Plessy v. Ferguson
Brown v. Board of Education
Loving v. Virginia
Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
Declared unconstitutional laws creating schools that were separate but obviously unequal.
Declared unconstitutional laws supporting schools that were separate but unequal in subtle ways.
Ruled that racially separate schools were inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional.
Ruled that schools discriminating on the basis of race could be denied access to federal funds.
Ruled that segregation was lawful if mandated by a state constitution.
The former results from private choices, the latter from public law.
The former results from public law, the latter from private choices.
The former existed in the past, the latter continues in the present.
The former continues in the present, the latter existed in the past.
The former deals with perceptions, the latter deals with verified facts.
That the separate-but-equal facilities were constitutional.
That busing to mandate integration was constitutional.
That Congress had no authority to ban slavery in a territory and that a slave was considered a piece of property.
That states could not ban interracial marriage.
None of the above is true.
Democratic landslide of 1964.
Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.
Centralization of power in the House and Senate.
Civil unrest that shook several northern cities.
Election of Republican presidents.
Seneca Falls Convention.
"Rosie the Riveter" worker.
Equal Rights Amendment.
It is said to emanate from provisions in the Fourteenth Amendment.
It is not mentioned in the Constitution.
It is explicitly mentioned in the First and Fifth Amendments.
It is explicitly mentioned in the First, Second, and Fifth Amendments.
It is explicitly mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution.
Griswold v. Connecticut
Webster v. Reproductive Health Services
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
Roe v. Wade
Gonzales v. Carhart