Anthropology Quiz-6

135 Questions | Total Attempts: 219

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Anthropology Quiz-6


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Anthropologists study 
    • A. 

      All humans, all the time, including the evolution of humans from our non human primate ancestors

    • B. 

      All humans everywhere on the planet, not just people who live in industrial or postindustrial societies, and not just exotic people who live in remote jungle tribes

    • C. 

      Humans as both cultural and biological beings, as you cant understand human culture without an apperciation for human biology

    • D. 

      Humans as both cultural and biological beings, as you cant understand human biology without an appreciation for human culture

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 2. 
    It is accurate to say that humans are animals, because, like all other animals, humans must breathe air, drink water, eat food, protect ourselves from predators, accidents and disease, urinate and defecate, find sexual partners, reproduce, and eventually die.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Humans are 'animals with culture' because
    • A. 

      Only humans have culture, nonhuman animal behavior is 100% instinctive (genetically hard wired)

    • B. 

      Only humans have carried the cultural modification of primate life to its most elaborate and diverse extremes in a vast array of different settings

  • 4. 
    In the textbook, the scope of cultural anthropology is defined to include
    • A. 

      What’s inside people’s heads/minds – their ideas, beliefs, attitudes, notions, worldviews, assumptions, knowledge, perspectives, and values

    • B. 

      What people do – their behavior, actions, traditions, customs, how they conduct and carry out their daily lives and long term affairs

    • C. 

      What people make – the artifacts and objects they produce, the earthworks and buildings they build, the way they alter the landscape, etc.

    • D. 

      The consequences of human beliefs and behavior for the individual, the group, and the environment, including both positive and negative consequences

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Archeologists have the same goals as cultural anthropologists, but they must use very different methods since their research subjects are ________.
    • A. 

      Dead

    • B. 

      Far away

    • C. 

      Uncooperative

    • D. 

      Suspicious

  • 6. 
    _______ anthropologist study human evolution and modern human biological variation and adaption
    • A. 

      Linguistic

    • B. 

      Cultural

    • C. 

      Physical/biological

    • D. 

      Applied

  • 7. 
    ________ anthropologists turn their research interests and methodological expertise to the study of real-world problems, trying to come up with solutions that are feasible, sustainable, and just
    • A. 

      Physical/biological

    • B. 

      Cultural

    • C. 

      Linguistic

    • D. 

      Applied

  • 8. 
    Medical anthropology, nutritional anthropology, reproductive anthropology, and human behavioral ecology are all examples of anthropological research areas that use the _______________.
    • A. 

      Symbolic synthetic stragegy

    • B. 

      Biocultural approach

    • C. 

      Applied/conditional theory

    • D. 

      Critical race theory

    • E. 

      Likert scale system

  • 9. 
    Material culture refers to the objects that people use, make, modify, or produce such as Northwest Coast Indian masks, IBM punch cards, and tall sailing ships.  Which branch of anthropology most heavily relies on material culture to figure out a group’s beliefs and behaviors?
    • A. 

      Cultural anthro

    • B. 

      Biological anthro

    • C. 

      Archeology

    • D. 

      Linguistic anthro

    • E. 

      Medical anthro

  • 10. 
    Every person's behavior is shaped by their own cultural and idiosyncratic beliefs as well as by
    • A. 

      Other people

    • B. 

      By access to resources

    • C. 

      By laws and traditions

    • D. 

      By threats of punishment or promises of rewards

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Every “normal” human is born with the genetically-based ability to learn to understand and speak one or more languages, but the language(s) a person actually ends up learning and using depends on his/her specific cultural environment
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Donald Brown’s book Human Universals lists a number of universal human characteristics that are the same in all human groups.  The following are true of the Universal People (UP) except:
    • A. 

      The UP use the same facial expressions to show basic emotions such as happiness, anger, and fear

    • B. 

      The UP always have religion and language and art

    • C. 

      The UP mourn loved ones who have died

    • D. 

      The UP always think that farting is hysterically funny

    • E. 

      The UP think about and plan for the future

  • 13. 
    The example of eating a Thanksgiving dinner in the U.S. consisting of roast turkey, stuffing/dressing, mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce, and pumpkin pie, provides an excellent way to show that culture is
    • A. 

      Learned

    • B. 

      Shared

    • C. 

      Patterned

    • D. 

      Somewhat arbitrary

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    Because culture is socially constructed and learned rather than biologically inherited,
    • A. 

      It can be transmitted from any one person to any other person, not just from parent to child

    • B. 

      Anyone from any biological background can be raised in any cultural environment and learn that culture

    • C. 

      Cultural beliefs can be changed as new information and perspectives are learned throughout an individual’s lifetime

    • D. 

      Maladaptive cultural beliefs can be replaced with more adaptive ones at any time

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 15. 
    Cultural anthropologists differ from other scientists such as sociologists and psychologists because they
    • A. 

      Study people from all around the world

    • B. 

      Use written surveys as their primary research tool

    • C. 

      Focus their work on people living in the US

    • D. 

      Study only people living in remote, exotic regions of the world

    • E. 

      Use translators rather than learn the local language of their research site

  • 16. 
    Even though humans use culture to adapt to their environments, natural selection and other evolutionary forces such as mutation and random genetic drift continue to operate on humans, and humans continue to evolve biologically.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    There are very few public pay telephones in the US any more
    • A. 

      Cultural belief

    • B. 

      Social structure

  • 18. 
    It is not acceptable to eat spaghettic with ones hands
    • A. 

      Cultural belief

    • B. 

      Social structure

  • 19. 
    in germany, dining out at a resaurant is supposed to be a leisurely, slow-paced, all-evening long event
    • A. 

      Cultural belief

    • B. 

      Social structure

  • 20. 
    It is illegal to drive on the left side of the road in the US
    • A. 

      Cultural belief

    • B. 

      Social structure

  • 21. 
    In mali, there are always other adults around to watch as you interact with your spouse and children
    • A. 

      Cultural belief

    • B. 

      Social structure

  • 22. 
    Only a childs parents should discipline the child when he is misbehaving
    • A. 

      Cultural belief

    • B. 

      Social structure

  • 23. 
    The main research tool of the cultural anthropologists is
  • 24. 
    ________  a research methodology based on comparing information gathered by other anthropologists from a number of different societies
  • 25. 
    ________  a research methodology that can include listening and observing, taking part in activities, conducting individual or groups interviews using open-ended research questions, going on trips with people, helping people with their work, etc.