Do You Know About Infection

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 718

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Infection Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the 2nd line of defense? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Inflammation

    • B. 

      Skin

    • C. 

      Phagocytosis

    • D. 

      Mucous Membranes

  • 2. 
    What is the most common cause of anaphylaxis?
    • A. 

      Allergy to pollen

    • B. 

      Allergy to antibiotics (penicillin)

    • C. 

      Allergy to peanuts

  • 3. 
    What is the 1st line of defense? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Inflammation

    • D. 

      Mucous Membranes

  • 4. 
    Iatrogenic Infections are infections caused by the process of giving care. (C-Diff)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    Inflammation means 'the fire within' it is a nonspecific immune response that occurs in response to bodily injury. What are the 5 signs? Select all that apply
    • A. 

      Coldness

    • B. 

      Tumor (swelling)

    • C. 

      Numbness

    • D. 

      Calor (heat)

    • E. 

      Rubor (redness)

    • F. 

      Loss of function

    • G. 

      Dolor (pain

  • 6. 
    What is the correct order of the chain of infection?
    • A. 

      Portal of exit, reservoir, mode of transmission, vector transmission, portal of entry, causative agent

    • B. 

      Portal of entry, reservoir, causative agent, mode of transmission, vector transmission, portal of exit

    • C. 

      Causative agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, vector transmission, portal of entry

  • 7. 
    The aging process can be delayed in the older person as a result of decreased tissue elasticity & decreased blood supply.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    Which hormone is produced by the adrenal cortex, is an anti-inflammatory, slows release of histamine & is mimicked by corticosteroids?
    • A. 

      Testosterone

    • B. 

      Estrogen

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Cortisol

  • 9. 
    Neupogen- can help the body make WBC after receiving cancer medications. Can also improve survival in people who have been exposed to radiation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HARRT): is a combination if antiretroviral drugs that may be prescribed when the HIV viral load reaches certain levels,
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    When is a patient considered to have AIDS?
    • A. 

      When the CD8 level drops below 300 cells/mm

    • B. 

      When the CD8 level drops below 500 cells/mm

    • C. 

      When the CD4 level drops below 200 cells/mm

    • D. 

      When the CD4 level drops below 1000 cells/mm

  • 12. 
    Mode of TransmissionDirect contact: transfer of microorganisms directlyIndirect contact: occurs when pathogens are spread through droplets expelled during a sneeze or a cough or through inanimate objects
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Anaphylaxis: an allergic reaction when a allergen enters the bloodstream.S/S: anxiety, wheezing, dyspnea, cyanosis, hives, facial edema, joint pain, hypotensionAs a nurse how would you provide care of the patient experiencing anaphylaxis? Select all tat apply
    • A. 

      Give oxygen & IV epinephrine

    • B. 

      Dopamine or a volume expander (or both) to raise BP

    • C. 

      A nebulized bronchodilator to relax bronchi & improve ventilation

    • D. 

      Diphenhydramine for antihistamine effects

    • E. 

      Corticosteroids to decrease the inflammatory response

    • F. 

      Monitor respirations, HR, color, & oxygen saturation until the patient is fully recovered

    • G. 

      Monitor IV fluids & minimize the patients anxiety

  • 14. 
    HIVInitial stage lasts 4-8 weeks: generalized flu symptoms (malaise, N&V, rash, diarrhea, decreased appetite)Latent Stage lasts 2-12 yrs.: patient is asymptomatic, eventually has persistent infections.3rd stage lasts 2-3 years: patient begins to experience opportunistic infections. CD4 levels usually less than 500 & declining.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Fomite: any item that has been touched or cross-contaminated by the host (bed rails)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    A series of blood screenings are performed to test for HIV. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is done first, if you are positive on the ELISA a western blot is done to confirm it.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Write text here