Chapter 5. Diagnosing Organizations

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Chapter 5. Diagnosing Organizations - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This is the second major phase in the general model of planned change which follows the entering and contracting stage.

    • A. 

      Planning Phase

    • B. 

      Implementation Phase

    • C. 

      Diagnosing Organizations

    • D. 

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Diagnosing Organizations
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Diagnosing Organizations". This answer is correct because after the entering and contracting stage, the next major phase in the general model of planned change is the diagnosing organizations phase. In this phase, the organization assesses its current state, identifies areas for improvement, and gathers data to determine the root causes of any issues or challenges. This phase is crucial in understanding the organization's needs and setting the stage for the planning and implementation phases that follow.

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  • 2. 

    Conceptual frameworks that people use to understand organizations are referred to as

    • A. 

      Diagnostic models

    • B. 

      Structural models

    • C. 

      Management models

    • D. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Diagnostic models
    Explanation
    The given question asks for the term used to refer to the conceptual frameworks that people use to understand organizations. The correct answer is "Diagnostic models" because diagnostic models are used to analyze and diagnose organizational problems and provide a framework for understanding the organization's current state. Structural models and management models are also related to understanding organizations, but they focus on different aspects such as organizational structure and management practices. Therefore, "Diagnostic models" is the most appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 3. 

    It is the process of understanding how the organizations is currently functioning

    • A. 

      Evaluation

    • B. 

      Organizational Development

    • C. 

      Diagnosis

    • D. 

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Diagnosis
    Explanation
    Diagnosis refers to the process of understanding how an organization is currently functioning. It involves analyzing and evaluating the organization's structure, processes, and systems to identify areas of improvement or potential problems. Through diagnosis, organizations can gain insights into their strengths, weaknesses, and areas that require intervention or change. This understanding is crucial for developing effective strategies and interventions to enhance organizational performance and achieve desired outcomes.

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  • 4. 

    Unitary wholes composed of parts or subsystems integrated into a functioning unit

    • A. 

      Coordination

    • B. 

      Systems

    • C. 

      Bundles

    • D. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Systems
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Systems" because systems are unitary wholes composed of parts or subsystems that are integrated into a functioning unit. Systems require coordination to ensure that the different parts work together effectively. Additionally, systems can be seen as bundles of interconnected elements or components, further emphasizing the idea of integration and interdependence. Therefore, all of the given options - coordination, systems, and bundles - are valid descriptions of unitary wholes composed of integrated parts or subsystems.

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  • 5. 

    Organizations operate within an _________________, takes specific ____________, and ________________ those resources into _______________.

    • A. 

      External environment, inputs, transforms, outputs

    • B. 

      Internal environment, needs, transforms, outputs

    • C. 

      External environment, orders, transforms, outputs

    • D. 

      Internal environment, inputs, transforms, outputs

    Correct Answer
    A. External environment, inputs, transforms, outputs
    Explanation
    Organizations operate within an external environment, which refers to the factors and conditions outside the organization that can influence its operations and performance. These factors can include economic conditions, political and legal factors, technological advancements, social and cultural trends, and competitive forces. The organization takes specific inputs, which can include resources such as raw materials, labor, capital, and information. It then transforms these inputs through various processes, such as production, marketing, and distribution, to create outputs, which can be goods or services that are delivered to customers or clients.

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  • 6. 

    Open-systems propery that suggests that similar results or outputs can be achieved in many different ways

    • A. 

      Alignment

    • B. 

      Inputs, Transformation, Output

    • C. 

      Equifinality

    • D. 

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Equifinality
    Explanation
    Equifinality is the correct answer because it refers to the open-systems property where similar results or outputs can be achieved through various different ways. This means that there are multiple paths or methods that can lead to the same outcome. In other words, equifinality suggests that there is no one fixed or predetermined way to achieve a particular result, but rather multiple possible routes or approaches that can be taken.

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  • 7. 

    The borders or limits of a system

    • A. 

      Environment

    • B. 

      External Environment

    • C. 

      Boundaries

    • D. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Boundaries
    Explanation
    The term "boundaries" refers to the borders or limits of a system. In the context of the question, it is the most suitable answer as it encompasses the concept of borders or limits. The other options, such as "environment" and "external environment," are related to the system but do not specifically address the concept of boundaries. Therefore, "boundaries" is the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    It is the broadest systems perspective in diagnostic activities

    • A. 

      Individual level analysis

    • B. 

      Group level analysis

    • C. 

      Organization level analysis

    • D. 

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Organization level analysis
    Explanation
    Organization level analysis refers to the examination and evaluation of an organization as a whole, considering its structure, culture, processes, and systems. It takes into account the interactions and dynamics between different departments, teams, and individuals within the organization. This perspective allows for a comprehensive understanding of the organization's functioning, identifying strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement. It is considered the broadest systems perspective in diagnostic activities as it encompasses all levels and aspects of the organization.

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  • 9. 

