Carroll High School Biology 1

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 79

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High School Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is made from 1st semester (chapters 1-6) study guide for the Biology 1 final examination given to the students of Carroll High School. Made from the C. R. Q. 's (Chapter Review Questions). Please note that this quiz is graded using the Carroll High School grading scale.


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements about the image shown below is NOT an observation?
    • A. 

      The insect has 3 legs on one side.

    • B. 

      The insect is green, white, and black.

    • C. 

      The insect has a pattern on its back.

    • D. 

      The insect's pattern shows it is poisonous.

  • 2. 
    The statement "the worm is 2 cm long" is a(n)
    • A. 

      Quantitative observation

    • B. 

      Qualitative observation

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Inference

  • 3. 
    An inference is
    • A. 

      A statement involving numbers.

    • B. 

      The same as an observation.

    • C. 

      A logical interpretation of an observation.

    • D. 

      A way to avoid bias.

  • 4. 
    The term spontaneous generation means that
    • A. 

      Living things arise from other living things.

    • B. 

      Living things can arise from nonliving matter.

    • C. 

      Living things evolve over time

    • D. 

      A maggot is part of the life cycle of a fly.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements about a controlled experiment is true?
    • A. 

      Controlled experiments cannot be performed on liveing things.

    • B. 

      Only one variable is tested at a time.

    • C. 

      All the variables must be kept the same.

    • D. 

      Scientists always use controlled experiments.

  • 6. 
    A scientifice theory is
    • A. 

      A well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations.

    • B. 

      Another word for hypothesis.

    • C. 

      The same as the conclusion of an experiment.

    • D. 

      The first step in a controlled experiment.

  • 7. 
    The process in which two cells from different parents unite to produce the first cell of a new organism is called
    • A. 

      Homeostasis

    • B. 

      Sexual Reproduction

    • C. 

      Developement

    • D. 

      Asexual Reproduction

  • 8. 
    The process by which organisms keep in their internal condition relatively stable is called
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Metabolism

    • C. 

      Homoestasis

    • D. 

      A Genome

  • 9. 
    One meter is equal to
    • A. 

      1000 millimeters

    • B. 

      1 millimeter

    • C. 

      1000 kilograms

    • D. 

      10 kilograms

    • E. 

      1 milliliter

  • 10. 
    A researcher investigated two groups of fruit flies for 40 days.  Population A was kept in a 0.5-L container.  Population B was kept in a 1-L container.The manipulated variable was the
    • A. 

      Time in days

    • B. 

      Size of the containers.

    • C. 

      Number of flies.

    • D. 

      Differnce in time per group.

    • E. 

      Number of groups studied.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a inferencebased on the contents of a graph?
    • A. 

      The flies in group B were healthier than those in Group A.

    • B. 

      If Group B were observed for 40 more days, the size of the population will double.

    • C. 

      A fly population with more available space will grow larger than a population with less space.

    • D. 

      In 40 more days, the sizes of both populations would decrease at the same rate.

    • E. 

      The pattern shown in the graph is true onliy for fruit flies.

  • 12. 
    Once a month, a pet owner recorded the mass of her puppy in a table. When the puppy was 3 months old, she started to feed it a “special puppy food” she saw advertised on TV.Age (months)          Mass at Start of Month (kg)          Change in Mass per Month (kg)2                                              5                                                -----3                                              8                                                +3 4                                             13                                               +5According to the table, which statement is true?
    • A. 

      The puppy's mass increased at the same rate for each month shown.

    • B. 

      The puppy's increase in mass during month 4 was greater than 4 kg.

    • C. 

      The puppy added more mass during month2 than during month 3.

    • D. 

      The puppy added more mass during month 3 during month 2.

    • E. 

      No accurate statements are possible unless you know the data from the first month.

  • 13. 
    Once a month, a pet owner recorded the mass of her puppy in a table. When the puppy was 3 months old, she started to feed it a “ special puppy food” she saw advertised on TV. Age (months)          Mass at Start of Month (kg)                Change in Mass per Month (kg)2                                          5                                                         -----3                                          8                                                         +34                                         13                                                        +5All of the following statements about the pet owner's study are true EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The owner conducted a controlled experiment.

