Trivia Quiz On Part Of Human Body Chapter 25

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 753

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Human Body Quizzes & Trivia

Water and stuff


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which hormone causes the kidneys to retain sodium and to secrete potassium?
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Erythropoietin

    • C. 

      Aldosterone

    • D. 

      PTH

  • 2. 
    More than 99% of this cation is stored in the bones and teeth.
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 3. 
    This is the chief extracellular cation.
    • A. 

      Chloride

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 4. 
    This ion determines the resting membrane potential of nerve and muscle.
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 5. 
    Most diuretics increase urine production by blocking the effects of this cations.
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 6. 
    Which hormone stimulates the kidneys to reabsorb calcium and to excrete phosphate?
    • A. 

      ADH

    • B. 

      Aldosterone

    • C. 

      Parathyroid hormone

    • D. 

      Erythropoietin

  • 7. 
    Respiratory rate is most sensitive to the effects of this ion.
    • A. 

      Na+

    • B. 

      K+

    • C. 

      H+

    • D. 

      Cl-

  • 8. 
    Which of the following anions buffers H+?
    • A. 

      Ca2+

    • B. 

      HCO-3

    • C. 

      Na+

    • D. 

      K+

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is true about interstitial fluid, plasma, lymph, and transcellular fluid?
    • A. 

      Contain no electrolytes

    • B. 

      Protein-free fluids

    • C. 

      Classified as extracellular

    • D. 

      PH less than 6 (highly acidic)

  • 10. 
    Which of the following forms the greatest extracellular fluid compartment?
    • A. 

      Lymph

    • B. 

      Interstitial

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 11. 
       Which fluid compartment is located between the cells and is also called tissue fluid?
    • A. 

      lymph

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Interstitial

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 12. 
      Which of the following is descriptive of normal saline?
    • A. 

      Distilled water

    • B. 

      0.9 % sodium chloride

    • C. 

      Highly acidic

    • D. 

      Contains albumin

  • 13. 
      Which of the following is most likely to occur when output exceeds intake?
    • A. 

      Diuresis

    • B. 

      Polyuria

    • C. 

      Hematuria

    • D. 

      Dehydration

  • 14. 
    Water and chloride usually follow the movement of this cation.
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate

    • B. 

      Sodium

    • C. 

      Potassium

    • D. 

      Albumin

  • 15. 
    Poor skin turgor is most indicative of
    • A. 

      Cystitis.

    • B. 

      Acidosis.

    • C. 

      Edema.

    • D. 

      Dehydration.

  • 16. 
    Kaliuresis refers to the urinary loss of
    • A. 

      Water.

    • B. 

      Albumin.

    • C. 

      Potassium.

    • D. 

      Sodium.

  • 17. 
    K+K    k   K+
    • A. 

      Is a cation.

    • B. 

      Is an acid

    • C. 

      Neutralizes H+.

    • D. 

      Is the chief extracellular cation.

  • 18. 
      Bicarbonate (HCO3) is considered an anion because it
    • A. 

      Contains hydrogen.

    • B. 

      Contains carbon.

    • C. 

      Contains oxygen

    • D. 

      Carries a negative charge

  • 19. 
      Which of the following can be defined as an H+ donor?
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Tincture

    • C. 

      Acid

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 20. 
    Which of the following acts as a base?
    • A. 

      H+

    • B. 

      OH–

    • C. 

      Calcium ion

    • D. 

      Gastric juice

  • 21. 
      Excess diuresis is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Edema.

    • B. 

      Overhydration.

    • C. 

      Blood volume depletion.

    • D. 

      Acidosis.

  • 22. 
      Which of the following is most likely to occur when output is less than intake?
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Edema

    • C. 

      Hypovolemia

    • D. 

      Polyuria

  • 23. 
      Hypoventilation is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Acidosis.

    • B. 

      Edema.

    • C. 

      Renal excretion of bicarbonate.

    • D. 

      Hypokalemia.

  • 24. 
     Which of the following is not a function of the lungs?
    • A. 

