Nursing Quiz On Pediatrics Trivia!

24 Questions

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Nursing Quizzes & Trivia

Kids can be a little challenging to handle when sick as compared to adults, and this is why an adult nurse cannot wake up one day and take over the duties of a pediatrician. Are you working on getting licensed as a pediatrician and have one exam between you and the certificate? This quiz is from the Nursing Care of Children. Take it up and get to refresh your memory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the one group that should be constant in a child's life?
    • A. 

      Healthcare Professionals

    • B. 

      Family

    • C. 

      Peers

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      B and C

  • 2. 
    True or False:A nurse must be aware that the child is a primary concern, the child's family is the priority concern in terms of care. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Positive family relationships are characterized by parent-child... 
    • A. 

      Obedience and discipline

    • B. 

      Obedience and respect

    • C. 

      Obedience and warmth

    • D. 

      Warmth and discipline

    • E. 

      Warmth and respect

  • 4. 
    Who is the expert regarding the child's health condition, the child's usual behaviour in different situations, and the child's routine needs?
    • A. 

      The nurse

    • B. 

      The family

    • C. 

      The primary care provider

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Recognition and respect should be given to different methods of the child's coping

    • B. 

      The nurse should perform a comprehensive family assessment to identify strengths and weaknesses

    • C. 

      The nurse should pay close attention when a family states that the child "isn't acting right"

    • D. 

      The child's opinions should be considered when providing care

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is composed of two parents and their children (e.g. biologic or adoptive)?
    • A. 

      Same-sex family

    • B. 

      Foster family

    • C. 

      Nuclear family

    • D. 

      Blended family

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is composed  of one parent and one or more children?
    • A. 

      Nuclear family

    • B. 

      Extended family

    • C. 

      Blended family

    • D. 

      Foster family

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is composed of a common-law tie between two members of the same sex who may or may not have children?
    • A. 

      Same-sex family

    • B. 

      Nuclear family

    • C. 

      Extended family

    • D. 

      Foster family

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is composed of at least one stepparent, stepsibling, or half-sibling?
    • A. 

      Nuclear family

    • B. 

      Extended family

    • C. 

      Blended family

    • D. 

      Foster family

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is composed of at least one parent, one or more children, and other individuals either related or not related?
    • A. 

      Foster family

    • B. 

      Extended family

    • C. 

      Single-parent family

    • D. 

      Blended family

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is composed of a child or children that have been placed in an approved living environment away from the family of origin - usually with one or two parents? 
    • A. 

      Extended family

    • B. 

      Blended family

    • C. 

      Same-sex family

    • D. 

      Single-parent family

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is not included in positive parental influences?
    • A. 

      Structure maintained in the household

    • B. 

      Communication that validates the child's feelings

    • C. 

      Monitoring of children for safety with special consideration for their developmental needs

    • D. 

      Parents' engagement in activities with their children

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Which of the following parenting styles involves Parents try to control their children's behaviours and attitudes through unquestioned rules and expectations?
    • A. 

      Dictatorial or authoritative

    • B. 

      Dictatorial or authoritarian

    • C. 

      Permissive or authoritarian

    • D. 

      Democratic or authoritative

    • E. 

      Permissive or democratic

  • 14. 
    Which of the following parenting styles involves parents who exert little or no control over their children's behaviours?
    • A. 

      Dictatorial or authoritative

    • B. 

      Dictatorial or authoritarian

    • C. 

      Permissive or authoritarian

    • D. 

      Permissive or laissez-faire

    • E. 

      Democratic or authoritative

  • 15. 
    Which of the following parenting styles involves parents that direct children's behaviours by setting rules and explaining the reason for each rule setting and also reinforce deviations from the rules?
    • A. 

      Dictatorial or authoritative

    • B. 

      Dictatorial or authoritarian

    • C. 

      Democratic or authoritative

    • D. 

      Permissive or laissez-faire

    • E. 

      Permissive or democratic

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not one of the guidelines for promoting healthy behaviour in children?
    • A. 

      Validating the child's feelings

    • B. 

      Setting realistic limits and expectations based on developmental tasks

    • C. 

      Providing reinforcement for appropriate behaviour

    • D. 

      Focusing on the child's behaviour when disciplining the child

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    Family assessment does not include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Genogram

    • B. 

      Developmental tasks

    • C. 

      Family stressors

    • D. 

      Structure

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 18. 
    A collection of learned, adaptive, and transmitted social values and beliefs that form the context from which a group interprets the human experience is
    • A. 

      Ethnicity

    • B. 

      Race

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 19. 
    True or False: When a cultural value/behaviour is a direct hindrance to the child's health/wellness, the nurse should attempt to repattern that belief to one that is compatible with health promotion
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    • A. 

      Direct questions at the interpreter

    • B. 

      Interject during patient-interpreter communication, as needed

    • C. 

      If necessary, comment about the family to the interpreter

    • D. 

      Ask several questions at a time to ensure time efficiency

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 21. 
    The expected range for infant temperature (axillary or rectal) is
    • A. 

      38-39C

    • B. 

      37.5-38.5C

    • C. 

      36.5-37.5C

    • D. 

      35-36C

    • E. 

      36-38C

  • 22. 
    Your infantile patient has a temperature of 97.9, this is
    • A. 

      Within normal limits

    • B. 

      Abnormal, low

    • C. 

      Abnormal, high

  • 23. 
    Which of the following is a normal pulse for an infant?
    • A. 

      115

    • B. 

      145

    • C. 

      165

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 24. 
    What is the normal pulse range for infantile patients?
    • A. 

      60-100/min

    • B. 

      100-150/min

    • C. 

      120-160/min

    • D. 

      140-180/min

    • E. 

      170-200/min

  • 25. 
    Your infantile patient is breathing 20 breaths per minute, this is
    • A. 

      Within normal limits

    • B. 

      Abnormal, low

    • C. 

