Chapter 6 - Civil Rights #1

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| By Catherine Halcomb
Catherine Halcomb
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1429 | Total Attempts: 6,065,044
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 204

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Civil Right Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The _________________ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution appeared to guarantee equal rights for blacks.

    • A.

      First

    • B.

      Fourteenth

    • C.

      Twenty-first

    • D.

      Twenty-fifth

    • E.

      Twenty-sixth

    Correct Answer
    B. Fourteenth
    Explanation
    The Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guarantees equal rights for all citizens, including blacks. It was ratified in 1868 and aimed to address the issues of racial inequality and discrimination following the Civil War. The amendment provides equal protection under the law and prohibits states from denying any person within their jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. It also grants citizenship to all individuals born or naturalized in the United States, regardless of race.

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  • 2. 

    In the ________________ decision, the Supreme Court ruled that "separate-but-equal" facilities were constitutional.

    • A.

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • B.

      Brown v. Board of Education

    • C.

      Loving v. Virginia

    • D.

      Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education

    • E.

      Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education

    Correct Answer
    A. Plessy v. Ferguson
    Explanation
    In the Plessy v. Ferguson decision, the Supreme Court ruled that "separate-but-equal" facilities were constitutional. This ruling established the legal basis for racial segregation in the United States, allowing for the creation of separate facilities for different races as long as they were deemed equal in quality. This decision was later overturned by the Brown v. Board of Education case, which declared that separate facilities were inherently unequal and violated the Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection under the law.

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  • 3. 

    In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court

    • A.

      Declared unconstitutional laws creating schools that were separate but obviously unequal.

    • B.

      Declared unconstitutional laws supporting schools that were separate but unequal in subtle ways.

    • C.

      Ruled that racially separate schools were inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional.

    • D.

      Ruled that schools discriminating on the basis of race could be denied access to federal funds.

    • E.

      Ruled that segregation was lawful if mandated by a state constitution.

    Correct Answer
    C. Ruled that racially separate schools were inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional.
    Explanation
    The Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education stated that racially separate schools were inherently unequal and therefore unconstitutional. This decision declared that laws creating schools that were separate but obviously unequal were unconstitutional. The ruling was a landmark decision in the civil rights movement and played a significant role in ending racial segregation in schools.

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  • 4. 

    The difference between de facto and de jure segregation is that

    • A.

      The former results from private choices, the latter from public law.

    • B.

      The former results from public law, the latter from private choices.

    • C.

      The former existed in the past, the latter continues in the present.

    • D.

      The former continues in the present, the latter existed in the past.

    • E.

      The former deals with perceptions, the latter deals with verified facts.

    Correct Answer
    A. The former results from private choices, the latter from public law.
    Explanation
    De facto segregation refers to segregation that occurs as a result of private choices made by individuals or groups, such as choosing to live in racially homogeneous neighborhoods or attend racially segregated schools. On the other hand, de jure segregation is segregation that is enforced by public laws and policies, such as the Jim Crow laws in the United States. Therefore, the correct answer states that de facto segregation results from private choices, while de jure segregation results from public law.

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  • 5. 

    In the Dred Scott Case (Scott v. Sanford), the Supreme Court ruled

    • A.

      That the separate-but-equal facilities were constitutional.

    • B.

      That busing to mandate integration was constitutional.

    • C.

      That Congress had no authority to ban slavery in a territory and that a slave was considered a piece of property.

    • D.

      That states could not ban interracial marriage.

    • E.

      None of the above is true.

    Correct Answer
    C. That Congress had no authority to ban slavery in a territory and that a slave was considered a piece of property.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that Congress had no authority to ban slavery in a territory and that a slave was considered a piece of property. In the Dred Scott Case, the Supreme Court ruled that Congress did not have the power to prohibit slavery in the territories, as it violated the property rights of slave owners protected by the Fifth Amendment. The Court also declared that slaves were not citizens and therefore could not sue in federal court. This decision further deepened the divide between the North and the South over the issue of slavery, ultimately leading to the American Civil War.

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  • 6. 

    One factor helping to break the deadlock that developed in the civil rights movement during the early 1960s was the

    • A.

      Democratic landslide of 1964.

    • B.

      Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.

    • C.

      Centralization of power in the House and Senate.

    • D.

      Civil unrest that shook several northern cities.

    • E.

      Election of Republican presidents.

    Correct Answer
    A. Democratic landslide of 1964.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Democratic landslide of 1964. This event refers to the overwhelming victory of Democratic candidates, particularly President Lyndon B. Johnson, in the 1964 general elections. This election result helped break the deadlock in the civil rights movement by providing a mandate for Johnson's Great Society programs, which included significant civil rights legislation. The Democratic landslide of 1964 demonstrated widespread public support for civil rights and gave Johnson the political capital needed to push for the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

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  • 7. 

    The origin of the movement to give more rights to women was probably the

    • A.

      Rights Manifesto.

    • B.

      Seneca Falls Convention.

    • C.

      Nineteenth Amendment.

    • D.

      "Rosie the Riveter" worker.

    • E.

      Equal Rights Amendment.

    Correct Answer
    B. Seneca Falls Convention.
    Explanation
    The Seneca Falls Convention was a pivotal event in the women's rights movement, held in 1848. It was the first women's rights convention in the United States and marked the beginning of organized efforts to advocate for women's suffrage and other rights. The convention produced the Declaration of Sentiments, which called for women's equality in various aspects of life. This event played a significant role in laying the foundation for the women's suffrage movement and the fight for gender equality.

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  • 8. 

    The __________________ Amendment made clear that no state may deny the right to vote on the basis of sex.

    • A.

      Fifteenth

    • B.

      Nineteenth

    • C.

      Twentieth

    • D.

      Twenty-first

    • E.

      Twenty-second

    Correct Answer
    B. Nineteenth
    Explanation
    The Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified in 1920 and granted women the right to vote. Prior to this amendment, women were denied the right to vote solely based on their gender. The Nineteenth Amendment aimed to eliminate this discrimination and ensure that no state could deny women the right to vote on the basis of sex.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following statements concerning the "right to privacy" is correct?

    • A.

      It is said to emanate from provisions in the Fourteenth Amendment.

    • B.

      It is not mentioned in the Constitution.

    • C.

      It is explicitly mentioned in the First and Fifth Amendments.

    • D.

      It is explicitly mentioned in the First, Second, and Fifth Amendments.

    • E.

      It is explicitly mentioned in the Preamble of the Constitution.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is not mentioned in the Constitution.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the "right to privacy" is not mentioned in the Constitution. This means that there is no explicit mention of a right to privacy in the text of the Constitution. While some argue that it can be inferred from provisions in the Fourteenth Amendment, it is not explicitly stated. Additionally, it is not mentioned in the First and Fifth Amendments, nor in the Second Amendment or the Preamble of the Constitution.

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  • 10. 

    In this seminal decision, the Supreme Court held that a "right to privacy" is "broad enough to encompass a woman's decision whether or not to terminate a pregnancy."

    • A.

      Griswold v. Connecticut

    • B.

      Webster v. Reproductive Health Services

    • C.

      Planned Parenthood v. Casey

    • D.

      Roe v. Wade

    • E.

      Gonzales v. Carhart

    Correct Answer
    D. Roe v. Wade
    Explanation
    In the landmark case of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court established that a woman has a constitutional right to privacy, which includes the right to make decisions about her own body, including the decision to have an abortion. This decision legalized abortion in the United States and set the standard for evaluating laws that restrict access to abortion. It has been highly influential in shaping reproductive rights and has been both praised and criticized for its impact on the ongoing debate over abortion.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 13, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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