    • B. 

      The owner recorded data.

    • C. 

      The owner used the metric system.

    • D. 

      The owner could graph the data.

    • E. 

      The owner made quantitative observations.

  • 14. 
    An attraction between different substances
    • A. 

      Cohesion

    • B. 

      Catalysts

    • C. 

      Reactants

    • D. 

      Adhesion

    • E. 

      Products

  • 15. 
    Lower a chemical reaction's activation energy
    • A. 

      Cohesion

    • B. 

      Catalysts

    • C. 

      Adhesion

    • D. 

      Reactants

    • E. 

      Products

  • 16. 
    Which one of the following is NOT an organic molecule found in living organisms?
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • C. 

      Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      Lipid

    • E. 

      Sodium Chloride

  • 17. 
    Which combination of particle and charge is correct?
    • A. 

      Proton: Positively Charged

    • B. 

      Electron: Positively Charged

    • C. 

      Neutron: Negatively Charged

    • D. 

      Proton: Negatively Charged

    • E. 

      Electron: No Charge

  • 18. 
    In which of the following ways do isotopes of the same element differ?
    • A. 

      In numbers of protons only.

    • B. 

      In numers of neutrons only.

    • C. 

      In number of neutrons and mass.

    • D. 

      In numbers neutrons and protons.

    • E. 

      In numbers of protons and in mass.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following molecules is made up of gycerol and fatty acids?
    • A. 

      Starches

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Sugar

    • D. 

      Lipids

    • E. 

      Nucleic Acids

  • 20. 
    Nucleotides consist of phosphate group, a nitrogenous base and a
    • A. 

      Lipid

    • B. 

      Fatty Acid

    • C. 

      5-Carbon Sugar

    • D. 

      6-Carbon Sugar

    • E. 

      Starch

  • 21. 
    In chemical reaction, a reactant binds to an enzyme at a region known as the
    • A. 

      Substrate

    • B. 

      Catalyst

    • C. 

      Product

    • D. 

      Active Site

  • 22. 
    The positively charged particle in an atom is the
    • A. 

      Ion

    • B. 

      Neutron

    • C. 

      Proton

    • D. 

      Electon

  • 23. 
    A covalent bond is formed by the
    • A. 

      Transfer of electrons.

    • B. 

      Gaining of electrons.

    • C. 

      Sharing of electrons.

    • D. 

      Losing of electrons.

  • 24. 
    When you shake sugar and sand together in a test tube, you cause them to form a
    • A. 

      Solution

    • B. 

      Mixture

    • C. 

      Compound

    • D. 

      Suspension

  • 25. 
    A compound that produces hydrogen ions in solution is a(n)
    • A. 

      Acid

    • B. 

      Salt

    • C. 

      Base

    • D. 

      Polymer

  • 26. 
    In polymerization, complex molecules are formed by the joining together of
    • A. 

      Macromolecules

    • B. 

      Polymers

    • C. 

      Monomers

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

  • 27. 
    An enzyme speeds up a reaction by
    • A. 

      Raising the activation energy.

    • B. 

      Releasing energy.

    • C. 

      Lowering the activation energy.

    • D. 

      Absorbing energy.

  • 28. 
    The enzyme catalyst speeds up the chemical reation that changed hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water.  The amount of oxygen given off is an indication of the rate of the reaction.As the rate of oxygen production (mL/s) rises, so does the concentration of the catalase (%).What can you conclude about the relationship between enzyme concentration and reaction rate?
    • A. 

      Reaction rate decreases with increasing enzyme concentraion.

    • B. 

      Reaction rate increases with decreasing enzyme concentration.

    • C. 

      Reaction rate increases with increasing enzyme concentration.

    • D. 

      The variables are indirectly proportional.

    • E. 

      The variables are not related.

  • 29. 
    A group of individuals belonging to a single species that lives together in a defined area is termed a(n)
    • A. 

      Ecosystem

    • B. 

      Community

    • C. 

      Population

    • D. 

