A Quiz On Anthropology For Pros 1102-012 Quiz 6

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By RedFireCo1
R
RedFireCo1
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 3,833
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 285

SettingsSettingsSettings
Anthropology Quizzes & Trivia

If you are on the lookout for a series quizzes to help you in your anthropology finals look no further. The test below is the sixth in the series of tests and is aimed at keeping your memory fresh and ensuring you pass your finals. Give it a try and keep an eye out for the seventh one.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the term for the identification with, and feeling part of, a cultural tradition and exclusion from other cultural traditions?

    • A.

      Culture shock

    • B.

      Ethnicity

    • C.

      Cultural relativism

    • D.

      Assimilation

    • E.

      Ethnocentrism

    Correct Answer
    B. Ethnicity
    Explanation
    Ethnicity refers to the identification with and feeling part of a cultural tradition, as well as the exclusion from other cultural traditions. It is the term that encompasses the sense of belonging to a specific cultural group based on shared customs, language, heritage, and traditions. This identification often leads to a sense of exclusion or separation from other cultural groups, emphasizing the uniqueness and distinctiveness of one's own cultural tradition.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    An anthropological understanding of ethnicity and race requires exploring how people define, negotiate, and even challenge identities in society. One way anthropologists (and social scientists in general) do this is by studying status, which refers to

    • A.

      Mutually exclusive social identity that is set by others, and has little to do with individual agency

    • B.

      Any position, regardless of prestige, that someone occupies in society

    • C.

      Biologically determined

    • D.

      Socially negotiated amount of prestige that always changes throughout a person's lifetime

    • E.

      Identity determined by the state through census practices

    Correct Answer
    B. Any position, regardless of prestige, that someone occupies in society
    Explanation
    An anthropological understanding of ethnicity and race involves examining how individuals define and negotiate their identities within society. One way to do this is by studying status. Status refers to any position that someone holds within society, regardless of the level of prestige associated with it. This means that status is not determined by individual agency, but rather by others in society. It is important to note that status can change throughout a person's lifetime and is not biologically determined. Additionally, it is not determined by the state through census practices.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following is an example of an achieved status?

    • A.

      Age

    • B.

      Race

    • C.

      Minority group

    • D.

      Gender

    • E.

      Father

    Correct Answer
    E. Father
    Explanation
    Father is an example of an achieved status because it is a social position that an individual attains through their own efforts and actions. Becoming a father is not something that one is born into or automatically assigned based on characteristics such as age, race, minority group, or gender. Instead, it is a status that is acquired through personal choices and responsibilities, such as starting a family or adopting a child.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Race, like ethnicity in general, is

    • A.

      A cultural category rather than a biological reality

    • B.

      A biological reality as much as a cultural one

    • C.

      Used by social scientists to classify humans based on genes and shared blood

    • D.

      Poorly understood by geneticists and therefore considered a cultural category

    • E.

      A meaningless concept to people living day-to-day

    Correct Answer
    A. A cultural category rather than a biological reality
    Explanation
    Race is considered a cultural category rather than a biological reality because it is a social construct that is based on subjective characteristics such as physical appearance, ancestry, and cultural practices. There is no clear scientific basis for dividing humans into distinct races based on genetic differences. Instead, race is a concept that has been created and perpetuated by societies throughout history to categorize and differentiate people. Therefore, race is more accurately understood as a cultural category that varies across different societies and time periods rather than a fixed biological reality.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Given the lack of distinction between race and ethnicity, Kottak suggests the following term instead of "race" to describe any such social group:

    • A.

      Ethnic group

    • B.

      Nation

    • C.

      Cline

    • D.

      Society

    • E.

      Clan

    Correct Answer
    A. Ethnic group
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ethnic group." Kottak suggests using this term instead of "race" to describe any social group because there is a lack of distinction between race and ethnicity. This suggests that race is not a valid or meaningful concept, and that ethnicity is a more appropriate term to describe social groups based on shared cultural, linguistic, or historical characteristics.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What term refers to an organism's evident traits, its "manifest biology"?

    • A.

      Manifest destiny

    • B.

      Genotype

    • C.

      Biological circumscription

    • D.

      Phenotype

    • E.

      Hereditary inequality

    Correct Answer
    D. Phenotype
    Explanation
    The term "phenotype" refers to an organism's evident traits or characteristics, which are observable and measurable. It includes physical attributes such as eye color, height, and hair type, as well as behavioral and physiological traits. The phenotype is influenced by both genetic factors (genotype) and environmental factors. It is the result of the interaction between an organism's genes and its environment, and it provides valuable information about an organism's biology and appearance.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What is the term for the arbitrary rule that automatically places the children of a union between members of different socioeconomic groups in the less-privileged group?

    • A.

      Hypervitaminosis

    • B.

      Polygyny

    • C.

      Polyandry

    • D.

      Hypodescent

    • E.

      Hypogamy

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypodescent
    Explanation
    Hypodescent is the term for the arbitrary rule that automatically places the children of a union between members of different socioeconomic groups in the less-privileged group. This practice is often based on racial or ethnic categorization and is used to maintain social hierarchies and reinforce existing inequalities.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What is the term for ethnic groups that once had, or wish to have or regain, autonomous political status?

    • A.

      Ethnicities

    • B.

      Captive nations

    • C.

      Nations

    • D.

      Nationalities

    • E.

      Ethnic avengers

    Correct Answer
    D. Nationalities
    Explanation
    The term "nationalities" refers to ethnic groups that either had, desire, or strive to regain autonomous political status. This term is used to describe communities that identify themselves as distinct nations within a larger political entity and seek self-governance or self-determination.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The presence of ethnic neighborhoods indicates what kind of coexistence?

    • A.

      Assimilation

    • B.

      Acculturation

    • C.

      Enculturation

    • D.

      Colonialism

    • E.

      Multiculturalism

    Correct Answer
    E. Multiculturalism
    Explanation
    The presence of ethnic neighborhoods indicates multiculturalism. Ethnic neighborhoods are areas where people of a particular ethnic group live together, preserving their cultural traditions and practices. This suggests that different cultures are coexisting and maintaining their unique identities within a larger society. Multiculturalism promotes diversity, acceptance, and respect for various cultural backgrounds, allowing individuals to embrace their heritage while also participating in the wider society.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which of the following statements about nation-states is true?

    • A.

      Nation-states are ethnically homogeneous

    • B.

      Nation-states are defined by their lack of ethnic identity

    • C.

      Nation-states sometimes encourage divisions for political economic ends

    • D.

      Nation-state is a synonym for tribe and ethnic group

    • E.

      Nation-states are parts of other states

    Correct Answer
    C. Nation-states sometimes encourage divisions for political economic ends

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 03, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    RedFireCo1
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.