Neuroanatomy MCQs Quiz With Answers

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Neuroanatomy MCQs Quiz With Answers - Quiz

Do you want to learn more about neuroanatomy? If your answer is yes, then here is a 'Neuroanatomy MCQs quiz with answers' that we have made for you. The test covers different types of questions about neuroanatomy that will not only be useful for testing your knowledge on the subject but your knowledge with increase as well with this quiz. Are you ready for this? Then let us go for it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Components of the central nervous system include all of the following except the:
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Spinal cord

    • C. 

      Spinal nerves

    • D. 

      Diencephalon.

  • 2. 
    The term “rostral” means:
    • A. 

      Towards the tail

    • B. 

      Towards the nose

    • C. 

      Towards the dorsal aspect of the body

    • D. 

      Towards the ventral aspect of the body

  • 3. 
    The brainstem includes all of the following except the:
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Midbrain

    • C. 

      Pons

    • D. 

      Medulla

  • 4. 
    The white matter of the spinal cord is divided into three general regions known as anterior, posterior, and lateral:
    • A. 

      Horns

    • B. 

      Lemnisci

    • C. 

      Commissures

    • D. 

      Funiculi

  • 5. 
    Which sulcus separates the pons from the midbrain?
    • A. 

      Central Sulcus

    • B. 

      Superior Pontine Sulcus

    • C. 

      Lateral Sulcus

    • D. 

      Inferior Pontine Sulcus

  • 6. 
    The roof of the fourth ventricle is formed by the:
    • A. 

      Corpus Callosum

    • B. 

      Thalamus

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Tectum

  • 7. 
    The trigeminal nerve arises from the brain at the level of the:
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Midbrain

    • D. 

      Diencephalon

  • 8. 
    The portion of the ventricular system that is located within the midbrain is the:
    • A. 

      Lateral Ventricle

    • B. 

      Third Ventricle

    • C. 

      Cerebral Aqueduct

    • D. 

      Fourth Ventricle

  • 9. 
    The mammillary bodies are part of the:
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Midbrain

    • D. 

      Diencephalon

  • 10. 
    All of the following arteries are branches of the basilar artery except the:
    • A. 

      Pontine Arteries

    • B. 

      Middle Cerebral Artery

    • C. 

      Posterior Cerebral Artery

    • D. 

      Superior Cerebellar Artery

  • 11. 
    In early embryogenesis, the notochord develops in the midline from the:
    • A. 

      Floorplate

    • B. 

      Mesoderm

    • C. 

      Neural Tube

    • D. 

      Ectoderm

  • 12. 
    The secondary embryonic brain vesicle that gives rise to the pons and cerebellum is the:
    • A. 

      Telencephalon

    • B. 

      Mesencephalon

    • C. 

      Metencephalon

    • D. 

      Myelencephalon

  • 13. 
    Which statement about the early precursor cells of the neural tube is incorrect?
    • A. 

      The cells form a pseudostratified columnar epithelium.

    • B. 

      The cells extend between the pia and the lumen of the neural tube.

    • C. 

      The cells lose contact with the pial surface during mitosis.

    • D. 

      The cell nuclei move closest to the lumen of the neural tube during the period of DNA replication (S phase).

  • 14. 
    Inductive signals, generated by the activity of specific genes, are responsible for the differentiation of all of the following cell types except:    
    • A. 

      Ependymal cells.

    • B. 

      Neurons

    • C. 

      Astrocytes

    • D. 

      Oligodendrocytes.

  • 15. 
    Extracellular matrix adhesion molecules enable axonal elongation by binding with which of the following receptors located in the membrane of the growth cone?
    • A. 

      Cadherins

    • B. 

      Laminins

    • C. 

      Integrins

    • D. 

      Fibronectins

  • 16. 
    Which statement about cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) is incorrect?
    • A. 

      CAMs are only found within the cell membranes of neurons and glia.

    • B. 

      CAMs encourage growing axons to maintain contact and form axon bundles.

    • C. 

      CAMs act as both ligand and receptor, forming dimers of like molecules.

    • D. 

      CAMs may be calcium-dependent or calcium-independent.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following molecules is a chemoattractant that plays an important role in guiding axonal growth at midline crossing points such as the optic chiasm?
    • A. 

      Semaphorin.

    • B. 

      Netrin

    • C. 

      Nogo

    • D. 

      Nerve Growth Factor

  • 18. 
    Which of the following statements about trophic interactions is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Trophic interactions are mediated by trophic substances called neurotrophins.

    • B. 

      Trophic interactions determine the size of neuronal populations during development.

    • C. 

      Trophic interactions occur between presynaptic neurons and postsynaptic neurons.

    • D. 

      Trophic interactions no longer play a role in neuron survival and function in the adult nervous system.

  • 19. 
    In the neurological exam, confrontational testing, with the patient fixating on the examiner’s nose, is used to determine: 
    • A. 

      Visual acuity

    • B. 

      The integrity of the visual fields

    • C. 

      Color vision

    • D. 

      The status of the retinal vasculature

  • 20. 
    The integrity of the trigeminal (V) cranial nerve can be determined by asking the patient to:
    • A. 

      Open the jaw against resistance

    • B. 

      Puff out the cheeks

    • C. 

      Close eyes tightly

    • D. 

      Protrude the tongue

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