      Abnormal, high

  • 26. 
    The normal infantile range for respirations is
    • A. 

      23-50 breaths/minute

    • B. 

      31-55 breaths/minute

    • C. 

      43-63 breaths/minute

    • D. 

      25-65 breaths/minute

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 27. 
    True or False:Normal infant blood pressure runs higher than normal adult blood pressure
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    True or False:Normal childhood temperature (oral) range is 37 to 38C
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    Normal childhood range for temperature (oral) encompasses
    • A. 

      36C

    • B. 

      100F

    • C. 

      38C

    • D. 

      97F

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 30. 
    The normal respiratory rate range for children is
    • A. 

      10-20/minute

    • B. 

      15-25/minute

    • C. 

      20-30/minute

    • D. 

      25-35/minute

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 31. 
    Normal childhood pulse range is
    • A. 

      120-160/minute

    • B. 

      100-130/minute

    • C. 

      75-100/minute

    • D. 

      60-110/minute

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 32. 
    Your pediatric patient has a pulse of 115 bpm, this is
    • A. 

      Within normal limits

    • B. 

      Abnormal, low

    • C. 

      Abnormal, high

  • 33. 
    True or False:As a child's age increases, their blood pressure decreases
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Your pediatric patient's mother states the following, "Normal BP is any reading that is more than the 90th percentile adjusted for height and weight." This statement... 
    • A. 

      Is true and does not require further teaching

    • B. 

      Warrants further patient/family education

  • 35. 
    Your adolescent patient has an oral temperature of 100.2F, this is
    • A. 

      Within normal limits

    • B. 

      Abnormal, low

    • C. 

      Abnormal, high

  • 36. 
    The normal range for an adolescent's pulse is
    • A. 

      50-100 bpm

    • B. 

      60-100 bpm

    • C. 

      60-90bpm

    • D. 

      70-100 bpm

    • E. 

      70-110 bpm

  • 37. 
    True or False:The normal range for adolescent respirations is 15-20 breaths per minute
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 38. 
    The newly graduated nurse states, "Limp posture is expected in infants with extension of the extremities;" this statement is
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    True or False:Lesions are normal findings in children from 2 to 5 years of age
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    The infant displays assymetrical skin folds, this is
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Abnormal

  • 41. 
    The posterior fontanel usually closes by 
    • A. 

      1 month

    • B. 

      2-3 months

    • C. 

      5-6 months

    • D. 

      18-24 months

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 42. 
    A concerned mother asks the nurse when to expect the closing of the anterior fontanel. The nurses best response is
    • A. 

      At 2 months of age

    • B. 

      At 6 months of age

    • C. 

      At 12 months of age

    • D. 

      At 18 months of age

    • E. 

      At 24 months of age

  • 43. 
    The doctor orders a visual acuity test in a 1 year old child, the nurse should
    • A. 

      Hold an object in front of the infant's eyes and check to see if she is able to fix on the object and follow it

    • B. 

      Use a symbol chart to assess the visual acuity in this child

    • C. 

      Use a snellen chart to assess the visual acuity in this child

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 44. 
    What tool is used to assess color vision?
    • A. 

      Ishihara test

    • B. 

      Snellen chart

    • C. 

      Symbol test

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 45. 
    True or False: Extraocular movements must be symmetrical in children of all ages
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 46. 
    True or False: Infants should turn away from sound
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 47. 
    The infant's tongue has a white coating that can be easily removed, this is
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Abnormal

  • 48. 
    How many deciduous teeth and how many permanent teeth is expected?
    • A. 

      20 deciduous teeth and 32 permanent teeth

    • B. 

      20 permanent teeth and 32 deciduous teeth

    • C. 

      10 permanent teeth and 22 deciduous teeth

    • D. 

      10 deciduous teeth and 22 permanent teeth

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 49. 
    A concerned mother expresses that her infant's chest moves in irregular rhythms, the nurse
    • A. 

      Refers the family to a neonatologist

    • B. 

      Assures her that this can be normal in infants

    • C. 

      Prepares the infant for intubation

    • D. 

      Prepares the infant for hospitalization

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 50. 
    Abdominal movements are seen during respirations more in which age group
    • A. 

      Children younger than 3 years

    • B. 

      Children younger than 6 years

    • C. 

      Children younger than 9 years

    • D. 

      Children older than 6 years

    • E. 

      Children older than 9 years

  • 51. 
    True or False: It is more difficult to hear breath sounds in infants than adults
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    True or False:Sinus arrhythmias that are associated with respirations are common. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    Which pulse is not palpable, full, and localized in infants
    • A. 

      Pedal

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Temporal

    • D. 

      Femoral

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 54. 
    • A. 

      Will grasp objects when palm is touched

    • B. 

      Occurs from birth to 8 months

    • C. 

      Is difficult to test

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 55. 
    Which describes the palmar grasp?
    • A. 

      Legs flex, arms and hands extend when startled by loud noise

    • B. 

      Toes will curl downward when sole of foot is touched

    • C. 

      Turn head to side when cheek of mouth is touched

    • D. 

      Is expected from birth to 3 months

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 56. 
    Which of the following does not describe the moro reflex in infants?
    • A. 

      Legs extend, arms and hands flex when startled by loud noises

    • B. 

      Expected age is birth to 8 months

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 57. 
    Asymmetric tonic neck reflex is
    • A. 

      Extension of the arm and leg on the side when the head is turned to that side with flexion of the arm and leg of the opposite side

    • B. 

      Is expected between birth to 3 to 4 months

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 58. 
    Which is true of cranial nerve I?
    • A. 

      Is difficult to test in infants

    • B. 

      Is the olfactory nerve

    • C. 

      Children/adolescents are tested by smelling through each nostril individually

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 59. 
    Which is not true of cranial nerve II
    • A. 

      Is the trochlear nerve

    • B. 

      Expected findings in infants involves tracking with eyes

    • C. 

