Chapter 7 Physiological Psychology Study Quiz

42 Questions

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Physiological Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 7: Auditory, Vestibular, Somatosensory, Gustatory, and Olfactory Senses


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following contains ossicles?
    • A. 

      Outer ear

    • B. 

      Middle ear

    • C. 

      Inner ear

    • D. 

      Cochlea

  • 2. 
    The malleus, incus, and stapes, are otherwise known as the _____________.
    • A. 

      Ossicles

    • B. 

      Cochlea

    • C. 

      Organ of corti

    • D. 

      Pinna

  • 3. 
    The __________ is the audio portion of the inner ear.
    • A. 

      Ossicles

    • B. 

      Cochlea

    • C. 

      Incus

    • D. 

      Pinna

  • 4. 
    The Organ of Corti can be found in ____________
    • A. 

      The outer ear

    • B. 

      The middle ear

    • C. 

      The inner ear

    • D. 

      The pinna

  • 5. 
    Damage to hair cells results in ___________.
    • A. 

      Death

    • B. 

      More death

    • C. 

      Loss of hearing

    • D. 

      Loss of ability to detect harmonics

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Inner hair cells

    • B. 

      Outer hair cells

    • C. 

      Stereocilia

    • D. 

      Vestibule

  • 7. 
    The __________ is separated from the __________ by a membrane.
    • A. 

      Scala media; scala corti

    • B. 

      Scala tympani; scala vestibuli

    • C. 

      Scala media; scala tympani

    • D. 

      Scala vestibuli; scala media

  • 8. 
    The _________ is separated from the ________ by the basilar membrane.
    • A. 

      Scala media; scala corti

    • B. 

      Scala tympani; scala vestibuli

    • C. 

      Scala media; scala tympani

    • D. 

      Scala vestibuli; scala media

  • 9. 
    Hair cells within the organ of Corti _____________
    • A. 

      Figure out what pitch a sound is

    • B. 

      Transduce sound waves into nerve impulses

    • C. 

      Figure out the tone of a pitch

    • D. 

      Transduce nerve impulses into sound energy

  • 10. 
    The organ of Corti does NOT consist of __________.
    • A. 

      The basilar membrane

    • B. 

      The tectorial membrane

    • C. 

      Hair cells

    • D. 

      The cochlea

  • 11. 
    Outer hair cells ____________.
    • A. 

      Form a single line of cells along the basilar membrane

    • B. 

      Form three rows of cells along the basilar membrane

    • C. 

      Form a single line of cells along the scala media

    • D. 

      Form three rows of cells along the scala media

  • 12. 
    Inner hair cells are responsible have a _________.
    • A. 

      Tuning function

    • B. 

      Structural function

    • C. 

      Defense function

    • D. 

      Hearing function

  • 13. 
    Which of the following are outer hair cells not responsible for?
    • A. 

      Achieving high sensitivity

    • B. 

      Sharp tuning

    • C. 

      Converting mechanical movement into neural activity

    • D. 

      Carrying information from higher auditory system to cochlea

  • 14. 
    What occurs in the cilia that causes ion channels to open?Cilia tips are joined by a fiber link, so when the cilia tips move, __________.
    • A. 

      The link stretches, activating the channels

    • B. 

      The link collapses, activating the channels.

    • C. 

      The link stretches or collapses, either of which activate the channels.

    • D. 

      The link becomes stretched, which creates gaps in it's cellular membrane, which allows ion in through the links.

  • 15. 
    The afferent auditory nerve is responsible for _______________.
    • A. 

      Transmitting hearing information from the cochlea to central nervous system.

    • B. 

      Transmitting hearing information from the cochlea to peripheral nervous system.

    • C. 

      Transmitting hearing information from the central nervous system.to cochlea

    • D. 

      Transmitting hearing information from the peripheral nervous system.to cochlea

  • 16. 
    ______________ is when firing occurs in the absence of sound stimulation.
    • A. 

      Frequency selectivity

    • B. 

      Phase locking

    • C. 

      Spontaneous firing

    • D. 

      Place locking

  • 17. 
    ____________ is the firing of a neuron at one distinct point in the period of a sound wave.
    • A. 

      Frequency selectivity

    • B. 

      Phase locking

    • C. 

      Spontaneous firing

    • D. 

      Place locking

  • 18. 
    _______ is how fibers respond more to to specific sound frequencies.
    • A. 

      Frequency selectivity

    • B. 

      Phase locking

    • C. 

      Spontaneous firing

    • D. 

      Place locking

  • 19. 
    The tonotopic organisation is a place representation of __________ on the ___________.
    • A. 

      Volume; incus

    • B. 

      Volume; basilar membrane

    • C. 

      Frequency; incus

    • D. 

      Frequency; basilar membrane

  • 20. 
    According to the Place Code Theory of Pitch, low  frequency sound vibrations produce maximal distortion at __________________.
    • A. 

      The base of the basilar membrane

    • B. 

      The apex of the basilar membrane

    • C. 

      The base of the auditory association cortex

    • D. 

      The apex of the auditory association cortex

  • 21. 
    Place Code Theory of Pitch has difficulty accounting for ________________.
    • A. 

      Low frequencies

    • B. 

      Medium frequencies

    • C. 

      High frequencies

    • D. 

      Multi-pitch frequencies

  • 22. 
    What's the right order?
    • A. 

      Cochlear nucleus -> inferior colliculus -> medial geniculate nucleus -> superior olivary complex -> auditory cortex

    • B. 

