Chapter 3 Physiological Psychology Mid-term Study Quiz

58 Questions

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Physiological Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Structures of the Nervous System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The __________ is in the anterior/rostral part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left food

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 2. 
    The __________ is in the dorsal part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left foot

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 3. 
    The __________ is in the ventral part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left foot

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 4. 
    The __________ is in the caudal/posterior part of the human body.
    • A. 

      Top of your head

    • B. 

      Face

    • C. 

      Left foot

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 5. 
    Your left foot and left hand are ___________ to one another.
    • A. 

      Contralateral

    • B. 

      Ventral

    • C. 

      Dorsal

    • D. 

      Ipsilateral

  • 6. 
    ________ sectioning means you start slicing at the rostral/anterior part of the brain and end at the dorsal part.
    • A. 

      Coronal (transverse)

    • B. 

      Horizontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Inverse

  • 7. 
    ________ sectioning means you start slicing at the dorsal part of the brain and end at the ventral part.
    • A. 

      Coronal (transverse)

    • B. 

      Horizontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Inverse

  • 8. 
    ________ sectioning means you start slicing at one lateral end of the brain and end at the other lateral end.
    • A. 

      Coronal (transverse)

    • B. 

      Horizontal

    • C. 

      Sagittal

    • D. 

      Inverse

  • 9. 
    Afferent nerves are to efferent nerves as ________________
    • A. 

      Specific is to general

    • B. 

      Sending is to receiving

    • C. 

      General is to specific

    • D. 

      Receiving is to sending

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 11. 
    The definition of ganglia is ___________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 12. 
    The definition of nerves is ______________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 13. 
    The definition of nucleus is __________.
    • A. 

      The central cell organelle that stores DNA/RNA

    • B. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in PNS

    • C. 

      A large group of cells and terminal endings in CNS

    • D. 

      Large bundles of axons that connect one location in CNS to another in PNS

  • 14. 
    White matter in the brain is that color because _____________.
    • A. 

      Of the cell bodies (soma)

    • B. 

      Of the myelinated axons.

    • C. 

      Of the dendrites

    • D. 

      Of the unmyelinated axons.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is not a meninges?
    • A. 

      Pia mater

    • B. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • C. 

      Dura mater

    • D. 

      Arachnoid membrane

  • 16. 
    The subarachnoid space is filled with _____________.
    • A. 

      Air

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Cerebrospinal fluid

    • D. 

      Myelinated axons

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is not a benefit of having the brain immersed in CSF?
    • A. 

      Lower net weight

    • B. 

      Diminished pressure on the base of the brain

    • C. 

      Helps establish the outer layers of the skull during brain development

    • D. 

      Reduces shock to CNS from sudden movement

  • 18. 
    By the 21st day, the ectoderm tissue has ____________________.
    • A. 

      Formed the four ventricles and cerebral aqueduct

    • B. 

      Spread radial glia the outer most parts of the skull

    • C. 

      Formed into a hollow tube known as the neural tube

    • D. 

      Begun forming the 6 layers of cerebral cortex

  • 19. 
    __________ is where cerebrospinal fluid is created.
    • A. 

      Cerebral aqueduct

    • B. 

      Third ventricle

    • C. 

      Lateral ventricle

    • D. 

      Choroid plexus

  • 20. 
    During symmetrical division, a proginetor cell becomes _____________.
    • A. 

      Two proginetor cells

    • B. 

      A proginetor cell and a brain cell

    • C. 

      A proginetor cell and a steroid cell

    • D. 

      Two brain cells

  • 21. 
    Radial glia are necessary because ________________.
    • A. 

      They make sure the dura mater meninge doesn't shrink or collapse on itself

    • B. 

      Provide nourishment to the pia mater

    • C. 

      Guide neurons toward the layer of C-R cells

    • D. 

      They do not serve a purpose anymore, they do for simpler species but are just an evolutionary byproduct in humans

  • 22. 
    The last layer of neurons to form the cerebral cortex is _________________.
    • A. 

      Closest to the center of the brain

    • B. 

      Closest to the layer of C-R cells

    • C. 

      Near the front of the brain (because it's the most recent evolutionary adaptation)

    • D. 

