Chapter 6-1 Physiological Psychology Final Study Quiz

39 Questions

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Chapter 6-1 Physiological Psychology Final Study Quiz

Vision, Part 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not a part of the sensory system?
    • A. 

      Cells with specialized sensory receptors

    • B. 

      Cells that receive information from the internal environment

    • C. 

      Cells that receive information from the external environment

    • D. 

      Cells that move nutrients through the system

  • 2. 
    Sensation is to perception, as ___________ is to ____________.
    • A. 

      Taste; smell

    • B. 

      Rods; cones

    • C. 

      Sound-waves; music

    • D. 

      Hot; cold

  • 3. 
    Sensory transduction is when receptor cells convert ________ energy into _________ energy.
    • A. 

      Physical stimulus; electrochemical

    • B. 

      Electrochemical; physical stimulus

    • C. 

      Chemical; physical stimulus

    • D. 

      Physical stimlus; electrical

  • 4. 
    _________ is responsible for transmitting information about perception of form, movement, depth, and small differences in brightness.
    • A. 

      Primary visual cortex

    • B. 

      Magnocellular layer

    • C. 

      Parvocellular layer

    • D. 

      Koniocellular sublayer

  • 5. 
    _________ is responsible for transmitting infromation about perception of color and fine details.
    • A. 

      Primary visual cortex

    • B. 

      Magnocellular layer

    • C. 

      Parvocellular layer

    • D. 

      Koniocellular sublayer

  • 6. 
    ____________ is the distance between two successive peaks in electromagnetic waves.
    • A. 

      Wavelength

    • B. 

      Frequency

    • C. 

      Period

    • D. 

      Photons

  • 7. 
    ___________ is the number of cycles per second of an electromagnetic wave.
    • A. 

      Wavelength

    • B. 

      Frequency

    • C. 

      Period

    • D. 

      Photons

  • 8. 
    _____________ is the time between successive peaks in an electromagnetic wave.
    • A. 

      Wavelength

    • B. 

      Frequency

    • C. 

      Period

    • D. 

      Photons

  • 9. 
    ___________are absorbed as particles of energy.
    • A. 

      Photons

    • B. 

      Sound-waves

    • C. 

      Food molecules

    • D. 

      Mitochondria

  • 10. 
    The human visible spectrum is _______________.
    • A. 

      Wavelengths of 4000-7000 nm

    • B. 

      Frequencies of 4000-7000 nm

    • C. 

      Wavelengths of 400-700nm

    • D. 

      Frequencies of 400-700nm

  • 11. 
    Radiometry measures __________________.
    • A. 

      Radiant energy of the entire electromagnetic spectrum

    • B. 

      Radiant energy of the visible spectrum weighted by human sensitivity

    • C. 

      Radiant energy of the visible spectrum weighted by all biological life sensitivity

    • D. 

      Radiant energy outside of the electromagnetic spectrum

  • 12. 
    Photometry measures _________________.
    • A. 

      Radiant energy of the entire electromagnetic spectrum

    • B. 

      Radiant energy of the visible spectrum weighted by human sensitivity

    • C. 

      Radiant energy of the visible spectrum weighted by all biological life sensitivity

    • D. 

      Radiant energy outside of the electromagnetic spectrum

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is correct?
    • A. 

      Period = purity of spectrum

    • B. 

      Frequency = saturation

    • C. 

      Wavelength = hue

    • D. 

      Frequency = color

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Light is transducted by rods and cones, and the energy is then passed along through the ganglion, bipolar, and other cells.

    • B. 

      Light is transducted at the rods and the cones, which are in front of the ganglion, bipolar, and other cells, therefore never passing them.

    • C. 

      Light is progressively transducted as it passes through the rods, cones, ganglion, bipolar, and other cells.

    • D. 

      Light passes through the ganglion, bipolar, and other cells prior to being transducted by rods and cones.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      Aqueous humor is a transparent gelatinous substance.

    • B. 

      Vitreous humor is a transparent watery substance.

    • C. 

      Vitreous humor is found in the posterior chamber.

    • D. 

      Aqueous humor is found in the ventral chamber.

  • 16. 
    Glaucoma results from ___________________.
    • A. 

      Build up of vitreous humor results in increased intraocular pressure

    • B. 

      Build up of aqueous humor results in increased intraocular pressure

    • C. 

      Lack of production of vitreous humor results in decreased intraocular pressure

    • D. 

