# CT IntroduCTion

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Blanco
B
Blanco
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,792
Questions: 49 | Attempts: 1,798

Settings

.

• 1.

### Which is the correct order of development?

• A.

Head CT, Body CT, Spiral CT, Multislice CT

• B.

Spiral CT, Body CT, Head CT, Multislice CT

• C.

Multislice CT, Spiral CT, Head CT, Body CT

• D.

They all were developed at the same time.

A. Head CT, Body CT, Spiral CT, Multislice CT
Explanation
The correct order of development is Head CT, Body CT, Spiral CT, Multislice CT. This is because head CT was the first to be developed, followed by body CT, then spiral CT, and finally multislice CT.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### He developed basic mathematical equation which made computed tomography possible

• A.

• B.

Cormack

• C.

Hounsfield

• D.

Frank

B. Cormack
Explanation
Cormack developed the mathematical equations that were fundamental in the development of computed tomography. These equations allowed for the reconstruction of images from X-ray measurements, making it possible to create detailed cross-sectional images of the body. Without Cormack's contributions, computed tomography would not have been possible.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Which of the following won the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physics for their work on computed tomography?

• A.

• B.

• C.

Hounsfield and Cormack

• D.

Johnson and Hounsfield

C. Hounsfield and Cormack
Explanation
The correct answer is Hounsfield and Cormack. In 1979, Sir Godfrey Hounsfield and Allan Cormack were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their independent development of computed tomography (CT), a medical imaging technique that uses X-rays to create detailed cross-sectional images of the body. Their work revolutionized medical diagnostics and has had a significant impact on the field of radiology.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### Which of the following are limitations of CT?

• A.

Spatial resolution

• B.

Relatively high patient dose

• C.

Z axis reformation

• D.

Distinct artifacts

• E.

They all are limitations

E. They all are limitations
Explanation
The correct answer is that all of the options listed are limitations of CT. Spatial resolution refers to the ability of CT to distinguish small structures, and it is limited by factors such as detector size and pixel size. CT also exposes patients to relatively high doses of radiation compared to other imaging modalities. Z-axis reformation refers to the ability to reconstruct images in the axial plane, and limitations in this area can affect image quality. Finally, CT can produce distinct artifacts that can degrade image quality and potentially lead to incorrect diagnoses.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### The principle advantage of CT imaging over other x-ray imaging is:

• A.

Faster throughput

• B.

Improved contrast resolution

• C.

Improved spatial resolution

• D.

Decreased patient dose

B. Improved contrast resolution
Explanation
CT imaging has a principle advantage over other x-ray imaging techniques because it provides improved contrast resolution. This means that CT scans can distinguish between different tissues or structures with greater clarity and accuracy. This is particularly beneficial when trying to identify and differentiate between abnormalities or diseases within the body. Improved contrast resolution helps to enhance the diagnostic capabilities of CT imaging, allowing for more accurate and precise diagnoses.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### Computed Tomography results in:

• A.

Transverse Image

• B.

Axial Image

• C.

Transaxial Image

• D.

All of the above

• E.

Not all but more than one of the above

E. Not all but more than one of the above
Explanation
Computed Tomography (CT) results in more than one type of image. It produces transverse images, which are also known as axial images, as well as transaxial images. Therefore, the correct answer is "Not all but more than one of the above."

Rate this question:

• 7.

### He originally applied reconstruction techniques in nuclear medicine ten years before he developed reconstruction techniques for computed tomography:

• A.

• B.

Hounsfield

• C.

Roentgen

• D.

Cormack

D. Cormack
Explanation
Cormack originally applied reconstruction techniques in nuclear medicine before developing reconstruction techniques for computed tomography.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### It may be described as a radiograph obtained with a moving source image receptor assembly:

• A.

Computed Tomography

• B.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

• C.

Positron Emission Imaging

• D.

