Biology Exam Trivia: Quiz! MCQ

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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 2,848
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Biology Exam Trivia: Quiz! MCQ - Quiz


Why should we learn biology? Biology is essential because it helps us understanding how living things work, how they function, and the relationship between living entities and the environment. Advances in biology have helped to create better medicines for people and treatments for disease. It also shows us how the changing environment affects plants and animals. This helpful quiz can teach you more about biology. All the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who was the first to see living cells?

    • A.

      Robert Hooke

    • B.

      Van Leeuwenhoek

    • C.

      Zacharias Janssen

    • D.

      Hans Janssen

    Correct Answer
    B. Van Leeuwenhoek
    Explanation
    Van Leeuwenhoek is credited with being the first person to observe living cells. He used a microscope of his own design and was able to view microorganisms such as bacteria and protozoa. This discovery revolutionized the field of biology and laid the foundation for the study of cells and microorganisms. Robert Hooke, although an important figure in the history of microscopy, was not the first to observe living cells. Zacharias Janssen and Hans Janssen were father and son inventors who are credited with the invention of the compound microscope, but they did not observe living cells.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is the minimum distance between 2 points in order to distinguish them as 2 separate points?

    • A.

      Magnification

    • B.

      Contrast

    • C.

      Resolution

    • D.

      Refraction

    Correct Answer
    C. Resolution
    Explanation
    Resolution refers to the ability of a system to distinguish between two separate points. It determines the level of detail that can be seen in an image or the clarity of an object. The higher the resolution, the smaller the minimum distance between two points that can be distinguished as separate. Therefore, resolution is the correct answer as it directly relates to the minimum distance required to distinguish two points as separate.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following microscopes is most suitable for seeing organelles?

    • A.

      Electron Microscope

    • B.

      Light Microscope

    • C.

      Confocal Microscope

    • D.

      Differential Microscope

    Correct Answer
    A. Electron Microscope
    Explanation
    The electron microscope is the most suitable microscope for seeing organelles because it uses a beam of electrons instead of light to magnify the specimen. This allows for much higher magnification and resolution, making it possible to see smaller structures such as organelles in greater detail. Light microscopes, on the other hand, have lower magnification and resolution capabilities, while confocal and differential microscopes are not specifically designed for observing organelles.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following statements is true?

    • A.

      Increasing magnification will also increase resolution.

    • B.

      Staining enhaces resoluton and contrast.

    • C.

      Increasing the magnification while keeping the contrast constant will eventually make the image unclear. 

    • D.

      Contrast depends on magnification and resolution.

    Correct Answer
    C. Increasing the magnification while keeping the contrast constant will eventually make the image unclear. 
    Explanation
    Increasing the magnification while keeping the contrast constant will eventually make the image unclear. This is because as the magnification increases, the details of the image become more enlarged, but if the contrast remains constant, the difference between the light and dark areas of the image will not be enhanced. This can result in a loss of clarity and definition in the image, making it unclear.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following makes an electron microscope have more resolution than a light microscope?

    • A.

      The specimen viewed using a light microscope is usually much smaller than the specimen viewed using an electron microscope.

    • B.

      Visible light has more energy than electron beams.

    • C.

      The lens used in electron microscope is much larger than that used in a light microscope.

    • D.

      Electron beams have lower wavelength than visible light.

    Correct Answer
    D. Electron beams have lower wavelength than visible light.
    Explanation
    Electron beams have lower wavelength than visible light. This is because the wavelength of a beam determines its ability to resolve small details. The smaller the wavelength, the higher the resolution. Electron beams have much smaller wavelengths compared to visible light, allowing electron microscopes to achieve higher resolution than light microscopes.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is the main difference between scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope?

    • A.

      Scanning electron microscope uses glass lenses while transmission electron microscope uses electromagnets as lenses.

    • B.

      Specimens must be stained using heavy metals in order to be seen using scanning electron microscooe, while thy must be stained using gold in order to be seen using transmission microscope.

    • C.

      Using scanninng electron microscope enables you to see the surface of the specimen, while using transmission electron microscope enables you to see details inside the specimen.

    • D.

      Living cells can be seen using scanning electron microscope, while they can't be seen using transmission electron microscooe.

    Correct Answer
    C. Using scanninng electron microscope enables you to see the surface of the specimen, while using transmission electron microscope enables you to see details inside the specimen.
    Explanation
    The main difference between a scanning electron microscope and a transmission electron microscope is that the scanning electron microscope allows you to see the surface of the specimen, while the transmission electron microscope allows you to see details inside the specimen.

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  • 7. 

    All of the following are considered to be eukaryotic except:

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Animals

    • D.

