Chapter 3 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

58 Questions | Total Attempts: 137

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Physiological Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Structures of the Nervous System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The __________ is in the anterior/rostral part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left food

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 2. 
    The __________ is in the dorsal part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left foot

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 3. 
    The __________ is in the ventral part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left foot

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 4. 
    The __________ is in the caudal/posterior part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left foot

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 5. 
    Your left foot and left hand are ___________ to one another.
    • A. 

      Contralateral

    • B. 

      Ventral

    • C. 

      Dorsal

    • D. 

      Ipsilateral

  • 6. 
    ________ sectioning means you start slicing at the rostral/anterior part of the brain and end at the dorsal part.
    • A. 

      Coronal (transverse)

    • B. 

      Horizontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Inverse

  • 7. 
    ________ sectioning means you start slicing at the dorsal part of the brain and end at the ventral part.
    • A. 

      Coronal (transverse)

    • B. 

      Horizontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Inverse

  • 8. 
    ________ sectioning means you start slicing at one lateral end of the brain and end at the other lateral end.
    • A. 

      Coronal (transverse)

    • B. 

      Horizontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Inverse

  • 9. 
    Afferent nerves are to efferent nerves as ________________
    • A. 

      Specific is to general

    • B. 

      Sending is to receiving

    • C. 

      General is to specific

    • D. 

      Receiving is to sending

  • 10. 
    The definition of nuclei is ___________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 11. 
    The definition of ganglia is ___________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 12. 
    The definition of nerves is ______________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 13. 
    The definition of nucleus is __________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 14. 
    White matter in the brain is that color because _____________.
    • A. 

      Of the cell bodies (soma)

    • B. 

      Of the myelinated axons.

    • C. 

      Of the dendrites

    • D. 

      Of the unmyelinated axons.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is not a meninges?
    • A. 

      Pia mater

    • B. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • C. 

      Dura mater

    • D. 

      Arachnoid membrane

  • 16. 
    The subarachnoid space is filled with _____________.
    • A. 

      Air

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • D. 

      Myelinated axons

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a benefit of having the brain immersed in CSF?
    • A. 

      Lower net weight

    • B. 

      Diminished pressure on the base of the brain

    • C. 

      Helps establish the outer layers of the skull during brain development

    • D. 

      Reduces shock to CNS from sudden movement

  • 18. 
    By the 21st day, the ectoderm tissue has ____________________.
    • A. 

      Formed the four ventricles and cerebral aqueduct

    • B. 

      Spread radial glia the outer most parts of the skull

    • C. 

      Formed into a hollow tube known as the neural tube

    • D. 

      Begun forming the 6 layers of cerebral cortex

  • 19. 
    __________ is where cerebrospinal fluid is created.
    • A. 

      Cerebral aqueduct

    • B. 

      Third ventricle

    • C. 

      Lateral ventricle

    • D. 

      Choroid plexus

  • 20. 
    During symmetrical division, a proginetor cell becomes _____________.
    • A. 

      Two proginetor cells

    • B. 

      A proginetor cell and a brain cell

    • C. 

      A proginetor cell and a steroid cell

    • D. 

      Two brain cells

  • 21. 
    Radial glia are necessary because ________________.
    • A. 

      They make sure the dura mater meninge doesn't shrink or collapse on itself

    • B. 

      Provide nourishment to the pia mater

    • C. 

      Guide neurons toward the layer of C-R cells

    • D. 

      They do not serve a purpose anymore, they do for simpler species but are just an evolutionary byproduct in humans

  • 22. 
    The last layer of neurons to form the cerebral cortex is _________________.
    • A. 

      Closest to the center of the brain

    • B. 

      Closest to the layer of C-R cells

    • C. 

      Near the front of the brain (because it's the most recent evolutionary adaptation)

    • D. 

      Near the hindbrain (because it's the oldest evolutionary adaptation)

  • 23. 
    When the proginetor cells receive a signal to begin apoptosis this means they ___________.
    • A. 

      Begin symmetrical division

    • B. 

      Begin asymmetrical division

    • C. 

      Die

    • D. 

      Turn into phagocytes

  • 24. 
    The axons of approximately 50 percent of neurons in the ventricular zone die, how come?
    • A. 

      The brain's complexity continues to develop but the skull isn't growing at the same rate (hence the curved cerebral cortex), so there isn't room for all those neurons.

    • B. 

      The axons have to travel relatively far within the brain and many die of lack of nutrition before they make their connections

    • C. 

      It makes more sense to make too many neurons and let them battle out for the highest efficiency than to make just the right amount of each neuron.

    • D. 

      If the axon of a neuron attaches to the incorrect part of the brain then the postsynaptic cell tells it to die

  • 25. 
    ____________ forms the lateral and third ventricle.
    • A. 

      Forebrain

    • B. 

      Midbrain

    • C. 

      Hindbrain

    • D. 

      Spinal column