Anthropology 1102-012 Quiz 5

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Anthropology Quizzes & Trivia

If you are on the lookout for a series quizzes to help you in your anthropology finals look no further. The test below is the fifth in the series of tests and is aimed at keeping your memory fresh and ensuring you pass your finals. Give it a try and keep an eye out for the sixth one.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What best describes the breadth of applied anthropology?

    • A.

      Any use of the knowledge and/or techniques of the four subfields, with a special emphasis on forensics and biological anthropology given the rise of deaths due to international, state-sponsored terrorism

    • B.

      The use of anthropological knowledge to increase the size of anthropology departments nation-wide

    • C.

      The hiring on anthropologists by the armed forces interested in improving secret intelligence

    • D.

      The hiring practices of nongovernmental organizations interested in culture

    • E.

      Any use of the knowledge and/or techniques of the four subfields to identify, assess, and solve practical problems

    Correct Answer
    E. Any use of the knowledge and/or techniques of the four subfields to identify, assess, and solve practical problems
    Explanation
    The correct answer is any use of the knowledge and/or techniques of the four subfields to identify, assess, and solve practical problems. This answer encompasses the broad scope of applied anthropology, which involves applying anthropological knowledge and techniques from all four subfields (archaeology, biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and sociocultural anthropology) to address and solve real-world problems. It does not limit the breadth of applied anthropology to specific areas such as forensics, biological anthropology, anthropology departments, armed forces, or nongovernmental organizations. Instead, it emphasizes the overarching goal of using anthropological knowledge and techniques to identify, assess, and solve practical problems in various contexts.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following are proper roles for applied anthropologists except

    • A.

      Identifying needs for change that local people perceive

    • B.

      Working with people to design culturally appropriate and socially sensitive change

    • C.

      Placing the cultural values of the local people above everybody else's cultural values

    • D.

      Protecting local people from harmful policies and projects that may threaten them

    • E.

      Working at participant observers, taking part in the events they study in order to understand local thought and behavior

    Correct Answer
    C. Placing the cultural values of the local people above everybody else's cultural values
    Explanation
    Applied anthropologists play various roles in their work, including identifying needs for change that local people perceive and working with them to design culturally appropriate and socially sensitive change. They also protect local people from harmful policies and projects that may threaten them and work as participant observers to understand local thought and behavior. However, placing the cultural values of the local people above everybody else's cultural values may not be a proper role for applied anthropologists. This is because it is important for anthropologists to consider and respect the cultural values of all stakeholders involved, not just those of the local people.

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  • 3. 

    What is the commonly stated goal for most developement projects?

    • A.

      Greater socioeconomic stratification

    • B.

      Ethnocide

    • C.

      Cultural assimilation

    • D.

      Decreased local autonomy

    • E.

      Increased equity

    Correct Answer
    E. Increased equity
    Explanation
    The commonly stated goal for most development projects is to achieve increased equity. This means that the projects aim to reduce inequalities and promote fairness in access to resources, opportunities, and benefits for all individuals and communities involved. By focusing on increasing equity, development projects seek to address social and economic disparities, improve living conditions, and ensure a more inclusive and just society.

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  • 4. 

    In a comparative study of 68 development projects, Kottak determined that

    • A.

      Overinnovation was the most productive development model

    • B.

      Culturally compatible development projects were twice as successful as incompatible ones

    • C.

      The socialist bloc model was the msot successful

    • D.

      The capitalist bloc model was the most financially sucessful

    • E.

      The underdifferentiated model led to the most equity

    Correct Answer
    B. Culturally compatible development projects were twice as successful as incompatible ones
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that in the comparative study conducted by Kottak, it was determined that culturally compatible development projects were twice as successful as incompatible ones. This means that when development projects took into consideration the cultural context and norms of the community they were implemented in, they had a higher rate of success compared to projects that did not consider these factors. This suggests that understanding and respecting the cultural aspects of a community is crucial for the success of development projects.

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  • 5. 

    Robert Redfield's research recognized that a city is a social context that is very different from a tribal or peasant village. What did he study?

    • A.

      Differences in urban life between more and less developed countries

    • B.

      Differences between healthcare systems among foragers and agriculturaalists

    • C.

