Chapter 2 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

57 Questions | Total Attempts: 418

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Physiological Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Structure and Functions of Cells of the Nervous System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _______ neurons gather information from the environment so that _________ neurons can relay the information through the body to the brain, so that a message can come down and tell the ______ neurons to contract muscles.
    • A. 

      Motor; sensory; inter

    • B. 

      Motor; inter; sensory

    • C. 

      Sensory; inter; motor

    • D. 

      Inter; sensory; motor

  • 2. 
    _________ is responsible for cutting and splicing messenger RNA to produce a protein.
    • A. 

      Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

    • B. 

      Phospholipid

    • C. 

      Non-coding ribonucleic acid (ncRNA)

    • D. 

      Carboxlyl

  • 3. 
    The cytoplasm includes _______ and ________.
    • A. 

      Cell organelles; cytosol

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane; cytosol

    • C. 

      Cell organelles; nucleus

    • D. 

      Plasma membrane; nucleus

  • 4. 
    ________ are subcellular structures that perform various functions in a cell. 
    • A. 

      Proteins

    • B. 

      Cell organelles

    • C. 

      Glial cells

    • D. 

      Cholesterol

  • 5. 
    The cell membrane is ___________, meaning it serves as a barrier to passage of some molecules, and it is composed of a double layer of ________.
    • A. 

      Hydrophilic; lipid molecules

    • B. 

      Hydrophilic; nucleic acids

    • C. 

      Selectively permeable; nucleic acids

    • D. 

      Selectively permeable; lipid molecules

  • 6. 
    ____________ are permanently attached to the cell membrane; whereas ________ are only temporarily attached.
    • A. 

      Integral membrane proteins; peripheral membrane proteins

    • B. 

      Peripheral membrane proteins; integral membrane proteins

    • C. 

      Peripheral membrane proteins; secondary membrane proteins

    • D. 

      Primary membrane proteins; secondary membrane proteins

  • 7. 
    Nuclear envelope is to __________ as nucleus is to cell.
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Cell membrane

    • C. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

  • 8. 
    Nuclear pores aid in ______________.
    • A. 

      Elimination of waste molecules

    • B. 

      Transport of molecules

    • C. 

      Energy production within the nucleus

    • D. 

      Carbon production in the nucleus

  • 9. 
    ______________ is/are DNA/protein combinations that are condensed for size and are involved in mitosis/meiosis. 
    • A. 

      Endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Nuclear pores

    • C. 

      Nucleolus chromatin

    • D. 

      Nuclear envelope

  • 10. 
    The endoplasmic reticulum is the __________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Highway

    • B. 

      Power plant

    • C. 

      Lipid factory

    • D. 

      Packaging center

  • 11. 
    Anterograde axoplasmic transport refers to substances being pushed toward the ________.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Dendrites

    • C. 

      Soma

    • D. 

      Terminal buttons

  • 12. 
    Retrograde axoplasmic transport refers to substances being pushed toward the _________.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Dendrites

    • C. 

      Soma

    • D. 

      Terminal buttons

  • 13. 
    The granular (rough) endoplasmic reticulum produces and packages __________.
    • A. 

      Carbohdyrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic acids

  • 14. 
    The ribosomes, located on the granular endoplasmic reticulum, serve as the ________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Highways

    • B. 

      Protein factories

    • C. 

      Power plants

    • D. 

      Lipid factories

  • 15. 
    Agranular (smooth) endoplasmic reticulum is the __________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Highway

    • B. 

      Protein factory

    • C. 

      Power plant

    • D. 

      Lipid factory

  • 16. 
    The golgi apparatus is the ___________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Highway

    • B. 

      Protein factory

    • C. 

      Power plant

    • D. 

      Packaging center

  • 17. 
    Secretory vesicles in the golgi apparatus contain __________ sent by the granular endoplasmic reticulum, and intend to __________.
    • A. 

      Proteins; secrete proteins to outside of cell

    • B. 

      Lipids; secrete lipids to outside of cell

    • C. 

      Proteins; secrete proteins throughout inside of cell

    • D. 

      Lipids; secrete lipids throughout inside of cell

  • 18. 
    The mitochondria serves as the ___________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Highway

    • B. 

      Protein factory

    • C. 

      Power plant

    • D. 

      Packaging center

  • 19. 
    The mitochondria produces ATP, which is used as __________.
    • A. 

      Messengers between cell membrane and nucleus

    • B. 

      Vesicles to house protein that comes from granular endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Phagocytes to eat dead cell structures and waste

    • D. 

      Energy for functioning in the cell

  • 20. 
    Lysosomes are the ___________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Respiratory system

    • B. 

      Digestive system

    • C. 

      Endocrine system

    • D. 

      Skeletal system

    • E. 

      Nervous system

  • 21. 
    Filaments form the ____________ of the cell world.
    • A. 

      Digestive system

    • B. 

      Endocrine system

    • C. 

      Skeletal system

    • D. 

      Nervous system

  • 22. 
    __________ is to __________ as input is to output.
    • A. 

      Axons; dendrites

    • B. 

      Soma; axons

    • C. 

      Dendrites; axons

    • D. 

      Axons; soma

  • 23. 
    The axon hillock is the place where the ________ and ________ join.
    • A. 

      Terminal gap; axon

    • B. 

      Soma; axon

    • C. 

      Axon; dendrite

    • D. 

      Axon; postsynaptic cell

  • 24. 
    _________ are responsible for secreting neurotransmitters.
    • A. 

      Terminal buttons

    • B. 

      Axons

    • C. 

      Dendrites

    • D. 

      Somas

  • 25. 
    __________ hold the neurotransmitters in little bubbles, ready to burst at the terminal buttons when an action potential signals it.
    • A. 

      Astrocytes

    • B. 

      Neuroglia

    • C. 

      Terminal buttons

    • D. 

      Synaptic vesicles