      Lack of production of aqueous humor results in decreased intraocular pressure

  • 17. 
    The ___________ is responsible for adjusting the amount of light that enters the eye.
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Iris

    • C. 

      Sclera

    • D. 

      Conjunctiva

  • 18. 
    The ___________ is the opening in the eye through which light enters.
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Iris

    • C. 

      Sclera

    • D. 

      Conjunctiva

  • 19. 
    The ____________ is the tough outer coat of the eye.
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Iris

    • C. 

      Sclera

    • D. 

      Conjunctiva

  • 20. 
    The ____________ is a thin transparent mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and folds back to attach to the eye.
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Iris

    • C. 

      Sclera

    • D. 

      Conjunctiva

  • 21. 
    The _________ and ___________ are the principal optical components that focus the image on the retina.
    • A. 

      Lens; pupil

    • B. 

      Cornea; iris

    • C. 

      Cornea; lens

    • D. 

      Iris; lens

  • 22. 
    Light that enters the eye bends _____________ because it enters a medium that is ___________.
    • A. 

      Toward the middle; less dense

    • B. 

      Away from the middle; less dense

    • C. 

      Toward the middle; more dense

    • D. 

      Away from the middle; more dense

  • 23. 
    The __________ has an adjustable amount of diopters.
    • A. 

      Cornea

    • B. 

      Lens

    • C. 

      Iris

    • D. 

      Pupil

  • 24. 
    The __________ becomes _________ to focus on near objects.
    • A. 

      Lens; more rounded

    • B. 

      Lens; less rounded

    • C. 

      Cornea; more rounded

    • D. 

      Cornea; less rounded

  • 25. 
    ____________ are opacities that develop in your lens and interfere with your vision.
    • A. 

      Cataracts

    • B. 

      Presbyopia

    • C. 

      Myopia

    • D. 

      Hyperopia

    • E. 

      Astigmatism

  • 26. 
    ___________ is the inability to focus on near objects due to increased stiffness in lens with increased age.
    • A. 

      Cataracts

    • B. 

      Presbyopia

    • C. 

      Myopia

    • D. 

      Hyperopia

    • E. 

      Astigmatism

  • 27. 
    __________ is the inability to see distant objects clearly (eye ball may be too long).
    • A. 

      Cataracts

    • B. 

      Presbyopia

    • C. 

      Myopia

    • D. 

      Hyperopia

    • E. 

      Astigmatism

  • 28. 
    _____________ is the inability to see near objects clearly (eye ball may be too short).
    • A. 

      Cataracts

    • B. 

      Presbyopia

    • C. 

      Myopia

    • D. 

      Hyperopia

    • E. 

      Astigmatism

  • 29. 
    ___________ is the blurring of light in a particular orientation that results when surface of cornea or lens is not spherical.
    • A. 

      Cataracts

    • B. 

      Presbyopia

    • C. 

      Myopia

    • D. 

      Hyperopia

    • E. 

      Astigmatism

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      It's a pit in the central region of the retina.

    • B. 

      It has a higher concentration of photoreceptors.

    • C. 

      It's responsible for your 'blind spot'.

    • D. 

      It's involved in detailed pattern vision.

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is not true about the optic disk?
    • A. 

      It's located 15 degrees away from the fovea.

    • B. 

      It contains a bundle of axons that form the optic nerve.

    • C. 

      It's responsible for your 'blind spot'.

    • D. 

      It contains only rods.

  • 32. 
    _____________ are light-absorbing molecules.
    • A. 

      Photoreceptors

    • B. 

      Photopigments

    • C. 

      Opsin

    • D. 

      Chromophore

  • 33. 
    _____________ is is responsible for different photopigments being sensitive to different colors.
    • A. 

      Opsin

    • B. 

      Fovea

    • C. 

      Scoral

    • D. 

      Chromophore

  • 34. 
    _____________ is a lipid in photopigments.
    • A. 

      Opsin

    • B. 

      Fovea

    • C. 

      Scoral

    • D. 

      Chromophore

  • 35. 
    Which of the following is better for seeing in the daylight?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

  • 36. 
    Which of the following is more sensitive?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

  • 37. 
    Which of the following is responsible for your color vision?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

  • 38. 
    Which of the following is more concentrated in the fovea?
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Cones

  • 39. 
    How many types of photoreceptors do you have?
    • A. 

      2 (rods & cones)

    • B. 

      3 (red cones, blue cones, green cones)

    • C. 

      4 (rods, red cones, blue cones, green cones)

    • D. 

      1 (it's not this one)