      Differences between urban and rural communities

    • D.

      Differences between the consequences of overinnovation and underdifferentiation

    • E.

      Differences between illnesses and diseases

    Correct Answer
    C. Differences between urban and rural communities
    Explanation
    Robert Redfield studied the differences between urban and rural communities. He recognized that a city is a social context that is very different from a tribal or peasant village.

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  • 6. 

    What term refers to the tendency to view less developed countries as more alike than they are?

    • A.

      Cultural relativism

    • B.

      Ethnobias

    • C.

      Overinnocation

    • D.

      Underdifferentiation

    • E.

      Intervention philosophy

    Correct Answer
    D. Underdifferentiation
    Explanation
    Underdifferentiation refers to the tendency to view less developed countries as more alike than they actually are. This can lead to oversimplification and generalization, ignoring the diversity and unique characteristics of each country. It can result in misunderstandings and stereotypes about these countries and their cultures.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following best illustrates urban applied anthropologists' ability to help social groups deal with urban institutions?

    • A.

      "culture at a distance" studies among Japanese and Germans in an attempt to predict the behavior of the enemies of the United States

    • B.

      Kottak's comparative study of development projects from around the world

    • C.

      Vigil's study of gang violence in the context of large-scale immigrant adaptation to American cities

    • D.

      Anthropological analysis of the relation between Malagasy descent groups and the state

    • E.

      Analysis of differences between personalistic and naturalistic disease theories among the United State's rural poor

    Correct Answer
    C. Vigil's study of gang violence in the context of large-scale immigrant adaptation to American cities
    Explanation
    Vigil's study of gang violence in the context of large-scale immigrant adaptation to American cities best illustrates urban applied anthropologists' ability to help social groups deal with urban institutions. This study focuses on understanding the dynamics of gang violence within the context of immigrant communities and their adaptation to urban environments. By examining these issues, anthropologists can provide insights and recommendations to address the challenges faced by these social groups and improve their interactions with urban institutions.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is true about medical anthropology?

    • A.

      It is the field that has proved that people from rural areas only suffer from illnesses and not diseases

    • B.

      It applies non-Western health knowledge to a troubled industrialized medical system

    • C.

      Typically in cooperation with pharmaceutical ompanies, this field does market research on the use of health products around the world

    • D.

      It applies Western medicine to solve the health problems of the world

    • E.

      This growing field considers the biocultural context and implications of disease and illness

    Correct Answer
    E. This growing field considers the biocultural context and implications of disease and illness
    Explanation
    Medical anthropology is a growing field that focuses on understanding the biocultural context and implications of disease and illness. It explores how cultural beliefs, practices, and social factors influence health and healthcare. It does not prove that people from rural areas only suffer from illnesses and not diseases, apply non-Western health knowledge to a troubled industrialized medical system, or solely apply Western medicine to solve global health problems. It also does not primarily conduct market research on health products.

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  • 9. 

    What is the world's oldest profession besides forager?

    • A.

      Big man

    • B.

      Soldier

    • C.

      Prostitute

    • D.

      Curer

    • E.

      Chief

    Correct Answer
    D. Curer
    Explanation
    Curer is the correct answer because the question asks for the world's oldest profession besides forager. While foraging is considered one of the oldest professions, curer refers to someone who practices traditional medicine or healing methods. This profession likely predates other professions such as soldier, prostitute, and chief, making it the oldest profession besides forager.

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  • 10. 

    Shamans and other magico-religious specialists are effective curers with regard to what kind of disease theory

    • A.

      Exotic

    • B.

      Ritualistic

    • C.

      Naturalistic

    • D.

      Personalistic

    • E.

      Scientific

    Correct Answer
    D. Personalistic
    Explanation
    Shamans and other magico-religious specialists are effective curers with regard to personalistic disease theory. This theory suggests that illnesses are caused by personal factors such as supernatural forces, spirits, or curses. In personalistic disease theory, the focus is on addressing these personal causes through rituals, ceremonies, and spiritual practices. Shamans and magico-religious specialists are believed to have the ability to communicate with the supernatural realm and manipulate these forces to heal the individual. Therefore, their effectiveness as curers aligns with the personalistic disease theory.

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