      Cochlear nucleus -> inferior colliculus -> superior olivary complex -> medial geniculate nucleus -> auditory cortex

    • C. 

      Cochlear nucleus -> superior olivary complex -> inferior colliculus -> medial geniculate nucleus -> auditory cortex

    • D. 

      Cochlear nucleus -> superior olivary complex -> medial geniculate nucleus ->inferior colliculus -> auditory cortex

    • E. 

      Cochlear nucleus -> superior olivary complex -> medial geniculate nucleus -> auditory cortex -> inferior colliculus

  • 23. 
    ____________ is the first brainstem nucleus at which afferent auditory nerve fybres synapse.
    • A. 

      Cochlear nucleus

    • B. 

      Inferior colliculus

    • C. 

      Medial geniculate nucleus

    • D. 

      Superior olivary complex

    • E. 

      Auditory cortex

  • 24. 
    ____________ uses timing and intensity differences in binaural signals to localize sound.
    • A. 

      Cochlear nucleus

    • B. 

      Inferior colliculus

    • C. 

      Medial geniculate nucleus

    • D. 

      Superior olivary complex

    • E. 

      Auditory cortex

  • 25. 
    _____________ may function in sound localisation, and in combining information from lower areas in the brainstem.
    • A. 

      Cochlear nucleus

    • B. 

      Inferior colliculus

    • C. 

      Medial geniculate nucleus

    • D. 

      Superior olivary complex

    • E. 

      Auditory cortex

  • 26. 
    _________ utilizes 2-way information flow between it and the auditory cortex.
    • A. 

      Cochlear nucleus

    • B. 

      Inferior colliculus

    • C. 

      Medial geniculate nucleus

    • D. 

      Superior olivary complex

    • E. 

      Auditory cortex

  • 27. 
    ___________ maintains the tonotopic organisation of frequencies.
    • A. 

      Cochlear nucleus

    • B. 

      Inferior colliculus

    • C. 

      Medial geniculate nucleus

    • D. 

      Superior olivary complex

    • E. 

      Auditory cortex

  • 28. 
    The semicircular canals are responsible for measuring _____________.
    • A. 

      Acceleration of the skull

    • B. 

      Velocity of the skull

    • C. 

      Angle of the skull

    • D. 

      Sound localisation

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is not part of the vestibular sacs?
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Utricle

    • C. 

      Saccule

    • D. 

      Kinocilium

  • 30. 
    Which of the following structures does not match its function:
    • A. 

      Auditory system: sound detection, localization, and identity

    • B. 

      Bilateral auditory cortex: sound localization

    • C. 

      Brachium of inferior colliculus: frequency and intensity of sound

    • D. 

      Lateral lemniscus: overall hearing

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is not obtained by cutaneous senses?
    • A. 

      Pressure

    • B. 

      Heat/Cold

    • C. 

      Stimuli that damage tissue

    • D. 

      Wetness

  • 32. 
    Kinesthesia receives input from ____________.
    • A. 

      Semicircular canals

    • B. 

      Joints, tendons, and muscles

    • C. 

      Bones

    • D. 

      Peripheral nervous system

  • 33. 
    Which of the following is untrue:
    • A. 

      Touch is the combination of pressure and vibration

    • B. 

      Hot receptors are closer to the surface of the skin than cold receptors (because hot surfaces are more dangerous)

    • C. 

      Pain is associated with skin tissue damage

    • D. 

      Temperature receptor activation is relative to the baseline temperature

  • 34. 
    Pain receptors are also known as ____________.
    • A. 

      Acureceptors

    • B. 

      Nocireceptors

    • C. 

      Naloxones

    • D. 

      Cingulate receptors

  • 35. 
    Where are there no pain receptors?
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Sheath around muscles, internal organs

    • C. 

      Cornea of the eye

    • D. 

      Brain

  • 36. 
    Pain receptors are activated by _______________.
    • A. 

      Mechanical, but not chemical stimulation

    • B. 

      Chemical, but not mechanical stimulation

    • C. 

      Both mechanical and chemical stimulation

    • D. 

      Neither mechanical nor chemical stimulation

  • 37. 
    Which of the following does not result in analgesia?
    • A. 

      Massage

    • B. 

      Placebo

    • C. 

      Attention shifts

    • D. 

      Heroin

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is false?
    • A. 

      Exogenous opiates reduce pain reactivity

    • B. 

      Brain produces several endorphins

    • C. 

      Naloxone amplifies opiate activity so it can be detected

    • D. 

      Focal brain stimulation can reduce pain

  • 39. 
    Which of the following is incorrectly matched to its evolutionary purpose:
    • A. 

      Sweet: safe food

    • B. 

      Salty: source of sodium

    • C. 

      Bitter: poisonous food

    • D. 

      Sour: unripened food

  • 40. 
    Which of the following is incorrectly matched to its best receptor:
    • A. 

      Saltiness: sodium chloride

    • B. 

      Sourness: hydroxide ions

    • C. 

      Bitterness: alkaloid

    • D. 

      Sweetness: sugar

    • E. 

      Umami: MSG

  • 41. 
    Which of the following is not a cranial nerve involved with gustatory processing?
    • A. 

      7 (anterior tongue)

    • B. 

      9 (posterior tongue)

    • C. 

      10 (palate and epiglottis)

    • D. 

      11 (esophagus)

  • 42. 
    Individual taste fibers respond to ______________.
    • A. 

      A single taste quality and a single temperature

    • B. 

      A single taste quality and several taste temperatures

    • C. 

      Several taste qualities and a single temperature

    • D. 

      Several taste qualities and several taste temperatures