      Oxygenation of blood

    • B. 

      Excretion of carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Secretion of aldosterone and the regulation of Na+

    • D. 

      Regulation of blood pH

  • 25. 
     Hyperventilation is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      A blood pH greater than 7.45.

    • B. 

      Diuresis.

    • C. 

      Edema.

    • D. 

      Acidosis.

  • 26. 
     Metabolic acidosis such as diabetic ketoacidosis is most likely to cause
    • A. 

      Hypoventilation.

    • B. 

      Kussmaul respirations.

    • C. 

      The renal excretion of bicarbonate.

    • D. 

      The renal retention of H+.

  • 27. 
     Most body water is located within which space?
    • A. 

      Interstitial

    • B. 

      Intravascular

    • C. 

      Intracellular

    • D. 

      Transcellular

  • 28. 
      Which of the following is not true of extracellular fluid?
    • A. 

      Most body water is extracellular.

    • B. 

      Plasma is extracellular fluid.

    • C. 

      Transcellular fluid is extracellular.

    • D. 

      There is more interstitial fluid than intravascular fluid.

  • 29. 
    Which ion determines pH?
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Bicarbonate

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 30. 
      Hyperkalemia refers to an increase in the blood levels of which ion?
    • A. 

      Hydrogen

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 31. 
      Retention of this ion causes water retention and edema formation.
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Hydrogen

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

  • 32. 
     Which of the following is characteristic of acidosis?
    • A. 

      PH of 7.55

    • B. 

      A decrease in the concentration of hydrogen ion in the blood

    • C. 

      Urinary excretion of bicarbonate

    • D. 

      PH less than 7.35

  • 33. 
      Which Which of the following is most likely to develop in a patient who hypoventilates because of a chronic respiratory disease, such as emphysema?
    • A. 

      Kussmaul respirations

    • B. 

      A decrease in the plasma concentration of hydrogen ion

    • C. 

      An increase in plasma pH

    • D. 

      Acidosis

  • 34. 
     Which of the following is most likely to develop in an anxious hyperventilating patient?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Alkalosis

    • C. 

      A decrease in plasma pH

    • D. 

      Ketoacidosis

  • 35. 
      Which    Which condition is caused by vomiting stomach contents?
    • A. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • B. 

      Hypernatremia and blood volume expansion

    • C. 

      Hypocalcemic tetany

    • D. 

      Alkalosis

  • 36. 
       Which condition stimulates Kussmaul respirations?
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis

    • C. 

      Ketoacidosis

    • D. 

      Hypocalcemic tetany

  • 37. 
      Which of the following is a buffer pair?
    • A. 

      PTH, aldosterone

    • B. 

      ADH, ANF

    • C. 

      HCO–3, H2CO3

    • D. 

      Sodium, potassium

  • 38. 
      What dWhat does urinary specific gravity measure?
    • A. 

      Plasma H+ concentration

    • B. 

      Hydration status of the body

    • C. 

      Plasma potassium

    • D. 

      The buffering capacity of the blood

  • 39. 
    • A. 

      Metabolic acidosis and respiratory compensation

    • B. 

      Metabolic alkalosis with a respiratory compensation

    • C. 

      Respiratory alkalosis with a renal compensation

    • D. 

      Respiratory acidosis with a renal compensation

  • 40. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Cations: sodium, potassium, calcium

    • B. 

      Acid-base imbalances: acidosis and alkalosis

    • C. 

      Lines of defense against acid-base imbalance: buffers, lungs, kidneys

    • D. 

      Transcellular fluids: aqueous humor, cerebrospinal fluid, plasma

  • 41. 
    Which group is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Anions: bicarbonate, chloride, phosphate

    • B. 

      Lines of defense against acid-base imbalance: buffers, lungs, kidneys

    • C. 

      Transcellular fluids: aqueous humor, cerebrospinal fluid, synovial fluid

    • D. 

      Hormones: aldosterone, ADH, ANP, urea