      Expected findings in adolescents/children involves intact visual acuity, peripheral and color vision

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 60. 
    Which of the following is not true
    • A. 

      CN III is the optic nerve

    • B. 

      CN IV is the trochlear nerve

    • C. 

      CN V is the trigeminal nerve

    • D. 

      CN VI is the abducens nerve

    • E. 

      CN VII is the facial nerve

  • 61. 
    Which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      CN VIII is the glossopharyngeal nerve

    • B. 

      CN IX is the spinal accessory nerve

    • C. 

      CN X is the vagus nerve

    • D. 

      CN XI is the hypoglossal nerve

    • E. 

      CN XII is the trigeminal nerve

  • 62. 
    What does the  Denver Developmental Screening Test evaluate?
    • A. 

      Language

    • B. 

      Cognition

    • C. 

      Fine motor development

    • D. 

      Gross motor development

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 63. 
    True or False:The foreskin of the penis may not be retractable in infants and small children.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    True or False:The right testicle hands slightly lower than the right
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 65. 
    True or False:Testes descend one at a time
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 66. 
    When does the infant's posterior fontanel close?
    • A. 

      1-2 months

    • B. 

      2-3 months

    • C. 

      3-4 months

    • D. 

      4-5 months

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 67. 
    What age is Erikson's trust vs. mistrust?
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 68. 
    What age is Freud's oral stage?
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 69. 
    What age is Piaget's sensorimotor stage? 
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 70. 
    The infant's size is tracked by 
    • A. 

      Height

    • B. 

      Weight

    • C. 

      Head circumference

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 71. 
    The infant ____ birth weight by the end of the first year
    • A. 

      Doubles

    • B. 

      Triples

    • C. 

      Quadruples

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 72. 
    The infant gains _____ lb per month the first 6 months of life
    • A. 

      1 lb

    • B. 

      1.5 lb

    • C. 

      2 lb

    • D. 

      2.5 lb

    • E. 

      3 lb

  • 73. 
    The infant gains _____ lb per month the last 6 months of the first year
    • A. 

      0.5

    • B. 

      0.75

    • C. 

      1

    • D. 

      1.5

    • E. 

      2

  • 74. 
    The infant grows ____ inch(es) per month the first 6 months of life
    • A. 

      0.5

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      1.5

    • D. 

      2

    • E. 

      2.5

  • 75. 
    The infant grows ____ inch(es) per month the last 6 months of the first year
    • A. 

      0.5

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      1.5

    • D. 

      2

    • E. 

      2.5

  • 76. 
    The circumference of the infant's head increases ____ inch(es) per month for the first 6 months of life
    • A. 

      0.5

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      1.5

    • D. 

      2

    • E. 

      2.5

  • 77. 
    Which is true regarding gross motor skills?
    • A. 

      The infant holds head up at 5 months

    • B. 

      The infant rolls over at 3 months

    • C. 

      The infant holds heady when sitting at 8 months

    • D. 

      The infant gets to sitting position alone and can pull up to standing position at 9 months

    • E. 

      The infant stands holding on at 10 months

  • 78. 
    Which is true regarding gross motor skills?
    • A. 

      The infant stands alone at 10 months

    • B. 

      The infant holds head steady when sitting at 3 months

    • C. 

      The infant rolls over at 1 month

    • D. 

      The infant stands alone at 12 months

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 79. 
    • A. 

      First, the infant brings hands together

    • B. 

      Second, the infant grasps a rattle

    • C. 

      Third, the infant looks for items that are dropped from view

    • D. 

      Fourth, the infant holds head up

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 80. 
    Which of the following fine motor skills occurs first?
    • A. 

      Brings hands together

    • B. 

      Grasp rattle

    • C. 

      Looks for items that are dropped from view

    • D. 

      Transfers an object from one hand to the other

    • E. 

      Rakes finger foods with hand

  • 81. 
    Which of the following occurs second?
    • A. 

      Uses thumb-finger to grasp items

    • B. 

      Bangs two toys together

    • C. 

      Looks for items that are dropped from view

    • D. 

      Grasps rattle

    • E. 

      Looks for items that are dropped from view

  • 82. 
    Which of the following fine motors occurs last? 
    • A. 

      Bangs two toys together

    • B. 

      Rakes finger foods with hands

    • C. 

      Brings hands together

    • D. 

      Uses thumb-finger to grasp items

    • E. 

      Can nest one object inside another

  • 83. 
    The sensorimotor stage is by which theorist?
    • A. 

      Freud

    • B. 

      Erikson

    • C. 

      Piaget

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 84. 
    Which of the following describes the following statement "Initial reflexes replaced by voluntary movements that are self-centered on having needs met" 
    • A. 

      The statement was developed as part of Piaget's theory

    • B. 

      Is part of the sensorimotor stage

    • C. 

      The infant develops object permanence

    • D. 

      The infant comprehends word meanings

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 85. 
    Which of the following is not true about object permanence?
    • A. 

      The infant realizes that an object still exists even when it is no longer in view

    • B. 

      Occurs between 6-12 months

    • C. 

      Is part of the sensorimotor period for an infant

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 86. 
    Which is true regarding language development in infants?
    • A. 

      First, the infant vocalizes with "oohs" and "aahs"

    • B. 

      Development follows the sensorimotor period

    • C. 

      Second, the infant responds to noises

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 87. 
    Which of the following occurs first during an infant's psychosocial development?
    • A. 

      Plays pat-a-cake

    • B. 

      Regards faces

    • C. 

      Smiles in response to others

    • D. 

      Works to reach toys

    • E. 

      Feeds self by eating self finger foods

  • 88. 
    Which of the following is true about separation anxiety?
    • A. 

      Separation anxiety develops in the first half of the first year

    • B. 

      Parents should be encouraged not to leave the infant for long periods of time

    • C. 

      All of the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 89. 
    Which of the following is not recommended as feeding alternatives for infants
    • A. 

      Breastfeeding

    • B. 

