Semester (Science, English, Maths) 7-8 2019

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 211

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Semester (Science, English, Maths) 7-8 2019 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Nowadays the Nobel Prize is the most prestigious recognition a scientist can have. Listen to the information about the Nobel Prize and answer the questions.                   
  • 2. 
    Science is everywhere. It gives us the answers to all the questions and helps to understand the world around us. Scientific discoveries have made our life better. Let's have a look at some of them. Greatest Scientific Discoveries. Questions 1-10.
  • 3. 
    In this part you will solve math problems about Dmitri Mendeleev.
  • 4. 
    Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was an Italian scientist. Using precise measurements, he created the Law of Falling Bodies. He made a telescope, which he used to study lunar craters. He discovered four moons in the sky around Jupiter. This made him the first scientist to use a telescope to make important astronomical discoveries. It was the year 1609, and Galileo has just heard of the invention of the telescope in Holland. With only a few details, he was able to build his own – which was vastly superior! He had heard of a new theory, known as the sun-centered (or heliocentric) theory, which was proposed by Nicholas Copernicus. Using his new tool, he agreed that the planets were in orbit around the sun. At the time, it was widely believed that planets, the sun, and the moon all circled around Earth. Galileo was a university professor, and was required to teach the beliefs of the time rather than this new sun-centered theory. When it was heard that he was telling his students about this new theory, he was sentenced to life in prison by the church. However, since he was quite aged by this point, it was agreed that he could live out his sentence on house arrest. Galileo is well respected within the science community, largely because of his excellent scientific techniques. Many believe that his methods opened the door for future scientists. His technique sounds quite simple to us: First, he analyzed a problem using common-sense and everyday experiences. Then, he analyzed the problem using mathematical techniques. Sir Isaac Newton (who was born the year Galileo died) used Galileo’s “Law of Inertia” as the basis for his “First Law of Motion.” Galileo became blind at the age of 72. He died in 1642.
  • 5. 
    Read the article about one more great scientist Galilio Galilei and mark the statements True or False.
  • 6. 
    Task 1. Perhaps one of the most famous scientists of all time, Albert Einstein is known as “the greatest genius of the 20th century.” Read the text about him and choose the best variant to complete the gaps.
  • 7. 
    Read the definitions of the greatest inventions, unscramble the words and write them in the box.
  • 8. 
    That is the end of the test. Now you can submit your answers. Thank you!
  • 9. 
    People always wanted to fly and tried to build different mechanisms to make their dream come true. Read the article about Wright brothers and their invention - the first manned, powered, heavier-than-air aircraft and choose the correct answer.
  • 10. 
    Orville and Wilbur Wright were inventors and the aviation pioneers credited with the invention of the first airplane, heavier-than-air, that had a successful flight. Wilbur was born in 1867 in Indiana; Orville in 1871 in Ohio. The two brothers were interested in technology and mechanics from an early age – Orville had designed and built his own printing press by his junior year of high school. Bicycles became a big trend in the late 1800s, so the brothers used their mechanical knowledge to open the Wright –°ycle Shop in 1892. Soon after, they started making and selling their own bicycles for people to buy. The more they worked with bicycles, the more they became interested in transportation and, eventually, the idea of human flight. At the time, people had only recently begun experimenting with flights. People around the world were building gliders and other flying mechanisms, and Orville and Wilbur decided to see if they could use their skills to make a working flying machine. Before building any airplanes, Orville and Wilbur read everything they could find on flying and flight. They also studied the way birds moved when they flew. This gave them the idea to use “wing warping” in their models, a twist which let the wings of their planes and gliders move. The famous first flight was made by Orville because he won a coin toss with his brother. The flight took place at Kitty Hawk North Carolina on December 17, 1903. They chose Kitty Hawk because it had a hill, good breezes, and was sandy which would help soften the landing in case of a crash. The first flight lasted for 12 seconds and they flew for 120 feet. The Wright Brothers didn't stop with this first flight. They continued to perfect their craft. They managed to patent their invention and they sold their patents to the Wright company for $100,000. In 1912, Wilbur was diagnosed with typhoid fever and died. Orville spent three decades of his life serving in different Aeronautics committees.He died in 1948 after his second heart attack.
  • 11. 
    Year 2019 is announced as the year of the Periodic Table created by Dmitri Mendeleev 150 years ago. This discovery was a very important step in the development of Chemistry. Questions 11-20. Chemistry and Periodic Table of Elements.
  • 12. 
    In this part you will demonstrate your Reading and Listening skills and knowledge of English vocabulary and grammar.
  • 13. 
    He developed the theory of universal gravitation; how the force that pulls two objects together depends on the mass of each object. He applied this theory to the planets ľ places in the universe.
    • A. 

      Thomas Edison (1791-1867)

    • B. 

      Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

    • C. 

      Isaac Newton (1642-1727)

  • 14. 
    A Nobel Prize is an international reward awarded  in ...
    • A. 

      Sweden

    • B. 

      Norway

    • C. 

      Denmark

  • 15. 
    The Nobel Prize consists of ...
    • A. 

      A medal and a diploma.

    • B. 

      A medal and a sum of money.

    • C. 

      A medal, a diploma and some money.

  • 16. 
    The prizes are  awarded to scientists  for outstanding achievements in ...
    • A. 

      Physics, chemistry, astronomy, medicine,  and for work in peace.

    • B. 

      Physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and for work in peace.

    • C. 

      Physics, chemistry, history, literature, and for work in peace.

  • 17. 
    The ceremony is held on 10th December because ...
    • A. 

      It is the birthday of the King.

    • B. 

      The committee meets of that day.

    • C. 

      Alfred Nobel died on that day.

  • 18. 
    Alfred Nobel 's invention was connected with ...
    • A. 

      Dynamo machine.

    • B. 

      Dynamite.

    • C. 

      Diamonds.

  • 19. 
    What is force measured in?
    • A. 

      Joules

    • B. 

      Kilograms

    • C. 

      Newtons

    • D. 

      Pascals

  • 20. 
    Albert studied physics and mathematics at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich. However, he was unable to find work as a teacher so he went to work at the Swiss Patent Office. While ..... there, he managed to complete his doctor’s degree.
    • A. 

      He worked

    • B. 

      He has worked

    • C. 

      He had worked

    • D. 

      He was working

  • 21. 
    Galileo was the first man to prove that planets, the sun, and the moon all circled around Earth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    For his work Galilio bought the most superior telescope in Holland.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    He was sentenced to life in jail because he was teaching students his new theories.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    He/she studied the structure of atoms and introduced the model that atoms have a positively charged nucleus surrounded by electrons that travel in circular orbits around the nucleus...similar to our solar system.
    • A. 

      Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

    • B. 

      Niels Bohr (1885-1962)

    • C. 

      Marie Curie (1867-1943)

  • 25. 
    An inventor with over 1,000 patents, this scientist is responsible for many of the modern items we use every day, among which are the phonograph, the light bulb, motion pictures, and  the alkaline battery.
    • A. 

      Thomas Edison (1791-1867)

    • B. 

      Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

    • C. 

      Marie Curie (1867-1943)

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