      Biome

    • E. 

      Biosphere

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is NOT true about matter in the biosphere?
    • A. 

      Matter is recycled in the biopshere.

    • B. 

      Biogeochemical cycles transform and reuse molecules.

    • C. 

      The total amount of matter decreases over time.

    • D. 

      Water and nutrients pass between organisms and the enviroment.

    • E. 

      The lack of a specific nutrient can reduce primary productivety.

  • 31. 
    Which is a source of energy for Earth's living things?I.  Wind EnergyII.  SunlightIII. Chemical Energy
    • A. 

      I. only

    • B. 

      II. only

    • C. 

      I. and II.

    • D. 

      II. and III.

    • E. 

      All 3

  • 32. 
    In addition to herbivores, another type of comsumer is a(n)I.  CarnivoreII.  OmnivoreIII. Detretivore 
    • A. 

      I. only

    • B. 

      II. only

    • C. 

      I. and II.

    • D. 

      II. and III.

    • E. 

      All 3

  • 33. 
    Human activities, such as burning of fossil fuels, cycle carbon through the carbon cycle.  Which other processes all participate in the carbon cycle?I.   Biological processes, such as photosynthesisII.  Geochemical processes, such as the release of gas free volcanoesIII. Mixed biogeochemicals processes, such as the formation of fossil fuels
    • A. 

      I. only

    • B. 

      II. only

    • C. 

      I. and II. only

    • D. 

      II. and III. only

    • E. 

      All 3

  • 34. 
    The total mass of living tissue at each trohpic level can be shown in a(n)
    • A. 

      Pyramid of Numbers

    • B. 

      Biomass Pyramid

    • C. 

      Energy Pyramid

    • D. 

      Biogeochemical Cycle

  • 35. 
    Nutrients move through an ecosystem in
    • A. 

      Water Cycles

    • B. 

      Energy Pyramids

    • C. 

      Biogeochemical Cycles

    • D. 

      Ecological Pyramids

  • 36. 
    In the nitrogen cycle, bacteria that live on the roots of plants and
    • A. 

      Change nitrogen gas into plant proteins.

    • B. 

      Denitrify nitrogen compounds.

    • C. 

      Change citrogen gas into amonia.

    • D. 

      Break down nitrogen compounds into nitrogen gas.

  • 37. 
    Which biogeochemical cycle does NOT involve a stage where the chemical enters atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Carbon Cycle

    • B. 

      Water Cycle

    • C. 

      Phosphorus Cycle

    • D. 

      Nitrogen Cycle

  • 38. 
    When an ecosystem is limited by a single nutrient that either is scarce of cycles very slowly, this substance is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Organic Phosphate

    • B. 

      Limiting Nutrient

    • C. 

      Biogeochemical Cycle

    • D. 

      Nitrogen Cycle

  • 39. 
    Which of the following organisms is a decomposer?
    • A. 

      Twig

    • B. 

      Fox

    • C. 

      Bird

    • D. 

      Bacteria

  • 40. 
    Groups of different species that live together in a definate area make up a(n)
    • A. 

      Ecosytem

    • B. 

      Biosphere

    • C. 

      Community

    • D. 

      Population

  • 41. 
    Autotrophs are organisms that
    • A. 

      Consume plant and animal remains and other dead matter.

    • B. 

      Obtain energy by eating only plants.

    • C. 

      Use energy they take in from the environment to convert inorganic molecules into complex organic molecules.

    • D. 

      Reply on other organisms for their energy and food supply.

  • 42. 
    The series of steps in which a large fish eats a small fish that has eaten algae is a
    • A. 

      Pyramid of Numbers

    • B. 

      Food Web

    • C. 

      Food Chain

    • D. 

      Biomass Pyramid

  • 43. 
    The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature and recipitation within a particular region are its
    • A. 

      Greenhouse Effect

    • B. 

      Weather

    • C. 

      Biotic Factors

    • D. 

      Climate

  • 44. 
    The greenhouse effect causes an increase in
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Oxygen

    • C. 

      Temperature

    • D. 

      Carbon Dioxide