Conventional Tomography

D. Conventional Tomography
Explanation
Conventional tomography involves obtaining a radiograph with a moving source image receptor assembly. This technique allows for the visualization of specific planes of the body by blurring out structures above and below the plane of interest. Computed tomography (CT) uses a rotating X-ray source and detector to create cross-sectional images, while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses magnetic fields and radio waves to generate detailed images. Positron emission imaging (PET) uses a radioactive tracer to produce functional images. Therefore, the correct answer is conventional tomography.

Rate this question:

• 9.

• A.

• B.

• C.

Improves resolution

• D.

Reduces motions

Explanation
Scatter radiation refers to the radiation that is scattered in different directions after interacting with the patient's body during a radiographic procedure. This scattered radiation can cause a decrease in the contrast resolution of the resulting image. Contrast resolution refers to the ability to distinguish between different shades of gray in an image, and a reduction in this resolution can make it more difficult to identify subtle differences in tissue density. Therefore, scatter radiation reduces radiographic contrast resolution.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### The development of CT required the emergence and improvement in:

• A.

Hounsfield units

• B.

Size of the CT units

• C.

Floor plan of the imaging suite

• D.

Digital computer and special mathematics

D. Digital computer and special mathematics
Explanation
The development of CT required the emergence and improvement in digital computer and special mathematics. This is because CT scans involve the use of mathematical algorithms to reconstruct images from the raw data acquired by the scanner. The digital computer is needed to process and analyze the large amount of data collected during the scan. Special mathematics, such as Fourier transform and matrix operations, are used to perform the complex calculations required for image reconstruction. Without the advancements in digital computer technology and special mathematics, CT scans would not be possible.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### He demonstrated the first CT Scanner in 1972 using special mathematical sequence:

• A.

Cormack

• B.

Hounsfield

• C.

• D.

Roentgen

B. Hounsfield
Explanation
Hounsfield is the correct answer because he played a crucial role in the development of the first CT scanner. In 1972, Hounsfield demonstrated the first CT scanner using a special mathematical sequence. His work revolutionized medical imaging by allowing doctors to obtain detailed cross-sectional images of the body. Cormack, Radon, and Roentgen are not directly associated with the development of the CT scanner, making Hounsfield the correct choice.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### Which are the following are advantages of CT over conventional radiography?

• A.

Better contrast resolution

• B.

Better spatial resolution

• C.

Superimposition of tissue

• D.

A. Better contrast resolution
Explanation
CT (Computed Tomography) offers better contrast resolution compared to conventional radiography. This means that CT scans can differentiate between tissues with similar densities more effectively, allowing for clearer and more detailed images. This advantage is particularly useful in detecting subtle abnormalities or lesions that may not be visible on conventional radiographs. By providing improved contrast resolution, CT scans enhance diagnostic accuracy and aid in better patient care.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### Computed Tomography results in:

• A.

Analog Image

• B.

Linear Image

• C.

Digital Image

• D.

Curvilinear Image

C. Digital Image
Explanation
Computed Tomography (CT) is a medical imaging technique that uses X-rays to create detailed cross-sectional images of the body. These images are generated by a computer, which converts the X-ray data into a digital format. Therefore, the correct answer is "Digital Image" as CT results in the production of digital images that can be manipulated and analyzed by medical professionals for diagnostic purposes.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### Which of the following terms does not fit?

• A.

Section

• B.

Slice

• C.

Tomos

• D.

Axial

• E.

Unit

E. Unit
Explanation
The terms section, slice, tomos, and axial all refer to a part or division of something. However, the term "unit" does not fit because it does not specifically refer to a part or division, but rather a single entity or a standard of measurement.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### Computed tomography may be identified as:

• A.

Emission tomography

• B.

Transmission tomography

• C.

Reflected tomography

• D.

Temporal tomography

• E.