      Plants

    Correct Answer
    B. Bacteria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Bacteria. Bacteria are prokaryotic organisms, meaning they lack a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles. On the other hand, fungi, animals, and plants are all eukaryotic organisms, which means they have a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.

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  • 8. 

    The cell wall of a bacteria is made of:

    • A.

      Peptidoglycans

    • B.

      Chitin

    • C.

      Cellulose

    • D.

      Microvilli

    Correct Answer
    A. Peptidoglycans
    Explanation
    The cell wall of a bacteria is made of peptidoglycans. Peptidoglycans are a type of polymer that provides structural support and protection to the bacterial cell. They are composed of repeating units of sugars and amino acids, forming a mesh-like network. This cell wall is unique to bacteria and is essential for their survival and shape. Chitin is found in the cell walls of fungi and arthropods, cellulose is found in the cell walls of plants, and microvilli are small, finger-like projections on the surface of certain cells.

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  • 9. 

    The main function of the nucleolous is:

    • A.

      Giving commands to all the cell.

    • B.

      Protien synthesis

    • C.

      RRNA synthesis

    • D.

      Lipid synthesis

    Correct Answer
    C. RRNA synthesis
    Explanation
    The nucleolus is responsible for rRNA synthesis. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is a crucial component of ribosomes, which are responsible for protein synthesis. The nucleolus plays a significant role in the production and assembly of ribosomes by synthesizing and processing rRNA molecules. It also contains proteins and other molecules necessary for ribosome formation. Therefore, rRNA synthesis is the primary function of the nucleolus.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not a part of the nucleus?

    • A.

      Nuclear envelope

    • B.

      Nuclear lamina

    • C.

      Ribosomes

    • D.

      Chromosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Ribosomes
    Explanation
    Ribosomes are not a part of the nucleus. The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that contains genetic material and is responsible for controlling cellular activities. The nuclear envelope is a double membrane that surrounds the nucleus, while the nuclear lamina is a network of filaments that provides structural support to the nucleus. Chromosomes are structures within the nucleus that carry genetic information. Ribosomes, on the other hand, are responsible for protein synthesis and are found in the cytoplasm or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum, but not within the nucleus.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is not a part of the endomembrane system?

    • A.

      Lysosomes

    • B.

      Golgi apparatus

    • C.

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
    Explanation
    The endomembrane system is a network of membrane-bound organelles involved in the transport of proteins and lipids within the cell. Lysosomes, Golgi apparatus, and endoplasmic reticulum are all part of the endomembrane system. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above" as all the options listed are indeed part of the endomembrane system.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is not a function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

    • A.

      Synthesis of lipids

    • B.

      Storage of sodium ions

    • C.

      Detoxification of drugs

    • D.

      Metabolism of carbohydrates

    Correct Answer
    B. Storage of sodium ions
    Explanation
    The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for various functions in the cell, including the synthesis of lipids, detoxification of drugs, and metabolism of carbohydrates. However, it does not have a role in the storage of sodium ions. Sodium ions are primarily stored and regulated in the cell by other organelles such as the mitochondria and the nucleus.

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  • 13. 

    In which of the following it is most likely to find the largest amount of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum?

    • A.

      Heart cells

    • B.

      Kidney cells

    • C.

      Liver cells

    • D.

      Skin cells

    Correct Answer
    C. Liver cells
    Explanation
    Liver cells are most likely to have the largest amount of smooth endoplasmic reticulum. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum is responsible for lipid metabolism, detoxification, and calcium storage. The liver plays a crucial role in these functions, particularly in lipid metabolism and detoxification. Therefore, it is expected that liver cells would contain a significant amount of smooth endoplasmic reticulum compared to other cell types such as heart cells, kidney cells, or skin cells.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following best describes a lysosome?

    • A.

      Maintenance compartment

    • B.

      Shipping and recieving center

    • C.

      Digestive compartment

    • D.

      Biosynthetic factory

    Correct Answer
    C. Digestive compartment
    Explanation
    A lysosome is a specialized organelle within a cell that functions as a digestive compartment. It contains enzymes that break down waste materials, cellular debris, and foreign substances. This process is essential for maintaining cellular health and removing unwanted substances. Therefore, the description "digestive compartment" best describes a lysosome's function.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following is associated with Tay-Sachs disease?

    • A.

      Accumulation of lipids in the brain

    • B.

      Accumulation of protiens in the brain

    • C.

      Accumulation of lipids in the liver

    • D.

      Accumulation of protiens in the liver

    Correct Answer
    A. Accumulation of lipids in the brain
    Explanation
    Tay-Sachs disease is a genetic disorder caused by a deficiency of an enzyme called hexosaminidase A (Hex-A). This enzyme is responsible for breaking down a specific type of lipid called GM2 ganglioside. In individuals with Tay-Sachs disease, there is a buildup of GM2 ganglioside in the brain, specifically in the nerve cells. This accumulation of lipids leads to progressive damage to the brain and nervous system, resulting in the characteristic symptoms of the disease, such as developmental regression, muscle weakness, and loss of motor skills.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following is a function of a vacuole?

