The First Semester Anthropology Quiz.

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The First Semester Anthropology Quiz. - Quiz

There are now four major fields of anthropology: biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, linguistic anthropology, and archaeology. Each focus on a different set of research interests and generally uses different research techniques. We had an overview of all these types in the first semester. Refresh your memory by taking the quiz below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Study of humankind viewed from the perspective of all people and all times.

    • A.

      Scientific Method

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Anthropology

    • D.

      Holism

    Correct Answer
    C. Anthropology
    Explanation
    Anthropology is the correct answer because it is the study of humankind viewed from the perspective of all people and all times. It encompasses various aspects such as culture, language, biology, and social structures to understand the diversity and similarities among human beings. By using holistic approaches and the scientific method, anthropology aims to uncover the complexities of human societies and their evolution throughout history.

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  • 2. 

    Learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person

    • A.

      Applied Anthropology

    • B.

      Culture

    • C.

      Physical Method

    • D.

      Biological Anthropology

    Correct Answer
    B. Culture
    Explanation
    Culture refers to learned behavior that is transmitted from person to person. It encompasses the beliefs, values, customs, and practices that are shared by a group of people. Culture is not inherited biologically, but rather acquired through socialization and interaction with others in a particular society. It includes various aspects such as language, religion, art, music, and cuisine. Culture plays a significant role in shaping individuals' identities, behaviors, and worldview.

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  • 3. 

    An empirical research method in which data is gathered from observations of phenomena, hypotheses are formulated and tested, and conclusions are drawn that validate or modify the original hypothesis.

    • A.

      Scientific Method

    • B.

      Cultural Anthropology

    • C.

      Anthropology

    • D.

      Biological Anthropology

    Correct Answer
    A. Scientific Method
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Scientific Method". The scientific method is an empirical research method that involves gathering data through observations, formulating and testing hypotheses, and drawing conclusions based on the results. It is a systematic and logical approach used in scientific research to ensure objectivity and reliability of the findings. By following this method, scientists can validate or modify their original hypotheses, leading to a better understanding of the phenomena under study.

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  • 4. 

    The study of modern human societies through the analysis of the orgins, evolution, and variation of culture

    • A.

      Biological Anthropology

    • B.

      Applied Anthropology

    • C.

      Holism

    • D.

      Cultural Anthropology

    Correct Answer
    D. Cultural Anthropology
    Explanation
    Cultural anthropology is the correct answer because it focuses on the study of modern human societies by analyzing the origins, evolution, and variation of culture. This field examines how different societies and cultures develop, interact, and change over time. Cultural anthropologists study various aspects of human culture such as language, social structures, beliefs, customs, and practices. They aim to understand the diversity and similarities among different cultures and how they shape individuals and societies. By studying cultural anthropology, researchers gain insights into the complexities of human societies and contribute to our understanding of the human experience.

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  • 5. 

    The study of historic or prehistoric human populations through analysis and material remains.

    • A.

      Anthropology

    • B.

      Linguistic Anthropology

    • C.

      Archaeology

    • D.

      Theory

    Correct Answer
    C. Archaeology
    Explanation
    Archaeology is the correct answer because it is the study of historic or prehistoric human populations through analysis of material remains. This field involves excavating and analyzing artifacts, structures, and other physical evidence to understand past human cultures and societies. Linguistic anthropology focuses on language and its role in human societies, while anthropology is the broader study of human societies and cultures. Theory refers to the principles and concepts used to understand and explain phenomena in various fields of study.

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  • 6. 

    The study of the construction use and form of language in human populations.

    • A.

      Linguistic Anthropology

    • B.

      Bipedalism

    • C.

      Extinction

    • D.

      Catastrophism

    Correct Answer
    A. Linguistic Anthropology
    Explanation
    Linguistic Anthropology is the study of language in human populations, including its construction, use, and form. This field explores how language influences and shapes culture, social interactions, and identity. It examines the diversity of languages across different societies and investigates how language evolves and changes over time. Linguistic Anthropology also explores the relationship between language and cognition, as well as the role of language in communication and expression.

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  • 7. 

    A set of hypotheses that have been rigorously tested and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explanation of specific phenomena.

    • A.

      Hypothesis

    • B.

      Taxonomy

    • C.

      Uniformitarianism

    • D.

      Theory

    Correct Answer
    D. Theory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Theory. A theory refers to a set of hypotheses that have been rigorously tested and validated, leading to their establishment as a generally accepted explanation of specific phenomena. Unlike a hypothesis, which is an educated guess or proposed explanation, a theory is supported by substantial evidence and has undergone extensive testing. Theories are widely accepted in the scientific community and provide a framework for understanding and explaining various phenomena.

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  • 8. 

    When Specific Species Die Out

    • A.

      Catastrophism

    • B.

      Death

    • C.

      Extinction

    • D.

      Phenotypic Variation

    Correct Answer
    C. Extinction
    Explanation
    Extinction refers to the complete disappearance of a specific species from the Earth. It occurs when all individuals of a particular species die out. This can happen due to various reasons such as natural disasters, changes in the environment, competition with other species, or human activities. Extinction is a natural process that has been occurring throughout the history of life on Earth. It plays a crucial role in shaping the diversity of species and the evolution of ecosystems.