Volumetrictomograph

B. Transmission tomography
Explanation
Computed tomography is a medical imaging technique that uses X-ray beams to create cross-sectional images of the body. It is commonly referred to as transmission tomography because it involves the transmission of X-rays through the body to create the images. This technique allows for the visualization of internal structures and can help in the diagnosis and monitoring of various medical conditions.

Rate this question:

• 16.

### A characteristic feature of a projection radiograph is:

• A.

Poor spatial resolution

• B.

Lengthy data acquisition

• C.

Difficult quality control parameters

• D.

Tissue superimposition

D. Tissue superimposition
Explanation
A characteristic feature of a projection radiograph is tissue superimposition. This means that different layers of tissue in the body may overlap on the radiograph, making it difficult to distinguish individual structures. This can be a limitation in terms of spatial resolution, as it may reduce the clarity and detail of the image. However, it is a common feature in projection radiography and is often managed through different positioning techniques and imaging modalities.

Rate this question:

• 17.

### Which of the following finds application in bone mineral assay for evaluation of osteoporosis?

• A.

• B.

• C.

CT

• D.

C. CT
Explanation
CT (Computed Tomography) finds application in bone mineral assay for evaluation of osteoporosis. CT scans use X-ray technology to produce detailed cross-sectional images of the body. In the case of bone mineral assay, CT can provide precise measurements of bone density, which is crucial in diagnosing osteoporosis. This imaging technique allows for the detection of even small changes in bone density and can help in monitoring the progression of the disease. Therefore, CT is a valuable tool in evaluating osteoporosis and assessing the effectiveness of treatment.

Rate this question:

• 18.

### Which of the following imaging modalities appeared first?

• A.

• B.

Diagnostic ultrasound

• C.

• D.

Electron beam CT

• E.

Spiral CT

Explanation
Projection radiography, also known as X-ray imaging, is the oldest and most widely used imaging modality among the options provided. It was discovered in 1895 by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen and quickly became a valuable tool in medical diagnostics. Projection radiography involves passing X-rays through the body and capturing the resulting image on a film or digital detector. It has been used for over a century to visualize bones, organs, and other internal structures, making it the first imaging modality to be developed.

Rate this question:

• 19.

### Which of the following is the characteristic of a first generation CT Scanner?

• A.

Detector array

• B.

Fan beam

• C.

Pencil beam

• D.

Slip ring technology

C. Pencil beam
Explanation
A first-generation CT scanner is characterized by the use of a pencil beam. This means that the scanner emits a narrow, pencil-like beam of X-rays that rotates around the patient to capture images from different angles. The pencil beam method was the earliest technique used in CT scanning and was later replaced by fan beam technology in subsequent generations of scanners.

Rate this question:

• 20.

### Which of the following CT imagers is often referred to as the heart scan?

• A.

Second generation

• B.

Third generation

• C.

Fourth generation

• D.

Electron beam

• E.

Spiral

D. Electron beam
Explanation
The correct answer is electron beam. Electron beam CT imaging, also known as EBT (Electron Beam Tomography), is often referred to as the heart scan. It is a specialized type of CT imaging that uses a focused electron beam instead of a traditional X-ray tube to produce images. This technology is particularly useful for imaging the heart and detecting coronary artery disease.

Rate this question:

• 21.

### Which of the following is a particular characteristic of fourth generation CT Scanners?

• A.

Fan x-ray beam geometry

• B.

Multielement detector array

• C.

Rotate-translate motion

• D.

Fixed detector array

D. Fixed detector array
Explanation
A particular characteristic of fourth generation CT scanners is a fixed detector array. This means that the detectors are stationary and do not move during the scanning process. This design allows for faster and more efficient image acquisition as the detectors are constantly in position to receive the x-ray beams. It also eliminates the need for complex mechanical movements, reducing the chances of mechanical failure and improving the overall reliability of the scanner.

Rate this question:

• 22.

### Which of the following CT Scanners has no mechanical moving parts in the gantry?

• A.

Second generation

• B.

