Biology Ch. 10, 11, 13 Test

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 334

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Biology Quizzes & Trivia

This is the Chapter 10, 11, and 13 quiz for Mr. Hyink's 11th grade biology class. I think this is a decent test. . . It should help some.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the process that allows DNA to multiply?
    • A. 

      Replication

    • B. 

      Transcription

    • C. 

      Translation

    • D. 

      Metastatis

  • 2. 
    How does DNA code for proteins?
    • A. 

      Translation

    • B. 

      Replication

    • C. 

      Transcription

    • D. 

      Metastatis

  • 3. 
    What does the helicase do?
    • A. 

      Tansfers amino acids to the ribosome to make a protein

    • B. 

      Separates DNA strands

    • C. 

      Creates protein

    • D. 

      Cuts up specific sections of DNA for DNA fingerprinting

  • 4. 
    What do DNA polymerases do during Replication?
    • A. 

      Add complementary nucleotides to each strand

    • B. 

      Creates proteins

    • C. 

      Cuts up specific sections of DNA for DNA fingerprinting

    • D. 

      Separates DNA strands

  • 5. 
    What are the 3 parts that make up a nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Codon, RNA, DNA

    • B. 

      Codon, Anti Codon, DNA

    • C. 

      Helium Base, Phosphate, Sugar

    • D. 

      Nitrogenous base, Phosphate, Sugar

  • 6. 
    What makes up the "handrails" of a DNA strand?
    • A. 

      Phosphate and Sugar

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Nitrogenous Base

    • D. 

      RNA

  • 7. 
    What makes up the middle part of a nucleotide?
    • A. 

      Phosphate

    • B. 

      Nitrogenous base

    • C. 

      Sugar

    • D. 

      RNA

  • 8. 
    What are the two purines?
    • A. 

      Cytosine and Adenine

    • B. 

      Guanine and Thymine

    • C. 

      Adenine and Guanine

    • D. 

      Cytosine and Thymine

  • 9. 
    What are the two pyrimidines
    • A. 

      Cytosine and Adenine

    • B. 

      Guanine and Thymine

    • C. 

      Adenine and Guanine

    • D. 

      Cytosine and Thymine

  • 10. 
    When bonding occurs in DNA, Adenine bonds with ___ and Guanine bonds with ____
    • A. 

      Cytosine, Thymine

    • B. 

      Guanine, Cytosine

    • C. 

      Thymine, Adenine

    • D. 

      Thymine, Cytosine

  • 11. 
    When bonding occurs in RNA, Adenine bonds with ___ , Guanine bonds with ___ and Thymine bonds with ____ .
    • A. 

      Cytosine, Uracil, Adenine

    • B. 

      Uracil, Cytosine, Adenine

    • C. 

      Cytosine, Adenine, Guanine

    • D. 

      Uracil, Cytosine, Guanine

  • 12. 
    Which two scientists received credit for the discovery of the "Double Helix" in 1953?
    • A. 

      Watson and Crick

    • B. 

      Franklin and Wilkins

    • C. 

      Wilkins and Crick

    • D. 

      Franklin and Watson

  • 13. 
    What is the purpose of the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)?
    • A. 

      To transfer amino acids to the ribosome to make protein

    • B. 

      To help make proteins

    • C. 

      To prevent cancer

    • D. 

      To multiply DNA

  • 14. 
    What is a codon?
    • A. 

      An enzyme

    • B. 

      A single stranded RNA molecule

    • C. 

      3 nucleotide sequences in mRNA that encodes an amino acid

    • D. 

      Stupid

  • 15. 
    What is an Anitcodon?
    • A. 

      A single stranded DNA molecule

    • B. 

      3 nucleotides on the RNA that are complementary to the sequence of a codon in mRNA

    • C. 

      An enzyme

    • D. 

      Gay

  • 16. 
    DNA has all but...
    • A. 

      Deoxyribose

    • B. 

      Thymine

    • C. 

      Double Helix

    • D. 