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  • 9. 

    A non-harped upper tooth

    • A.

      Theory

    • B.

      Bipedalism

    • C.

      Taxonomy

    • D.

      Non-Honing Canine

    Correct Answer
    D. Non-Honing Canine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Non-Honing Canine." A non-honing canine refers to an upper tooth that does not have a honing edge or a sharp cutting edge. In some primates, such as humans, the upper canines are not used for cutting or tearing food like they are in other animals. Instead, they have a flatter surface that is better suited for grinding and chewing. This adaptation is believed to be related to the shift towards a more omnivorous diet in early humans and the development of tools for food processing.

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  • 10. 

    Isolated evolution caused by Earthquakes, floods, volcanoes, etc...

    • A.

      Catostrophism

    • B.

      Natural Selection

    • C.

      Genetic Drift

    • D.

      Law of Segregation

    Correct Answer
    A. Catostrophism
    Explanation
    Catastrophism refers to the concept that major geological and biological changes on Earth are primarily caused by sudden, catastrophic events such as earthquakes, floods, and volcanoes. These events lead to isolated evolution, where populations become separated and undergo unique evolutionary changes due to the environmental disruptions caused by the catastrophes. This explanation suggests that the correct answer is Catastrophism because it directly relates to the given statement about isolated evolution caused by natural disasters.

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  • 11. 

    The theory of evolution through inheritance of acquired characteristics in which an organism can pass on features acquired during its life time.

    • A.

      Adaptive Radiation

    • B.

      Genetic Drift

    • C.

      Gene Flow

    • D.

      Lamarckism

    Correct Answer
    D. Lamarckism
    Explanation
    Lamarckism is the correct answer because it refers to the theory of evolution through inheritance of acquired characteristics. According to Lamarckism, an organism can pass on features that it acquired during its lifetime to its offspring. This theory suggests that traits acquired through use or disuse of certain organs or behaviors can be inherited by future generations. However, it is important to note that Lamarckism has been largely discredited in modern evolutionary biology, as it contradicts the principles of genetics and natural selection.

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  • 12. 

    A group of related species that can interbreed and produce fertile and viable offspring.

    • A.

      Species

    • B.

      Eukaryotic Cells

    • C.

      Animals

    • D.

      Antigens

    Correct Answer
    A. Species
    Explanation
    Species refers to a group of related organisms that have the ability to interbreed and produce offspring that are both fertile and viable. This definition distinguishes species from other classifications, such as eukaryotic cells, animals, and antigens, which do not necessarily involve the reproductive compatibility of organisms.

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  • 13. 

    The diversification of an ancestral group of organisms into new forms that are adapted to specific environmental niches.

    • A.

      Evolution

    • B.

      Mutation

    • C.

      Adaptive Radiation

    • D.

      Genetic Drift

    Correct Answer
    C. Adaptive Radiation
    Explanation
    Adaptive radiation refers to the process of diversification of a group of organisms from a common ancestor into multiple new forms that are specialized to occupy different ecological niches. This occurs when a species or group of species face new environmental opportunities or challenges, leading to the evolution of new traits and adaptations. Through adaptive radiation, organisms can exploit different resources and habitats, reducing competition and increasing their chances of survival and reproductive success. This process often leads to the formation of new species and the expansion of biodiversity within a particular ecosystem.

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  • 14. 

    A random change in a gene or chromosome that maybe advantageous, deleterious, or neutral in  its effects on organisms.

    • A.

      Evolution

    • B.

      Mutation

    • C.

      Gene Flow

    • D.

      Law of Segregation

    Correct Answer
    B. Mutation
    Explanation
    Mutation refers to a random change in a gene or chromosome that can have various effects on organisms. These changes can be advantageous, deleterious, or neutral in their impact on the individual's traits or characteristics. Mutations are an important driving force in evolution as they introduce new genetic variations into a population, which can then be acted upon by natural selection. Therefore, mutation is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 15. 

    The random change in allele frequency from one generation to the next, with greater effect in small populations.

    • A.

      Mutation

    • B.

      Species

    • C.

      Genetic Drift

    • D.

      Gene Flow

    Correct Answer
    C. Genetic Drift
    Explanation
    Genetic drift refers to the random change in allele frequency from one generation to the next. This phenomenon has a greater effect in small populations where chance events can have a more significant impact. Unlike natural selection, genetic drift is not driven by any specific advantage or disadvantage of certain alleles. Instead, it occurs due to random sampling of alleles during reproduction. Over time, genetic drift can lead to the loss or fixation of certain alleles in a population, potentially reducing genetic diversity.

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  • 16. 

    The exchange of alleles between two different populations

    • A.

      Genetic Drift

    • B.

      Mutation

    • C.

      Species

    • D.

      Gene Flow

    Correct Answer
    D. Gene Flow
    Explanation
    Gene flow refers to the exchange of genetic material between different populations. This can occur through the movement of individuals or the transfer of gametes (reproductive cells) between populations. Gene flow plays a crucial role in shaping the genetic diversity of populations and can prevent them from becoming genetically isolated. It can introduce new alleles into a population, increasing genetic variation. Therefore, gene flow is the most appropriate explanation for the exchange of alleles between two different populations.

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