Third generation

• C.

Fourth generation

• D.

Electron beam

• E.

Spiral

D. Electron beam
Explanation
The correct answer is electron beam. Electron beam CT scanners use a stationary gantry, meaning that they do not have any mechanical moving parts in the gantry. Instead, they use an electron beam to generate the x-rays needed for imaging. This technology allows for faster scanning times and reduces the risk of mechanical failures compared to scanners with moving parts in the gantry.

Rate this question:

• 23.

### Which of the following is a characteristic of a first generation CT Scanner?

• A.

Detector array

• B.

Fan beam

• C.

Five minute imaging time

• D.

Subsecond imaging time

C. Five minute imaging time
Explanation
A characteristic of a first-generation CT scanner is a five-minute imaging time. This means that it takes approximately five minutes to complete the imaging process using this type of scanner. First-generation CT scanners were known for their relatively long imaging times compared to more advanced generations.

Rate this question:

• 24.

### Which of the following features led to the development of the spiral CT Scanner?

• A.

Megaheat unit x-ray tubes

• B.

Molybdenum/rhodium targeted x-ray tubes

• C.

Electronic slip ring

• D.

High frequency generatiors

C. Electronic slip ring
Explanation
The development of the spiral CT Scanner was led by the electronic slip ring feature. The electronic slip ring allows for continuous rotation of the CT scanner gantry, which is necessary for the spiral or helical scanning technique. This technique enables the acquisition of volumetric data in a single breath-hold, resulting in faster and more accurate imaging. The electronic slip ring ensures a continuous power supply and data transfer between the rotating gantry and the stationary components of the CT scanner, allowing for seamless image acquisition.

Rate this question:

• 25.

### Ring artifacts are characteristic of:

• A.

First generation

• B.

Second generation

• C.

Third generation

• D.

Fourth generation

C. Third generation
Explanation
Ring artifacts are characteristic of third generation CT scanners. These artifacts appear as circular bands or rings in the reconstructed images and are caused by imperfections in the detector array. In third generation scanners, the detector array is stationary and surrounds the patient, resulting in a more uniform distribution of X-ray photons. However, due to variations in detector sensitivity, these rings can appear in the images. Fourth generation scanners, on the other hand, use a rotating X-ray source and a stationary detector ring, which eliminates ring artifacts.

Rate this question:

• 26.

### Which of the following is characteristic of a second generation CT Scanner?

• A.

Able to image head only, not body

• B.

Five minute imaging time

• C.

Pencil shaped x-ray beam

• D.

Translate - rotate motion

D. Translate - rotate motion
Explanation
A second generation CT scanner is characterized by its ability to perform a translate-rotate motion. This means that the scanner moves the patient through a translating motion while rotating around them, allowing for a complete scan of the body. This type of motion enables the scanner to capture detailed images of not only the head but also the entire body. The other options mentioned, such as imaging time and x-ray beam shape, are not specific characteristics of a second generation CT scanner.

Rate this question:

• 27.

### The principle advantage of electron beam CT is:

• A.

Imaging without x-rays

• B.

Large volume imaging

• C.

Removal of ring artifacts

• D.

Subsecond imaging time

A. Imaging without x-rays
Explanation
Electron beam CT offers the principle advantage of imaging without x-rays. Unlike traditional CT scans that use x-rays to create images, electron beam CT uses an electron beam to generate images. This technique eliminates the need for ionizing radiation, making it a safer option for patients who may be sensitive to or have concerns about radiation exposure. Additionally, imaging without x-rays allows for better visualization of soft tissues and improved detection of certain abnormalities.

Rate this question:

• 28.

### During spiral CT, the motion of the patient couch is:

• A.

Stationary

• B.

Rotating

• C.

• D.

• E.