      Iron-fortified formula

    • C. 

      Cow's milk

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 90. 
    Which is true about feeding solids to infants?
    • A. 

      Can be introduced around the time the infant triples his birth weight

    • B. 

      Is estimated to begin around 9 months

    • C. 

      Start the infant on pureed or strained foods

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 91. 
    Which is not true about hyperbilirubinemia?
    • A. 

      Occurs in newborns

    • B. 

      Is commonly caused by immaturity of the spleen

    • C. 

      Is observed as jaundice

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 92. 
    True or False:Bottles should be given to infants at bedtime to ease falling asleep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 93. 
    • A. 

      Suffocation

    • B. 

      Poisoning

    • C. 

      Falls

    • D. 

      Burns

    • E. 

      Drowning

  • 94. 
    Placing the infant on the back for sleep prevents risk of _____
    • A. 

      Suffocation

    • B. 

      Falls

    • C. 

      Bodily damage

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 95. 
    At what age does Erikson's autonomy vs. shame occur?
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 96. 
    Which of Freud's stages occurs in the toddler years (1-3 years)?
    • A. 

      Phallic

    • B. 

      Oral

    • C. 

      Anal

    • D. 

      Genital

    • E. 

      Latency

  • 97. 
    At what age does Piaget estimate that sensorimotor transitions to preoperational?
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 98. 
    By when does the toddler's anterior fontanel close by?
    • A. 

      3 months

    • B. 

      6 months

    • C. 

      12 months

    • D. 

      18 months

    • E. 

      24 months

  • 99. 
    The toddler grows _____ inches height per year
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

    • E. 

      5

  • 100. 
    At 30 months, the toddler should weigh ____ times his birth weight
    • A. 

      1.5

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 101. 
    Which of the following is not an expected achievement by the toddler
    • A. 

      Development of steady gait

    • B. 

      Jumping and standing on one foot for short periods

    • C. 

      Undressing and feeding self

    • D. 

      Drawing stick figures

    • E. 

      Walking heel-to-toe

  • 102. 
    True or False:Preoperational thought allows for the toddler to understand other viewpoints
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 103. 
    True or False:Separation anxiety continues to occurs when a parent leaves the toddler
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 104. 
    Children develop gender identity by which age?
    • A. 

      1 year

    • B. 

      3 years

    • C. 

      5 years

    • D. 

      7 years

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 105. 
    Toddlers engage in which kind of play?
    • A. 

      Solitary

    • B. 

      Parallel

    • C. 

      Cooperative

    • D. 

      Competitive

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 106. 
    True or False:The toddler should not be given cow's milk because of immature digestive enzymes. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 107. 
    True or False:Toddlers are picky eaters
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 108. 
    • A. 

      Otitis media

    • B. 

      Toilet training

    • C. 

      Temper tantrums

    • D. 

      Lower respiratory tract infections

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 109. 
    Toilet training can begin when... 
    • A. 

      The child turns 1 year old

    • B. 

      When parents feel their child is ready

    • C. 

      When the child has the sensation of needing to urinate or defecate

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 110. 
    • A. 

      Drowning

    • B. 

      Falls

    • C. 

      Suffocation

    • D. 

      Poisoning

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 111. 
    Which of Erikson's stages occurs from age 3-5 years?
    • A. 

      Trust vs. Mistrust

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. Shame

    • C. 

      Initiative vs. Guilt

    • D. 

      Industry vs. Inferiority

    • E. 

      Identity vs. Role confusion

  • 112. 
    Which of Freud's stages does the preschooler experience?
    • A. 

      Oral

    • B. 

      Genital

    • C. 

      Phallic

    • D. 

      Anal

    • E. 

      Latency

  • 113. 
    Which of Piaget's cognitive stages occurs in the preschooler?
    • A. 

      Sensorimotor

    • B. 

      Sensorimotor transitions to preoperational

    • C. 

      Preoperational

    • D. 

      Concrete operations

    • E. 

      Formal operations

  • 114. 
    True or False: The preschooler (age 3 to 5) should gain 10 lb per year.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 115. 
    The preschooler should grow _______ inches per year
    • A. 

      1-2

    • B. 

      2.5-3

    • C. 

      3-4

    • D. 

      5.5-6

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 116. 
    Developmental skills expected in a preschooler does not include
    • A. 

      Alternating feet on stairs

    • B. 

      Playing on playground equipment

    • C. 

      Dressing without help

    • D. 

      Drawing copies of shapes on paper

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 117. 
    • A. 

      It has two phases: preconceptual and intutitive

    • B. 

      Develops in preschoolers

    • C. 

      Typically develops in children 3 to 5

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 118. 
    True or False:A typical toddler may comprehend days of the week
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 119. 
    Which of the following is not an age-appropriate activity for preschoolers
    • A. 

      Playing ball

    • B. 

      Reading books

    • C. 

      Putting puzzles together

    • D. 

      Role playing

    • E. 

      Filling and emptying containers

  • 120. 
    True or False:Preschoolers may continue being picky eaters up to age 5
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 121. 
    True or False:A preschooler consumes about a third the amount of an adult
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 122. 
    • A. 

      Otitis media

    • B. 

      Accidents

    • C. 

      Drowning

    • D. 

      Suffocation

    • E. 

      Poisoning

  • 123. 
    What is the typical age for Erikson's industry vs. inferiority?
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 124. 
    Which of Freud's stages occurs in the school-age child?
    • A. 

      Anal

    • B. 

      Phallic

    • C. 

      Oral

    • D. 

      Genital

    • E. 

      Latency

  • 125. 
    Piaget's stage of concrete operations occurs in which age group?
    • A. 

      Infant

    • B. 

      Toddler

    • C. 

      Preschooler

    • D. 

      School-age child

    • E. 

