Trivia Quiz: Can You Pass This Toughest Biology Test?

70 Questions | Total Attempts: 319

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

Biology is one of the things that give us a glimpse of life on a whole new level. Do you think that you have enough information about biology to take up what is considered the toughest biology quiz? Take up the quiz below and get to find out just how much you know — all the best as you tackle it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    It is a method of obtaining knowledge about nature:
    • A. 

      Science

    • B. 

      Psychology

    • C. 

      Cosmology

  • 2. 
    The Scientific Method is a means of gathering information and testing ideas.  The steps to the Scientific Method are as follows:
    • A. 

      Investigate, Experiment, Create Hypothesis, Report Discrepancy

    • B. 

      Create Time Chart, Share Results, Chart Experience,

    • C. 

      Observation/Question, Research Topic, Construct Hypothesis, Testing/Experimentation, Analyze Results, Draw Conclusions

  • 3. 
    It is a possible answer to a question about nature based upon observations, research and a knowledge of the investigator.
    • A. 

      Conclusion

    • B. 

      Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Metric System

  • 4. 
    If a hypothesis is repeatedly supported by further experimentation and verified by other scientists, it may become this:
    • A. 

      Theory

    • B. 

      Experimental Conclusion

    • C. 

      Determined Factor

  • 5. 
    The word biology contains the parts:"bio"-  which means life         and        -"logy"  which means study ofMaking the definition of biology:
    • A. 

      Life hypothesis and experimentation

    • B. 

      Development of theories on life

    • C. 

      The study of life

  • 6. 
    "Micro" is a prefix that means tiny or small.  The word Microbiologist means:
    • A. 

      Study of microorganisms, which are organisms too small to be seen with the un-aided eye.

    • B. 

      Study of microns

    • C. 

      Biology of animals bigger than an ant but smaller than whales

  • 7. 
    Ornithology is the study of:
    • A. 

      Flowers

    • B. 

      The Ocean

    • C. 

      Birds

  • 8. 
    In the metric system, a unit of length is called a(n):
    • A. 

      Mile (mi)

    • B. 

      Meter (m)

    • C. 

      Cosine

  • 9. 
    Grams are the unit of measure of what, according to the Metric System:
    • A. 

      Volume

    • B. 

      Mass

    • C. 

      Velocity

  • 10. 
    The metric system measures volume with this unit:
    • A. 

      Liter (l)

    • B. 

      Meter

    • C. 

      Liquid Ounce

  • 11. 
    Mega- is the Metric System prefix that means "one million", and has a multiplier of:
    • A. 

      .001

    • B. 

      1,000,000

    • C. 

      200,000

  • 12. 
    The metric system basic unit of time is the:
    • A. 

      Second (s)

    • B. 

      Minute (min)

    • C. 

      Hour (hr)

  • 13. 
    The metric system basic unit of temperature is measured in:
    • A. 

      Degrees Farenheit

    • B. 

      Kelvin temperature

    • C. 

      Degrees Celsius

  • 14. 
    Abiogenesis is another word for this phrase, that refers to the hypothesis that living things can originate from nonliving matter.  (NOTE:  The Greek teacher Aristotle (383-322 B.C.) believed in this hypothesis.)
    • A. 

      Natural Selection

    • B. 

      Spontaneous Generation

    • C. 

      Big Bang Theory

  • 15. 
    This Italian physician and scientist who listed in the 1600's, performed experiments which disproved Aristotle's theory of Spontaneous Generation:
    • A. 

      Francesco Redi

    • B. 

      Leonardo DaVinci

    • C. 

      Marcel Marceaux

  • 16. 
    Spontaneous Generation:
    • A. 

      Abiogenesis

    • B. 

      Abolition

    • C. 

      Inanimation

  • 17. 
    Louis Pasteur's (1822-1895) work supported the hypothesis of:
    • A. 

      Abiogenesis

    • B. 

      Microbiology

    • C. 

      Biogenesis

  • 18. 
    Characteristics of living things:
    • A. 

      Generates Energy; Breaks Down Cells; Has A Magnetic Field; Is Non-responsive to Light

    • B. 

      Use Energy; Cellular; Grow; Metabolizes; Reproduces; Responds To Environment; Movement

    • C. 

      Metabolize; Digest; Assimilate; Excrete Water; Anchor In One Dimension

  • 19. 
    Anything that has mass and takes up space is this:
    • A. 

      Matter

    • B. 

      Volume

    • C. 

      Traction

  • 20. 
    Basic unit of an element:
    • A. 

      Proton

    • B. 

      Nucleotide

    • C. 

      Atom

  • 21. 
    Which group is statements are all correct?
    • A. 

      Proton is positively charged particle; Electron is negatively charged particle; Neutron is an electrically neutral particle.

    • B. 

      Proton is positively charged particle; Electron has only an East magnetic pole; Neutron only has a North magnetic pole.

    • C. 

      Protein is negatively charged particle; Electron is positively charged particle; Neutron has both North and South electric poles.

  • 22. 
    Matter that only has one type of atom is this:
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Element

    • C. 

