Anatomy GI

29 Questions | Total Attempts: 593

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

Anatomy practice exam for GI tract. Not very many questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements about the abdominal wall is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      The transpyloric line intersects the 1st part of the duodenum.

    • B. 

      The transversalis fascia forms the cremaster fascia of the spermatic cord.

    • C. 

      Superficial veins of the abdominal wall anastomose with tributaries of the portal and caval systems of veins.

    • D. 

      The deep inguinal ring is formed by an evagination of the transversalis fascia

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements about peritoneum and/or mesenteries is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      The gastrosplenic and splenorenal ligaments normally prevent fluids from entering the omental bursa from the left paracolic gutter.

    • B. 

      A mesentery transmits the neurovascular supply to the organ with which it is related

    • C. 

      The common bile duct is contained within the gastrocolic ligament.

    • D. 

      The adrenal glands are situated posterior to parietal peritoneum.

  • 3. 
    Which of the following structures is NOT in the posterior wall of the omental bursa?
    • A. 

      Body of the pancreas.

    • B. 

      Celiac artery (trunk).

    • C. 

      Upper pole of the left kidney.

    • D. 

      Transverse colon and its mesocolon.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements about the stomach is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      In anatomical position, the body of the stomach is anterior to the fundus.

    • B. 

      Cell bodies of postganglionic sympathetic neurons to the stomach are located in the superior mesenteric ganglion.

    • C. 

      Gastric ulcers that erode through the posterior wall of the stomach could affect the splenic artery

    • D. 

      The initial pain of inflammatory diseases of the stomach is dull and diffuse.

  • 5. 
    A tumor of the pancreatic head would most likely result in:
    • A. 

      lateral displacement and compression of the common bile duct.

    • B. 

      Compression of the superior mesenteric artery.

    • C. 

      Compression of the left adrenal gland.

    • D. 

      compression of the left renal vein.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements correctly describes inguinal hernias and their anatomy?
    • A. 

      Indirect hernias involve a parietal peritoneal sac surrounded by successive coverings of the spermatic cord.

    • B. 

      Direct hernias enter the inguinal canal through the deep inguinal ring

    • C. 

      Indirect hernias protrude through the relatively weak abdominal wall medial to the inferior epigastric vessels

    • D. 

      Only indirect hernias can enter the scrotal sac

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements about the biliary system is correct?
    • A. 

      The gallbladder lies in a fossa between the left and caudate lobes of the liver.

    • B. 

      The common bile duct is located in the anterior border of the epiploic foramen (of Winslow).

    • C. 

      The fundus of the gallbladder is typically located at the level of the subcostal plane.

    • D. 

      The cystic duct courses posterior to the first part of the duodenum before entering the second part of the duodenum at the duodenal papilla

  • 8. 
    All of the following veins are tributaries of the portal venous system EXCEPT the
    • A. 

      Inferior mesenteric

    • B. 

      Splenic.

    • C. 

      Left gastric.

    • D. 

      Renal.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements about the ileum is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      It receives blood supply from branches of the superior mesenteric artery.

    • B. 

      It receives sympathetic innervation via thoracic splanchnic input to the superior mesenteric plexus.

    • C. 

      It receives parasympathetic innervation via pelvic splanchnic input to the inferior hypogastric plexus.

    • D. 

      Its lymphatic drainage pathway includes the intestinal lymphatic trunk and the thoracic duct.

  • 10. 
    The right adrenal gland is located immediately:
    • A. 

      Posterior to the splenic vein.

    • B. 

      Lateral to the right crus of the diaphragm.

    • C. 

      Anterior to the descending aorta.

    • D. 

      Medial to the quadrate lobe of the liver.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements about the renal system is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      The superior pole of the kidney is located significantly more posteriorly than the inferior pole.

    • B. 

      The pain of kidney disease is sharp and well-localized.

    • C. 

