Chapter 1 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

58 Questions

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Physiological Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Apparently, I have too much time on my hands. Hope this is helpful; it probably has more information than necessary, but I figure better safe than sorry.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dualism is the belief that...
    • A. 

      All thoughts, feelings, and actions are at the mercy of our biochemical and physiological processes, with no free will.

    • B. 

      The mind is a manifestation of the workings of the body

    • C. 

      The best way to understand a biological phenomena is to understand its useful functions for the organism

    • D. 

      The mind and body are separate entities

  • 2. 
    ________ is the belief that some nonphysical force is present in living things.
    • A. 

      Dualism

    • B. 

      Monism

    • C. 

      Vitalism

    • D. 

      Determinism

  • 3. 
    According to ________, once we understand the nervous system we will understand all aspects of the mind.
    • A. 

      Dualism

    • B. 

      Monism

    • C. 

      Vitalism

    • D. 

      Determinism

  • 4. 
    According to the doctrine of specific nerve energies, if you apply an electrode to the optic nerve, you will...
    • A. 

      Feel a shock

    • B. 

      See a light

    • C. 

      Feel a shock and see a light

    • D. 

      Neither feel a shock nor see a light

  • 5. 
    __________ is famous for writing the first psychology textbook (Principles of Physiological Psychology).
    • A. 

      Pierre Flourens

    • B. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • C. 

      Paul Broca

    • D. 

      Luigi Galvani

  • 6. 
    _________ was a dualist and determinist who proposed the first physiological model of behavior, based on fluid flow and pressure.
    • A. 

      Rene Descartes

    • B. 

      Johannes Muller

    • C. 

      Luigi Galvani

    • D. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

  • 7. 
    _________ is famous for showing that stimulating a frog's nerve resulted in contraction of the attached muscle, even when it was unattached to the rest of the body.
    • A. 

      Charles Darwin

    • B. 

      Paul Broca

    • C. 

      Pierre Flourens

    • D. 

      Luigi Galvani

  • 8. 
    _______ is famous for helping to develop experimental physiology and proposing the doctrine of specific nerve energies.
    • A. 

      Rene Descartes

    • B. 

      Gustav Fritsch

    • C. 

      Johannes Muller

    • D. 

      Charles Darwin

  • 9. 
    _______ is famous for using the method of experimental ablation in animals to determine the functions of various parts of the brain.
    • A. 

      Johannes Muller

    • B. 

      Pierre Flourens

    • C. 

      Hermann von Helmholtz

    • D. 

      Eduard Hitzig

  • 10. 
    _______ is famous for observing brain-injured patients to discover the anatomical concomitants to different aspects of behavior.
    • A. 

      Paul Broca

    • B. 

      Charles Darwin

    • C. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    • D. 

      Gustav Fritsch

  • 11. 
    _________ became famous by electrically stimulating the cerebral cortex of dogs and discovering the contralateral projections from the primary motor cortex.
    • A. 

      Johannes Muller

    • B. 

      Paul Broca

    • C. 

      Rene Descartes

    • D. 

      Gustav Fritsch and Eduard Hitzig

  • 12. 
    _____ became famous by developing the theory of evolution, and in the process influenced early psychologists.
    • A. 

      Charles Darwin

    • B. 

      Pierre Flourens

    • C. 

      Paul Broca

    • D. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

  • 13. 
    An example of ___________ is how you're listening to your iPod while doing this quiz.
    • A. 

      Unilateral processing

    • B. 

      Parallel processing

    • C. 

      Multi-layer processing

    • D. 

      Serial processing

  • 14. 
    _________ refers to how you can only process a single set of information in consciousness at once.
    • A. 

      Serial processing

    • B. 

      Multi-layer processing

    • C. 

      Parallel processing

    • D. 

      Unilateral processing

  • 15. 
    _______ is the belief that all our actions, thoughts, and feelings, are under the mercy of biochemical and physiological processes, and there is no free will.
    • A. 

      Monism

    • B. 

      Vitalism

    • C. 

      Dualism

    • D. 

      Determinism

  • 16. 
    Split-brain surgery, a surgery involving cutting the corpus callosum, is done in extreme cases of _________.
    • A. 

      Depression

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia

    • C. 

      Epilepsy

    • D. 

      Palpatations

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      See objects in their left visual field but ignore them.

    • B. 

      Be unable to describe what they see in their left visual field.

    • C. 

      Claim to be unable to see anything but be able to point to it.

    • D. 

      Lose sensation in the left half of their body.

  • 18. 
    _________ refers to the ability of a patient to localize and touch an object in front of them even though they cannot see it.
    • A. 

