Our Organs And Glands Quiz

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Our Organs And Glands Quiz - Quiz

Glands are important organs, you have a variety of them all over your body, and though many of them are small, each produces something important.
Some glands make something that is released from the body — like saliva, sweat, or tears.
Take this quiz and learn new things facts about our organs and glands.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are some of the major endocrine glands?

    • A.

      Pituitary

    • B.

      Pineal gland

    • C.

      Adrenal gland 

    • D.

      Parathyroid

    • E.

      All 

    Correct Answer
    E. All 
    Explanation
    The major endocrine glands in the human body include the pituitary gland, pineal gland, adrenal gland, and parathyroid gland. These glands are responsible for producing and releasing hormones into the bloodstream, which regulate various bodily functions and processes. The statement "all" implies that all of these glands are considered major endocrine glands.

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  • 2. 

    How many lobes does the pituitary gland have?

    • A.

       1

    • B.

      Two, anterior and posterior pituitary

    • C.

       3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    B. Two, anterior and posterior pituitary
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland has two lobes, the anterior pituitary and the posterior pituitary. Each lobe has different functions and releases different hormones. The anterior pituitary produces and releases hormones that regulate various bodily functions, while the posterior pituitary stores and releases hormones produced by the hypothalamus. These hormones play a crucial role in regulating growth, metabolism, reproduction, and other physiological processes in the body.

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  • 3. 

    Where does the pituitary gland sit?

    • A.

      In hypothalamus

    • B.

      In thalamus

    • C.

      In sella turcica of sphenoid bone 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. In sella turcica of sphenoid bone 
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland sits in the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone. The sella turcica is a saddle-shaped depression in the sphenoid bone located at the base of the skull. It houses and protects the pituitary gland, which is an important endocrine gland responsible for producing and releasing hormones that regulate various bodily functions. The location of the pituitary gland in the sella turcica allows it to be connected to the hypothalamus, another important structure in the brain that controls the release of hormones by the pituitary gland.

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  • 4. 

    Does the anterior pituitary produce many hormones?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The anterior pituitary gland produces many hormones. It secretes hormones such as growth hormone, prolactin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone. These hormones play vital roles in regulating various physiological processes in the body, including growth, metabolism, reproduction, and stress response. Therefore, it can be concluded that the anterior pituitary gland produces multiple hormones.

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  • 5. 

    What is the function of the thyroid-stimulating hormone?

    • A.

      The thyroid hormone increases metabolism 

    • B.

      Releases thyroid hormone T3/T4

    • C.

      Produced by anterior pituitary

    • D.

      All

    Correct Answer
    D. All
    Explanation
    The thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) has multiple functions. It stimulates the thyroid gland to produce and release thyroid hormones T3 and T4, which are essential for regulating metabolism. TSH is produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Therefore, the correct answer is "all", as TSH performs all these functions.

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  • 6. 

    The function of prolactin?

    • A.

      Produced by anterior pituitary

    • B.

      Acts on mammary gland to produce milk

    • C.

      All

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. All
    Explanation
    Prolactin is a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland. Its main function is to act on the mammary glands to stimulate milk production. Therefore, the correct answer is "all" because prolactin does indeed have the function of acting on the mammary gland to produce milk.

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  • 7. 

    The function of ATC hormone?

    • A.

      Acts on adrenal cortex to release corticosteroids, which also produces stress hormone cortisol

    • B.

      All

    • C.

      Produced by anterior pituitary

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    B. All
    Explanation
    The ATC hormone acts on the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroids, including the stress hormone cortisol. This suggests that the function of the ATC hormone is to stimulate the production of corticosteroids, which are involved in various physiological processes and stress response.

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  • 8. 

    Function of growth hormone 

    • A.

      All

    • B.

      Produced by anterior pituitary 

    • C.

      Goes to fat/bone/ muscles and stimulates growth

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. All
    Explanation
    Growth hormone, produced by the anterior pituitary, has the function of stimulating growth in various tissues such as fat, bone, and muscles. Therefore, it affects all of these tissues and promotes their growth.

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  • 9. 

    The function of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH)

    • A.

