# Body Planes, Systems, Directions

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| By Jan_parker
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Jan_parker
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Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 60,923
Questions: 23 | Attempts: 1,454

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The following 25 question quiz is entirely multiple choice and true/false. Do not take this test until you have a firm grasp on all of the terms you completed when you colored the first set of handouts. To eliminate the possibility of you using your handout to help you complete this test, I am putting a time limit of 20 minutes on this quiz. If it takes you longer than 20 minutes, you will need to come in to class and take the quiz in person (on your own time). You may take this online quiz only once, so be Read moresure you are ready.

• 1.

### A structure that is closer to the median plane than another structure.

• A.

Posterior

• B.

Lateral

• C.

Medial

• D.

Distal

C. Medial
Explanation
The term "medial" refers to a structure that is closer to the median plane of the body compared to another structure. The median plane is an imaginary vertical plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves. Therefore, when comparing two structures, if one is located closer to the median plane than the other, it is considered "medial." In this case, "medial" is the correct answer because it describes a structure that is closer to the median plane.

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• 2.

### Term that refers to a structure being closer to the feet than another structure

• A.

Anterior

• B.

Posterior

• C.

Proximal

• D.

Caudal

D. Caudal
Explanation
Caudal refers to a structure being closer to the feet than another structure. In anatomical terms, caudal refers to the direction towards the tail or the lower part of the body. Therefore, caudal is the correct answer for the term that refers to a structure being closer to the feet than another structure.

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• 3.

### Term that refers to a structure being more in front than another structure of the body

• A.

Anterior

• B.

Posterior

• C.

Lateral

• D.

Proximal

A. Anterior
Explanation
The term "anterior" refers to a structure being more in front than another structure of the body. This means that the structure is located towards the front of the body or towards the head. In contrast, "posterior" refers to a structure being more towards the back or towards the tail. "Lateral" refers to a structure being towards the side, while "proximal" refers to a structure being closer to the point of attachment or origin.

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• 4.

### Longitudinal plane dividing the head and torso into left and right parts

• A.

Median

• B.

Sagittal

• C.

Coronal

• D.

Transverse

B. Sagittal
Explanation
A sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right parts. In this case, it specifically refers to a longitudinal plane that divides the head and torso into left and right parts. This means that if you were to cut the body in half from the top of the head down to the feet, along the midline, you would have a sagittal plane.

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• 5.

### System through which nutrients, gases, and molecular material pass to and from the tissues

• A.

Cardiovascular

• B.

Articular

• C.

Nervous

• D.

Endocrine

A. Cardiovascular
Explanation
The cardiovascular system is responsible for transporting nutrients, gases, and molecular material to and from the tissues. It consists of the heart, blood vessels, and blood. The heart pumps oxygenated blood to the tissues, delivering nutrients and removing waste products. The blood vessels, including arteries, veins, and capillaries, provide a network for the blood to flow through. This system plays a vital role in maintaining the overall health and functioning of the body by ensuring that all tissues receive the necessary nutrients and oxygen they need to survive.

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• 6.

### This system consists of impulse-generating and impulse-conducting tissuec

• A.

Cardiovascular

• B.

Lymphatic

• C.

Endocrine

• D.

Nervous

D. Nervous
Explanation
The given answer, "nervous," is correct because the system described in the question, which consists of impulse-generating and impulse-conducting tissue, is characteristic of the nervous system. The nervous system is responsible for transmitting electrical impulses throughout the body, allowing for communication between different parts of the body and coordinating various bodily functions.

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• 7.

### System that includes the skin

• A.

Cardiovascular

• B.

Skeletal

• C.

Lymphatic

• D.

Integumentary

D. Integumentary
Explanation
The integumentary system is responsible for protecting the body from external threats, such as pathogens, UV radiation, and dehydration. It includes the skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands. The skin is the largest organ of the body and acts as a barrier against harmful substances, regulates body temperature, and contains sensory receptors that allow us to feel touch, temperature, and pain. Therefore, the integumentary system is the correct answer as it encompasses the skin and its associated structures.

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• 8.

### System that is concerned with the maintenance of a neutral acid-base balance in body fluids

• A.

Lymphatic

• B.

Respiratory

• C.

Urinary

• D.

Immune

C. Urinary
Explanation
The urinary system is responsible for maintaining a neutral acid-base balance in body fluids. It does this through the filtration and excretion of waste products, including excess acids and bases, from the bloodstream. The kidneys, which are part of the urinary system, regulate the levels of electrolytes, such as bicarbonate and hydrogen ions, in the body. This helps to maintain the pH balance of the blood and other body fluids, ensuring that they remain within a narrow range that is compatible with normal physiological functioning.

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• 9.

### System that carries out body defense - contains organs such as the thymus and the spleen

• A.

Respiratory

• B.

Lymphoid

• C.

Urinary

• D.

Cardiovascular

B. LympHoid
Explanation
The lymphoid system is responsible for carrying out body defense and includes organs such as the thymus and the spleen. This system plays a crucial role in the immune response by producing and storing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and filtering out harmful substances from the body. The lymphoid system helps to identify and eliminate pathogens, toxins, and abnormal cells, thus maintaining the body's overall defense against infections and diseases.

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• 10.

### Region of the head that includes the eyes and the cavity the eyes sit in

• A.

Oral

• B.

Temporal

• C.

Nasal

• D.

Orbital

D. Orbital
Explanation
The region of the head that includes the eyes and the cavity the eyes sit in is called the orbital region. It is responsible for housing and protecting the eyes, as well as providing support for the surrounding structures such as the eyelids and muscles responsible for eye movement. The orbital region is crucial for maintaining proper vision and eye health. The other options (oral, temporal, and nasal) do not specifically refer to the region that includes the eyes and the eye cavity.