      Adolescent

  • 126. 
    True or False:The school-age child will gain 4.4 to 8.8 lb per year
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 127. 
    True or False:The school-age child will grow about 3 inches per year
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 128. 
    True or False:Visual acuity improves to 20/20 in preschool children
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 129. 
    True or False:Changes related to puberty appear in both males and females during the school-age period
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 130. 
    Which of the following is false about concrete thought among school-age children?
    • A. 

      Able to understand time (days, seasons)

    • B. 

      Is able to understand various emotions people experience

    • C. 

      Weight and volume change according to size of container

    • D. 

      Able to understand simple analogies

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 131. 
    In which group does the following statement most apply, "I'll help you if you help me"?
    • A. 

      Infant

    • B. 

      Toddler

    • C. 

      Preschooler

    • D. 

      School-age

    • E. 

      Adolescent

  • 132. 
    In the school-age child, a sense of industry is achieved through achievements in _____
    • A. 

      Business

    • B. 

      Learning

    • C. 

      Family

    • D. 

      Socializing

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 133. 
    True or False:School-age children prefer the company of same-sex companions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 134. 
    At which age does solidification of body image occur?
    • A. 

      Infant

    • B. 

      Toddler

    • C. 

      Preschooler

    • D. 

      School-age

    • E. 

      Adolescent

  • 135. 
    At which age should education regarding sexual development and the reproduction process begin?
    • A. 

      Toddler

    • B. 

      Preschooler

    • C. 

      School-age

    • D. 

      Adolescent

    • E. 

      B, C, and D

  • 136. 
    By the end of which stage is the child eating adult proportions of food?
    • A. 

      Toddler

    • B. 

      Preschool

    • C. 

      School-age

    • D. 

      Adolescent

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 137. 
    Which is a potential concern for the school-age child (5 to 12 years)?
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Obesity

    • C. 

      Cancer

    • D. 

      Substance abuse

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 138. 
    In which age group do permanent teeth erupt?
    • A. 

      Birth-1 year

    • B. 

      1-3 years

    • C. 

      3-5 years

    • D. 

      5-12 years

    • E. 

      12-20 years

  • 139. 
    Children less than ____ years of age are safest in the back seat.
    • A. 

      8

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      13

    • D. 

      15

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 140. 
    True or False:Respiratory infections are common in school-age children.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 141. 
    Which of the following of Erikson's stages occurs in the adolescent?
    • A. 

      Industry vs. Inferiority

    • B. 

      Autonomy vs. Shame

    • C. 

      Trust vs. Mistrust

    • D. 

      Initiative vs. Guilt

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 142. 
    Which of Freud's psychosocial/psychosexual stages occurs in adolescence?
    • A. 

      Genital

    • B. 

      Oral

    • C. 

      Phallic

    • D. 

      Latency

    • E. 

      Anal

  • 143. 
    Which of the following cognitive stages occurs between 12 to 20 years of age?
    • A. 

      Concrete operations

    • B. 

      Formal operations

    • C. 

      Sensorimotor

    • D. 

      Preoperational

    • E. 

      Sensorimotor transition to preoperational

  • 144. 
    Females reach _____ of their adult height by age 13
    • A. 

      50%

    • B. 

      95%

    • C. 

      75%

    • D. 

      60%

    • E. 

      100%

  • 145. 
    Males reach 95% of their adult height by age _____
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      13

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      17

    • E. 

      19

  • 146. 
    Which age group is able to think abstractly?
    • A. 

      Preschool

    • B. 

      Adolescent

    • C. 

      School-age

    • D. 

      Toddler

    • E. 

      Infant

  • 147. 
    Which age group views themselves as invincible to bad outcomes?
    • A. 

      Infant

    • B. 

      Toddler

    • C. 

      Preschooler

    • D. 

      School-age

    • E. 

      Adolescent

  • 148. 
    Place in order the sexual maturation sequence of males:a) Change in voiceb) Growth of axillary hairc) Increase in the size of the testesd) Rapid growth of genitaliae) Appearance of downy hair on upper lipf) Appearance of pubic hair
    • A. 

      A, F, C, D, E, B

    • B. 

      B, E, A, C, F, D

    • C. 

      C, F, D, B, E, A

    • D. 

      F, B, E, A, C, D

    • E. 

      D, A, F, B, C, E

  • 149. 
    Which is not an appropriate activity for the adolescent age group?
    • A. 

      Sports

    • B. 

      Caring for a pet

    • C. 

      Reading

    • D. 

      Violent video games

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 150. 
    Which of the following tends to be deficient in the adolescent?
    • A. 

      Vitamin A

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Vitamin C

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 151. 
    Which of the following is not a concern of the adolescent?
    • A. 

      Scoliosis

    • B. 

      Homicide

    • C. 

      Suicide

    • D. 

      Substance abuse

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 152. 
    Which of the following is the leading cause of death among 12-20 year olds?
    • A. 

      Motor vehicle crashes

    • B. 

      Homicides

    • C. 

      Suicide

    • D. 

      Substance abuse and toxicity

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 153. 
    Which of the following is a nutritional concern in childhood?
    • A. 

      Dietary deficiencies

    • B. 

      Hunger

    • C. 

      Failure to thrive

    • D. 

      Food intolerance/allergy

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 154. 
    Which of the following is not true in the nutritional needs of preterm infants?
    • A. 

      The infants require 50 to 60 kcal/kg per day (parenteral) or 75 kcal/kg per day if fed orally

    • B. 

      Limit fruit juice to 4 to 6 oz/day

    • C. 

      Needs are increased with illness

    • D. 

      Breast milk is recommended

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 155. 
    Which is is true in the nutritional needs of infants?
    • A. 

      8 to 10 months: Eggs

    • B. 

      Birth-1 year: Breast milk, formula, or whole milk

    • C. 

      4 to 6 months: Wheat products

    • D. 

      6 to 8 months: Yellow vegetables and fruits

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 156. 
    Which of these nutritional needs is delayed until after 12 months? 
    • A. 

      Whole milk

    • B. 