      Produced in anterior pituitary

    • B.

      Sex hormones in testes and ovaries

    • C.

      In males causes production of testosterone and sperm

    • D.

      In females cases production of estrogen and progesterone 

    • E.

      In LH increases ovulation in females 

    • F.

      All

    Correct Answer
    F. All
    Explanation
    FSH and LH are hormones produced in the anterior pituitary gland. In males, FSH and LH stimulate the testes to produce testosterone and sperm. In females, FSH and LH stimulate the ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone. LH also plays a role in ovulation in females. Therefore, all of the given statements are correct.

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  • 10. 

    The function of melanocytes? 

    • A.

      Produced in anterior pituitary

    • B.

      Produces melanin (skin color)

    • C.

      All

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. All
    Explanation
    Melanocytes are cells that are responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives color to our skin, hair, and eyes. These cells are not produced in the anterior pituitary, but rather in the skin, hair follicles, and certain other parts of the body. Melanocytes play a crucial role in determining our skin color and protecting our skin from the harmful effects of UV radiation. Therefore, the correct answer is "all," as melanocytes perform all of these functions.

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  • 11. 

    Does the posterior pituitary produce hormones?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    The posterior pituitary does not produce hormones. It stores and releases hormones that are produced by the hypothalamus, specifically oxytocin and antidiuretic hormone (ADH). These hormones are synthesized in the hypothalamus and then transported to the posterior pituitary where they are stored until they are needed. Once released, they enter the bloodstream and have various effects on target organs and tissues in the body.

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  • 12. 

    What hormones does the hypothalamus produce

    • A.

      ALL

    • B.

      Oxytocin

    • C.

      ADH

    • D.

      Testosterone

    Correct Answer
    A. ALL
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus produces various hormones that regulate different functions in the body. These hormones include oxytocin, which is involved in social bonding and reproductive functions, antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which helps regulate water balance in the body, and testosterone, which is a male sex hormone. Therefore, the correct answer is that the hypothalamus produces ALL of these hormones.

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  • 13. 

    Where are ADH and oxytocin stores?

    • A.

      Anterior pituitary

    • B.

      In posterior pituitary and released when needed

    • C.

      In pituitary gland

    • D.

      All

    Correct Answer
    A. Anterior pituitary
    Explanation
    ADH (antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin are stored in the posterior pituitary gland and released when needed. The anterior pituitary gland is responsible for producing and releasing other hormones, but not ADH and oxytocin. Therefore, the correct answer is the second option, "in posterior pituitary and released when needed."

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  • 14. 

    What is oxytocin known as

    • A.

      Causes contractions during labor

    • B.

      The love hormone

    • C.

      All

    • D.

      RELEASES milk

    Correct Answer
    C. All
    Explanation
    Oxytocin is known as the "love hormone" because it plays a crucial role in social bonding, trust, and affection. It is also responsible for causing contractions during labor, as well as the release of milk during breastfeeding. Therefore, the correct answer is "all" because oxytocin is known for all of these functions.

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  • 15. 

    What is ADH known as

    • A.

      Anti diuretic hormone 

    • B.

      Sugar

    • C.

      Nothing 

    • D.

      Anti duretic in humans

    Correct Answer
    A. Anti diuretic hormone 
    Explanation
    ADH, also known as anti diuretic hormone, is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland that helps regulate the balance of water in the body. It acts on the kidneys to reduce the amount of urine produced, thereby preventing excessive water loss and promoting water reabsorption.

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  • 16. 

    What does ADH do?

    • A.

      Retention of water

    • B.

      Releases water

    • C.

      Produces water

    • D.

      Breaks down water

    Correct Answer
    A. Retention of water
    Explanation
    ADH, or antidiuretic hormone, is responsible for the retention of water in the body. It acts on the kidneys to increase the reabsorption of water, leading to a decrease in urine production and an increase in water retention. This helps to maintain the body's water balance and prevent dehydration.

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  • 17. 

    Where does the thyroid gland sit?

    • A.

      Posterior part of neck

    • B.

      Anterior part of neck

    • C.

      In throat

    • D.