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• 11.

### In the upper body, the part of the body referred to as "carpal"

• A.

Elbow

• B.

Wrist

• C.

Fingers

• D.

Armpit

B. Wrist
Explanation
The correct answer is wrist because the term "carpal" is commonly used to refer to the wrist. The carpal bones are a group of small bones located in the wrist that connect the hand to the forearm. The elbow is a joint connecting the upper arm to the forearm, the fingers are the digits at the end of the hand, and the armpit is the hollow area under the arm. Therefore, wrist is the most appropriate choice in relation to the term "carpal".

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• 12.

### Part of the body that refers to the anterior chest

• A.

Inguinal

• B.

Axillary

• C.

Femoral

• D.

Pectoral

D. Pectoral
Explanation
The pectoral region refers to the anterior chest, which includes the area overlying the pectoralis major muscle. This region is commonly known as the chest and is located in the upper front part of the body. The other options, inguinal, axillary, and femoral, refer to different anatomical regions and are not related to the anterior chest.

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• 13.

### Refers to lower jaw

• A.

Frontal

• B.

Oral

• C.

Buscal

• D.

Mandibular

D. Mandibular
Explanation
The term "mandibular" refers to the lower jaw. Out of the given options, "mandibular" is the only term that specifically relates to the jaw. "Frontal" refers to the forehead, "oral" pertains to the mouth, and "buscal" is not a recognized anatomical term. Therefore, "mandibular" is the correct answer as it is the only option that accurately describes the lower jaw.

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• 14.

### Which of the following is NOT found in the posterior region of the body?

• A.

Vertebral

• B.

Lumbar

• C.

Pectoral

• D.

Gluteal

C. Pectoral
Explanation
The pectoral region is not found in the posterior region of the body. The posterior region refers to the back side of the body, while the pectoral region is located in the anterior region, specifically in the chest area. The vertebral, lumbar, and gluteal regions are all found in the posterior region of the body.

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• 15.

### In humans, the heart is posterior to the spine.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The heart is not posterior to the spine in humans. In anatomical terms, "posterior" refers to a position that is towards the back or rear of the body. However, the heart is located in the chest cavity, more towards the front of the body, slightly to the left side. Therefore, the statement that the heart is posterior to the spine is false.

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• 16.

### In humans, fingers are distal to elbows.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because the fingers are indeed distal to the elbows in humans. "Distal" refers to a position farther away from the point of origin or attachment, while "proximal" refers to a position closer to the point of origin or attachment. In the human body, the fingers are located at the distal end of the upper limb, while the elbows are located at the proximal end. Therefore, the fingers are distal to the elbows.

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• 17.

### The transverse plane separates the human body's anterior and posterior regions.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The transverse plane does not separate the human body's anterior and posterior regions. The transverse plane, also known as the horizontal plane, divides the body into upper and lower portions. The plane that separates the anterior and posterior regions is the frontal or coronal plane. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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• 18.

### Glands that secrete hormones are found in what system?

• A.

Lymphatic

• B.

Nervous

• C.

Respiratory

• D.

Endocrine

D. Endocrine
Explanation
The correct answer is endocrine. Glands that secrete hormones are found in the endocrine system. This system is responsible for producing and releasing hormones into the bloodstream to regulate various bodily functions and maintain homeostasis. Examples of glands in the endocrine system include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, and pancreas. These glands secrete hormones such as insulin, cortisol, and growth hormone, which play crucial roles in metabolism, stress response, and growth and development.

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• 19.

### What system is comprised of joints, joint capsules, and synovial membranes?

• A.

Muscular

• B.

Cardiovascular

• C.

Articular

• D.

Endocrine

C. Articular
Explanation
The system that is comprised of joints, joint capsules, and synovial membranes is the articular system. Joints are the connections between bones, and joint capsules and synovial membranes are structures that surround and support the joints. The articular system is responsible for allowing movement and providing stability to the body.

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• 20.

### The liver and pancreas are a part of the _____ system.

• A.

Urinary

• B.

Cardiovascular

• C.

Respiratory

• D.

Digestive

D. Digestive
Explanation
The liver and pancreas are both organs that play important roles in the digestive system. The liver produces bile, which helps in the breakdown of fats, and also detoxifies harmful substances in the body. The pancreas produces digestive enzymes that are necessary for the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Therefore, the correct answer is digestive.

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• 21.

### The kidneys are the main functionary in this system.

• A.

Respiratory

• B.

Urinary

• C.

Immune

• D.

Reproductive

B. Urinary
Explanation
The kidneys play a crucial role in the urinary system. They are responsible for filtering waste products, excess water, and toxins from the blood to produce urine. The urinary system also includes the bladder, ureters, and urethra, which work together to store and eliminate urine from the body. Therefore, the statement that the kidneys are the main functionary in this system is correct.

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• 22.

### Which of the following is not a part of the abdominopelvic region of the body?

• A.

Inguinal

• B.

Brachial

• C.

Pubic

• D.

Perineal

B. Brachial
Explanation
The question is asking for a part of the body that is not included in the abdominopelvic region. The abdominopelvic region refers to the area of the body that includes the abdomen and pelvis. The options given are inguinal, brachial, pubic, and perineal. Of these options, brachial is not a part of the abdominopelvic region. The brachial region refers to the upper arm, while the abdominopelvic region is focused on the abdomen and pelvis. Therefore, brachial is the correct answer as it does not belong to the abdominopelvic region.

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• 23.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because the word "lateral" refers to the side or outer part of something. In this case, it means that the eyes are positioned on the sides of the nose. This is anatomically correct as the eyes are situated on either side of the nose, allowing for peripheral vision.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Feb 02, 2009
Quiz Created by
Jan_parker

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