      Is shorter than RNA

  • 17. 
    RNA has all but...
    • A. 

      Sugar ribose

    • B. 

      Uracil

    • C. 

      Is longer than DNA

    • D. 

      Is single stranded

  • 18. 
    What is the purpose of mRNA?
    • A. 

      To carry the instructions from a gene to make a protein

    • B. 

      To transfer amino acids to the ribosome to make a protein.

    • C. 

      To replicate DNA

    • D. 

      To initiate transcription

  • 19. 
    What is rRNA?
    • A. 

      A codon

    • B. 

      A complete genetic material in an individual

    • C. 

      A protein that stops genes from being expressed

    • D. 

      A part of the structure of ribosomes

  • 20. 
    Where does protein synthesis take place?
    • A. 

      The nucleus

    • B. 

      In the ribosome

    • C. 

      The golgi aparatus

    • D. 

      The The RNA polymerase

  • 21. 
    What does tRNA do?
    • A. 

      Transfers amino acids to the ribosome to make proteins

    • B. 

      Carries the genetic "message" from DNA to the ribosomes

    • C. 

      Controls the ability of RNA polymerase to move along structural genes

    • D. 

      Nothing

  • 22. 
    Where are ribosomes found?
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      DNA

  • 23. 
    Where does Transcription take place?
    • A. 

      Nucleus of eukaryotic cells and cytoplasm in prokaryotic cells

    • B. 

      RNA

    • C. 

      The Golgi Aparatus

    • D. 

      No where

  • 24. 
    What does the RNA polymerase do in Transcription?
    • A. 

      Unwinds the DNA

    • B. 

      Binds with mRNA

    • C. 

      Binds to the gene's promoter

    • D. 

      Releases the DNA and RNA

  • 25. 
    In Translation, mRNA binds with ____
    • A. 

      TRNA

    • B. 

      DNA

    • C. 

      RRNA

    • D. 

      RNA polymerase

  • 26. 
    A polypeptide is a
    • A. 

      Enzyme

    • B. 

      Very long amino acid chain

    • C. 

      A salt

    • D. 

      A sugar

  • 27. 
    What is a genome?
    • A. 

      A series of genes coding for specific products and the regulatory products that manage these genes

    • B. 

      An enzyme that initiates transcription

    • C. 

      A protein that stops genes from being expressed

    • D. 

      The complete genetic material in an individual

  • 28. 
    What is an operon?
    • A. 

      An enzyme that initiates transcription

    • B. 

      A protein that stops genes from being expressed

    • C. 

      A series of genes coding for specific products and the regulatory products that manage these genes

    • D. 

      The complete genetic material in an individual

  • 29. 
    What do structural genes do?
    • A. 

      Code for polypeptides

    • B. 

      Stops genes from being expressed

    • C. 

      Controls the ability of RNA polymerase to move along structural genes

    • D. 

      Cause cancer

  • 30. 
    What is a promoter?
    • A. 

      An enzyme that initiates transcription

    • B. 

      A protein

    • C. 

      A section of the structural genes that does not transcribe but translates

    • D. 

      Part of RNA

  • 31. 
    What is an operator?
    • A. 

      A section of the structural genes that does not transcribe but translates

    • B. 

      Part of RNA

    • C. 

      A protein

    • D. 

      A switch that controls the ability of RNA polymerase to move along structural genes

  • 32. 
    What is an intron?
    • A. 

      A protein

    • B. 

      A section of the structural genes that does not transcribe but translates

    • C. 

      A circular DNA molecule found in bacteria and can replicate independently of the main chromosome

    • D. 

      A commercial product of DNA

  • 33. 
    What does an exon do?
    • A. 

      Improves nutrition

    • B. 

      Transfers amino acids to the ribosome to make a protein

    • C. 

      Spreads cancerous cells from the original area

    • D. 

      Translates and transcribes, but only when expressed

  • 34. 
    What does a carcinogen cause?
    • A. 

      Cancer

    • B. 

      Retardation

    • C. 