      Near the hindbrain (because it's the oldest evolutionary adaptation)

  • 23. 
    When the proginetor cells receive a signal to begin apoptosis this means they ___________.
    • A. 

      Begin symmetrical division

    • B. 

      Begin asymmetrical division

    • C. 

      Die

    • D. 

      Turn into phagocytes

  • 24. 
    The axons of approximately 50 percent of neurons in the ventricular zone die, how come?
    • A. 

      The brain's complexity continues to develop but the skull isn't growing at the same rate (hence the curved cerebral cortex), so there isn't room for all those neurons.

    • B. 

      The axons have to travel relatively far within the brain and many die of lack of nutrition before they make their connections

    • C. 

      It makes more sense to make too many neurons and let them battle out for the highest efficiency than to make just the right amount of each neuron.

    • D. 

      If the axon of a neuron attaches to the incorrect part of the brain then the postsynaptic cell tells it to die

  • 25. 
    ____________ forms the lateral and third ventricle.
    • A. 

      Forebrain

    • B. 

      Midbrain

    • C. 

      Hindbrain

    • D. 

      Spinal column

  • 26. 
    __________ forms the cerebral aqueduct.
    • A. 

      Forebrain

    • B. 

      Midbrain

    • C. 

      Hindbrain

    • D. 

      Spinal column

  • 27. 
    __________ forms the fourth ventricle.
    • A. 

      Forebrain

    • B. 

      Midbrain

    • C. 

      Hindbrain

    • D. 

      Spinal column

  • 28. 
    The forebrain consists of the ____________ and __________.
    • A. 

      Telencephalon; myelencephalon

    • B. 

      Mesencephalon; diencephalon

    • C. 

      Metencephalon; myelencephalon

    • D. 

      Telencephalon; diencephalon

  • 29. 
    The midbrain consists of the _____________.
    • A. 

      Mesencephalon

    • B. 

      Metencephalon

    • C. 

      Diencephalon

    • D. 

      Myelencephalon

  • 30. 
    The hindbrain consists of the _____________ and ___________.
    • A. 

      Telencephalon; myelencephalon

    • B. 

      Mesencephalon; diencephalon

    • C. 

      Metencephalon; myelencephalon

    • D. 

      Telencephalon; diencephalon

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is a part of the telencephalon?
    • A. 

      Tegmentum

    • B. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • C. 

      Thalamus

    • D. 

      Tectum

  • 32. 
    __________ are small grooves in the cerebral cortex.
    • A. 

      Sulci

    • B. 

      Gyri

    • C. 

      Fissures

    • D. 

      Tectum

  • 33. 
    _________ are large grooves in the cerebral cortex.
    • A. 

      Sulci

    • B. 

      Gyri

    • C. 

      Fissures

    • D. 

      Tectum

  • 34. 
    ____________ are bulges in the cerebral cortex.
    • A. 

      Sulci

    • B. 

      Gyri

    • C. 

      Fissures

    • D. 

      Tectum

  • 35. 
    _____________ is found in the frontal lobe.
    • A. 

      Primary motor cortex

    • B. 

      Primary visual cortex

    • C. 

      Primary auditory cortex

    • D. 

      Primary somatosensory cortex

  • 36. 
    ____________ is found in the parietal lobe.
    • A. 

      Primary motor cortex

    • B. 

      Primary visual cortex

    • C. 

      Primary auditory cortex

    • D. 

      Primary somatosensory cortex

  • 37. 
    The occipital lobe is _____________ to the parietal and temporal lobes.
    • A. 

      Rostral/anterior

    • B. 

      Ventral

    • C. 

      Dorsal

    • D. 

      Caudal/posterior

  • 38. 
    The temporal lobe is ____________ to the parietal and frontal lobes.
    • A. 

      Rostral/anterior

    • B. 

      Ventral

    • C. 

      Dorsal

    • D. 

      Caudal/posterior

  • 39. 
    The central sulcus divides the brain into the rostral and caudal regions. The rostral reigion is generally related to _____________ whereas the caudal region is related to ___________.
    • A. 

      Movement-related activities; perceiving and learning

    • B. 

      Perceiving and learning; emotion-based behavior

    • C. 

      Planning and executing; emotion-based behavior

    • D. 

