Pediatric Quiz Questions And Answers

43 Questions | Total Attempts: 10733

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Pediatric Quiz Questions And Answers - Quiz

Can you score well with these pediatric quiz questions and answers that we have brought here for you? Pediatrics is the branch of medicine that revolves around the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. In this quiz, we will be testing your knowledge and understanding of this medical branch. Give your best and try to score as much as you can. You will also have a great learning experience with this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following can be found in the eyes during the physical examination of a newborn?
    • A. 

      Epstein pearls

    • B. 

      Brushfield spots

    • C. 

      Subglacial hemorrhages

    • D. 

      Adamson's fringe

  • 2. 
    Which of the following immunizations is not given during the 6-month well visit?
    • A. 

      Hepatitis B

    • B. 

      Hepatitis A

    • C. 

      Rotavirus

    • D. 

      Human influenza B

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is a contraindication to immunization with MMR vaccine?
    • A. 

      Illness with low-grade fever

    • B. 

      Low-dose corticosteroid treatment

    • C. 

      Neomycin allergy

    • D. 

      Egg allergy

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is passed to a baby during breastfeeding?
    • A. 

      IgE

    • B. 

      IgM

    • C. 

      IgG

    • D. 

      IgA

  • 5. 
    What is the APGAR score of the following baby?The baby sneezes when a catheter is placed in his nostril and is actively moving but not crying. Pulse 95. Breathing slow and irregular. The body is pink, but the extremities are blue. 
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      9

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      7

  • 6. 
    At what age can a baby first make a "raspberry" sound?
    • A. 

      1-2 months

    • B. 

      3-5 months

    • C. 

      6-8 months

    • D. 

      9-11 months

  • 7. 
    Which Tanner stage describes a male with a small amount of long downy pubic hair and a testicular volume of 1.6-6mL, penile length 3cm?
    • A. 

      Tanner I

    • B. 

      Tanner II

    • C. 

      Tanner III

    • D. 

      Tanner IV

  • 8. 
    At what age should a child have his/her first formal visual screening evaluation?
    • A. 

      18 months

    • B. 

      2 years

    • C. 

      3 years

    • D. 

      5 years

  • 9. 
    What is the first-line treatment for acute otitis media?
    • A. 

      Augmentin x 5 days

    • B. 

      Amoxicillin x 5 days

    • C. 

      Augmentin x 10 days

    • D. 

      Amoxicillin x 10 days

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is a preventative measure for otitis externa?
    • A. 

      Removing pacifiers from infants

    • B. 

      Administration of 1:1 solution of vinegar and 70% ethyl alcohol

    • C. 

      Xylitol

    • D. 

      Tympanostomy tubes

  • 11. 
    Which test is definitive for mononucleosis?
    • A. 

      Positive mono spot

    • B. 

      Elevated IgM capsid antibody

    • C. 

      Cultures positive for corynebacterium

    • D. 

      More than 10% of atypical lymphocytes on peripheral smear

  • 12. 
    What is the most common causative organism of croup?
    • A. 

      H influenza

    • B. 

      RSV

    • C. 

      Parainfluenza virus

    • D. 

      Rhinovirus

  • 13. 
    What is the most common cause of bronchiolitis?
    • A. 

      RSV

    • B. 

      Parainfluenza virus

    • C. 

      H influenza

    • D. 

      Rhinovirus

  • 14. 
    What is the causative organism of herpangina?
    • A. 

      RSV

    • B. 

      Coxsackievirus

    • C. 

      Adenovirus

    • D. 

      Coronavirus

  • 15. 
    What is the most common cause of emphysema in childhood?
    • A. 

      Alpha 1 antitrypsin deficiency

    • B. 

      Cystic fibrosis

    • C. 

      Second-hand smoke inhalation

    • D. 

      Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is not a component of the tetralogy of Fallot?
    • A. 

      Ventricular septal defect

    • B. 

      Pulmonary stenosis

    • C. 

      Overriding aorta

    • D. 

      Left ventricular hypertrophy

  • 17. 
    What is the most common innocent murmur of early childhood?
    • A. 

      Venous hum

    • B. 

      Pulmonary ejection murmur

    • C. 

      Still murmur

    • D. 

      Peripheral arterial pulmonary stenosis

  • 18. 
    Which of the following presents with a blowing systolic murmur at the upper left sternal border and a holosystolic murmur at the lower left sternal border?
    • A. 

      Patent ductus arteriosus

    • B. 

      Ventricular septal defect

    • C. 

      Tetralogy of Fallot

    • D. 

      Pulmonary atresia

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is associated with bilious vomiting?
    • A. 

      Volvulus

    • B. 

      Intussusception

    • C. 

      Intestinal obstruction

    • D. 

      GERD

  • 20. 
    What is the most frequent cause of intestinal obstruction in the first two years of life?
    • A. 

      Constipation

    • B. 

      Intussusception

    • C. 

      Volvulus

    • D. 

      Low fiber diet

  • 21. 
    What is the most common cause of anal itching in children?
    • A. 

      Diarrhea

    • B. 

      Cleansing the area with hot water or strong soap

    • C. 

      Yeast infection

    • D. 

      Pinworms

  • 22. 
    A patient has an umbilical hernia with a fascial defect of about 1 cm and no signs of strangulation.  If the hernia persists, at what age is surgery indicated?
    • A. 

      2 years

    • B. 

      3 years

    • C. 

      4 years

    • D. 

      5 years

    • E. 

      Surgery is not indicated

  • 23. 
    An African American newborn presents with jaundice at 48hours of age.  TSB is 5.   Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      G6PD deficiency

    • B. 

      Crigler-Najar syndrome

    • C. 

      Physiologic jaundice

    • D. 

      Hemolysis

  • 24. 
    What is the most common cause of glomerulonephritis in children?
    • A. 

      Group A beta hemolytic strep

    • B. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

    • C. 

      Toxins

    • D. 

      Tylenol use

  • 25. 
    A 17-year-old presents with sudden onset severe scrotal pain.  On exam, the testis is high-riding with absent cremasteric reflex, and there is no pain with elevation. Which is the most likely diagnosis?
    • A. 

      Epididymitis

    • B. 

      Testicular torsion

    • C. 

      Hydrocele

    • D. 

      Orchitis

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