Chapter 1 & 2: Anatomy & Physiology

96 Questions | Total Attempts: 3386

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Anatomy And Physiology Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of life?
    • A. 

      Respiration

    • B. 

      Excretion

    • C. 

      Growth

    • D. 

      Responsiveness

    • E. 

      Decomposition

  • 2. 
    ________ is the study of life.
    • A. 

      Enbryology

    • B. 

      Cytology

    • C. 

      Anatomy

    • D. 

      Physiology

    • E. 

      Biology

  • 3. 
    In cardiac physiology, why must blood pressure in the major arteries be maintained within normal limits?
    • A. 

      To prevent vessel damage from low pressures

    • B. 

      To prevent vessel damage and vessel collapse from high and low pressures, respectively

    • C. 

      To ensure that the timing and sequence of the heartbeat are constantly changing

    • D. 

      To prevent vessel collapse from high pressures

  • 4. 
    Anatomy is to ________ as physiology is to ________.
    • A. 

      Form; structure

    • B. 

      Growth; form

    • C. 

      Structure; function

    • D. 

      Function; form

    • E. 

      Structure; form

  • 5. 
    The central principle of physiology is
    • A. 

      Homeostasis.

    • B. 

      Temperature regulation.

    • C. 

      Nutrition.

    • D. 

      Reflexes.

    • E. 

      Stimulation.

  • 6. 
    Because the anatomy and physiology of the body's structures are interrelated, it is often said that "form determines ________".
  • 7. 
    Regarding cells and the cell theory:
    • A. 

      Bone cells are the structural building blocks of all plants and animals.

    • B. 

      Neurons are the most abundant cells in the body.

    • C. 

      Only reproductive cells are produced by the divisions of preexisting cells.

    • D. 

      Cells are the smallest structural units that perform all vital functions.

  • 8. 
    What level of organization does a protein belong to?
    • A. 

      Cellular level

    • B. 

      Organ system level

    • C. 

      Chemical level

    • D. 

      Organ level

    • E. 

      Tissue level

  • 9. 
    What level of organization is the smallest living level of organization?
    • A. 

      Chemical level

    • B. 

      Organ level

    • C. 

      Cellular level

    • D. 

      Tissue level

    • E. 

      Organ system level

  • 10. 
    Which is the major function of the lymphoid system?
    • A. 

      Internal transport of nutrients, waste, and gases

    • B. 

      Mineral storage

    • C. 

      Directing immediate responses to stimuli

    • D. 

      Defense against infection and disease

  • 11. 
    How are the skeletal system and muscular system related or similar in function?
    • A. 

      The skeletal system provides mineral storage while the muscular system functions in the absorption of minerals.

    • B. 

      They both function in support within the human body.

    • C. 

      They both produce heat.

    • D. 

      They both function in blood formation.

  • 12. 
    Which organ system directs immediate responses to stimuli?
    • A. 

      Reproductive system

    • B. 

      Lymphoid system

    • C. 

      Endocrine system

    • D. 

      Nervous system

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is arranged in correct order from the most COMPLEX to the SIMPLEST?
    • A. 

      Molecular, cellular, tissue, organ, system, organism

    • B. 

      Organ, organism, molecular, cellular, tissue, system

    • C. 

      Organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular

    • D. 

      Cellular, tissue, molecular, system, organ, organism

    • E. 

      Tissue, cellular, molecular, organ, system, organism

  • 14. 
    Which organ system provides support, protection of soft tissue, mineral storage, and blood formation?
    • A. 

      Nervous

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Muscular

    • D. 

      Skeletal

    • E. 

      Endocrine

  • 15. 
    Which organ system transports nutrients, metabolic wastes, gases, and defense cells?
    • A. 

      Muscular

    • B. 

      Cardiovascular

    • C. 

      Digestive

    • D. 

      Urinary

    • E. 

      Respiratory

  • 16. 
    Which organ system functions in defense against infection and disease?
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular

    • B. 

      Endocrine

    • C. 

      Lymphatic

    • D. 

      Digestive

    • E. 

      Nervous

  • 17. 
    Directing long term changes in the activities of other organ systems is the major function of the ________ system.
    • A. 

      Digestive

    • B. 

      Lymphatic

    • C. 

      Cardiovascular

    • D. 

      Respiratory

    • E. 

      Endocrine

  • 18. 
    Elimination of excess water, salts and waste products are functions of the ________ system.
    • A. 

      Digestive

    • B. 

      Respiratory

    • C. 

      Lymphatic

    • D. 

      Urinary

    • E. 

      Endocrine

  • 19. 
    Which organ system removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream?
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Lymphatic

    • C. 

      Cardiovascular

    • D. 

      Respiratory

    • E. 

      Digestive

  • 20. 
    Gas exchange is to the respiratory system as absorption of nutrients is to the ________ system.
    • A. 

      Cardiovascular

    • B. 

      Urinary

    • C. 

      Lymphatic

    • D. 

      Digestive

    • E. 

      Urinary and cardiovascular

  • 21. 
    Protection from environmental hazards is a function of the ________ system.
    • A. 

      Muscular

    • B. 

      Integumentary

    • C. 

      Skeletal

    • D. 

      Endocrine

    • E. 

      Skeletal and muscular

  • 22. 
    In general, the nervous system does each of the following, except
    • A. 

      Directs very specific responses.

    • B. 

      Directs long-term responses to change.

    • C. 

      Helps to maintain homeostasis.

    • D. 

      Responds rapidly to change and directs very specific responses.

    • E. 

      Responds rapidly to change.

  • 23. 
    Regarding homeostatic mechanisms involved in temperature regulation, the smooth muscle in the walls of blood vessels supplying the skin act as (the):
    • A. 

      Control center

    • B. 

      Integration center

    • C. 

      Receptors

    • D. 

      Effectors

  • 24. 
    Which statement is true regarding the negative feedback homeostatic mechanism, which occurs during temperature regulation?
    • A. 

      Increased activity in the control center targets skeletal muscle in the extremities.

    • B. 

      The only receptors for temperature exist in the skin.

    • C. 

      At normal body temperature, the temperature control center is extremely active.

    • D. 

      The skin acts like a radiator, losing heat to the environment.

  • 25. 
    The maintenance of a constant internal environment in an organism is termed
    • A. 

      Negative feedback

    • B. 

      Positive feedback

    • C. 

      Homeostasis

    • D. 

      Integration

    • E. 

      Effector control

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