Anthropology Key Term Questions

52 Questions | Total Attempts: 427

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Anthropology Quizzes & Trivia

There is a wide variety of words that are common in anthropology class, if one is not keen they may get confused by some of them. The quiz below has a list of terms commonly used in anthropology and if you have been attentive in class you should be able to get the highest score. Give it a shot!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What component of cultural anthropology is comparative and focused on building upon  our understanding of  how cultural systems work? 
    • A. 

      Ethnography

    • B. 

      Data collection

    • C. 

      Ethnology

    • D. 

      Fieldwork

    • E. 

      Data entry

  • 2. 
    What is Ethnography?
    • A. 

      The study of biological adaptability

    • B. 

      The fieldwork aspect of cultural anthropology

    • C. 

      The study of animal behaviour

    • D. 

      The comparative component of cultural anthropology

    • E. 

      The generalising aspect of cultural anthropology

  • 3. 
    What is cultural relativism?
    • A. 

      It is a cultural universal, based upon the human capacity to use symbols

    • B. 

      It is the argument that behaviour of a particular culture should not be judged by the standards of another culture

    • C. 

      It is a cultural particular, based upon the interrelatedness of humans

    • D. 

      Is it the opposite of participant observation

    • E. 

      It is the same thing as ethnocentrism, but is applies only to family structure

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements about culture is not true?
    • A. 

      All human groups have culture

    • B. 

      Culture is the main reason for human adaptability

    • C. 

      Human groups differ in their capacities for culture

    • D. 

      The capacity for culture is shared by all humans

    • E. 

      Cultural learning is uniquely elaborated among humans

  • 5. 
    What is the term for the processes that are making nations and people increasingly  interlinked  and mutually dependent?
    • A. 

      Acculturation

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Globalisation

    • D. 

      Enculturation

    • E. 

      Independent invention

  • 6. 
    What term refers to the culturally sanctioned practice of marrying someone within a group to which one belongs?
    • A. 

      Incest

    • B. 

      Exogamy

    • C. 

      Hypogamy

    • D. 

      Endogamy

    • E. 

      Endosperm

  • 7. 
    What is the term for the gift that the wife's group gives to the husband's family?
    • A. 

      Polygamy

    • B. 

      Brideweath

    • C. 

      Dowry

    • D. 

      Progeny Price

    • E. 

      Bride Serive

  • 8. 
    How is exogamy adaptive?
    • A. 

      It increases the number of individuals on whom one can rely in time of need

    • B. 

      It increases the likelihood that disadvantageous alleles will find phenotypic expression and thus be eliminated from the population

    • C. 

      It impedes peaceful relations among social groups and therefore promotes population expansion

    • D. 

      It was an important causal factor in the origin of the state

    • E. 

      It is not adaptive, it is just a cultural construction

  • 9. 
    An anthropologist doing fieldwork strives to achieve the role of:
    • A. 

      Friend and teacher

    • B. 

      Key informant

    • C. 

      Privileged stranger

    • D. 

      Participant observer

    • E. 

      Incorporated tribe member

  • 10. 
    One major criticism of the unilineal evolutionists' models of cultural evolution is that the models:
    • A. 

      Were based on incorrect data

    • B. 

      Were developed by colonial governments

    • C. 

      Were developed to support missionary work

    • D. 

      Were based on very little ethnographic data

    • E. 

      Miss interpreted cultural people as savages

  • 11. 
    Programmes of planned change often do not have the desired effect because of:
    • A. 

      Failure to adequately supply technology

    • B. 

      Failure to employ technical aid experts to assess the plan

    • C. 

      Technical practices on the part of anthropologists

    • D. 

      Failure to understand the impact of cultural issues on change

    • E. 

      Disrupts cultural processes

  • 12. 
    The borrowing that takes place between cultures as a result of prolonged contact is termed:
    • A. 

      Acculturation

    • B. 

      Enculturation

    • C. 

      Invention

    • D. 

      Hegemony

    • E. 

      Deffered exchange

  • 13. 
    Workers in the area of planned culture change have noted that the most important stimulant or motivator of change is:
    • A. 

      Desire for economic gain

    • B. 

      Appeals to nationalism

    • C. 

      Competition

    • D. 