Explanation
During spiral CT, the motion of the patient couch is continuously advanced. This means that the patient is continuously moved through the CT scanner while the images are being captured. This allows for a seamless scanning process without the need to stop and reposition the patient between each image. Continuous advancement of the patient couch ensures that the entire area of interest is covered during the scan, resulting in a more comprehensive and accurate examination.

Rate this question:

• 29.

### Which of the following CT Scanners will most likely have the fastest scan time?

• A.

Second generation

• B.

Third generation

• C.

Fourth generation

• D.

Spiral

• E.

Electron beam

D. Spiral
Explanation
A spiral CT scanner is likely to have the fastest scan time compared to the other options listed. Spiral CT scanners use a continuous rotation of the X-ray tube and detector around the patient, allowing for faster image acquisition. This technology enables the scanner to capture images of the entire body in a single breath-hold, resulting in quicker scan times. In contrast, second, third, and fourth-generation CT scanners use a step-and-shoot method, where the X-ray tube and detector move in discrete steps, slowing down the scanning process. Electron beam CT scanners are specialized machines used mainly for cardiac imaging and may not have the same speed capabilities as spiral CT scanners.

Rate this question:

• 30.

### Which of the following does not use an x-ray tube?

• A.

Spiral CT

• B.

Electron beam CT

• C.

Multislice CT

• D.

Third generation CT

B. Electron beam CT
Explanation
The electron beam CT does not use an x-ray tube. Instead, it uses an electron gun to produce a beam of electrons that is then focused onto a tungsten target. This process generates x-rays, which are used for imaging. Unlike traditional CT scanners that use x-ray tubes, the electron beam CT does not require the movement of mechanical parts, resulting in faster imaging and reduced radiation exposure.

Rate this question:

• 31.

### The principle advantage to spiral CT is:

• A.

Large volume imaging

• B.

Imaging without x-rays

• C.

Removal of ring artifacts

• D.

Subsecond imaging time

A. Large volume imaging
Explanation
Spiral CT has the principle advantage of large volume imaging. This means that it can capture images of a large area or organ in a single scan, allowing for a more comprehensive view of the anatomy. This is particularly useful in cases where multiple structures need to be examined or when there is a need for a detailed evaluation of a specific region. Large volume imaging reduces the need for multiple scans and minimizes patient discomfort and radiation exposure.

Rate this question:

• 32.

### Which image artifact is characteristic of third generation CT Scanners?

• A.

Beam hardening

• B.

Montion

• C.

Ring

• D.

Spoke

• E.

Streak

C. Ring
Explanation
The characteristic image artifact of third generation CT Scanners is a ring. This artifact appears as a circular or semi-circular pattern in the image, caused by the detector misalignment or malfunction. It can be seen as a result of the rotating gantry and the way the detectors are positioned around the patient. This artifact can affect the accuracy and quality of the image, making it important to identify and correct for it during the scanning process.

Rate this question:

• 33.

### Which of the following CT images is not limited by x-ray target heat dissipation?

• A.

Second generation

• B.

Third generation

• C.

Fourth generation

• D.

Electron beam

• E.

Spiral

D. Electron beam
Explanation
The electron beam CT imaging technique does not rely on x-ray target heat dissipation because it uses an electron gun instead of an x-ray tube. In electron beam CT, a focused beam of electrons is used to generate the imaging signal, eliminating the need for an x-ray target and the associated heat dissipation limitations. This allows for faster scanning and higher temporal resolution compared to traditional x-ray CT systems.

Rate this question:

• 34.

### Which of the following is characteristic of a second generation CT Scanner?

• A.

Pencil shaped x-ray beam

• B.

Capable of imaging head and body

• C.

Five minute imaging time

• D.

B. Capable of imaging head and body
Explanation
A second generation CT Scanner is characterized by its capability to image both the head and body. This means that it can produce detailed and accurate images of various parts of the body, allowing for comprehensive diagnostic purposes. This is in contrast to a CT Scanner that is only able to image the head or specific body parts.

Rate this question:

• 35.

