Anatomy: What Is IT And Why Is IT Important?

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 80

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Anatomy and physiology is a course that describes the structure and operation of one's individual body. Studying it helps one know exactly what goes on inside the body and leads to some actions. Give the quiz below a try and test your basic knowledge of anatomy and what it entails.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is not a function of bone?  
    • A. 

      Movement

    • B. 

      Storage of energy

    • C. 

      ATP storage

    • D. 

      Blood cell production

  • 2. 
    Bones are constantly undergoing resorption for various reasons. Which of the following cells accomplishes this process?  
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Stem cells

    • D. 

      Chondrocytes

  • 3. 
    The humerus is a(n)  
    • A. 

      Long bone

    • B. 

      Irregular bone

    • C. 

      Short bone

  • 4. 
    A meatus is a   
    • A. 

      Shallow, basin-like depression.

    • B. 

      Smooth, nearly flat articular surface.

    • C. 

      Canal-like passage

    • D. 

      Small rounded projection

    • E. 

      Large blunt irregular surface

  • 5. 
    A head on a bone is a(n)  
    • A. 

      Rounded projection on a neck

    • B. 

      Armlike bar of bone

    • C. 

      Shallow, basin-like depression

    • D. 

      Narrow slitlike opening for passage of blood vessels

  • 6. 
    The structural unit of compact bone is  
    • A. 

      The osteon

    • B. 

      Spongy bone

    • C. 

      Osseous matrix

    • D. 

      Myofibril

  • 7. 
    Bones are covered by a protective tissue called periosteum. The inner (osteogenic) layer consists primaily of.  
    • A. 

      Cartilage and compact bone

    • B. 

      Dense irregular connective tissue

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts and osteoclasts

    • D. 

      Chondrocytes and osteocytes

  • 8. 
    Ossification and growth at the epiphyses of long bones  
    • A. 

      Is accomplished by secondary ossification

    • B. 

      Is a characteristic of intramembranous bone formation

    • C. 

      Requires that the mesenchyme become periosteum

    • D. 

      Involves medullary cavity formation

  • 9. 
    Which would be the primary reason more bone is resorbed than deposited?  
    • A. 

      To increase blood calcium

    • B. 

      To increase blood potassium

    • C. 

      To help blood to clot

    • D. 

      To reduce bone mass

  • 10. 
    To make spongy bone stronger, trabeculae align  
    • A. 

      Randomly

    • B. 

      At right angles to lines of stress

    • C. 

      Along lines of stress

    • D. 

      Obliquely to lines of stress

  • 11. 
    Which is not a bone of the axial skeleton?  
    • A. 

      Sternum

    • B. 

      Ethmoid

    • C. 

      Atlas

    • D. 

      Clavicle

  • 12. 
    Choose the statement that is most correct about the bony orbits that house your eyes.  
    • A. 

      The orbits are made entirely of cartilage

    • B. 

      The orbits are formed of both facial and cranial bones

    • C. 

      The orbits contain only cranial bones

    • D. 

      The orbits contain only facial bones

  • 13. 
    Which bones has a pair in the cranium?  
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Sphenoid

    • C. 

      Ethmoid

    • D. 

      Occipital

    • E. 

      Temporal

  • 14. 
    The cervical curvature is  
    • A. 

      Concave posteriorly

    • B. 

      Convex posteriorly

    • C. 

      Neither concave nor convex

  • 15. 
    In the intervertebral discs, the _____ encloses the gelatinous ______.  
    • A. 

      Annulus pulposis, nucleus fibrosis

    • B. 

      Nucleus fibrosis, annulus pulposis

    • C. 

      Nucleus pulposis, annulus fibrosis

    • D. 

      Annulus fibrosis, nucleus pulposis

  • 16. 
    The vertebral foramina of the vertebrae..  
    • A. 

      Form moveable joints between vertebrae.

    • B. 

      Connect vertebrae via interspinous ligaments

    • C. 

      Contain the spinal cord and protects it

    • D. 

      Sit between disks and bears the body weight above.

  • 17. 
    The rhytmic movements of breathing  
    • A. 

      Provide anatomical surface landmarks for the heart and lungs

    • B. 

      Alternately lift and depress the thorax

    • C. 

      Involve only the true ribs

    • D. 

      Cause certain ribs to "float"

  • 18. 
    The tibia is in contact with which tarsus  
    • A. 

      Cuboid

    • B. 

      Calcaneus

    • C. 

      Talus

    • D. 

      Navicular

  • 19. 
    Which spinal curvatures are present at birth?  
    • A. 

      Thoracic and sacral

    • B. 

      Lumbar and sacral

    • C. 

      Thoracic and cervical

    • D. 

      Cervical and lumbar

  • 20. 
    Synarthrotic joints  
    • A. 

      Have large joint cavities

    • B. 

      Are cartilaginous joints.

    • C. 

      Are found at the junction of the epiphysis and diaphysis of growing bone

    • D. 

      Permit essentially no movement.

  • 21. 
    An immovable joint found only between skull bones is called a  
    • A. 

      Cartilaginous joint

    • B. 

      Suture

    • C. 

      Condyle

    • D. 

      Synovial joint

  • 22. 
    Menisci Refer to  
    • A. 

      Cartilage pads that subdivide synovial cavities

    • B. 

      Tendon sheaths

    • C. 

      Small sacs containing synovial fluid

    • D. 

      Cavities lined with cartilage

  • 23. 
    Turning a joint of its long axis is  
    • A. 

      Lateral flexion

    • B. 

      Rotation

    • C. 

      Supination

    • D. 

      Abduction

    • E. 

      Pronation

  • 24. 
    A joint that involves a cylinder in a trough, providing extension or flexion in a single plane is a  
    • A. 

      Condyloid joint

    • B. 

      Plane joint

    • C. 

      Hinge joint

    • D. 

      Saddle joint

  • 25. 
    Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are  
    • A. 

      Common due to the weight-bearing the hip endures

    • B. 

      Rare because the rotator cuff stabilizes the hip joint

    • C. 

      Common in all people who are overweight

    • D. 

      Rare because of the strong ligament reinforcement

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