      Eggs

    • C. 

      Strawberries

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 157. 
    Which of these nutritional needs is not delayed until after 12 months? 
    • A. 

      Meat

    • B. 

      Fish

    • C. 

      Nut products

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 158. 
    • A. 

      Yellow vegetables

    • B. 

      Fruits

    • C. 

      Iron-fortified cereal

    • D. 

      Breast-milk or formula

    • E. 

      Whole milk

  • 159. 
    Which of the following is an appropriate nutritional need for an infant 6 to 8 months?
    • A. 

      Eggs

    • B. 

      Strawberries

    • C. 

      Meat

    • D. 

      Iron-fortified cereal

    • E. 

      Fruit

  • 160. 
    Which of the following is an appropriate nutritional need for an infant 8 to 10 months?
    • A. 

      Meat

    • B. 

      Fruits

    • C. 

      Wheat

    • D. 

      Corn

    • E. 

      Nut products

  • 161. 
    Which is not true in toddlers' nutritional needs?
    • A. 

      Limit fruit juice to 1-2 oz/day due to sugar content

    • B. 

      Give the toddler small portions that are healthy

    • C. 

      Toddlers do well with finger foods

    • D. 

      They may temporarily become a "picky eater" and will require three meals and two snacks per day

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 162. 
    • A. 

      They may temporarily become picky eaters

    • B. 

      They will require three meals and three snacks per day

    • C. 

      Give the toddler small portions that are healthy

    • D. 

      Limit fruit juices to 4 to 6 oz/day due to sugar content

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 163. 
    Which is true about preschoolers' nutrition?
    • A. 

      A preschool child may eat only certain foods for a period of time

    • B. 

      A preschool child requires three meals and one snack per day

    • C. 

      Foods should represent all areas of the food pyramid

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 164. 
    Which of the following does not apply to school-age children?
    • A. 

      Nutritional needs of the school-age child are dependent upon height

    • B. 

      A school-age child requires a balanced diet

    • C. 

      A school-age child likes to be included in meal planning and preparation

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 165. 
    The adolescent requires how many kcal/day?
    • A. 

      1500-2500 kcal/day

    • B. 

      2000-3000 kcal/day

    • C. 

      2500-3500 kcal/day

    • D. 

      3000-4000 kcal/day

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 166. 
    • A. 

      Physical appearance

    • B. 

      Anthropometry measurement

    • C. 

      Behavioral patterns

    • D. 

      Activity level and tolerance

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 167. 
    Which of the following is not part of the anthropometry measurement?
    • A. 

      Height/length

    • B. 

      Weight

    • C. 

      Head circumference

    • D. 

      Chest circumference

    • E. 

      Skinfold measurement

  • 168. 
    Which of the following is not a nutrition-related nursing intervention?
    • A. 

      Assess/monitor for signs and symptoms of altered nutrition

    • B. 

      Provide child choice of nutritional snacks

    • C. 

      Teach/reinforce breastfeeding techniques

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 169. 
    Which is not true regarding play?
    • A. 

      Play is the work of children

    • B. 

      Functions of play affect all areas of the child's development

    • C. 

      Children express feelings and fears through play

    • D. 

      Play is a means of protection from everyday stressors

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 170. 
    Which is not true regarding content of play?
    • A. 

      Skill

    • B. 

      Parallel

    • C. 

      Sense-pleasure

    • D. 

      Social-affective

    • E. 

      Unoccupied behavior

  • 171. 
    • A. 

      Objects in the environment catching the child's attention

    • B. 

      Taking pleasure in relationships

    • C. 

      Demonstrating new abilities

    • D. 

      Focusing attention on something of interest

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 172. 
    Sense-pleasure content of play corresponds with
    • A. 

      Demonstrating new abilities

    • B. 

      Taking pleasure in relationships

    • C. 

      Focusing attention on something of interest

    • D. 

      Objects in the environment catching the child's attention

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 173. 
    Which of the following corresponds with skill content of play?
    • A. 

      Demonstrating new abilities

    • B. 

      Taking pleasure in relationships

    • C. 

      Objects in the environment catching the child's attention

    • D. 

      Focusing attention on something of interest

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 174. 
    • A. 

      Demonstrating new abilities

    • B. 

      Objects in the environment catching the child's attention

    • C. 

      Focusing attention on something of interest

    • D. 

      Taking pleasure in relationships

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 175. 
    The onlooker in the social character of play is represented by which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      Child playing alone

    • B. 

      Child observing others

    • C. 

      Child playing independently, but among other children, which is characteristic of a toddler

    • D. 

      Children playing together without organization, which is characteristic of preschoolers

    • E. 

      Organized playing in groups, which is characteristic of the school-age child

  • 176. 
    Which type of play is characteristic of toddler?
    • A. 

      Associative

    • B. 

      Solitary

    • C. 

      Parallel

    • D. 

      Cooperative

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 177. 
    Which type of play is characteristic of preschoolers?
    • A. 

      Cooperative play

    • B. 

      Parallel play

    • C. 

      Onlooker

    • D. 

      Solitary

    • E. 

      Associative

  • 178. 
    Which of the following types of play is characteristic of the school-age child?
    • A. 

      Cooperative

    • B. 

      Onlooker

    • C. 

      Parallel

    • D. 

      Associative

    • E. 

      Solitary

  • 179. 
    Which of the following describes solitary play?
    • A. 

      Organized playing in groups

    • B. 

      Children playing together without organization

    • C. 

      Child observing others

    • D. 

      Child playing alone

    • E. 

      Child playing independently

  • 180. 
    Which of the following describes onlooker play?
    • A. 

      Child playing alone

    • B. 

      Organized playing in groups

    • C. 

      Child observing others

    • D. 

      Child playing independently

    • E. 

      Children playing together without organization

  • 181. 
    • A. 

      Child playing independently, but among other children

    • B. 

      Child observing others

    • C. 

      Organized playing in groups

    • D. 