    • A.

      Pump excess water out of the cell

    • B.

      Carry out enzymatic hydrolysis

    • C.

      Store organic compounds

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The vacuole is a multifunctional organelle found in plant and fungal cells. It plays a crucial role in maintaining cell homeostasis by regulating the water balance and osmotic pressure within the cell. One of its functions is to pump excess water out of the cell, preventing it from bursting. Additionally, the vacuole is involved in enzymatic hydrolysis, breaking down macromolecules and cellular waste products. Lastly, it serves as a storage site for various organic compounds such as sugars, amino acids, and pigments. Therefore, all of the given options are correct functions of a vacuole.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following proves the endosymbiont theory regarding the chloroplast and the mitochondria?

    • A.

      They have their own ribosomes

    • B.

      They can move freely inside the cell

    • C.

      They are double membraned organelles

    • D.

      A + C

    Correct Answer
    D. A + C
    Explanation
    The endosymbiont theory suggests that chloroplasts and mitochondria were once free-living bacteria that were engulfed by a host cell and formed a symbiotic relationship. The fact that they have their own ribosomes supports this theory because ribosomes are essential for protein synthesis, indicating that these organelles can independently produce their own proteins. Additionally, the presence of a double membrane in both chloroplasts and mitochondria further supports the endosymbiont theory, as it suggests that they were once engulfed by a host cell and retained their own outer membrane. Therefore, the correct answer is A + C.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following is correct about the intermembrane space of the mitochondria?

    • A.

      Contains ribosomes and enzymes

    • B.

      Has specialized peroxisomes

    • C.

      Located between the inner and outer membrane

    • D.

      Non of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Located between the inner and outer membrane
    Explanation
    The intermembrane space of the mitochondria is located between the inner and outer membrane. This space is a narrow region that separates the two membranes of the mitochondria. It plays a crucial role in the process of oxidative phosphorylation, which is the final step of cellular respiration. The intermembrane space provides a compartment for the movement of protons, allowing for the generation of ATP, the energy currency of the cell. It does not contain ribosomes and enzymes or specialized peroxisomes.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is only found in animal cells?

    • A.

      Plasmodesmata

    • B.

      Centerioles

    • C.

      Cell wall

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Centerioles
    Explanation
    Centrioles are cylindrical structures found only in animal cells. They are involved in cell division and play a crucial role in organizing the microtubules during the process of cell division. Centrioles are not present in plant cells, which have a different structure called the microtubule organizing center (MTOC) instead. Therefore, the presence of centrioles exclusively in animal cells makes them the correct answer to the question.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is a product of the oxidation process performed by peroxisomes?

    • A.

      H2O2

    • B.

      H2O

    • C.

      H2

    • D.

      O2

    Correct Answer
    A. H2O2
    Explanation
    Peroxisomes are responsible for the oxidation of various substances, including fatty acids. One of the byproducts of this oxidation process is hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Therefore, H2O2 is a product of the oxidation process performed by peroxisomes.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is a part of the cytoskeleton?

    • A.

      Microtubules

    • B.

      Microfilaments

    • C.

      Intermediate filaments

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The cytoskeleton is a network of protein filaments that provides structural support and plays a role in cell movement and division. Microtubules are one of the components of the cytoskeleton, which are hollow tubes made of the protein tubulin. Microfilaments, also known as actin filaments, are another part of the cytoskeleton and are made of the protein actin. Intermediate filaments are the third component of the cytoskeleton and are made up of various types of proteins depending on the cell type. Therefore, all of the options listed (microtubules, microfilaments, and intermediate filaments) are correct answers as they are all part of the cytoskeleton.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is the thickest?

    • A.

      Microtubules

    • B.

      Microfilaments

    • C.

      Intermediate filamenrs

    • D.

      Actin filaments

    Correct Answer
    A. Microtubules
    Explanation
    Microtubules are the thickest among the given options. Microtubules are hollow cylindrical structures made up of tubulin protein subunits. They have a diameter of about 25 nanometers, which is larger compared to the other options. Microfilaments, also known as actin filaments, are the thinnest among these options, with a diameter of about 7 nanometers. Intermediate filaments have a diameter between microtubules and microfilaments, ranging from 8 to 12 nanometers. Therefore, microtubules are the thickest option provided.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following proteins is a component of microfilaments?

    • A.

      Tubulin

    • B.

      Actin

    • C.

      Kereatin

    • D.

