Neuroanatomy Organization Of Nervous Systems Quiz

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 594

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Neuroanatomy Organization Of Nervous Systems Quiz

Do you want to test your nervous system knowledge? Let's play this neuroanatomy practice quiz and prove yourself!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The postcentral gyrus is.. 
    • A. 

      Located on the temporal lobe. It is location of the primary somatosensory cortex.

    • B. 

      Located on the parietal lobe. It is location of the primary somatosensory cortex.

    • C. 

      Located on the parietal lobe. It is location of the primary motor cortex.

    • D. 

      Located on the occipital lobe. It is location of the primary somatosensory cortex.

  • 2. 
    Function of medial geniculate nucleus 
    • A. 

      Receiving visual information

    • B. 

      Somatosensoy function

    • C. 

      Auditory function

    • D. 

      Olfactory function

  • 3. 
    The lateral geniculate nucleus is...  
    • A. 

      The primary relay center for visual information received from the retina of the eye

    • B. 

      The secondary relay center for visual information received from the retina of the eye

    • C. 

      The primary relay center for auditory information received from the medial geniculate nucleus

    • D. 

      The secondary relay center for auditory information received from the medial geniculate nucleus

  • 4. 
    Functions associated with the medial cerebellar zone
    • A. 

      The medial zone of the anterior and posterior lobes functions mainly for fine motor control

    • B. 

      The medial zone of the anterior and posterior lobes functions mainly for gross motor control

    • C. 

      The medial zone of the anterior and posterior lobes functions mainly to fine-tune body and limb movements

    • D. 

      The medial zone of the anterior and posterior lobes functions purely for cognitive functions

  • 5. 
    Graded membrane potentials... 
    • A. 

      Allow cells to function as a battery

    • B. 

      Is used from transmitting signals between different cells

    • C. 

      Occurs when there is a change in RMP

    • D. 

      Occur when there is an opening of the Na/K pump

  • 6. 
    Nociceptor terminals are predominantly located where?
    • A. 

      Throughout the spinal thalamic pathway

    • B. 

      In the internal capsule

    • C. 

      In the basal nucleus

    • D. 

      In either the dorsal root ganglia or the trigeminal ganglia

  • 7. 
    Which cranial nerves contribute to parasympathetic outflow?
    • A. 

      Occulomotor (III), Abducens (VI), Glossopharyngeal (IX), Hypoglossal (XII)

    • B. 

      Occulomotor (III), Facial (VII), Glossopharyngeal (IX), Vagus (X)

    • C. 

      Occulomotor (III), Trochlear (IV), Glossopharyngeal (IX), Vagus (X)

    • D. 

      Occulomotor (III), Trigeminal (V), Vestibulocochlear (VIII) , Spinal Accessory (XI)

  • 8. 
    The area of brain activated by fast pain fibres is ....
    • A. 

      Neospinothalamic tract

    • B. 

      Spinothalmic tract

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      VPL/VPM

  • 9. 
    Which brainstem nuclei have a major role in control of pain?
    • A. 

      Spinothalamic tract

    • B. 

      Neospinothalamic tract

    • C. 

      Ascending sensory pathway

    • D. 

      Descending sensory pathway

  • 10. 
    Pain elicited from an innocuous stimulus is ....
    • A. 

      Dylodynia

    • B. 

      Allodynia

    • C. 

      Nociceptors

    • D. 

      Idiopathic

  • 11. 
    Factors involved in closing the spinal pain gate......
    • A. 

      Sensory (relaxation), cognitive (happy thoughts), emotional (negative attitude)

    • B. 

      Sensory (relaxation), cognitive (negative thoughts), emotional (positive attitude)

    • C. 

      Sensory (relaxation), cognitive (happy thoughts), emotional (positive attitude)

    • D. 

      Sensory (tension), cognitive (happy thoughts), emotional (positive attitude)

  • 12. 
    The .......... marks the transition between which two parts of the brainstem
    • A. 

      Pontarddulais junction

    • B. 

