Anatomy Trivia Quiz: Mock Test!

45 Questions

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Anatomy Trivia Quiz: Mock Test!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    All of the following statements are true about the SinuAtrial (SA) node EXCEPT
    • A. 

      It receives sympathetic impulses from the first five to six thoracic spinal cord segments that accelerate its basal rate

    • B. 

      It sends impulses directly to the atrioventricular bundle of subendocardial branches (fibers)

    • C. 

      It receives autonomic innervation from cardiac plexus that is located on aortic arch and carina of trachea

    • D. 

      It sets that basal heart rate at 80-100 beats per

    • E. 

      It receives parasympathetic impulses from the vagus nerve that decrease its basal rate

  • 2. 
    The right coronary artery typically:
    • A. 

      Runs parallel with the great cardiac vein

    • B. 

      Fills when the aortic valve is open

    • C. 

      Has a circumflex branch

    • D. 

      Supplies most of the interventricular septum

    • E. 

      Supplies both the AV and SA nodes

  • 3. 
    Supplies both the AV and SA nodes.
    • A. 

      Right vagus nerve

    • B. 

      Aorta

    • C. 

      Hemiazygos vein

    • D. 

      Inferior vena cava

    • E. 

      Right phrenic nerve

  • 4. 
    Which structure is most likely injured in a shallow stab wound in the left fourth intercostal space, immediately lateral to the sternum?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Right ventricle

    • C. 

      Superior vena cava

    • D. 

      Pulmonary trunk

    • E. 

      Thoracic aorta

  • 5. 
    Which of the following associations about heart structures is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      Crista terminalis; right atrium

    • B. 

      Oval fossa; interatrial septum

    • C. 

      Bundle branches; interventricular septum

    • D. 

      Septal papillary muscles; left ventricle

    • E. 

      Opening to coronary arteries; aortic valve

  • 6. 
    A brain tumor involving the body of the lateral ventricle may directly extend to which structure?
    • A. 

      Pons

    • B. 

      Caudate nucleus

    • C. 

      Hypothalamus

    • D. 

      Lentiform nucleus

    • E. 

      Hippocampus

  • 7. 
    Which are the only two UNPAIRED vessels near or a part of the Circle of Willis?
    • A. 

      Basilar artery and posterior cerebral artery

    • B. 

      Basilar artery and posterior communicating artery

    • C. 

      Superior cerebellar artery and posterior communicating artery?

    • D. 

      Basilar artery and anterior communicating artery?

    • E. 

      Anterior communicating artery and posterior communicating artery?

  • 8. 
    Which of the following associations about brain injury is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      BrocaÕs area; speech deficiency

    • B. 

      Temporal lobe; memory loss

    • C. 

      Postcentral gyrus; limb paralysis

    • D. 

      Thalamus; sensation loss

    • E. 

      Calcarine sulcus; blindness

  • 9. 
    Considering the lungs:
    • A. 

      The pleural domes are inferior to the first rib

    • B. 

      The inferior pulmonary ligaments are made by the pleural reflections under the hilum

    • C. 

      The segmental bronchi branches are inside the mediastinum

    • D. 

      The horizontal fissure can be found in each lung

    • E. 

      The left lung has no superior lobe

  • 10. 
    In the thoracic cavity:
    • A. 

      The phrenic nerves are between the fibrous pericardium and the pleurae

    • B. 

      The posterior mediastinum contains also the thymus

    • C. 

      The superior vena cava is on the left side

    • D. 

      The heart occupies the anterior mediastinum

    • E. 

      The trachea bifurcates approximately at T3

  • 11. 
    The artery that gives origin to small branches directed to the medial side of the breast is:
    • A. 

      Superior epigastric artery

    • B. 

      Internal thoracic artery

    • C. 

      Muscolophrenic artery

    • D. 

      Posterior intercostal artery

    • E. 

      Thoracoacromial artery

  • 12. 
    The horizontal fissure separates:
    • A. 

      Right upper lobe from right middle lobe

    • B. 

      Right middle lobe from right lower lobe

    • C. 

      Left upper lobe from left lower lobe

    • D. 

      Left upper lobe from left middle lobe

    • E. 

      Left middle lobe from left lower lobe

  • 13. 
    The three lobes of the right lung have the following number of bronchopulmonary segments, respectively:
    • A. 