### The formation of CT involves what three steps?

• A.

Image reconstruction, electron beam manipulation and microwave attenuation

• B.

Image display, anatomical border construction and microwave display of structures

• C.

Data acquisition, image reconstruction, and image display

• D.

None of the above

C. Data acquisition, image reconstruction, and image display
Explanation
The correct answer is data acquisition, image reconstruction, and image display. These three steps are essential in the formation of CT (Computed Tomography) scans. Data acquisition involves taking multiple X-ray images from different angles. Image reconstruction refers to the process of using mathematical algorithms to convert these X-ray images into cross-sectional images of the body. Finally, image display involves presenting the reconstructed images on a computer screen or other display device for analysis and diagnosis.

Rate this question:

• 36.

### Which of the following is true concerning data acquisition in CT?

• A.

X-rays pass through the patient then fall onto special detectors

• B.

The detectors measure the transmission values or attenuation values

• C.

Values data are recorded to meet the requirements of the reconstruction process

• D.

All of the above

• E.

Not all but more than one of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
In CT, x-rays pass through the patient and are detected by special detectors. These detectors measure the transmission values or attenuation values of the x-rays. The recorded data is then used in the reconstruction process to create detailed images. Therefore, all of the statements given in the options are true concerning data acquisition in CT.

Rate this question:

• 37.

### In CT, during the image reconstruction process, after enough transmission measurements have been collected by the detectors, they are sent to the computer for:

• A.

Processing

• B.

Display

• C.

3 - D monitoring

• D.

2 - D rendering

A. Processing
Explanation
After enough transmission measurements have been collected by the detectors in CT, they are sent to the computer for processing. This processing involves various algorithms and techniques to reconstruct the image from the collected data. The computer analyzes the measurements, applies corrections for artifacts and noise, and generates a detailed image that can be further manipulated or analyzed. Processing is an essential step in CT image reconstruction to ensure accurate and high-quality images for diagnosis and analysis.

Rate this question:

• 38.

### Special mathematical techniques are used in CT reconstruction of images in a finite number of steps called:

• A.

Attenuation coefficient

• B.

Reconstruction algorithms

• C.

Display monitoring

• D.

Roentgen law

B. Reconstruction algorithms
Explanation
Reconstruction algorithms are special mathematical techniques used in CT imaging to reconstruct images from raw data collected by the scanner. These algorithms take into account the attenuation coefficients of different tissues and use mathematical calculations to create a detailed image. The process of CT reconstruction involves multiple steps, and these algorithms play a crucial role in producing accurate and high-quality images for diagnosis and analysis.

Rate this question:

• 39.

### The reconstruction algorithm used by Hounsfield to develop the first CT Scanner was called:

• A.

Quality Montoring

• B.

Algebraic Reconstruction Technique

• C.

Computer bell curve technique

• D.

Scientific array technique

B. Algebraic Reconstruction Technique
Explanation
The correct answer is Algebraic Reconstruction Technique. This algorithm, developed by Hounsfield, was used in the first CT Scanner to reconstruct cross-sectional images of the body. It involves solving a set of linear equations to estimate the attenuation coefficients of the tissues being scanned, based on the measured x-ray data. This technique revolutionized medical imaging by providing detailed and accurate images of the internal structures of the body.

Rate this question:

• 40.

### Which of the following is central to the CT process?

• A.

Computers

• B.

Gantry

• C.

Coils

• D.

Electromagnetic

• E.

Solenoid

A. Computers
Explanation
Computers are central to the CT (Computed Tomography) process. CT imaging involves the use of computer algorithms to reconstruct cross-sectional images of the body from multiple X-ray projections. The computer processes the data obtained from the X-ray detectors and generates detailed images that can be used for diagnostic purposes. The use of computers allows for precise imaging, manipulation of the images, and analysis of the data, making them an essential component of the CT process.

Rate this question:

• 41.