      Perceiving and learning; movement-related activities

  • 40. 
    The left hemisphere of the brain is related to ______________, whereas the right hemisphere of the brain is related to ____________.
    • A. 

      Emotions and empathy; perceiving wholes and drawing 3D objects

    • B. 

      Perceiving wholes and drawing 3D objects; reading, writing and speaking

    • C. 

      Perceiving wholes and drawing 3D objects; emotions and empathy

    • D. 

      Reading, writing and speaking; perceiving wholes and drawing 3D objects

  • 41. 
    Which of the following is a member of the limbic system?
    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Basal ganglia

  • 42. 
    Basal ganglia is responsible for ______________.
    • A. 

      Emotion-related memories/behaviors

    • B. 

      Long-term memory

    • C. 

      Control of smooth movements

    • D. 

      Species-typical behaviors

  • 43. 
    Which of the following is found in the diencephalon?
    • A. 

      Tectum

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Basal ganglia

  • 44. 
    The thalamus is responsible for _____________.
    • A. 

      Emotion-related memories/behaviors

    • B. 

      Long-term memory

    • C. 

      Species-typical behaviors

    • D. 

      Transmitting sensory information to the cortex

  • 45. 
    Which of the following can be found in the mesencephalon?
    • A. 

      Basal ganglia

    • B. 

      Tegmentum

    • C. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • D. 

      Pons

  • 46. 
    The medial geniculate nucleus is responsible for sending information from ____________ to __________.
    • A. 

      Skin receptors; primary somatosensory receptors

    • B. 

      Eye; primary visual cortex

    • C. 

      Inner ear; primary auditory cortex

    • D. 

      Motor neurons; primary motor cortex

  • 47. 
    The reticular formation, periaqueductal gray matter, red nucleus, and substantia nigra are all parts of the ________________.
    • A. 

      Tectum

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Tegmentum

    • D. 

      Cerebral cortex

  • 48. 
    Red nucleus is to substantia nigra as ________________.
    • A. 

      Localized is to general

    • B. 

      Afferent neurons are to efferent neurons

    • C. 

      General is to localized

    • D. 

      Efferent neurons are to afferent neurons

  • 49. 
    Which of the following can be found in the metencephalon?
    • A. 

      Tectum

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • D. 

      Basal ganglia

  • 50. 
    Damage to the cerebellum results in difficulty _____________.
    • A. 

      Speaking

    • B. 

      Seeing

    • C. 

      Standing upright

    • D. 

      Learning new skills

  • 51. 
    The tectum's superior colliculi are a part of ________________.
    • A. 

      The visual system

    • B. 

      The auditory system

    • C. 

      The somatosensory system

    • D. 

      The motor system

  • 52. 
    The medulla oblongata is responsible for _____________.
    • A. 

      Speech

    • B. 

      Respiration

    • C. 

      Learning new facts

    • D. 

      Learning new skills

  • 53. 
    Challenging question:The spinal dorsal root is to the spinal ventral root as ____________________
    • A. 

      Efferent neurons are to afferent neurons

    • B. 

      Sensory neurons are to motor neurons

    • C. 

      Output is to input

    • D. 

      Red nucleus is to substantia nigra

  • 54. 
    Which of the following is not a related to the peripheral nervous system?
    • A. 

      Dorsal root

    • B. 

      Cranial nerves

    • C. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic division

  • 55. 
    __________ is the part of the peripheral nervous system that takes sensory information from the sensory organs and that controls movements of the skeletal muscles.
    • A. 

      Autonomic nervous system

    • B. 

      Somatic nervous system

    • C. 

      Olfactory bulb

    • D. 

      Vagus nerve

  • 56. 
    The __________ division of the autonomic nervous system is involved in activities associated with expenditure of energy.
    • A. 

      Sympathetic

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic

    • C. 

      Countersympathetic

    • D. 

      Automatic

  • 57. 
    The vagus nerve is responsible for _________________.
    • A. 

      Eyesight

    • B. 

      Hearing

    • C. 

      Chewing muscles

    • D. 

      Thoracic and abdominal cavity organs

  • 58. 
    Which of the following cranial nerves does not have eyesight/eye-related responsibilities?
    • A. 

      Optic

    • B. 

      Trochlear

    • C. 

      Abducens

    • D. 

      Trigeminal