Black Civil Rights Focus Question Three (Black Power, Urban Ghetto Focus)

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Black Civil Rights Quizzes & Trivia

Black Civil Rights Focus Question Three (Black Power focus)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    After the success of the 1965 Voters Rights Act which issue did Martin Luther King choose as new direction in his civil rights campaign?

    • A.

      The continuing segregation in education

    • B.

      Economic and social conditions of blacks in America

    • C.

      Training new SCLC in speech making

    Correct Answer
    B. Economic and social conditions of blacks in America
    Explanation
    After the success of the 1965 Voters Rights Act, Martin Luther King chose to focus on the economic and social conditions of blacks in America as the new direction in his civil rights campaign. This decision was likely influenced by the realization that while voting rights were an important step towards equality, economic and social disparities still persisted for African Americans. King recognized the need to address issues such as poverty, unemployment, and discrimination in order to achieve true equality and improve the overall well-being of the black community.

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  • 2. 

    Tick which of these accurately describe urban conditions in northern ghettoes in the mid 1960s

    • A.

      Black ghettoes poorest areas of cities

    • B.

      Overcrowded

    • C.

      Well maintained

    • D.

      Properties neglected by lanlords (i.e. landlords slow or did not fix leaking roofs)

    • E.

      Widespread crime and unemployment

    • F.

      Cycle of poverty and despair

    • G.

      Desegregated

    • H.

      Inferior social and economic conditions

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Black ghettoes poorest areas of cities
    B. Overcrowded
    D. Properties neglected by lanlords (i.e. landlords slow or did not fix leaking roofs)
    E. Widespread crime and unemployment
    F. Cycle of poverty and despair
    H. Inferior social and economic conditions
    Explanation
    In the mid 1960s, urban conditions in northern ghettoes were characterized by several factors. Firstly, these areas were the poorest areas of cities, primarily inhabited by black communities. Secondly, they were overcrowded, with a high population density. Thirdly, the properties in these areas were neglected by landlords, who were slow or did not fix issues such as leaking roofs. Moreover, these areas experienced widespread crime and unemployment, contributing to a cycle of poverty and despair. Overall, the social and economic conditions in these black ghettoes were inferior compared to other areas of the city.

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  • 3. 

    Which was one area which experienced widespread rioting in the summer of 1965?

    • A.

      Dallas, Texas

    • B.

      Watts, Los Angeles, California

    • C.

      El Paso

    Correct Answer
    B. Watts, Los Angeles, California
    Explanation
    In the summer of 1965, one area that experienced widespread rioting was Watts, Los Angeles, California.

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  • 4. 

    Who barred black citizens from skilled jobs?

    • A.

      The federal government

    • B.

      The state government

    • C.

      Trade unions

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade unions
    Explanation
    Trade unions barred black citizens from skilled jobs. Trade unions are organizations that represent workers in specific industries or professions and negotiate on their behalf for better working conditions, wages, and benefits. Historically, some trade unions have been known to exclude or discriminate against certain groups, including black citizens, by denying them access to skilled job opportunities. This exclusionary practice limited the economic advancement and opportunities for black citizens in various industries.

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  • 5. 

    What was the intitial trigger which sparked riots in the Los Angeles suburb of Watts?

    • A.

      The assassination of Malcolm X

    • B.

      The beating and arrest of a black man in Watts on suspicion of driving whilst drunk

    • C.

      Freedom Summer

    Correct Answer
    B. The beating and arrest of a black man in Watts on suspicion of driving whilst drunk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the beating and arrest of a black man in Watts on suspicion of driving whilst drunk. This incident ignited the tensions between the predominantly African American community and the police, leading to widespread riots in the Los Angeles suburb of Watts. The incident was seen as a symbol of racial discrimination and police brutality, which fueled the anger and frustration of the community, resulting in violent protests and riots.

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  • 6. 

    How many days did the Watts riots last?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 4
    Explanation
    The Watts riots lasted for 4 days.

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  • 7. 

    How many people were killed in the Watts riots?

    • A.

      O

    • B.

      16

    • C.

      36

    Correct Answer
    C. 36
  • 8. 

    How many people were arrested?

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      400

    • C.

      4000

    Correct Answer
    C. 4000
  • 9. 

    Which black separatist organisation was Malcolm X a member of?

    • A.

      Nation of Muslims

    • B.

      Nation of Islam

    • C.

