Questions About Our Organs And Glands You Should Know The Answers Of!

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Questions About Our Organs And Glands You Should Know The Answers Of!

Glands are important organs, you have a variety of them all over your body, and though many of them are small, each produces something important. Some glands make something that is released from the body — like saliva, sweat, or tears. And if you're a girl, the mammary glands in your breasts could someday make breast milk to feed a baby.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    How is the nervous system and endocrine system different?
    • A. 

      Nothing 

    • B. 

      Nervous system releases neurotransmitters close to target cells while endocrine system releases hormones into blood and target cells 

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 2. 
    What are some of the major endocrine glands?
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Pineal gland

    • C. 

      Adrenal gland 

    • D. 

      Parathyroid

    • E. 

      All 

  • 3. 
    How many lobes does the pituitary gland have?
    • A. 

       1

    • B. 

      Two, anterior and posterior pituitary

    • C. 

       3

    • D. 

      4

  • 4. 
    Where does the pituitary gland sit?
    • A. 

      In hypothalamus

    • B. 

      In thalamus

    • C. 

      In sella turcica of sphenoid bone 

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 5. 
    Does the anterior pituitary produce many hormones?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 6. 
    What is the function of the thyroid-stimulating hormone?
    • A. 

      The thyroid hormone increases metabolism 

    • B. 

      Releases thyroid hormone T3/T4

    • C. 

      Produced by anterior pituitary

    • D. 

      All

  • 7. 
    The function of prolactin?
    • A. 

      Produced by anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      Acts on mammary gland to produce milk

    • C. 

      All

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 8. 
    The function of ATC hormone?
    • A. 

      Acts on adrenal cortex to release corticosteroids, which also produces stress hormone cortisol

    • B. 

      All

    • C. 

      Produced by anterior pituitary

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 9. 
    Function of growth hormone 
    • A. 

      All

    • B. 

      Produced by anterior pituitary 

    • C. 

      Goes to fat/bone/ muscles and stimulates growth

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 10. 
    The function of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)
    • A. 

      Produced in anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      Sex hormones in testes and ovaries

    • C. 

      In males causes production of testosterone and sperm

    • D. 

      In females cases production of estrogen and progesterone 

    • E. 

      In LH increases ovulation in females 

    • F. 

      All

  • 11. 
    The function of melanocytes? 
    • A. 

      Produced in anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      Produces melanin (skin color)

    • C. 

      All

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 12. 
    Does the posterior pituitary produce hormones?
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 13. 
    What hormones does the hypothalamus produce
    • A. 

      ALL

    • B. 

      Oxytocin

    • C. 

      ADH

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 14. 
    Where are ADH and oxytocin stores?
    • A. 

      Anterior pituitary

    • B. 

      In posterior pituitary and released when needed

    • C. 

      In pituitary gland

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 15. 
    What is oxytocin known as
    • A. 

      Causes contractions during labor

    • B. 

      The love hormone

    • C. 

      All

    • D. 

      RELEASES milk

  • 16. 
    What is ADH known as
    • A. 

      Anti diuretic hormone 

    • B. 

      Sugar

    • C. 

      Nothing 

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 17. 
    What does ADH do?
    • A. 

      Retention of water

    • B. 

      Releases water

    • C. 

      Produces water

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 18. 
    Where does the thyroid gland sit?
    • A. 

      Posterior part of neck

    • B. 

      Anterior part of neck

    • C. 

      In throat

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 19. 
    Function of the thyroid gland?
    • A. 

      Produces hormones

    • B. 

      Retention of water

    • C. 

      Produces milk

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 20. 
    What are follicular cells
    • A. 

      Leukocytes

    • B. 

      Thyroid cells, produce T3/T4 to increase metabolism

    • C. 

      Sex hormones

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 21. 
    What are parafollicular cells?
    • A. 

      They are between follicular cells

    • B. 

      Option produce calcitonin

    • C. 

      All

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 22. 
    Function of calcitonin
    • A. 

      Decreases calcium in blood

    • B. 

      Found in parafollicular cells

    • C. 

      All

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 23. 
    What does the parathyroid gland produce? 
    • A. 

      Parathyroid hormone, which regulates calcium

    • B. 

      Testosterone

    • C. 

      ADH hormone

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 24. 
    Where is the parathyroid gland found?
    • A. 

      Posterior neck

    • B. 

      There are 4 small parathyroid glands

    • C. 

      Anterior neck

    • D. 

      A and b

  • 25. 
    What do we call hormones that have the opposite function?
    • A. 

      Antagonist

    • B. 

      Protagonist 

    • C. 

      Opposite

    • D. 

      Option 4

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