A Quiz On Anthropology For Pros 1102-012 Quiz 7

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 958

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A Quiz On Anthropology For Pros 1102-012 Quiz 7

If you are on the lookout for a series quizzes to help you in your anthropology finals look no further. The test below is the seventh in the series of tests and is aimed at keeping your memory fresh and ensuring you pass your finals. Give it a try and keep an eye out for the eighth one.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following was a characteristic shared by recent foraging communities?
    • A. 

      They fished a great deal

    • B. 

      They relied on welfare supplied by state-level societies

    • C. 

      They spoke simplified languages

    • D. 

      They lived in marginal environments that were of little interest to food-producing societies

    • E. 

      They devolved to foraging from a more advanced level of subsistence

  • 2. 
    In recent times, many hunting-and-gathering groups have been exposed to the idea of food production (i.e., farming) but they have never adopted it. Why not?
    • A. 

      They did not have the skills or tools to do so

    • B. 

      Their own economies provide a perfectly adequate and nutritious diet, with a lot less work

    • C. 

      People naturally resist change, especially foragers

    • D. 

      They had to ask for permission from the state to do so

    • E. 

      They did not realize the advantages of food production

  • 3. 
    A horticultural system of cultivation is characterized by
    • A. 

      Intensive use of land and human labor

    • B. 

      The use of irrigation and terracing

    • C. 

      Developing almost exclusively in arid areas

    • D. 

      Lack of proper knowledge about plant domestication

    • E. 

      Periodic cycles of cultivation and fallowing

  • 4. 
    What kind of societies are typically associated with slash-and-burn cultivation?
    • A. 

      Foraging societies

    • B. 

      State-level societies

    • C. 

      Hydraulic societies

    • D. 

      Nonindustrial societies

    • E. 

      Nomadic societies

  • 5. 
    Intensive agriculture
    • A. 

      Has a significant impact on the environment but this impact is much localized and can be controlled

    • B. 

      Can actually breed greater ecological diversity

    • C. 

      Is least ecologically destructive when it is done with fuel-efficient machinery

    • D. 

      Has significant environmental effects such as deforestation, water pollution, and reduction of ecological diversity

    • E. 

      Is and ecological improvement over sectorial fallowing

  • 6. 
    What is the term that refers to the type of pastoral economy in which part of the population moves with the herds while the rest stays in the village?
    • A. 

      Balanced subsistence

    • B. 

      Discretionary pastoralism

    • C. 

      Pastoral transhumance

    • D. 

      Foraging

    • E. 

      Transhumant nomadism

  • 7. 
    What are the means, or factors, of production?
    • A. 

      They are all synonyms of a society's mode of production

    • B. 

      A society's institutional mechanisms for making sure that everyone is productive

    • C. 

      The ways a society organizes production

    • D. 

      Labor forces organized by kinship ties

    • E. 

      A society's major productive resources, such as land, labor, technology, and capital

  • 8. 
    Economic anthropologists have been concerned with two main questions, one focusing on systems of human behavior and the other on the individuals who participate in those systems: The first question: How are production, distribution and consumption organized in different societies? The second question is:
    • A. 

      Why has the myth of the profit-maximizing individual been so pervasive, despite evidence to the contrary?

    • B. 

      What are the best ways to convince individuals in funding agencies of the value of ethnographic knowledge in the realm of economics?

    • C. 

      What encourages overconsumption in western economies?

    • D. 

      What motivates people in different cultures to produce, distribute or exchange, and consume?

    • E. 

      What has been the impact globalization at the level of individuals?

  • 9. 
    Generalized reciprocity
    • A. 

      Is characterized by the immediate return of the object exchanged

    • B. 

      Is the characteristic form of exchange in egalitarian societies

    • C. 

      Usually develops after redistribution but before the market principle

    • D. 

      Disappears with the origin of the state

    • E. 

      Is exemplified by silent trade

  • 10. 
    Which of the following kinds of exchange is characteristic among members of a family?
    • A. 

      Generalized reciprocity

    • B. 

      Balanced reciprocity

    • C. 

      Negative reciprocity

    • D. 

      Redistribution

    • E. 

      None of these exchanges are characteristic among members of a family