      Blindsight

    • B. 

      Blindness

    • C. 

      Unilateral neglect

    • D. 

      ESP

  • 19. 
    A person with unilateral neglect may...
    • A. 

      Only count the people on one side of the room when asked how many there are.

    • B. 

      Be able to localize and touch objects even though they claim they cannot see it.

    • C. 

      Parallel process in the way most people serial process.

    • D. 

      Possess the ability of blindsight.

  • 20. 
    Forced choice experimentation demonstrates that...
    • A. 

      Participants can be coerced into performing unethical actions if asked to by a professional looking interviewer.

    • B. 

      Better than chance performance can occur on spatial/temporal interval tasks even when the participant verbally reports no percept.

    • C. 

      The primary motor cortex is activated when a rubber hand is stroked at the same time that the participant's real hand, hidden from view, is stroked.

    • D. 

      Psychic abilities are possible.

  • 21. 
    If one views the nervous system as a Black Box to be analyzed via the patterns of input and output, the input would be ___________ and output would be ________.
    • A. 

      Responses; stimuli

    • B. 

      Stimuli; thoughts

    • C. 

      Stimuli; responses

    • D. 

      Feelings; thoughts

  • 22. 
    ___________ is the research goal of forming an overall conclusion based on many observations of similar phenomena.
    • A. 

      Vitalism

    • B. 

      Reduction

    • C. 

      Determinism

    • D. 

      Generalization

  • 23. 
    ___________ is the research goal of explaining a phenomena in terms of the more elementary processes that underlie it.
    • A. 

      Vitalism

    • B. 

      Reduction

    • C. 

      Determinism

    • D. 

      Generalization

  • 24. 
    Which of these is not one of the four basic types of cells?
    • A. 

      Connective-tissue cell

    • B. 

      Muscle cell

    • C. 

      Inhibitory cell

    • D. 

      Nerve cell

  • 25. 
    _______ means maintenance of a relatively constant internal stimuli.
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Interstitial

    • C. 

      Covalence

    • D. 

      Permeability

  • 26. 
    _______ are negatively charged subatomic particles.
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Alphatrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 27. 
    ____________ are largely responsible for determining the chemical properties of an atom.
    • A. 

      Protons in nucleus

    • B. 

      Electrons in outermost shell

    • C. 

      Neutrons in nucleus

    • D. 

      Number of photons

  • 28. 
    99.3% of the human body is composed of the following elements:
    • A. 

      Hydrogen;Chlorine;Carbon;Sodium

    • B. 

      Helium;Oxygen;Chlorine;Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Hydrogen;Oxygen;Carbon;Nitrogen

    • D. 

      Helium;Oxygen;Carbon;Sodium

  • 29. 
    ___________ bonds involve sharing electrons between atoms.
    • A. 

      Covalent

    • B. 

      Van der Waals

    • C. 

      Ionic

    • D. 

      Metallic

  • 30. 
    ___________ bonds involve one atom donating electrons to another atom.
    • A. 

      Covalent

    • B. 

      Van der Waals

    • C. 

      Ionic

    • D. 

      Metallic

  • 31. 
    _______ is an atom/radical that has gained or lost 1 or more electrons.
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Solvent

    • C. 

      Ion

    • D. 

      Polar molecule

  • 32. 
    ________ are molecules that form ions when dissolved in water.
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Electrolytes

    • C. 

      Polar molecules

    • D. 

      Solvent

  • 33. 
    ________ are positively charged electrolytes and ________ are negatively charged electrolytes.
    • A. 

      Anions; cations

    • B. 

      Covalents; ionics

    • C. 

      Cations; anions

    • D. 

      Ionics; covalents

  • 34. 
    _________ possess positive and negative electrical charges at two different locations.
    • A. 

      Anions

    • B. 

      Polar molecules

    • C. 

      Hydrophobics

    • D. 

      Hydrophilics

  • 35. 
    ___________ unequally share electrons between two atoms.
    • A. 

      Bipolar ionic bonds

    • B. 

      Polar ionic bonds

    • C. 

      Bipolar covalent bonds

    • D. 

      Polar covalent bonds

  • 36. 
    If NaCl underwent ____________ it would become NaOH and ClH.
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Hydrophilic

    • C. 

      Dehydration synthesis

    • D. 

      Dehydration elimination

  • 37. 
    If NaOH and ClH underwent __________, they would become NaCl and H2O
    • A. 

      Hydrolysis

    • B. 

      Hydrophilic

    • C. 

      Dehydration synthesis

    • D. 

      Dehydration elimination

  • 38. 
    A solution is composed of a ___________ and a __________.
    • A. 