      Child playing alone

    • E. 

      Child playing together without organization

  • 182. 
    • A. 

      Child observing others

    • B. 

      Organized playing in groups

    • C. 

      Child playing alone

    • D. 

      Children playing together without organization

    • E. 

      Child observing others

  • 183. 
    Which of the following describes cooperative play?
    • A. 

      Child playing independently

    • B. 

      Organized playing in groups

    • C. 

      Child observing others

    • D. 

      Child playing alone

    • E. 

      Child playing independently, but among other children

  • 184. 
    • A. 

      Large blocks, toys that pop apart, and push and pull toys

    • B. 

      Watching educational TV and videos for children

    • C. 

      Cloth books, large crayons and paper, push-and-pull toys, puzzles with large pieces

    • D. 

      Visual and auditory stimuli

    • E. 

      Noise-making objects and soft toys

  • 185. 
    • A. 

      Puzzles with large pieces, tossing a ball, push-and-pull toys, cloth books

    • B. 

      Large blocks, toys that pop apart, and push and pull toys

    • C. 

      Noise-making objects and soft toys

    • D. 

      Visual and auditory stimuli

    • E. 

      Peer interaction

  • 186. 
    • A. 

      Teething toys and social interaction

    • B. 

      Large blocks, toys that pop apart, and push and pull toys

    • C. 

      Visual and auditory stimuli

    • D. 

      Cloth books, tossing a ball, and puzzles with large pieces

    • E. 

      Noise-making objects and soft toys

  • 187. 
    • A. 

      Teething toys

    • B. 

      Noise-making objects and soft toys

    • C. 

      Push and pull toys, large crayons and paper, puzzles with large pieces

    • D. 

      Large blocks, toys that pop apart, and push and pull toys

    • E. 

      Watching educational TV and videos for children

  • 188. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 189. 
    True or False:Age appropriate activities for infants include watching educational TV and videos for children
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 190. 
    Which of the following is an appropriate age-related play activity for the toddler?
    • A. 

      Watches educational TV and videos for children

    • B. 

      Cloth books, push-and-pull toys, puzzles with large pieces

    • C. 

      Riding a tricycle, tossing a ball, large crayons and paper

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 191. 
    Which is appropriate play for preschool children?
    • A. 

      Associative, imitative, and imaginative play

    • B. 

      Drawing, painting, riding tricycle, swimming, jumping, and running

    • C. 

      Watching educational television and videos

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 192. 
    Which is an appropriate activity for preschool children?
    • A. 

      Sports

    • B. 

      Games that can be played alone or with another person

    • C. 

      Arts and crafts, collections

    • D. 

      Noise-making objects and soft toys

    • E. 

      Drawing, painting, swimming, jumping

  • 193. 
    Which of the following is an appropriate activity for school-age children?
    • A. 

      Team sports

    • B. 

      Quiet activities

    • C. 

      Associative, imitative, and imaginative play

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 194. 
    • A. 

      Peer interaction

    • B. 

      Quiet interaction

    • C. 

      Sports

    • D. 

      School activities

    • E. 

      Games that can be played alone or with another person

  • 195. 
    True or False:Neonates and infants have immature liver and kidney function, acidic gastric juices, and an immature blood-brain barrier.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 196. 
    Which of the following applies to children?
    • A. 

      Reduced gastric acid production

    • B. 

      Slower gastric emptying time

    • C. 

      Reduced first-pass medication metabolism

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 197. 
    How is absorption of topical medication is changed in children?
    • A. 

      It is increased

    • B. 

      It is decreased

    • C. 

      It is the same as with adults

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 198. 
    Decreased serum protein-binding sites occurs until what age in children?
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      1

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      7

    • E. 

      13

  • 199. 
    Which of the following is the greatest factor that affects medication response in the pediatric client?
    • A. 

      Decreased cardiac output

    • B. 

      Organ system immaturity

    • C. 

      Increased body surface area

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 200. 
    • A. 

      Until age 7, aspiration of oral medications is always a risk, especially if the child is crying or in a supine position

    • B. 

      The IV route is the preferred route for children

    • C. 

      Mixing medication with formula will ensure that the infant will consume the medication

    • D. 

      Glass, needleless syringes are preferred for measurement and administration of small doses of medications

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 201. 
    Which of the following applies to the administration of oral medications to infants?
    • A. 

      Place the infant in a semireclining position

    • B. 

      Use medicine cups

    • C. 

      Using a plastic needleless syringe, administering small amounts of medication on the tongue

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 202. 
    Which of the following is not true regarding rectal medication administration?
    • A. 

      Acetaminophen (Tylenol), sedatives, morphine, and some antiemetics are available in suppository form

    • B. 

      This route is used as a substitute for IM administration

    • C. 

      Cut the suppository lengthwise for partial dosing

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 203. 
    For an intradermal injection, insert needle at ______ degree angle.
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      15

    • D. 

      20

    • E. 

      25

  • 204. 
    Applying a eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (lidocaine/prilocaine) (EMLA) in the form of a cream or disk a minimum of ___ minutes, preferably 2 to 2.5 hr, prior to injection is a suggestion to decrease pain with IM medication administration.
    • A. 

      10 minutes

    • B. 

      30 minutes

    • C. 

      45 minutes

    • D. 

      60 minutes

    • E. 

      90 minutes

  • 205. 
    The vastus lateralis site is usually the recommended site ______
    • A. 

      Infants and children less than 2 years

    • B. 

      Children less than 5 years

    • C. 

      Children less than 10 years

    • D. 

      Children less than 3 years

    • E. 

      Children less than 12 years

  • 206. 
    The ventrogluteal site can be used IM injections of children older than ____
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      4

    • C. 

      6

    • D. 

      8

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 207. 
    Which IM site can accommodate 0.5 mL for infants to 2.0 mL for children?
    • A. 

      Vastus Lateralis

    • B. 

      Deltoid

    • C. 

