Pediatrics Quiz: A Practice Test! Trivia

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Pediatrics Quiz: A Practice Test! Trivia - Quiz


How much do you know about Pediatrics? After birth, it is essential to ensure the child has regular checkups with the pediatrician so that their growth can be monitored and any issues observed handle in early stages such as allergies, growth defects, and speech problems. Do you know why immunization is essential for a child? This quiz will test out your ability to take care of infants as a medical practitioner.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    There are ___ diseases that can be prevented with routine childhood immunizations.

    • A.

      22

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      14

    • D.

      105

    Correct Answer
    C. 14
    Explanation
    Routine childhood immunizations are designed to protect children from various diseases. The given answer, 14, suggests that there are 14 diseases that can be prevented with these immunizations. This means that by following the recommended immunization schedule, children can be protected from a significant number of diseases, reducing their risk of illness and potential complications.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following are preventable with the recommended childhood vaccinations?

    • A.

      Diphtheria

    • B.

      Rubella

    • C.

      Polio

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above diseases, diphtheria, rubella, and polio, can be prevented with the recommended childhood vaccinations. Vaccinations have been developed and recommended by healthcare professionals to protect children from these diseases. Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that can cause severe respiratory problems, rubella is a viral infection that can lead to birth defects if contracted during pregnancy, and polio is a highly contagious viral infection that can cause paralysis. By receiving the recommended vaccinations, children can develop immunity to these diseases and significantly reduce the risk of contracting them.

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  • 3. 

    Measles can be spread by a sneeze or cough.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Measles can be spread by a sneeze or cough because the virus is highly contagious and can be transmitted through respiratory droplets. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, the virus can be released into the air and inhaled by others nearby. This is why measles is considered a highly contagious disease and can easily spread in crowded places or among unvaccinated individuals. It is important to take precautions such as covering the mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing to prevent the spread of measles.

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  • 4. 

    At what age should children begin to receive the influenza vaccine?

    • A.

      1 year

    • B.

      6 months

    • C.

      Birth

    • D.

      3 years

    Correct Answer
    B. 6 months
    Explanation
    Children should begin to receive the influenza vaccine at 6 months of age. This is because infants and young children are at a higher risk of developing severe complications from influenza. The vaccine helps protect them from getting sick and reduces the spread of the virus. Starting the vaccine at 6 months ensures that children are protected as early as possible during flu season.

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  • 5. 

    The following actions and strategies are helpful in minimizing discomfort during vaccinations. 

    • A.

      Using sing-song and high-pitched voice

    • B.

      Providing distraction

    • C.

      Delaying procedure

    • D.

      Provide praise or reward after procedure

    • E.

      Parent and nurse both talk to infant or baby rather than each other

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Using sing-song and high-pitched voice
    B. Providing distraction
    D. Provide praise or reward after procedure
    E. Parent and nurse both talk to infant or baby rather than each other
    Explanation
    The given actions and strategies are helpful in minimizing discomfort during vaccinations. Using a sing-song and high-pitched voice can help to soothe and distract the baby from the pain. Providing distraction, such as toys or bubbles, can also help to divert their attention away from the procedure. Praising or rewarding the baby after the procedure can create a positive association and reduce their fear or discomfort in the future. Lastly, when both the parent and nurse talk to the baby instead of each other, it helps to engage and comfort the baby during the vaccination process.

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  • 6. 

    Intramuscular injections should be administered at a ___ degree angle.

    • A.

      10-15

    • B.

      25

    • C.

      45

    • D.

      90

    Correct Answer
    D. 90
    Explanation
    Intramuscular injections should be administered at a 90-degree angle because this angle allows for the needle to penetrate deep into the muscle, ensuring that the medication is delivered directly into the muscle tissue. A 90-degree angle also helps to minimize the risk of injecting the medication into subcutaneous fat or hitting a blood vessel, which could lead to complications or reduced effectiveness of the medication.

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  • 7. 

    The proper way to dispose of a used syringe and needle is to:

    • A.

      Recap it with both hands and send to central processing for sterilization for reuse.

    • B.

      Throw into biohazardous trash bag

    • C.

      Throw into regular trash

    • D.

      Throw into biohazardous sharps waste container

    Correct Answer
    D. Throw into biohazardous sharps waste container
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to throw the used syringe and needle into a biohazardous sharps waste container. This is the proper way to dispose of these items because they are considered biohazardous waste due to the potential for transmitting infectious diseases. By disposing of them in a designated sharps container, the risk of accidental needlestick injuries and the spread of infections is minimized.