      Islamic Fundamentalist Front

    Correct Answer
    B. Nation of Islam
    Explanation
    Malcolm X was a member of the Nation of Islam, a black separatist organization. This organization promoted black nationalism and advocated for the establishment of a separate black state within the United States. Malcolm X played a significant role in spreading the organization's message and was one of its most prominent leaders. He later broke away from the Nation of Islam and embraced Sunni Islam after a pilgrimage to Mecca, adopting a more inclusive and less separatist ideology.

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  • 10. 

    Why had Malcolm X changed his name from Malcolm Little to Malcolm X?

    • A.

      "X" sounded cooler

    • B.

      "Little" was the name of the slave owner his ancestors had forced to work for

    • C.

      He thought "Little" appeared too weak

    Correct Answer
    B. "Little" was the name of the slave owner his ancestors had forced to work for
    Explanation
    Malcolm X changed his name from Malcolm Little to Malcolm X because "Little" was the name of the slave owner his ancestors had forced to work for. This suggests that he wanted to distance himself from the history of oppression associated with the name "Little" and assert his own identity separate from his family's history of slavery.

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  • 11. 

    What did Malcolm X mean when he campaigned for black "self-reliance"?

    • A.

      He wanted black people to be independent from white culture

    • B.

      He wanted blacks to integrate with white culture

    Correct Answer
    A. He wanted black people to be independent from white culture
    Explanation
    Malcolm X's campaign for black "self-reliance" meant that he advocated for black people to become self-sufficient and independent from white culture. He believed that black people should build their own economic, social, and political institutions instead of relying on or assimilating into white-dominated systems. This was a way for black people to reclaim their identity, power, and autonomy, and to challenge the systemic racism and oppression they faced in society.

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  • 12. 

    What did Malcolm X mean when he campaigned for "black pride"?

    • A.

      He was proud of how black Civil Rights leaders had fought injustice in the Civil Rights campaign?

    • B.

      He wanted black people to celebrate their culture, heritage, history and identity

    • C.

      He was not proud of black submission to whites

    Correct Answer
    B. He wanted black people to celebrate their culture, heritage, history and identity
    Explanation
    Malcolm X campaigned for "black pride" because he wanted black people to celebrate their culture, heritage, history, and identity. He believed that black individuals should embrace their roots and take pride in their racial identity, rather than conforming to white society's expectations or submitting to white dominance. This concept of black pride was a way for Malcolm X to empower and uplift the black community, encouraging them to embrace their unique experiences and fight against racial injustice.

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  • 13. 

    What three methods did Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam choose to encourage "black pride" and "self-reliance"?

    • A.

      Built Muslim temples and places of worship

    • B.

      Encouraged black business to grow

    • C.

      Encouraged blacks to trade with whites

    • D.

      Discouraged black athletes for participating in white dominated sports

    • E.

      Built schools and educated black children in black history

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Built Muslim temples and places of worship
    B. Encouraged black business to grow
    E. Built schools and educated black children in black history
    Explanation
    Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam chose three methods to encourage "black pride" and "self-reliance." First, they built Muslim temples and places of worship, which provided a space for black individuals to practice their faith and find a sense of community. Second, they encouraged black business to grow, promoting economic empowerment within the black community. Lastly, they built schools and educated black children in black history, aiming to instill a sense of pride and knowledge of their heritage. These methods aimed to foster self-sufficiency and a strong sense of identity among black individuals.

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  • 14. 

    Who was the leader of the Nation of Islam?

    • A.

      Mohammed Ali

    • B.

      Elijah Mohammwed

    • C.

      Angela Davies

    Correct Answer
    B. Elijah Mohammwed
    Explanation
    Elijah Mohammed was the leader of the Nation of Islam. He played a crucial role in the growth and development of the organization, advocating for black nationalism, self-sufficiency, and separation from white society. Under his leadership, the Nation of Islam experienced significant expansion and gained prominence in the civil rights movement. Elijah Mohammed's teachings and influence continue to impact the African American community to this day.

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  • 15. 

    What did Malcolm X think of civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King?

    • A.

      He fully supported their campaig to gain equal status for blacks

    • B.

      He was heavily critical of leaders such as Martin Luther King believing that they had done very little to improve the lives of ordinary black Americans

    • C.

      He was supportive of the civil rights movement

    Correct Answer
    B. He was heavily critical of leaders such as Martin Luther King believing that they had done very little to improve the lives of ordinary black Americans
    Explanation
    Malcolm X held a critical view of civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King, believing that they had not made significant improvements in the lives of ordinary black Americans. He felt that their methods were ineffective and that they were not addressing the root causes of racial inequality. Malcolm X advocated for a more radical approach, emphasizing self-defense and black empowerment. He believed in a more assertive stance against oppression and argued for the need to address systemic issues rather than relying solely on nonviolent resistance.