      5,3,2

    • B. 

      2,3,5

    • C. 

      3,3,4

    • D. 

      3,2,5

    • E. 

      2,4,4

  • 14. 
    The tip of the knife is in the pleural cavity (space). This cavity is located between:
    • A. 

      Parietal pleura and visceral pleura

    • B. 

      Adjacent ribs

    • C. 

      Mediastinal pleura and costal pleura

    • D. 

      Visceral pleura and lung tissue

    • E. 

      Innermost intercostal muscle and parietal pleura

  • 15. 
    The inferior thoracic aperture:
    • A. 

      It is wider in the transverse plane than in the sagittal plane

    • B. 

      All the sentences are correct

    • C. 

      It measures 5 cm antero-posteriorly and 10 cm transversely

    • D. 

      The posterior border is limited by the level of the 10th thoracic vertebra

    • E. 

      Anteriorly is limited by the body of the sternum

  • 16. 
    Regarding the Thymus gland, please indicate the CORRECT sentence:
    • A. 

      It contains many afferent lymphatics

    • B. 

      It is supplied mainly from branches of thoracic aorta

    • C. 

      It lies mainly in the superior mediastinum and anterior part of inferior mediastinum

    • D. 

      It is responsible for the provision of thymus-processed (B) lymphocytes

    • E. 

      It lies mainly in the middle and posterior mediastinum

  • 17. 
    Considering the pulmonary arteries:
    • A. 

      The left pulmonary artery emerges from the concavity of the pulmonary trunk

    • B. 

      There are usually four pulmonary arteries, two from each lung

    • C. 

      The right pulmonary artery divides into two larger branches

    • D. 

      The right pulmonary artery emerges in front of the aortic arch

    • E. 

      There are only two branches of the left pulmonary artery

  • 18. 
    If you touch a U-shaped depression located on the manubrium of the sternum, you localize the:
    • A. 

      Angle of Louis

    • B. 

      Jugular notch

    • C. 

      Sternal angle

    • D. 

      Xiphoid process

    • E. 

      Xiphisternal joint

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is most likely a result of a tumor that invades the retromammary space?
    • A. 

      Increased mobility of the breast

    • B. 

      Edema (swelling) in the breast due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels

    • C. 

      Decreased mobility of the breast

    • D. 

      Blockage of the internal thoracic artery

    • E. 

      None of the options is correct

  • 20. 
    Worn-out and damaged red blood cells are destroyed in the:
    • A. 

      Bone marrow

    • B. 

      Thymus gland

    • C. 

      Spleen

    • D. 

      Lymph nodes

    • E. 

      Tonsils

  • 21. 
    Concerning the spermatic cord, the cremasteric muscle and its fascia are derived by:
    • A. 

      Transversus abdominis and its fascia

    • B. 

      External oblique muscle and its fascia

    • C. 

      None of the these

    • D. 

      Transversalis fascia

    • E. 

      Internal oblique muscle and its fascia

  • 22. 
    In female, the gubernaculum (ligament that drives the migration of the gonads):
    • A. 

      None is correct

    • B. 

      Regresses completely

    • C. 

      Forms the round ligament

    • D. 

      Forms the broad ligament

    • E. 

      Forms the cardinal ligament

  • 23. 
    In the enteric nervous system, the Auerbach's plexus is located:
    • A. 

      Between the external longitudinal muscle layer and the serosa

    • B. 

      Between the inner circular and external longitudinal muscle layers

    • C. 

      Between the mucosae and the muscolaris mucosae

    • D. 

      Between the submucosa and the mucosa

    • E. 

      Between the submucosa and the inner circular muscle layer

  • 24. 
    Name the glands associated with GI tract
    • A. 

      Liver, parotids and thyroid glands

    • B. 

      All answers are wrong

    • C. 

      Liver, pancreas and adrenal glands

    • D. 

      Pancreas, parotids and thyroid glands

    • E. 

      Liver, parotids and pancreas

  • 25. 
    Parasympathetic preganglionic nerve fibers that target abdominal viscera are provided by:
    • A. 

      Sympathetic trunk

    • B. 

      Stellate ganglia

    • C. 

      Pelvic splanchnic nerves

    • D. 

      Thoracolumbar splanchnic nerves

    • E. 

      Vagus nerve

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