### In CT after the images have been reconstructed, the images are displayed on monitors that allow the operators to:

• A.

Manipulate

• B.

Store

• C.

Record

• D.

All of the above

• E.

Not all but more than one of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
The correct answer is "all of the above" because in CT, after the images have been reconstructed, operators are able to manipulate the images by adjusting the brightness, contrast, and zoom levels. They can also store the images digitally for future reference or record them for documentation purposes. Therefore, all the given options - manipulate, store, and record - are correct.

Rate this question:

• 42.

### CT communication refers to the electronic transmission of text data and images from the CT Scanner to other devices such as:

• A.

Printers

• B.

Diagnostic workstation

• C.

Display monitors

• D.

PACS workstations

• E.

All the above

E. All the above
Explanation
CT communication refers to the electronic transmission of text data and images from the CT Scanner to various devices such as printers, diagnostic workstations, display monitors, and PACS workstations. The "all the above" option correctly includes all the mentioned devices, indicating that CT communication involves transmitting data and images to all these devices.

Rate this question:

• 43.

### In CT x-rays passes through the patient and is attenuated and then measured by the:

• A.

Gantry

• B.

Computer

• C.

Detectors

• D.

Laser printer

• E.

PACS cube

C. Detectors
Explanation
CT x-rays pass through the patient and are attenuated, meaning that they are weakened or reduced in intensity. These attenuated x-rays are then measured by the detectors. The detectors in a CT scanner are responsible for capturing the x-ray signals that have passed through the patient and converting them into electrical signals. These electrical signals are then processed by the computer to generate images of the internal structures of the body. Therefore, the detectors play a crucial role in the functioning of a CT scanner by capturing the attenuated x-rays and allowing for the creation of detailed diagnostic images.

Rate this question:

• 44.

### The _______ converts the x-ray photons into electrical signal.

• A.

Beam

• B.

Gantry

• C.

Detector

• D.

Slip ring

C. Detector
Explanation
The detector is responsible for converting the x-ray photons into an electrical signal. It is an essential component of the x-ray imaging system that captures and measures the radiation that passes through the patient's body. The detector plays a crucial role in producing the digital image by converting the x-ray energy into electrical signals, which are then processed and displayed on a computer screen. Without the detector, the x-ray photons would not be detected and the creation of the image would not be possible.

Rate this question:

• 45.

### The digital data are sent to which of the following for image reconstruction?

• A.

Computer

• B.

Detector

• C.

Array processor

• D.

Monitor

A. Computer
Explanation
The digital data are sent to a computer for image reconstruction. A computer is capable of processing and manipulating the digital data to reconstruct the image. It can perform various algorithms and calculations to enhance and transform the data into a visual representation that can be displayed on a monitor. The computer acts as the central processing unit in the image reconstruction process.

Rate this question:

• 46.

### In CT the part of the x-ray beam that falls on one detector is called:

• A.

View

• B.

Projector

• C.

• D.

Ray

A. View
Explanation
In CT, the part of the x-ray beam that falls on one detector is called a "view".

Rate this question:

• 47.

### Place the following CT imagers chronologically in the order of their introduction:1) third generation2) spiral3) multisection4) electron beam

• A.

1, 2, 3, 4

• B.

1, 3, 4, 2

• C.

1, 4, 2, 3

• D.

4, 1, 2, 3

C. 1, 4, 2, 3
• 48.

### Heat dissipation is:

• A.

Not a problem for first generation CT

• B.

Not a problem for EBCT

• C.

Not a problem for second generation CT

• D.

Not a problem for third generation CT

B. Not a problem for EBCT
Explanation
EBCT stands for Electron Beam Computed Tomography, which is a type of CT scan that uses an electron beam to generate images. Unlike other generations of CT scanners, EBCT does not generate heat during the scanning process, therefore heat dissipation is not a problem for EBCT.

Rate this question:

• 49.

• A.

• B.

• C.

• D.

Collimator