. 
    Our Sun, a low mass star, will become a ____________ when it dies. 
    • A. 

      White dwarf

    • B. 

      Blue giant

    • C. 

      Nutron star

    • D. 

      Black hole

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