Immune System Chapter 21

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Immune System Chapter 21

Anatomy :Immune System


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    B and T cells are
    • A. 

      Tonsils

    • B. 

      Lymphocytes

    • C. 

      Lymph nodes

    • D. 

      Antibodies

  • 2. 
    What is the effect of a massive release of histamine?
    • A. 

      Jaundice

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Thrombosis

    • D. 

      Wheezing and hypotension

  • 3. 
    What is the name of a severe hypersensitivity reaction?
    • A. 

      Cyanosis

    • B. 

      Immunocompetence

    • C. 

      Autoimmunity

    • D. 

      Anaphylaxis

  • 4. 
    You had measles as a child.  Which of the following best describes your immunity to measles?
    • A. 

      Artificially acquired active immunity

    • B. 

      Artificially acquired passive immunity

    • C. 

      Naturally acquired passive immunity

    • D. 

      Naturally acquired active immunity

  • 5. 
    An allergen is a(n)
    • A. 

      Antibody

    • B. 

      Macrophage

    • C. 

      Lymphokine

    • D. 

      Antigen

  • 6. 
    A booster
    • A. 

      Increases antibodies to an antigen

    • B. 

      Stimulates the liver to detoxify antigens

    • C. 

      Kills a pathogen

    • D. 

      Conveys passive immunity

  • 7. 
    A severe anaphylactic reaction causes death by
    • A. 

      Renal failure

    • B. 

      Respiractory obstruction

    • C. 

      Bleeding

    • D. 

      Infection

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is the treatment of choice for an anaphylactic reaction?
    • A. 

      A bronchconstricting agent

    • B. 

      Gamma gobulin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Histamine

  • 9. 
    Which of the following represents specific immunity?
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Interferons

    • C. 

      Natural killer cells

    • D. 

      B and T cells

  • 10. 
    Redness, heat, swelling, and pain are indicative of
    • A. 

      Hyoersensitivity reaction

    • B. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Autoimmune disease

  • 11. 
    Phagocytosis
    • A. 

      Is a function only of the T cell

    • B. 

      Is a form of specific immunity

    • C. 

      Does not require a specific antigen

    • D. 

      Is mediated through antibodies

  • 12. 
    IgE, IgA, and IgG are
    • A. 

      Antigens

    • B. 

      Interferons

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Complement proteins

  • 13. 
    This cell engages in cell-to-cell combat
    • A. 

      Erythrocyte

    • B. 

      Platelet

    • C. 

      B cell

    • D. 

      T cell

  • 14. 
    Which of the following are most associated with plasma cells and antibodies?
    • A. 

      Neutrophils

    • B. 

      Eosinophils

    • C. 

      B cells

    • D. 

      T cells

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is (are) most related to antibody-mediated immunity?
    • A. 

      Tears

    • B. 

      Saliva

    • C. 

      Sneezing

    • D. 

      Plasma cells

  • 16. 
    Which of the following cells engulfs the pathogen to achieve "antigen presentation"?
    • A. 

      A red blood cell

    • B. 

      A macrophage

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Vaccines

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is classified as killer, helper, suppressor, and memory?
    • A. 

      Granulocytes

    • B. 

      T cells

    • C. 

      Antibodies

    • D. 

      Vaccines

  • 18. 
    Which of the following T cells destroys pathogens by punching holes in their cell membrane and secreting lymphokines?
    • A. 

      Killer T cells

    • B. 

      Helper T cells

    • C. 

      Suppressor T cells

    • D. 

      Memory T cells

  • 19. 
    Because antibodies are carried by the blood, this type of immunity is also called
    • A. 

      Immunotolerance

    • B. 

      Cell-mediated immunity

    • C. 

      Humoral immunity

    • D. 

      Autoimmunity

  • 20. 
    Which cells secrete a lymphokine that stimulates both T and B cells?
    • A. 

      Platelets

    • B. 

      Killer T cells

    • C. 

      Erythrocytes

    • D. 

      Helper T cells

  • 21. 
    A vaccine
    • A. 

      Is a gamma globulin

    • B. 

      Conveys active immunity

    • C. 

      Contains antibodies

    • D. 

      Is the same as an antitoxin

  • 22. 
    These T cells do not participate in the destruction of the pathogen, but allow for a more rapid response if the antigen is presented at a later time.
    • A. 

      Killer T cells

    • B. 

      Suppressor T cells

    • C. 

      Thrombocytes

    • D. 

      Memory T cells

  • 23. 
    HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) produces severe impairment of the immune system by attacking these cells
    • A. 

      Plasma cells

    • B. 

      Suppressor T cells

    • C. 

      Helper T cells

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 24. 
    Which of the following is most associated with a low plasma level of antibodies?
    • A. 

      The "booster" response

    • B. 

      The primary response

    • C. 

      An autoimmune response

    • D. 

      Anaphylaxis

  • 25. 
    What is the term that refers to the level of antibodies in your blood?
    • A. 

      T cell count

    • B. 

      Titer

    • C. 

      White blood cell count

    • D. 

      Hematocrit