      Ventrogluteal

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 208. 
    The maximum volume tolerated in the deltoid is
    • A. 

      1 mL

    • B. 

      0.5 mL

    • C. 

      3 mL

    • D. 

      2 mL

    • E. 

      1.5 mL

  • 209. 
    Which of the following IM sites should not be used in infants/children with underdeveloped muscles?
    • A. 

      Ventrogluteal

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 210. 
    • A. 

      Short-term catheters

    • B. 

      PICCs

    • C. 

      Tunneled catheters

    • D. 

      Nontunneled catheters

    • E. 

      Implanted infusion ports

  • 211. 
    • A. 

      Nontunneled catheters

    • B. 

      Long-term ventral VADs

    • C. 

      Tunneled or implanted infusion ports

    • D. 

      PICCs

    • E. 

      Short-term catheters

  • 212. 
    To reduce pain with the procedure, up to ____ mL of medication can be used for subcutaneous and intradermal medication?
    • A. 

      1 mL

    • B. 

      0.5 mL

    • C. 

      2 mL

    • D. 

      5 mL

    • E. 

      3 mL

  • 213. 
    When does the nurse needs to evaluate the effectiveness of PO pain medication?
    • A. 

      30 minutes

    • B. 

      60 minutes

    • C. 

      15 minutes

    • D. 

      45 minutes

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 214. 
    The effectiveness of IM pain medication is evaluated after how long?
    • A. 

      60 minutes

    • B. 

      30 minutes

    • C. 

      15 minutes

    • D. 

      45 minutes

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 215. 
    Self-report using pain scales is useful in children over what age?
    • A. 

      3 years

    • B. 

      7 years

    • C. 

      9 years

    • D. 

      5 years

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 216. 
    True or False:In the FLACC scale, The F stands for Faces, L stands for Legs, A stands for Activity, C stands for Cry, C stands for Consolability
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 217. 
    The FLACC scale is appropriate for which age group?
    • A. 

      1 to 5 years

    • B. 

      3 years and older

    • C. 

      2 months to 7 years

    • D. 

      7 years and older

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 218. 
    The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CHEOPS) is appropriate for which age group?
    • A. 

      1 to 5 years

    • B. 

      3 years and older

    • C. 

      2 months to 7 years

    • D. 

      7 years and older

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 219. 
    The FACES scale is appropriate for which age group?
    • A. 

      2 months to 7 years

    • B. 

      1 to 5 years

    • C. 

      3 years and older

    • D. 

      7 years and older

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 220. 
    The visual analog scale is appropriate for which age group?
    • A. 

      Children 7 years are older

    • B. 

      Children1 to 5 years

    • C. 

      Children 2 months to 7 years

    • D. 

      Children 3 years and older

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 221. 
    The medication of choice for moderate to severe pain is which of the following?
    • A. 

      Acetaminophen

    • B. 

      Oxycodone

    • C. 

      Hydromorphone

    • D. 

      Fentanyl

    • E. 

      Morphine

  • 222. 
    True or False:Combining a nonopiod and opiod medication treats pain peripherally and centrally
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 223. 
    Which route is the preferred route for pain medication?
    • A. 

      IM

    • B. 

      IV

    • C. 

      PO

    • D. 

      SubQ

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 224. 
    Oral medication takes how long to reach peak analgesic effect?
    • A. 

      3-4 hours

    • B. 

      1-2 hours

    • C. 

      2-3 hours

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 225. 
    True or False:Sublingual/buccal/transmucosal analgesics are a very desirable form because they have a less first-pass effect than oral medications
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 226. 
    True or False:A continuous subcutaneous route is used if oral/IV routes are not accessible, although this route is not as effective as continuous IV infusions
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 227. 
    True or False:The patient is the only individual permitted to control the PCA.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 228. 
    • A. 

      Use EMLA 30 minutes prior to superficial puncture and 1 hour prior to deep puncture

    • B. 

      Prior to the procedure, remove the dressing or disk and wipe the skin. Indication of adequate response is a nonblanching response

    • C. 

      EMLA should only be applied in the health care facility/agency for the procedure

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 229. 
    Transdermal is appropriate for children older than...
    • A. 

      5 years

    • B. 

      12 years

    • C. 

      3 years

    • D. 

      15 years

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 230. 
    Until which age does the hospitalized child experience separation anxiety?
    • A. 

      Toddler

    • B. 

      Preschooler

    • C. 

      Infant

    • D. 

      School-age

    • E. 

      Adolescent

  • 231. 
    Which of the following accurately describes separation anxiety?
    • A. 

      There are four behavioral responses

    • B. 

      Protest, which may be expressed as crying

    • C. 

      Despair which may expressed as lack of protest when parents leave

    • D. 

      Detachment/denial, which may be expressed as being withdrawn and quiet

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 232. 
    The behavioral response of despair, as part of separation anxiety, is expressed as which of the following?
    • A. 

      Lack of protest when parents leave

    • B. 

      Crying

    • C. 

      Being withdrawn and quiet

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 233. 
    • A. 

      Toddler

    • B. 

      Infant

    • C. 

      Preschooler

    • D. 

      Adolescent

    • E. 

      School-age

  • 234. 
    • A. 

      School-age child

    • B. 

      Toddler

    • C. 

      Adolescent

    • D. 

      Infant

    • E. 

      Preschooler

  • 235. 
    True or False:Parents should be encouraged to provide routine care for the child, such as changing diapers and feeding the child
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 236. 
    • A. 

      Explain all procedures using simple, clear language and avoiding medical jargon

    • B. 

      Validate the child's fears and concerns

    • C. 

      Provide consistency in assigning caregivers

    • D. 

      Give choices when possible

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 237. 
    Which age group benefits most from promotion of normalcy during long hospitalizations?
    • A. 

      Infant

    • B. 

      Toddler

    • C. 

      Preschooler

    • D. 

      School-age

    • E. 

      Adolescent