      Cultural ethnocentrism

    • E. 

      Population growth

  • 14. 
    The ideological domination by one cultural group over another through institutions, bureaucracy, education, and sometimes force, is termed:
    • A. 

      Colonialism

    • B. 

      Hegemony

    • C. 

      Imperialism

    • D. 

      Globalisation

  • 15. 
    The basic Aboriginal material inventory includes:
    • A. 

      Bow, pottery, and fire

    • B. 

      Blowgun, baskets, and fire

    • C. 

      Digging stick, spear, and fire

    • D. 

      Spear, bronze axe, and fire

    • E. 

      Pottery, blade, and fire

  • 16. 
    Worldwide, the average number of people in foraging bands varies around:
    • A. 

      5

    • B. 

      50

    • C. 

      100

    • D. 

      500

    • E. 

      70

  • 17. 
    Immediate return production systems contribute to social equality because:
    • A. 

      Food storage encourages mobility and sharing

    • B. 

      There is no particular advantage in long term control of a labor force

    • C. 

      Daily food harvest and consumption foster higher population density and greater household autonomy

    • D. 

      There is no basis for differences in social status based on age or sex

  • 18. 
    Amazonian subsistence production systems:
    • A. 

      Maximize leisure, household autonomy, and labor equality between men and women

    • B. 

      Increased garden work by women and supports non-food producing specialists

    • C. 

      Involves continuous work from tropical dawn to dusk to satisfy all basic needs, but labor equitably shared by men and women

    • D. 

      Causes men do the garden clearing, hunting and fishing, and thus put in significantly longer hours than women

  • 19. 
    Matrilocality in Amazonia may be functionally associated with
    • A. 

      The inheritance of land through the female line

    • B. 

      The importance of female task groups for such activities as manioc processing

    • C. 

      Female-centered religious cults

    • D. 

      A high rate of selective female infanticide

  • 20. 
    Patrilocality in Amazonia may be functionally associated with
    • A. 

      The inheritance of land through the male line

    • B. 

      Male-centered sacred sites

    • C. 

      Revenge raiding

    • D. 

      The importance of clans and lineages

  • 21. 
    Village exogamy and deferred exchange trading partnerships between men in potentially hostile villages:
    • A. 

      Are an underlying cause of intervillage feuding and violent conflict

    • B. 

      Are carried out for strictly utilitarian economic motives

    • C. 

      Reduce the potential for intervillage conflict

    • D. 

      Are regulated by the respective village headmen in order to enhance their political power

    • E. 

      The potential for my wives to sustain the populace

  • 22. 
    According to Chagnon, Yanomamo men fight:
    • A. 

      Because aggressive behaviour increases the reproductive success of individual men

    • B. 

      Because of protein deficiencies

    • C. 

      Because the recent introduction of bananas and plantains lead to a population explosion

    • D. 

      Because of the universal innate human propensity for violence

  • 23. 
    Levi-Strauss argues that tribal peoples use mythical thought which:
    • A. 

      Held that things which were once part of someone could still influence that person even after they were separated

    • B. 

      Ignored contradictions, assuming that something could be two things at once

    • C. 

      Used a limited set of signs ordered into structured relationships that help people understand reality while providing aesthetic satisfaction

    • D. 

      Followed logical mental processes basically like our own

  • 24. 
    Brown's work on the "folk" classification of plants and animals in different languages led him to conclude that:
    • A. 

      Increasing urbanization and political complexity has lead to a loss of detailed knowledge of plants and animals

    • B. 

      Knowledge of nature steadily increases within a society as cultural scale increases

    • C. 

      Abstract life form terms such as tree, grass, bush, and vine tend to disappear from a language as culture scale increases

    • D. 

      Contrary to Levi-Strauss, the "science of the concrete" is more characteristic of folk classifications used by urbanized societies than by peoples in domestic-scale cultures 31.

  • 25. 
    According to Goldman, Pacific Island societies were aristocracies based on
    • A. 

      Belief in the inherent superiority of a line of descent

    • B. 

      Temporary leadership, selected according to pragmatic or utilitarian principles

    • C. 

      Self-made leaders who must continually verify their positions by success in warfare

    • D. 

      Leaders like Amazonian headmen who had to be generous and diplomatic

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