      Polio

    • D. 

      A cold

  • 35. 
    What are oncogenes?
    • A. 

      Genes that code for proteins that prohibit excessive cell division

    • B. 

      Tumors that are present but do not cause any damage

    • C. 

      Genes that cause uncontrolled cell multiplication

    • D. 

      Tumors that are present and can cause damage

  • 36. 
    What are Tumor Supressor genes?
    • A. 

      Genes that cause uncontrolled cell multiplication

    • B. 

      Genes that are codes for proteins that prohibit excessive cell division

    • C. 

      Tumors that are present and can cause damage

    • D. 

      Genes from your parents

  • 37. 
    A benign tumor is a tumor that...
    • A. 

      Grows inside your lungs

    • B. 

      Is present and can cause damage

    • C. 

      Must be surgically removed

    • D. 

      Is present but does not cause any damage

  • 38. 
    What is Metastasis?
    • A. 

      When cancerous cells spread from the original area

    • B. 

      When mRNA and tRNA bind together in Translation

    • C. 

      When the DNA and RNA are released by the polymerase in Transcription

    • D. 

      When a sample of DNA can be reproduced a million times

  • 39. 
    A carcinogen is all of the following except...
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Electricity

    • C. 

      Asbestos

    • D. 

      Chemicals in tobacco

  • 40. 
    In DNA fingerprinting, what is used in order to separate sections of DNA into small bars vertically?
    • A. 

      A knife

    • B. 

      A laser

    • C. 

      Magnetic fields

    • D. 

      Magic

  • 41. 
    What is PCR used for?
    • A. 

      Forensic

    • B. 

      Archeology

    • C. 

      Brain surgery

    • D. 

      Mowing the lawn

  • 42. 
    What do restriction enzymes do?
    • A. 

      Stop genes from being expressed

    • B. 

      Controls the ability of RNA polymerase to move along structural genes

    • C. 

      Code for polypeptides

    • D. 

      Cut up specific sections of DNA so the pieces can be made into a DNA fingerprint

  • 43. 
    Restriction enzymes look for ___ and cut the DNA there.
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      More enzymes

    • C. 

      Palindromes

    • D. 

      Cancer

  • 44. 
    What is recombinant DNA?
    • A. 

      DNA that is faulty

    • B. 

      DNA that fails to split during replication

    • C. 

      When DNA is taken from one life form and transported into another

    • D. 

      When DNA molecules are artificially created by combing DNA from different sources

  • 45. 
    What did The Global Human Genome Project achieve?
    • A. 

      It decoded the entire human DNA sequence

    • B. 

      Nothing

    • C. 

      Discovered the "Double Helix"

    • D. 

      Discovered Transcription

  • 46. 
    What is a plasmid?
    • A. 

      A circular DNA molecule that is found in bacteria and can replicate independently of the main chromosome

    • B. 

      A vitamin

    • C. 

      A commercial product that resulted from DNA technology

    • D. 

      A gene that benefits the organism

  • 47. 
    All are NOT commercial products that resulted from DNA technology except...  
    • A. 

      Milk

    • B. 

      Plasmids

    • C. 

      Genomes

    • D. 

      Vaccines

  • 48. 
    What is the process that introduces the nucleus of a body cell into an egg cell to create an identical organism?
    • A. 

      Transcription

    • B. 

      PCR

    • C. 

      Cloning

    • D. 

      Metastasis

  • 49. 
    Which is an agricultural application of genetic engineering?
    • A. 

      Improvement in knowledge

    • B. 

      Improvement in mana

    • C. 

      Improvement in blood flow

    • D. 

      Improvement of nutrition

  • 50. 
    What are homeobox genes?
    • A. 

      Genes that are queer and live in boxes

    • B. 

      Genes that code the proteins that control development mutations.

    • C. 

      Genes that cause uncontrolled cell multiplication

    • D. 

      Genes that are codes for proteins that prohibit excessive cell division.

  • 51. 
    What transfers plasmids?
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Ribosomes