      Pontomedullary junction

    • C. 

      Medullarypons junction

  • 13. 
    Which section of CNS is responsible mainly for BP...
    • A. 

      Epithalamus

    • B. 

      Medualla Oblongata

    • C. 

      Pons

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 14. 
    What section of CNS is responsible for respiration, committing, breathing, vomiting...
    • A. 

      Medulla

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Midbrain

    • D. 

      Diencephalon

  • 15. 
    The circuitry of a normal direct light papillary reflex...
    • A. 

      Light in left eye, left pupil constricts direct response. Light in left eye, left pupil then dialates consensual response

    • B. 

      Light in left eye, left pupil constricts direct response. Light in left eye, right pupil dialates consensual response

    • C. 

      Light in left eye, left pupil constricts direct response. Light in left eye, right pupil constricts consensual response

    • D. 

      Light in left eye, left pupil dilates direct response. Light in left eye, right pupil dialates consensual response

  • 16. 
    Trochlear lesions affect.. 
    • A. 

      Eyeball movement

    • B. 

      Pupillary constriction

    • C. 

      Pupillary dialation

    • D. 

      Accommodation of the eye

  • 17. 
    Abducens lesions affect 
    • A. 

      Only upper eyelid and eyeball movements

    • B. 

      Upper eyelid and eyeball movements and pupil constriction

    • C. 

      Upper eyelid and eyeball movements and pupil dialation

    • D. 

      Eyeball movement

  • 18. 
    Occulomotor lesions affect... 
    • A. 

      Upper eyelid and eyeball movements and pupil constriction

    • B. 

      Lower eyelid and eyeball movements and pupil constriction

    • C. 

      Upper eyelid and eyeball movements and pupil dilation

    • D. 

      Accommodation of the eye

  • 19. 
    Primary hyperalgesia (features/characteristics)....
    • A. 

      Primary hyperalgesia describes pain sensitivity that occurs directly in the cerebellum

    • B. 

      Primary hyperalgesia describes decreased sensitivity that occurs directly in the damaged tissues

    • C. 

      Primary hyperalgesia describes pain sensitivity that occurs indirectly in the damaged tissues

    • D. 

      Primary hyperalgesia describes pain sensitivity that occurs directly in the damaged tissues

  • 20. 
    Multiple sclerosis – symptoms? 
    • A. 

      Increased sensitivity, tingling, pins and needles

    • B. 

      Numbness, muscle cramps, difficulty moving, ataxia,

    • C. 

      Acute or chronic pain, bladder or bowel difficulties

    • D. 

      Problems with speech, problems with swallowing, paralysis

  • 21. 
    Guillain-Barre syndrome – characteristics?  
    • A. 

      A disorder affecting the central nervous system

    • B. 

      It is an autoimmune disease

    • C. 

      Weakness begins in the trunk and migrates towards feet & hands

    • D. 

      It does not lead to paralysis

  • 22. 
    Neurofibromatosis type 1 – genetic inheritance pattern?
    • A. 

      Caused by mutation of chromosome 15 that is responsible for the control of cell division

    • B. 

      Caused by mutation of chromosome 7 that is responsible for the control of cell division

    • C. 

      Caused by mutation of chromosome 17 that is responsible for the control of cell division

    • D. 

      Caused by mutation of chromosome 9 that is responsible for the control of cell division

    • E. 

      Caused by mutation of chromosome 14 that is responsible for the control of cell division

  • 23. 
    Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – causes?
    • A. 

      Caused by an infectious agent called prions

    • B. 

      Caused by an infectious virus known as TSE

    • C. 

      When the brain is affected it decreases in size

    • D. 

      Caused by filamentous mould

  • 24. 
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis – type of disease?
    • A. 

      Disease affecting the dienchephalon

    • B. 

      Disease affecting sensory pathways

    • C. 

      Motor neurone disease

  • 25. 
    Poliovirus can spread along nerve fiber pathways and destroys motor neurons within the spinal cord, brain stem, or motor cortex
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False