History and Branches of Anthropology Quiz

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History And Branches Of Anthropology Quiz - Quiz

Have you been studying anthropology? It's a history and branches of anthropology quiz for you. If we put it in simple words, anthropology can be known as the study of the origin as well as the development of human societies and different cultures. The study of anthropology is vast, and there are many branches of anthropology. Here, with their history, we are going to learn about the same with a few questions. We hope you score high and learn a lot of things from here.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Archaeology is meant by the study of the human past

    • A.

      Using written text

    • B.

      Using material remains

    • C.

      Using their fossils

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Using material remains
    Explanation
    Archaeology is the study of the human past, and it is primarily conducted by examining material remains left behind by ancient civilizations. These material remains can include artifacts, buildings, tools, and other physical objects that provide insight into past human societies. By analyzing and interpreting these material remains, archaeologists are able to reconstruct and understand aspects of ancient cultures, such as their technology, social structures, and daily lives. Therefore, the correct answer is "Using material remains."

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  • 2. 

    Studying fossils of humans who lived around 3000 years ago would come under

    • A.

      Biological anthropology

    • B.

      Archaeological anthropology

    • C.

      Social anthropology

    • D.

      Linguistic anthropology

    Correct Answer
    A. Biological anthropology
    Explanation
    Studying fossils of humans who lived around 3000 years ago would come under Biological anthropology because this field focuses on the biological aspects of human beings, including their evolution, genetics, and physical characteristics. By examining these fossils, biological anthropologists can gain insights into the anatomy, behavior, and health of ancient human populations, helping us understand our evolutionary history and how we have changed over time. Archaeological anthropology, on the other hand, primarily deals with the material remains left by past human societies, while social anthropology focuses on the study of contemporary human societies and cultures. Linguistic anthropology focuses on the study of language and its role in human society.

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  • 3. 

    In the early 20th century, the first generation of well-trained anthropologists started undertaking intensive fieldwork on their own account.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the early 20th century, anthropologists began conducting extensive fieldwork independently. This suggests that the first generation of well-trained anthropologists took the initiative to study and observe different cultures and societies firsthand. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 4. 

    Physical Anthropology is also known as

    • A.

      Theoretical Anthropology

    • B.

      Societal Anthropology

    • C.

      Practical Anthropology

    • D.

      Biological Anthropology

    Correct Answer
    D. Biological Anthropology
    Explanation
    Physical Anthropology is also known as Biological Anthropology because it focuses on the biological aspects of humans, including their evolution, genetics, and physical characteristics. This field of anthropology examines human variation, skeletal remains, and primatology to understand the biological foundations of human behavior and culture. It involves studying human anatomy, physiology, and genetics to gain insights into the development and evolution of humans. Therefore, Biological Anthropology is the correct term for Physical Anthropology.

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  • 5. 

    _________ is known as the study of the behavior of people's groups in specific environments.

    • A.

      Cultural anthropology

    • B.

      Archaeological anthropology

    • C.

      Linguistic anthropology

    • D.

      Physical anthropology

    Correct Answer
    A. Cultural anthropology
    Explanation
    Cultural anthropology is the study of the behavior of people's groups in specific environments. It focuses on understanding the cultural beliefs, practices, and social structures of different societies. This field of anthropology seeks to analyze how culture influences individuals and communities, and how they adapt to their environment. By studying cultural anthropology, researchers gain insights into the diversity of human societies and the ways in which they interact and develop over time.

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  • 6. 

    For many years, anthropology's main focus remained on studying how religions came into existence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that anthropology's main focus has always been on studying the origins of religions. However, this is not true. While the study of religion is an important aspect of anthropology, it is not the sole focus. Anthropology encompasses a wide range of subjects including the study of human societies, cultures, and behaviors. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 7. 

    Cultural anthropology is also known as

    • A.

      Societal anthropology

    • B.

      Traditional anthropology

    • C.

      Social anthropology

    • D.

      Human anthropology

    Correct Answer
    C. Social anthropology
    Explanation
    Cultural anthropology is also known as social anthropology because it focuses on studying and understanding the social aspects of different cultures. This field of anthropology examines how societies are organized, how people interact within these societies, and how cultural beliefs and practices shape social behavior. By studying social anthropology, researchers gain insights into the various social structures, kinship systems, political organizations, and economic activities of different cultures. This term is used interchangeably with cultural anthropology to emphasize the close relationship between culture and society in understanding human behavior and social dynamics.

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  • 8. 

    Linguistic anthropology deals with

    • A.

      How thoughts influence social life

    • B.

      How language influences social life

    • C.

      How culture influences social life

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. How language influences social life
    Explanation
    Linguistic anthropology is the study of how language influences social life. Language is a fundamental aspect of human culture and plays a crucial role in shaping social interactions, relationships, and identities. Through language, individuals communicate their thoughts, beliefs, and values, and it serves as a tool for socialization and the transmission of cultural knowledge. Linguistic anthropologists examine how language is used in different social contexts, how it reflects and shapes social hierarchies, and how it contributes to the formation of group identities and cultural practices. Therefore, the correct answer is "How language influences social life."

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  • 9. 

    Socio-cultural Anthropology was inspired by Darwin's idea of evolution after his publication of the Origin of Species.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Socio-cultural Anthropology was indeed inspired by Darwin's idea of evolution after his publication of the Origin of Species. This is because Darwin's theory of evolution challenged traditional beliefs about the origins and diversity of human beings, leading anthropologists to explore the cultural and social aspects of human evolution. By studying different cultures and societies, anthropologists sought to understand how human behavior and social structures evolved over time, influenced by natural selection and adaptation. Therefore, the statement "Socio-cultural Anthropology was inspired by Darwin's idea of evolution after his publication of the Origin of Species" is true.

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  • 10. 

    ___________ was known as the beginning of socio-cultural Anthropology.

    • A.

      The first half of the 18th century 

    • B.

      The second half of the 18th century 

    • C.

      The first half of the 19th century 

    • D.

      The second half of the 19th century 

    Correct Answer
    D. The second half of the 19th century 
    Explanation
    The second half of the 19th century is known as the beginning of socio-cultural Anthropology because this period marked the emergence of the discipline as a distinct field of study. During this time, anthropologists such as Lewis Henry Morgan, Edward Burnett Tylor, and Franz Boas conducted extensive research and laid the foundation for the study of human societies and cultures. They developed theories and methodologies that are still influential in the field today. This period also saw the establishment of academic departments and professional associations dedicated to Anthropology, further solidifying its status as a discipline.

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