      B + C

    Correct Answer
    B. Actin
    Explanation
    Actin is the correct answer because it is a protein that forms microfilaments, which are one of the three types of cytoskeletal filaments found in cells. Microfilaments play a crucial role in cell structure and movement, as well as in processes such as cell division and muscle contraction. Tubulin, on the other hand, is a protein that forms microtubules, another type of cytoskeletal filament. Keratin is a structural protein found in hair, nails, and skin, but it is not a component of microfilaments. Therefore, the correct answer is Actin.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is a fibrous protein coiled into cables?

    • A.

      Microtubule

    • B.

      Microfilaments

    • C.

      Intermediate filaments

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Intermediate filaments
    Explanation
    Intermediate filaments are a type of fibrous protein that are coiled into cables. They provide structural support and help maintain the shape and integrity of cells. Unlike microtubules and microfilaments, which are involved in cell movement and transportation, intermediate filaments primarily function to provide mechanical strength to cells and tissues. Therefore, the correct answer is intermediate filaments.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following best describes the arrangement of fibers in a centriole?

    • A.

      9 doublets

    • B.

      9 triplets

    • C.

      9 outer doublets + 2 central

    • D.

      9 outer triplets + 2 central

    Correct Answer
    B. 9 triplets
    Explanation
    A centriole is a cylindrical cellular organelle found in animal cells. It consists of nine sets of microtubule triplets arranged in a cylindrical shape. Each triplet is composed of three microtubules, with one microtubule from each triplet forming a complete circle. Therefore, the correct answer is "9 triplets."

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following is a function of a plant's cell wall?

    • A.

      Protect the plant cell

    • B.

      Maintain the shape of the plant cell

    • C.

      Prevent up take of water by the plant cell

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The plant's cell wall serves multiple functions. It protects the plant cell from external damage and pathogens, maintaining its integrity. It also provides structural support, helping to maintain the shape of the plant cell and overall plant structure. Additionally, the cell wall plays a role in regulating the uptake of water by the plant cell, preventing excessive water absorption. Therefore, all of the given options are correct functions of a plant's cell wall.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following is the main cellular junction in plant cells?

    • A.

      Tight junction

    • B.

      Gap junction

    • C.

      Plasmodesmata

    • D.

      Desmosomes

    Correct Answer
    C. Plasmodesmata
    Explanation
    Plasmodesmata is the main cellular junction in plant cells. Plasmodesmata are channels that connect adjacent plant cells, allowing for the exchange of molecules, nutrients, and signals between cells. They play a crucial role in cell-to-cell communication and coordination in plants. Unlike tight junctions, gap junctions, and desmosomes, which are found in animal cells, plasmodesmata are unique to plant cells and are essential for the overall functioning and development of plants.

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  • 28. 

    Which of the following cell junctions is the main junction that connects muscles together?

    • A.

      Desmosomes

    • B.

      Plasmodesmata

    • C.

      Tight junctions

    • D.

      Gap junction

    Correct Answer
    A. Desmosomes
    Explanation
    Desmosomes are the main junctions that connect muscles together. Desmosomes are specialized cell junctions that provide strong adhesion between cells. They consist of proteins called cadherins that link the cytoskeletons of adjacent cells together, forming a strong connection. In muscles, desmosomes play a crucial role in maintaining the structural integrity of the tissue and transmitting force between muscle cells during contraction. Therefore, desmosomes are the correct answer for the main junction that connects muscles together.

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  • 29. 

    Which of the following cell junctions is also known as a comunicating junction?

    • A.

      Plasmodesmata

    • B.

      Gap junction

    • C.

      Tight junction

    • D.

      Desmosomes

    Correct Answer
    B. Gap junction
    Explanation
    Gap junctions are also known as communicating junctions because they allow direct communication and exchange of small molecules between adjacent cells. These junctions consist of protein channels called connexons that connect the cytoplasm of two cells, allowing ions, small molecules, and electrical signals to pass through. This direct communication is important for coordinating the activities of cells in tissues and organs. Plasmodesmata are junctions found in plant cells, tight junctions are junctions that seal the space between cells, and desmosomes are junctions that provide mechanical strength to tissues.

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  • 30. 

    Which of the following is the most abundant glycoprotein in the extracellular matrix of animal cells?

    • A.

      Fibronectin

    • B.

      Integrin

    • C.

      Collagen

    • D.

      Proteoglycans

    Correct Answer
    C. Collagen
    Explanation
    Collagen is the most abundant glycoprotein in the extracellular matrix of animal cells. It provides structural support and is found in various tissues such as skin, bones, tendons, and cartilage. Collagen helps in maintaining the strength and integrity of these tissues, and it also plays a crucial role in wound healing and tissue repair. Fibronectin, integrin, and proteoglycans are also important components of the extracellular matrix, but they are not as abundant as collagen.

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