      In lungs

    Correct Answer
    B. Anterior part of neck
    Explanation
    The thyroid gland sits in the anterior part of the neck. This is because the thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, just below the Adam's apple. It is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism and growth.

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  • 18. 

    Function of the thyroid gland?

    • A.

      Produces hormones

    • B.

      Retention of water

    • C.

      Produces milk

    • D.

      Production of saliva

    Correct Answer
    A. Produces hormones
    Explanation
    The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones. These hormones, namely thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), play a crucial role in regulating the body's metabolism, growth, and development. They help control the rate at which the body uses energy, influence protein synthesis, and affect the function of various organs and tissues. Therefore, the correct answer is "produces hormones."

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  • 19. 

    What are follicular cells

    • A.

      Leukocytes

    • B.

      Thyroid cells, produce T3/T4 to increase metabolism

    • C.

      Sex hormones

    • D.

      Mitochondria

    Correct Answer
    B. Thyroid cells, produce T3/T4 to increase metabolism
    Explanation
    Follicular cells are a type of thyroid cells that produce hormones called T3 and T4. These hormones play a crucial role in regulating metabolism in the body. They increase the metabolic rate, which is the rate at which the body converts food into energy. This helps in maintaining body temperature, controlling weight, and regulating organ function. Therefore, the correct answer is "thyroid cells, produce T3/T4 to increase metabolism."

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  • 20. 

    What are parafollicular cells?

    • A.

      They are between follicular cells

    • B.

      Option produce calcitonin

    • C.

      All

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. All
    Explanation
    Parafollicular cells are a type of cells that are located between the follicular cells in the thyroid gland. These cells are responsible for producing a hormone called calcitonin. Therefore, the correct answer is "all" because parafollicular cells are indeed found between follicular cells and they do produce calcitonin.

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  • 21. 

    Function of calcitonin

    • A.

      Decreases calcium in blood

    • B.

      Found in parafollicular cells

    • C.

      All

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. All
    Explanation
    Calcitonin is a hormone that is involved in the regulation of calcium levels in the blood. Its primary function is to decrease the amount of calcium in the blood by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts, which are cells responsible for breaking down bone tissue and releasing calcium into the bloodstream. Calcitonin is produced and released by the parafollicular cells of the thyroid gland. Therefore, the correct answer is "all" because all the statements provided are true regarding the function and characteristics of calcitonin.

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  • 22. 

    What does the parathyroid gland produce? 

    • A.

      Parathyroid hormone, which regulates calcium

    • B.

      Testosterone

    • C.

      ADH hormone

    • D.

      Serotonine

    Correct Answer
    A. Parathyroid hormone, which regulates calcium
    Explanation
    The parathyroid gland produces parathyroid hormone, which is responsible for regulating calcium levels in the body. This hormone helps to maintain the balance of calcium in the blood by increasing calcium absorption from the intestines and kidneys, and by releasing calcium from the bones.

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  • 23. 

    Where is the parathyroid gland found?

    • A.

      Posterior neck

    • B.

      There are 4 small parathyroid glands

    • C.

      Anterior neck

    • D.

      A and b

    Correct Answer
    D. A and b
    Explanation
    The parathyroid gland is found in both the posterior and anterior neck. There are four small parathyroid glands located in the neck.

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  • 24. 

    What do we call hormones that have the opposite function?

    • A.

      Antagonist

    • B.

      Protagonist 

    • C.

      Opposite

    • D.

      Anti hormones

    Correct Answer
    A. Antagonist
    Explanation
    Antagonist is the correct answer because it refers to hormones that have an opposite function to another hormone. Antagonist hormones work by blocking or inhibiting the effects of a specific hormone in the body. They act as a counterbalance to maintain homeostasis and regulate various physiological processes.

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  • 25. 

    Examples of an antagonist hormone?

    • A.

      Calcitonin: decrease calcium in blood

    • B.

      Parathyroid: increases calcium in blood

    • C.

      A and b

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. A and b
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a and b". Both calcitonin and parathyroid hormones are examples of antagonist hormones. Calcitonin decreases the calcium levels in the blood, while parathyroid hormone increases the calcium levels in the blood. These hormones have opposite effects on calcium regulation and work in balance to maintain the body's calcium homeostasis.

