Articulations (Joints) Vocabulary Test

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 81

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Articulations (Joints) Vocabulary Test

Welcome to the 21st century electronic Human Anatomy class on Mitchell's Cosmic Adventure website. This testing instrument has been designed for vocabulary related joints and articulations in human anatomy. You have been given an unlimited number of attempts to increase your information gathering and test-taking skills. 30 questions and answers have been randomized in a different order each attempt. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    _____ is a joint or a point of contact between bones.
    • A. 

      Articulation

    • B. 

      Diarthroses

    • C. 

      Structural classification

    • D. 

      Sutures

    • E. 

      Synchondrosis

  • 2. 
    ____ _____ is where joints are named according to the type of connective tissue that joins the bones together.   (HINT: please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 3. 
    _____ _____ is a scheme used for joints divided into three classes according to the degree of movement.  (HINT: please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 4. 
    _____ are immovable joints as found in the sutures of the cranium.
  • 5. 
    _____ are slight movable joints, for example symphysis pubis.
  • 6. 
    Diarthroses is the functional name for a freely movable shoulder joint.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    _____ are joints in which fibrous bands (ligaments) connect two bones.
  • 8. 
    _____ are teethlike projections which jut out from adjacent bones and interlock with each other.
    • A. 

      Syndesmoses

    • B. 

      Sutures

    • C. 

      Gomphoses

    • D. 

      Synchondroses

  • 9. 
    _____ are unique joints that occur between the root of a tooth and the alveolar process of the maxilla or mandible.
  • 10. 
    Synchondroses have hyaline cartilage between articulating bones. One example is the articulation between the _____ and _____.
    • A. 

      First rib and sternum

    • B. 

      First rib and clavicle

    • C. 

      False rib and sternum

    • D. 

      Costal rib and sternum

  • 11. 
    _____ is a joint in which a pad or disk of fibrocartilage connects two bones. This type of joint permits slight movement.
    • A. 

      Symphysis

    • B. 

      Synchondroses

    • C. 

      Gomphoses

    • D. 

      Sutures

  • 12. 
    Synovial joints (diarthroses) joints are freely movable, it is the most numerous and anatomically complex joints.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    _____  _____ is a sleevelike extension of the periosteum of each of the articulating bones.
    • A. 

      Joint capsule

    • B. 

      Synovial membrane

    • C. 

      Articular disks

    • D. 

      Ligaments

    • E. 

      Bursae

  • 14. 
    The _____ _____ is a moist, slippery membrane that lines the inner surface of the joint capsule.
    • A. 

      Synovial membrane

    • B. 

      Synovial cavity

    • C. 

      Synovial ligaments

    • D. 

      Synovial bursae

    • E. 

      Synovial cartilage

  • 15. 
    The _____ _____ is a thin layer of hyaline cartilage covering and cushioning the articular surfaces of the bones involved.  (HINT: please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 16. 
    The _____ (_____ _____) are pads of fibrocartilage located between the articulating end of bones in some diarthroses. (HINT: look closely at the answer formats)
  • 17. 
    This synovial joint allows movement only one axis and in only one plane is called a(n) _____ _____.  (HINT: please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 18. 
    Ligaments are strong cords of dense, white fibrous tissue found at most synvoial joints.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    A projection of one bone articulates with a ring or notch of another bone.  The second cervical vertebra articulates with ring-shaped of first cervical vertebra is called a(n) _____ (_____) joint.  (HINT: Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 20. 
    These joints are characterized by relatively flat articulating surfaces that allow limited gliding movements along various axes.  What type of joint has been described?
    • A. 

      Saddle

    • B. 

      Pivot

    • C. 

      Gliding

    • D. 

      Ball and Socket

    • E. 

      Condyloid

  • 21. 
    The _____ _____ is a joint located between the head of the humerus and glenoid cavity of the scapula.  (HINT: Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 22. 
    The _____ _____ is an area where shoulder muscules and tendons form a cuff arrangement around the joint. It is frequent injury of baseball pitchers.  (HINT: Please enter your answers in all lower case letters.)
  • 23. 
    What is the name of the device used to measure the decrease or increase in a range of motion?  (HINT: please enter your answer in all lower case letters.)
  • 24. 
    Which term means decreases the angle of a joint as it relates to range of motion?
    • A. 

      Flexion

    • B. 

      Elevation

    • C. 

      Plantar Flexion

    • D. 

      Hyperextension

    • E. 

      Retraction

  • 25. 
    Which term means bending the ankle so that toes are pointing downard. This increases the angle between the top of the foot and the front of the leg, as it relates to range of motion?
    • A. 

      Flexion

    • B. 

      Elevation

    • C. 

      Plantar Flexion

    • D. 

      Hyperextension

    • E. 

      Retraction

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