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  • 8. 

    The apical pulse is measured

    • A.

      At the wrist

    • B.

      Behind the knee

    • C.

      Over the heart

    Correct Answer
    C. Over the heart
    Explanation
    The apical pulse is measured over the heart because it is the most accurate location to assess the heart rate. The apical pulse is obtained by listening to the heartbeat using a stethoscope placed directly over the apex of the heart. This allows healthcare professionals to directly hear the heart sounds and count the number of beats per minute. Measuring the pulse at the wrist or behind the knee may not accurately reflect the heart rate as these locations are farther from the heart and may be affected by other factors such as blood vessel constriction or muscle movement.

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  • 9. 

    The average pulse rate for an infant

    • A.

      100 to 120 beats per minute

    • B.

      80 to 100 beats per minute

    • C.

      120 to 160 beats per minute

    Correct Answer
    C. 120 to 160 beats per minute
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 120 to 160 beats per minute. This range is considered the average pulse rate for an infant. Infants generally have a higher heart rate compared to adults, and this range is within the normal range for their age group. A pulse rate below or above this range may indicate a potential health issue and should be monitored by a healthcare professional.

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  • 10. 

    When counting respirations

    • A.

      Count each inhalation and each expiration and add them together

    • B.

      Count one inhalation and one expiration as one respiration

    • C.

      Tell the patient what you are doing

    Correct Answer
    B. Count one inhalation and one expiration as one respiration
    Explanation
    When counting respirations, it is standard practice to count one inhalation and one expiration as one respiration. This means that each complete breath cycle is counted as one respiration. This method is used to accurately assess the patient's breathing rate. It is important to inform the patient about the counting process to avoid any discomfort or confusion.

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  • 11. 

    SIDS is the unexpected death of seemingly healthy babies ____ months or younger.

    • A.

      16

    • B.

      24

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      36

    Correct Answer
    C. 12
    Explanation
    SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome, refers to the unexplained death of apparently healthy infants who are 12 months or younger. This condition typically occurs during sleep and is a leading cause of death in infants. It is important for parents and caregivers to follow safe sleep practices to reduce the risk of SIDS, such as placing babies on their backs to sleep and creating a safe sleep environment.

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  • 12. 

    What vaccine is given from the 12-23 months range?

    • A.

      Polio

    • B.

      Rotavirus

    • C.

      Influenza

    • D.

      Hep A

    Correct Answer
    D. Hep A
    Explanation
    The vaccine given from the 12-23 months range is Hep A, which stands for Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A is a viral infection that affects the liver and is typically spread through contaminated food or water. Vaccination against Hep A is recommended for children between the ages of 12-23 months to provide them with immunity against the virus. Polio, Rotavirus, and Influenza are other vaccines that are given to children, but they are not specifically recommended for the 12-23 months age range.

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  • 13. 

    What vaccine is given at the 2 months 4 months 6 months 12-15 months age range?

    • A.

      Hib

    • B.

      Tdap

    • C.

      Rotavirus

    • D.

      MMR

    Correct Answer
    A. Hib
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Hib. Hib vaccine is given at the 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, and 12-15 months age range. Hib stands for Haemophilus influenzae type b, which is a bacterium that can cause serious infections, particularly in young children. The vaccine helps protect against diseases caused by this bacterium, such as meningitis and pneumonia. It is administered as a series of doses to ensure adequate protection.

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  • 14. 

    What vaccine is given at the 2 months 4 months 6-18 months 4-6 years age range?

    • A.

      MMR

    • B.

      Polio

    • C.

      Td

    • D.

      Hep A

    Correct Answer
    B. Polio
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Polio because the question specifies the age ranges of 2 months, 4 months, 6-18 months, and 4-6 years. The Polio vaccine is typically given at these ages as part of the routine immunization schedule to protect against the poliovirus. MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella), Td (Tetanus, Diphtheria), and Hep A (Hepatitis A) vaccines are not typically administered at these specific ages.

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  • 15. 

    Following an injection of medication at the clinic how long should the patient wait?

    • A.

      10 minutes

    • B.

      15 minutes

    • C.

      45 minutes

    • D.

      1 hour

    Correct Answer
    B. 15 minutes
    Explanation
    After receiving an injection of medication at the clinic, the patient should wait for 15 minutes. This waiting period allows the healthcare provider to monitor the patient for any immediate adverse reactions or side effects that may occur after receiving the injection. It is a precautionary measure to ensure the patient's safety and well-being before they leave the clinic.

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