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  • 16. 

    When President Kennedy was shot in 1963 Malcolm X responded that this was like the "chickens coming homke to roost" What did he mean by this?

    • A.

      That violence was so widespread in US society that it was inevitable that the leader should fall victim to violence

    • B.

      The President Kennedy had some chickens that were out of control

    • C.

      That it wasn't Kennedy's fault that he had been shot

    Correct Answer
    A. That violence was so widespread in US society that it was inevitable that the leader should fall victim to violence
    Explanation
    Malcolm X meant that the assassination of President Kennedy was a result of the prevalent violence in American society. He believed that the country's culture of violence had led to such an event, suggesting that it was not solely Kennedy's fault that he was shot. Malcolm X's statement implies that the assassination was a consequence of the violent environment in the US, rather than a personal failing of the president.

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  • 17. 

    Following the Civil Rights Act 1964, three civil rights workers were murdered?  Which of these phrases did Malcolm X use in response to this in a speech at Oxford University in England?

    • A.

      "......Civil Rights Bill is the greatest piece of legislation in Black history..."

    • B.

      "...Civil Rights Bill down the drain...."

    • C.

      ".....Lyndon Baines Johnson is a great friend to the Civil Rights movement....:

    Correct Answer
    B. "...Civil Rights Bill down the drain...."
  • 18. 

    Which other phrase did he famously use during the speech?

    • A.

      "....by any means necessary......"

    • B.

      ".......death to the white man....."

    • C.

      "....Martin Luther King is a traitor to black American's...."

    Correct Answer
    A. "....by any means necessary......"
    Explanation
    The phrase "by any means necessary" is famously associated with Malcolm X. It reflects his belief in the use of any necessary methods to achieve equality and justice for African Americans. This phrase encapsulates his advocacy for self-defense and his rejection of non-violent resistance as the sole means of achieving civil rights. Malcolm X's use of this phrase during his speeches symbolizes his determination and unwavering commitment to the cause of black liberation.

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  • 19. 

    Following the assassination of Malcolm X in 1965 which young black activist led the campaign known as the "March Against Fear"?

    • A.

      Reverend Ralph Abernathy

    • B.

      Stokely Carmichael

    • C.

      Martin Luther King

    Correct Answer
    B. Stokely Carmichael
    Explanation
    Stokely Carmichael, a young black activist, led the campaign known as the "March Against Fear" following the assassination of Malcolm X in 1965. Carmichael was a prominent figure in the civil rights movement and became a leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). He advocated for black power and self-determination, and his leadership in the march aimed to bring attention to the ongoing struggles and injustices faced by African Americans.

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  • 20. 

    What was the key issue that the "March Against Fear" was focused on?

    • A.

      That many blacks were still not registering to vote even though the Voters Rights Bill had successfully been passed in 1965?

    • B.

      To encourage Lyndon B Johnson to push the Voters Rights Bill through congress

    • C.

      To gain the rights for blacks to vote

    Correct Answer
    A. That many blacks were still not registering to vote even though the Voters Rights Bill had successfully been passed in 1965?
    Explanation
    The key issue that the "March Against Fear" was focused on was the fact that many blacks were still not registering to vote, despite the successful passage of the Voters Rights Bill in 1965. The march aimed to encourage Lyndon B Johnson to push the Voters Rights Bill through congress and gain voting rights for blacks.

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  • 21. 

    What was the symbol of the new black protest movement that campaiged to encourage blacks to register to vote?

    • A.

      A black cheetah

    • B.

      A black cat

    • C.

      A black panther

    Correct Answer
    C. A black panther
    Explanation
    The symbol of the new black protest movement that campaigned to encourage blacks to register to vote was a black panther. The black panther symbolized strength, power, and resilience, which were qualities that the movement wanted to embody. The black panther also represented the idea of self-defense and protection against racial injustice, as the movement aimed to empower black individuals and communities.

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  • 22. 

    What happened to James Meredith on the second day of the "March Against Fear"?

    • A.

      He tripped over and sprained his ankle

    • B.

      He was shot by a sniper but survived

    • C.

      He was shot by a sniper and killed

    Correct Answer
    B. He was shot by a sniper but survived
    Explanation
    James Meredith was shot by a sniper on the second day of the "March Against Fear." However, he was fortunate enough to survive the attack. This incident highlights the dangers and opposition faced by civil rights activists during the march, but also showcases the resilience and determination of individuals like James Meredith who continued to fight for equality despite the threats they faced.

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  • 23. 

