Trivia Quiz On Part Of Human Body Chapter 25

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 812

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Human Body Quizzes & Trivia

Water and stuff


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which hormone causes the kidneys to retain sodium and to secrete potassium?
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Erythropoietin

    • C. 

      Aldosterone

    • D. 

      PTH

  • 2. 
    More than 99% of this cation is stored in the bones and teeth.
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 3. 
    This is the chief extracellular cation.
    • A. 

      Chloride

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 4. 
    This ion determines the resting membrane potential of nerve and muscle.
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 5. 
    Most diuretics increase urine production by blocking the effects of this cations.
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 6. 
    Which hormone stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb calcium and to excrete phosphate?
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Aldosterone

    • C. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • D. 

      Erythropoietin

  • 7. 
    Respiratory rate is most sensitive to the effects of this ion.
    • A. 

      Na+

    • B. 

      K+

    • C. 

      H+

    • D. 

      Cl-

  • 8. 
    Which of the following anions buffers H+?
    • A. 

      Ca2+

    • B. 

      HCO-3

    • C. 

      Na+

    • D. 

      K+

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true about interstitial fluid, plasma, lymph, and transcellular fluid?
    • A. 

      Contain no electrolytes

    • B. 

      Protein-free fluids

    • C. 

      Classified as extracellular

    • D. 

      PH less than 6 (highly acidic)

  • 10. 
    Which of the following forms the greatest extracellular fluid compartment?
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Interstitial

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 11. 
       Which fluid compartment is located between the cells and is also called tissue fluid?
    • A. 

      lymph

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Interstitial

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 12. 
      Which of the following is descriptive of normal saline?
    • A. 

      Distilled water

    • B. 

      0.9 % sodium chloride

    • C. 

      Highly acidic

    • D. 

      Contains albumin

  • 13. 
      Which of the following is most likely to occur when output exceeds intake?
    • A. 

      Diuresis

    • B. 

      Polyuria

    • C. 

      Hematuria

    • D. 

      Dehydration

  • 14. 
    Water and chloride usually follow the movement of this cation.
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 15. 
    Poor skin turgor is most indicative of
    • A. 

      Cystitis.

    • B. 

      Acidosis.

    • C. 

      Edema.

    • D. 

      Dehydration.

  • 16. 
    Kaliuresis refers to the urinary loss of
    • A. 

      Water.

    • B. 

      Albumin.

    • C. 

      Potassium.

    • D. 

      Sodium.

  • 17. 
    K+K    k   K+
    • A. 

      Is a cation.

    • B. 

      Is an acid

    • C. 

      Neutralizes H+.

    • D. 

      Is the chief extracellular cation.

  • 18. 
      Bicarbonate (HCO3) is considered an anion because it
    • A. 

      Contains hydrogen.

    • B. 

      Contains carbon.

    • C. 

      Contains oxygen

    • D. 

      Carries a negative charge

  • 19. 
      Which of the following can be defined as an H+ donor?
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Tincture

    • C. 

      Acid

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 20. 
    Which of the following acts as a base?
    • A. 

      H+

    • B. 

      OH–

    • C. 

      Calcium ion

    • D. 

      Gastric juice

  • 21. 
      Excess diuresis is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Edema.

    • B. 

      Overhydration.

    • C. 

      Blood volume depletion.

    • D. 

      Acidosis.

  • 22. 
      Which of the following is most likely to occur when output is less than intake?
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Edema

    • C. 

      Hypovolemia

    • D. 

      Polyuria

  • 23. 
      Hypoventilation is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Acidosis.

    • B. 

      Edema.

    • C. 

      Renal excretion of bicarbonate.

    • D. 

      Hypokalemia.

  • 24. 
     Which of the following is not a function of the lungs?
    • A. 

      Oxygenation of blood

    • B. 

      Excretion of carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Secretion of aldosterone and the regulation of Na+

    • D. 

      Regulation of blood pH

  • 25. 
     Hyperventilation is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      A blood pH greater than 7.45.

    • B. 

      Diuresis.

    • C. 

      Edema.

    • D. 

      Acidosis.