    It is the information regarding the actual performance or the output results of the system

    • A. 

      Feedback

    • B. 

      Mail

    • C. 

      Output

    • D. 

      Data

    Correct Answer
    A. Feedback
    Explanation
    Feedback is the information regarding the actual performance or the output results of the system. It helps in evaluating the effectiveness and efficiency of a system or process. Feedback provides valuable insights and suggestions for improvement. It can be in the form of comments, ratings, reviews, or any other form of response that indicates the outcome of a particular action or task. By analyzing feedback, organizations can identify areas of improvement and make necessary adjustments to enhance their performance.

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  • 10. 

    Referred to as the characteristic of the relationship between two or more parts

    • A. 

      Connection

    • B. 

      Relation

    • C. 

      Alignment

    • D. 

      System

    Correct Answer
    C. Alignment
    Explanation
    Alignment refers to the characteristic of the relationship between two or more parts. It implies that the parts are arranged in a proper or correct way, ensuring that they are in line or in agreement with each other. This could be in terms of positioning, arrangement, or coordination, ensuring that the parts are properly aligned to achieve a desired outcome or goal.

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  • 11. 

    To diagnose an organization, OD practitioners and organization members need to have an idea about what information to collect and to analyze.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in order to diagnose an organization, both OD practitioners and organization members need to have a clear understanding of what information to collect and analyze. This is essential for identifying areas of improvement, determining the root causes of issues, and developing effective strategies for organizational development. Without a proper understanding of what information to collect and analyze, it would be difficult to accurately diagnose the organization and implement appropriate interventions.

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  • 12. 

    Diagnosis does not provide a systematic understanding of organizations.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Diagnosis does not provide a systematic understanding of organizations" is false. Diagnosis refers to the process of analyzing and identifying problems or issues within an organization. It involves gathering data, evaluating the organization's performance, and identifying areas for improvement. Through diagnosis, organizations can gain a systematic understanding of their strengths, weaknesses, and areas of improvement. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 13. 

    Equifinality is not a part of open systems properties.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Equifinality is actually a part of open systems properties. Equifinality refers to the concept that in open systems, there can be multiple ways to achieve the same outcome or goal. This means that different inputs or pathways can lead to the same result in open systems. Therefore, the correct answer is False, as equifinality is indeed a part of open systems properties.

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  • 14. 

    In closed systems, a direct cause and effect relationship exists between the initial condition and the final state of the system.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In closed systems, all variables and factors that can affect the system are known and controlled. This means that there is a clear cause and effect relationship between the initial condition (input) and the final state (output) of the system. The system operates independently and does not interact with its surroundings. Therefore, any change in the initial condition will directly result in a corresponding change in the final state.

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  • 15. 

    At the organizational level of analysis, the internal environment is the key input.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    At the organizational level of analysis, the external environment is the key input. The external environment includes factors such as the economy, market conditions, competition, and government regulations, which can significantly impact the organization's operations and decision-making. Therefore, the statement that the internal environment is the key input at the organizational level of analysis is false.

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  • 16. 

    Task environment is also known as industry structure.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The task environment refers to the specific external factors that directly affect an organization's operations and performance. It includes competitors, customers, suppliers, and regulatory agencies. Industry structure, on the other hand, refers to the overall framework and characteristics of an industry, including the number and size of competitors, entry barriers, and market demand. Since the task environment encompasses these industry-specific factors, it can be considered as another term for industry structure. Hence, the statement is true.

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  • 17. 

    The general environment consists of all external forces and elements that can influence an organization and affect its effectiveness.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The general environment refers to all the external factors and elements that can impact an organization's operations and performance. These factors can include economic conditions, political and legal factors, social and cultural trends, technological advancements, and ecological factors. These external forces have the potential to influence an organization's effectiveness and success. Therefore, the statement that the general environment consists of all external forces and elements that can influence an organization and affect its effectiveness is true.

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  • 18. 

    Michael Porter defined an organization's task environment by four factors.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Michael Porter did not define an organization's task environment by four factors. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 19. 

    The key dimension of the environment affecting information processing is information uncertainty.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The key dimension of the environment affecting information processing is information uncertainty. This means that the level of uncertainty in the information available can greatly impact how it is processed. When there is high information uncertainty, individuals may struggle to make sense of the information and may rely on heuristics or biases in their decision-making. On the other hand, when there is low information uncertainty, individuals can more easily process and interpret the information. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct as information uncertainty is indeed a key dimension of the environment affecting information processing.

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  • 20. 

    A strategy represents the way an organization uses its resources to achieve its goals and gain a competitive advantage.

    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true because a strategy is a plan or approach that an organization uses to allocate its resources effectively in order to achieve its goals and gain a competitive advantage over its competitors. It involves making decisions about how to utilize resources such as finances, personnel, and technology in a way that maximizes the organization's chances of success. By having a well-defined strategy, an organization can align its activities and focus its efforts towards achieving its desired outcomes.

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