    When the march continued which black civil rights leader held Stokely Carmichael back from retaliating against police aggression?

    • A.

      Malcolm X

    • B.

      Martin Luther King

    • C.

      James Meredith

    Correct Answer
    B. Martin Luther King
    Explanation
    Martin Luther King held Stokely Carmichael back from retaliating against police aggression during the march.

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  • 24. 

    What did the marchers encourage black people to do as they marched from town to town?

    • A.

      Resist white rule with deliberate acts of violence against suspected white supremacists

    • B.

      Register to vote

    • C.

      Take strike action and refuse to work for whites who were exploiting them

    Correct Answer
    B. Register to vote
    Explanation
    The marchers encouraged black people to register to vote as they marched from town to town. This was likely a strategy to empower black individuals and increase their political representation and influence. By registering to vote, black people could actively participate in the democratic process and work towards achieving equal rights and opportunities.

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  • 25. 

    What was the response of some white Mississippians along the way?

    • A.

      Verbal abuse and offensive gestures towards marchers

    • B.

      The streets were lined with enthusiastic white supporters in most towns

    Correct Answer
    A. Verbal abuse and offensive gestures towards marchers
    Explanation
    The response of some white Mississippians along the way was characterized by verbal abuse and offensive gestures towards the marchers. This suggests that there was a significant amount of hostility and animosity towards the marchers, possibly due to racial tensions and opposition to the cause they were marching for. The presence of verbal abuse and offensive gestures indicates a lack of support or empathy from these individuals, highlighting the challenges and resistance faced by the marchers during their journey.

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  • 26. 

    What was the key slogan Stokely Carmichael was keen to encourage during the march?

    • A.

      Black Power

    • B.

      By any means necessary

    • C.

      Whitey on the moon

    Correct Answer
    A. Black Power
    Explanation
    Stokely Carmichael was a prominent civil rights activist who popularized the slogan "Black Power." He believed in empowering the black community to take control of their own destiny and fight for their rights. The slogan became a rallying cry for the black liberation movement, advocating for self-determination, pride, and unity among African Americans. It emphasized the need for black people to assert their political, economic, and social power in order to challenge and dismantle systemic racism and inequality.

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  • 27. 

    Which black activist was Stokely Carmichael most inspired by?

    • A.

      Malcolm X

    • B.

      Nelson Mandela

    • C.

      Martin Luther King

    Correct Answer
    A. Malcolm X
    Explanation
    Stokely Carmichael was most inspired by Malcolm X. Carmichael, a prominent figure in the Civil Rights Movement, was heavily influenced by Malcolm X's advocacy for black self-defense and his emphasis on black pride and self-determination. Carmichael believed in the need for black power and saw Malcolm X as a powerful voice in the fight against racial injustice.

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  • 28. 

    What were the key differences in approach to the civil rights movement between Stokely Carmichael and Martin Luther King?

    • A.

      Martin Luther King favoured a non-violent aproach whilst Stokely Carmichael believed that a violent response to aggresion by whites was the key method to achieving his goals

    • B.

      Martin Luther King favoured retaliation against white supremacists whilst Stokely Carmichael thought they should be executed

    Correct Answer
    A. Martin Luther King favoured a non-violent aproach whilst Stokely Carmichael believed that a violent response to aggresion by whites was the key method to achieving his goals
    Explanation
    The key difference in approach to the civil rights movement between Stokely Carmichael and Martin Luther King was their stance on violence. Martin Luther King advocated for a non-violent approach, emphasizing peaceful protests and civil disobedience as a means to achieve their goals. On the other hand, Stokely Carmichael believed that a violent response to aggression by whites was necessary to achieve progress in the civil rights movement. This fundamental difference in their approaches reflects their contrasting beliefs on the effectiveness of violence in bringing about social change.

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  • 29. 

    How successful was the :March Against Fear"?

    • A.

      Failure - very few blacks registered to vote

    • B.

      Moderate success - many blacks registered to vote but there was still along way to go. Between 1965-68 only 1million blacks registered to vote

    • C.

      Total success - proved that the Voters Rights Act 1965 had encouraged all blacks to register to vote

    Correct Answer
    B. Moderate success - many blacks registered to vote but there was still along way to go. Between 1965-68 only 1million blacks registered to vote
    Explanation
    The "March Against Fear" can be considered a moderate success because it resulted in many blacks registering to vote. However, the fact that only 1 million blacks registered to vote between 1965-68 indicates that there was still a long way to go in achieving full voter registration among the black population. This suggests that while progress was made, there were still significant barriers and challenges that limited the success of the march in achieving its ultimate goal.

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