      Solute; base

    • B. 

      Solvent; base

    • C. 

      Solute; solvent

    • D. 

      Acid; base

  • 39. 
    Sugar is ___________, because it is attracted to and easily dissolved in water.
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic

    • C. 

      Covalent

    • D. 

      Ionic

  • 40. 
    Olive oil is ___________, because it is not attracted to and insoluble in water.
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic

    • C. 

      Covalent

    • D. 

      Ionic

  • 41. 
    Organic chemistry deals with compounds of _________, and biochemistry is the organic chemistry of _________.
    • A. 

      Hydrogen; plants

    • B. 

      Carbon; plants

    • C. 

      Hydrogen; life

    • D. 

      Carbon; life.

  • 42. 
    _______ give rise to hydrogen ions in a solution, whereas _______ accept a hydrogen ion in a solution.
    • A. 

      Covalents; ionics

    • B. 

      Acids; bases

    • C. 

      Bases; acids

    • D. 

      Ionics; covalents

  • 43. 
    ___________ are also known as saccharides.
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 44. 
    The two most basic types of monosaccharides are ______ and _______.
    • A. 

      Lactose; honey

    • B. 

      Glucose; fructose

    • C. 

      Glucose; lactose

    • D. 

      Lactose; fructose

  • 45. 
    The two most basic types of disaccharides are ______ and _______.
    • A. 

      Glycogen; fructose

    • B. 

      Sucrose; lactose

    • C. 

      Fructose; glucose

    • D. 

      Glycogen; lactose

  • 46. 
    _________ are formed by the liver and muscle cells when there is an excess of glucose in the blood (storing the glucose molecules for later use).
    • A. 

      Monosaccharides

    • B. 

      Disaccharides

    • C. 

      Polysaccharides

    • D. 

      Invert sugars

  • 47. 
    Disaccharides and polysaccharides are formed by joining monosaccharides through ___________
    • A. 

      Metal bonds

    • B. 

      Dehydration synthesis

    • C. 

      Hydrolysis

    • D. 

      Nonmetal bonds

  • 48. 
    Triacylglycerols (triglycerides) are also known as __________.
    • A. 

      Alcohol

    • B. 

      Table sugar

    • C. 

      Table salt

    • D. 

      Fat

  • 49. 
    ___________ serve as the building block of several classes of lipids. It's a carbon chain with a carboxyl group at one end.
    • A. 

      Fatty acids

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Monosaccharides

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 50. 
    ________ fatty acids are composed of more than one C double bond; ___________ fatty acids are composed of one or more double bonds of C; and ________ fatty acids are linked by single covalent bonds.
    • A. 

      Saturated; unsaturated; polyunsaturated

    • B. 

      Unsaturated; polyunsaturated; saturated

    • C. 

      Polyunsaturated; unsaturated; saturated

    • D. 

      I have no clue what you're talking about

  • 51. 
    ___________ are a third OH group of glycerol linked to phosphate (instead of fatty acid). They're important because they form the bilayers in cell membranes.
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Phospholipids

    • C. 

      Carboxyls

    • D. 

      Amino acids

  • 52. 
    Examples of __________ include cholesterol, cortisol, estrogen, and testosterone.
    • A. 

      Steroids

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Phospholipids

    • D. 

      Polyunsaturated fatty acids

  • 53. 
    ______ is used by the body to make steroid hormones (estrogen, testosterone, cortisone, etc).
    • A. 

      Polyunsaturated fatty acids

    • B. 

      Carbohydrates

    • C. 

      Phospholipids

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

  • 54. 
    ________ are chains of 50 or more amino acids
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 55. 
    __________ are examples of nucleic acids.
    • A. 

      Monosaccharides and disaccharides

    • B. 

      Unsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids

    • C. 

      DNA and RNA

    • D. 

      Fructose and glucose

  • 56. 
    ___________ stores genetic information, whereas _________ decodes information into instructions for building proteins.
    • A. 

      DNA; RNA

    • B. 

      Fatty acids; phospholipids

    • C. 

      Phospholipid; fatty acids

    • D. 

      RNA; DNA

  • 57. 
    _________ are amino acids linked by a _______ bond, which is a polar covalent bond formed between an amino and carboxyl group.
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate; covalent

    • B. 

      Lipids; covalent

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate; peptide

    • D. 

      Polypeptides; peptide

  • 58. 
    The shape of a protein is determined by four forces; which of the following is not one of the?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen bonds

    • B. 

      Van der Waals force

    • C. 

      Covalent bonds

    • D. 

      Strong nuclear force