      Aurum

  • 23. 
    Hydrogen has how many protons?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

  • 24. 
    Carbon has these many atoms:
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      6

  • 25. 
    Atomic Number is equal to the number of Protons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Sometimes

  • 26. 
    This type atom has a positive or negative charge, due to either a deficit of excess of electrons:
    • A. 

      Proton

    • B. 

      Ion

    • C. 

      Electron Cloud

  • 27. 
    An ion with a positive charge (missing electrons) is called a(n):
    • A. 

      Anion

    • B. 

      Cation

    • C. 

      Uni-ion

  • 28. 
    An anion has this type of charge, due to an excess of electrons:
    • A. 

      Negative

    • B. 

      Neutral

    • C. 

      Positive

  • 29. 
    When two atoms share valence electrons, this type of bond is formed:
    • A. 

      Covalent

    • B. 

      Bipolar

    • C. 

      Universal

  • 30. 
    A heterogenous mixture that contains particles distributed within a liquid, solid or gas:
    • A. 

      Solution

    • B. 

      Suspension

    • C. 

      Dissolve

  • 31. 
    A mixture where one substance is dissolved in the other:
    • A. 

      Compound

    • B. 

      Suspension

    • C. 

      Solution

  • 32. 
    Acid is an electron acceptor; a base is an electron donor.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Neither

  • 33. 
    This type of bond occurs when two ions bond, and the atoms transfer electrons:
    • A. 

      Free Radical

    • B. 

      Ionic Compound

    • C. 

      Balanced Reaction

  • 34. 
    What is the name of this substance, and what are the atomic constituents: HCl
    • A. 

      Hydrogen Carbolylate (Hydrogen Atom & Carbohydrate)

    • B. 

      Chloric Acid (Chlorine & Acid)

    • C. 

      Hydrochloric acid (Hydrogen & Chlorine Atoms)

  • 35. 
    Fructose and galactose are examples of simple sugars, or Monosaccharides ("Mono", meaning one and "Saccharide", meaning sugar).  When two Monosaccharides are combined, they create a double sugar, or:
    • A. 

      Glycogen

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Disaccharide

  • 36. 
    Polysaccharides are large molecules that are formed when many Monosaccharides bond together.  The most common Polysaccharide is this:
    • A. 

      Starch

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Maltose

  • 37. 
    Starch stored in the seed is the source of energy for sprouting plant seeds.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Sometimes

  • 38. 
    Cellulose is a Polysaccharide formed by a many glucose molecules linked together.  Cellulose is a tough, stringy substance that forms the cell wall surrounding the cells in:
    • A. 

      Heart Cells

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Fish

  • 39. 
    This group or organic compounds store energy, and are made up of fats and oils:
    • A. 

      Lipids

    • B. 

      Glycogen

    • C. 

      Glucagon

  • 40. 
    Proteins are large, complex organic compounds that contain the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen.  Proteins contain hundreds of repeating units known as this, which are considered the building blocks of proteins:
    • A. 

      Lipid bilayer

    • B. 

      Cellulose

    • C. 

      Amino Acids

  • 41. 
    What is the difference between Potential and Kinetic energy?
    • A. 

      Potential energy is energy of position, while Kinetic energy is energy of motion.

    • B. 

      Potential energy depends upon electricity while Kinetic is natural and doesn't require electricity.

    • C. 

      Potential energy can never be measures while kinetic energy has a definite value.

  • 42. 
    Cell theory can be summarized by what statements:
    • A. 

      Cells are non-living units that make up proteins; human proteins do not have amino acids

    • B. 

      All organisms are made up of one or more cells; Cells are the basic units of structure and function; New cells come from existing cells by cellular reproduction

    • C. 

      Only plants have cells; plant cells are filled with lipids only

  • 43. 
    Cells have these specialized structures inside, which carry out specific functions:
    • A. 

      Protoplasm

    • B. 

      Organelles

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 44. 
    Prokaryotes are small simple cells that do not contain organelles, while Eukaryotes are larger cells that do contain organelles.  Plants, fungi and animals are eukaryotes.
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True

    • C. 

      Sometimes

  • 45. 
    Prokaryotes do not contain a nucleus.  Eukaryotes do contain a nucleus, which performs the following functions:
    • A. 

      Nucleus provides food for energy

    • B. 

      Nucleus only controls reproduction

    • C. 

      Nucleus controls a cell's activities

  • 46. 
    This cytoplasmic organelle carries out chemical reactions that produce energy for cellular activities within eukaryotic cells:
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Centriole

    • C. 

      Lysosome

  • 47. 
    This structure forms a system of membranes that run throughout the cytoplasm of the eukaryotic cell, from the nuclear membrane to the cellular membrane, and provide passageways for the movement of materials throughout the cell.
    • A. 

      Mitochondria

    • B. 

      Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C. 

      Golgi Apparatus

  • 48. 
    Plant cells have their own unique organelles.  This structure is the organelle in which the plant's food is made:
    • A. 

      Plastid

    • B. 

      Chloroplast

    • C. 