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  • 26. 

    What's another name for the adrenal gland?

    • A.

      Renal 

    • B.

      Suprarenal

    • C.

      All

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. All
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all". The adrenal gland is also known as the suprarenal gland. "Renal" refers to the kidneys and is not another name for the adrenal gland. Therefore, the correct answer is "all", indicating that both "renal" and "suprarenal" are alternative names for the adrenal gland.

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  • 27. 

    What does the adrenal medulla produce?

    • A.

      Calcitonin and parathyroid

    • B.

      Epinephrine and norepinephrine 

    • C.

      Calcium and iron 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Epinephrine and norepinephrine 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is epinephrine and norepinephrine. The adrenal medulla is responsible for producing these hormones, also known as adrenaline and noradrenaline. These hormones are released in response to stress or danger and play a crucial role in the body's fight-or-flight response. They increase heart rate, blood pressure, and energy production, preparing the body for physical exertion.

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  • 28. 

    What are the 3 layers of the adrenal cortex?

    • A.

      Zona glomerulosa

    • B.

      Zona fasciculata

    • C.

      Zona reticularis 

    • D.

      All

    Correct Answer
    D. All
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all" because the adrenal cortex is divided into three distinct layers: the zona glomerulosa, which produces mineralocorticoids such as aldosterone; the zona fasciculata, which produces glucocorticoids such as cortisol; and the zona reticularis, which produces androgens. Therefore, all three layers contribute to the overall function of the adrenal cortex.

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  • 29. 

    What does zona glomerulosa produce? 

    • A.

      Middle layer of adrenal cortex, produces cortisol (stress hormone)

    • B.

      The outer layer of adrenal cortex, retention of sodium

    • C.

      Inner later of adrenal cortex, produces androgens (sex hormones)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. The outer layer of adrenal cortex, retention of sodium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the outer layer of adrenal cortex, retention of sodium. The zona glomerulosa is the outermost layer of the adrenal cortex and is responsible for producing mineralocorticoids, specifically aldosterone. Aldosterone helps regulate the balance of sodium and potassium in the body, leading to the retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium. This process plays a crucial role in maintaining blood pressure and fluid balance in the body.

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  • 30. 

    Function of zona fasciculata?

    • A.

      The outer layer of adrenal cortex, retention of sodium

    • B.

      Inner later of adrenal cortex, produces androgens (sex hormones)

    • C.

      Middle layer of adrenal cortex, produces cortisol (stress hormone)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Middle layer of adrenal cortex, produces cortisol (stress hormone)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the middle layer of the adrenal cortex, which produces cortisol, a stress hormone.

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  • 31. 

    Function of zona reticulans?

    • A.

      Middle layer of adrenal cortex, produces cortisol (stress hormone)

    • B.

      The outer layer of adrenal cortex, retention of sodium

    • C.

      Inner later of adrenal cortex, produces androgens (sex hormones)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Inner later of adrenal cortex, produces androgens (sex hormones)
    Explanation
    The zona reticularis is the inner layer of the adrenal cortex and is responsible for producing androgens, which are sex hormones. These hormones play a role in the development and functioning of reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics. They are important for normal sexual development and function in both males and females.

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  • 32. 

    What are the 4 types of endocrine cells found in pancreatic islets?

    • A.

      Alpha cells: secrete glucagon (increases sugar)

    • B.

      Beta cells: secrete insulin (decreases sugar)

    • C.

      Delta cells: secrete somatostatin

    • D.

      F cells: secrete pancreatic polypeptide

    • E.

      Option 5

    • F.

      All

    Correct Answer
    F. All
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "all" because the question asks for the types of endocrine cells found in pancreatic islets, and all four types of cells (alpha, beta, delta, and F cells) are present in pancreatic islets. Alpha cells secrete glucagon, beta cells secrete insulin, delta cells secrete somatostatin, and F cells secrete pancreatic polypeptide.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 07, 2021
    Quiz Created by
    Themes
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