Chapter 4 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 223

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Chapter 4 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

Psychopharmacology


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Carrots, when eaten in high enough quantities, will turn your skin orange (it's true!). However, they're not considered drugs, why not?
    • A. 

      They're not exogenous.

    • B. 

      The effect requires too high a dosage.

    • C. 

      The effect doesn't actually change how the bodily cells function, only how they appear

    • D. 

      They are a drug, most people just don't view them like that

  • 2. 
    ___________ is the study of what the body does to a drug.
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamics

    • C. 

      Psychopharmacology

    • D. 

      Psychopharmodynamics

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is the slowest drug absorption? 
    • A. 

      Intravenous

    • B. 

      Intramuscular

    • C. 

      Oral administration

    • D. 

      Inhalation

  • 4. 
    A low therapeutic index is an indicator that ____________.
    • A. 

      Care must be given to prescribing because the margin of safety is small.

    • B. 

      The drug is incredibly safe because the median lethal dose is relatively low

    • C. 

      The drug is incredibly safe because the median lethal dose is relatively high

    • D. 

      The drug is not very effective

  • 5. 
    ____________ is a phenomena where drugs bind with proteins in the blood.
    • A. 

      Inactivation

    • B. 

      Depot binding

    • C. 

      Covalent binding

    • D. 

      Ionic binding

  • 6. 
    A drug with high affinity generally requires ________.
    • A. 

      A higher dose

    • B. 

      A lower dose

    • C. 

      A same size dose as it would with a low affinity

    • D. 

      The drug to be administered intravenously

  • 7. 
    ____________ is the study of what a drug does to the body.
    • A. 

      Pharmacokinetics

    • B. 

      Pharmacodynamics

    • C. 

      Therapeutic Index

    • D. 

      Drug distribution

  • 8. 
    Enzymes in the __________ deactivate drugs in the body.
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Stomach

    • D. 

      Pancreas

  • 9. 
    Why are many drugs used to treat mental illness lipid-soluble?
    • A. 

      You can attach chemicals in a more dense form onto a lipid-soluble drug than a water-soluble drug

    • B. 

      The immune system would recognize water-soluble drugs as invaders and fight them

    • C. 

      The blood brain barrier is only a barrier for water-soluble molecules so lipid soluble drugs pass through

    • D. 

      Water-soluble drugs would alter the pH value of the bloodstream and therefore have significant side effects compared to lipid-soluble drugs.

  • 10. 
    ____________ is an example of drug tolerance.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank

  • 11. 
    __________ is an example of drug withdrawal.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank

  • 12. 
    __________ is an example of drug sensitization.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank

  • 13. 
    ___________ is an example of placebo effect.
    • A. 

      Having to down 6 Smirnoff Twists to get buzzed when 2 used to be enough

    • B. 

      Feeling the opposite of drunk and strongly desiring more alcohol

    • C. 

      Feeling really sick after just one shot of tequila (and it just so happens you got really drunk and threw up after having tequila last week-end)

    • D. 

      Feeling drunk even though your friend slipped you O'Doul's (non-alcoholic beer) as a prank

  • 14. 
    A drug that attaches itself to a postsynaptic binding site and opens the corresponding ion channel is an example of a ________________.
    • A. 

      Direct agonist

    • B. 

      Direct antagonist

    • C. 

      Indirect antagonist

    • D. 

      Receptor blocker

  • 15. 
    A drug that attaches itself to a postsynaptic binding site but does not open the corresponding ion channel is an example of a ________________.
    • A. 

      Direct agonist

    • B. 

      Direct antagonist

    • C. 

      Indirect antagonist

    • D. 

      Drug mimic

  • 16. 
    A drug that engages in noncompetitive binding, thereby preventing the ion channel from opening, is an example of a _____________
    • A. 

      Direct agonist

    • B. 

      Direct antagonist

    • C. 

      Indirect antagonist

    • D. 

      Drug mimic

  • 17. 
    A hetereoreceptor is said to have _____________.
    • A. 

      The ability to depot bind

    • B. 

      The ability to activate enzymatic deactivation

    • C. 

      Low specificity

    • D. 

      High specificity

  • 18. 
    Autoreceptors are different from normal postsynaptic receptors because _______________.
    • A. 

      They do not require neurotransmitters to activate; they activate automatically.

    • B. 

      They are activated by neurotransmitters within the cell

    • C. 

      They react to hormones, not neurotransmitters

    • D. 

      They activate AChE to destroy ACh

  • 19. 
    Drug tolerance is an example of _____________.
    • A. 

      The body down-regulating

    • B. 

      The body up-regulating

    • C. 

      The body attaining lower specificity

    • D. 

      The body attaining higher affinity

  • 20. 
    The primary excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain is ____________.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Glutamate

  • 21. 
    The primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain is ___________.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Glutamate

  • 22. 
    __________ can alter the action of systems of neurons that transmit information using glutamate or GABA.
    • A. 

      M-system

    • B. 

      Norepineprhine

    • C. 

      A neuromodulator

    • D. 

      D-system

  • 23. 
    The primary neurotransmitter secreted by efferent CNS cells is _____________.
    • A. 

      GABA

    • B. 

      Seretonin

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine

    • D. 

      Glutamate

  • 24. 
    When released in the brain, Acetylcholine usually results in ___________.
    • A. 

      Facilitory effects

    • B. 

      Inhibitory effects

    • C. 

      Activation of autoreceptors

    • D. 

      Activation of heteroreceptors

  • 25. 
    AChE's primary function in the body is to ______________.
    • A. 

      Synthesize more ACh

    • B. 

      Serve as a binding receptor to ACh

    • C. 

      Destroy ACh during enzymatic deacitvation

    • D. 

      Serve as a catecholamine