      Leucoplast

  • 49. 
    The cell wall of plant cells are made up mostly of this complex carbohydrate (a polysaccharide), which gives the plant structure and rigidity:
    • A. 

      Chromatin

    • B. 

      Stroma

    • C. 

      Chlorophyll

  • 50. 
    Plants create energy and release oxygen as a byproduct of this process:
    • A. 

      Polysaccharide

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Photosynthesis

  • 51. 
    Choose the best answer.  Which of the following are actual forms of cellular transport:
    • A. 

      Active transport (requires the use of energy by the cell to move materials across the cell membrane)

    • B. 

      Passive transport (does not require energy by the cell to move materials across the cell membrane)

    • C. 

      Both A and B

  • 52. 
    This is the random movement of molecules in liquids and gases, from an area of high concentration to an area of high concentration:
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Synchopy

    • C. 

      Diffusion

  • 53. 
    This term applies specifically to the movement of water across a semipermeable membrane, from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration:
    • A. 

      Photosynthesis

    • B. 

      Osmosis

    • C. 

      Diffusion

  • 54. 
    This is the name of the pressure against the cell wall of the plant, caused by the osmotic movement of water into the cell.  This outward pressure helps give firmness and stiffness to the stems and leaves of the plant.
    • A. 

      Plastic

    • B. 

      Turgor Pressure

    • C. 

      Facilitated Diffusion

  • 55. 
    Endocytosis is the process by which:
    • A. 

      Cells take in large particles that cannot pass through the cell membrane

    • B. 

      The nucleus explodes when the cell is ready to expire

    • C. 

      The mitochondria binds with amino acids

  • 56. 
    Small particles are taken into cells by this process:
    • A. 

      Turgor Pressure

    • B. 

      Relative transport

    • C. 

      Pinocytosis

  • 57. 
    This type of chemical reaction gives off energy as heat:
    • A. 

      Endergonic

    • B. 

      Exergonic

    • C. 

      Enzymatic facilitation

  • 58. 
    This group of substances act as catalysts, which are substances that speed up chemical reactions by lowering the energy of activation for that chemical reaction:
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Plastids

  • 59. 
    These two biological factors have a dramatic impact on the effectiveness of enzyme function and resultant rate of chemical reaction:
    • A. 

      Gender and hormone levels

    • B. 

      Protoplasm and cytoplasm

    • C. 

      PH and temperature

  • 60. 
    The main source of energy for all living things is this monosaccharide with 6 carbons, 12 hydrogens and 6 oxygens:
    • A. 

      Fructose

    • B. 

      Glucose

    • C. 

      Pentose

  • 61. 
    This substance stores pure energy in the cell (it has an extra phosphate group that can be pulled off in a chemical reaction, which releases the stored energy):
    • A. 

      ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate) which gives up a Phosphate and becomes ADP (Adenosine Diphosphate), thereby releasing energy

    • B. 

      Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum gives up the rough granules and becomes Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

    • C. 

      Osmosis moves energy as water migrates to an area of lower concentration until homeostatic concentrations are achieved

  • 62. 
    Photosynthesis takes place in these two major parts:
    • A. 

      Osmosis and diffusion

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts and chromatids

    • C. 

      Light reactions and Dark reactions

  • 63. 
    In the light reactions of photosynthesis, the sunlight's energy is converted into chemical energy as water is split and oxygen released into the atmosphere.  Which two important molecules are created during this initial phase of photosynthesis:
    • A. 

      ADP and NADH

    • B. 

      ATP and NADPH

    • C. 

      RNA and DNA

  • 64. 
    This is the name for the type of cellular reproduction in which each daughter cell receives the same number of chromosomes the parent cell had:
    • A. 

      Meiosis

    • B. 

      Mitosis

    • C. 

      Hemaphroditic

  • 65. 
    A form of cellular reproduction in which the chromosome number is reduced by one half and gametes are formed.
    • A. 

      Meiosis

    • B. 

      Mitosis

    • C. 

      Hemaphroditic

  • 66. 
    Choose the best answer.  What are the four stages of mitosis, listed in the correct order:
    • A. 

      Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphse, Telophase

    • B. 

      Telophase, Prophase, Anaphase, Metaphase

    • C. 

      Anaphase, Telophase, Prophase, Metaphase

  • 67. 
    DNA is responsible for transmitting the information that controls traits such as:
    • A. 

      Hair color, blood type, skin color, eye color

    • B. 

      Presence of nucleus in cells

    • C. 

      Active and passive transport

  • 68. 
    DNA has four nitrogenous bases which are:
    • A. 

      Adenosine diphosphate, adenoseine triphosphate

    • B. 

      Enzymes, substrates, ribosomes, lipids

    • C. 

      Adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine

  • 69. 
    Genetic encoding is passed on to new cells through this process which utilizes mRNA (Messenger RNA)
    • A. 

      Transport

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Tryptophan

  • 70. 
    Adjacent amino acids are linked by this type of bond:
    • A. 

      Covalent Bond

    • B. 

      Peptide Bond

    • C. 

      Ionic Bond