      Within the renal hilus, the renal pelvis is located anterior to both the renal artery and vein

    • D. 

      The hilus of the kidney is usually located at the L1 vertebral level

  • 12. 
    A palpable mass to the right of the midline at the level of the transpyloric line would be LEAST LIKELY to be located within the: 
    • A. 

      Pancreatic body.

    • B. 

      First part of duodenum

    • C. 

      right kidney

    • D. 

      gall bladder.

  • 13. 
    All of the following arterial branches provide blood supply to the stomach.  All are paired correctly with the artery from which the branch originates EXCEPT the:
    • A. 

      left gastric branch - celiac artery.

    • B. 

      Right gastric branch - superior mesenteric artery.

    • C. 

      Left gastroepiploic branch - splenic artery.

    • D. 

      right gastroepiploic branch - gastroduodenal artery.

  • 14. 
    The anterior wall of the epiploic foramen contains all of the following structures EXCEPT the:
    • A. 

      Portal vein.

    • B. 

      Common bile duct.

    • C. 

      inferior vena cava.

    • D. 

      Proper hepatic artery.

  • 15. 
    An indirect inguinal hernia that extends into the scrotum would NOT pass through:
    • A. 

      The deep (internal) inguinal ring.

    • B. 

      Hesselbach's triangle.

    • C. 

      The inguinal canal.

    • D. 

      The superficial (external) inguinal ring.

  • 16. 
    An ulcer on the posterior wall of the body of the stomach could allow gastric contents to initially leak into which of the following peritoneal recesses?
    • A. 

      Omental bursa.

    • B. 

      Right subhepatic recess.

    • C. 

      Left lateral paracolic gutter.

    • D. 

      Left subphrenic recess.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following arteries supplies blood to the spleen, pancreas and stomach?
    • A. 

      Short gastric.

    • B. 

      Left gastric

    • C. 

      Proper hepatic.

    • D. 

      Splenic.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following is NOT located in the hepatoduodenal ligament?
    • A. 

      Main pancreatic duct.

    • B. 

      Common bile duct.

    • C. 

      Portal vein.

    • D. 

      Proper hepatic artery.

  • 19. 
    An abscess filling the right sub-hepatic recess (space) of the peritoneal cavity would be bounded by all of the following structures EXCEPT the:
    • A. 

      Right lobe of the liver.

    • B. 

      anterior layer of the coronary ligament.

    • C. 

      Right kidney.

    • D. 

      Right leaf of diaphragm.

  • 20. 
    All of the following are boundaries of the quadrate of the lobe of the liver EXCEPT the:
    • A. 

      Inferior vena cava.

    • B. 

      Porta of the liver.

    • C. 

      Gall bladder (fossa).

    • D. 

      Fissure for the ligamentum teres.

  • 21. 
    All of the following are normal relationships of the superior mesenteric artery EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      it arises from the aorta posterior to the neck of the pancreas.

    • B. 

      The splenic vein crosses anterior to it.

    • C. 

      it courses posterior to the third (transverse) part of the duodenum.

    • D. 

      The left renal vein courses posterior to it.

  • 22. 
    In an obstruction of the portal vein within the liver, all of the following veins could be used to carry blood from the portal vein to the superior vena cava EXCEPT the
    • A. 

      Inferior mesenteric vein.

    • B. 

      Azygos vein.

    • C. 

      superficial veins of the anterior abdominal wall.

    • D. 

      Paraumbilical veins.

  • 23. 
    The right adrenal gland can be located on sectional images by all of the following relationships EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      it is posterior to the inferior vena

    • B. 

      It is medial to the right lobe of the liver.

    • C. 

      it is lateral to the right crus of the diaphragm

    • D. 

      It is anterior to the pancreatic head.

  • 24. 
    The subcostal line is a good surface landmark for the location of the:
    • A. 

      fundus of the gallbladder.

    • B. 

      3rd part of the duodenum.

    • C. 

      Pylorus of the stomach.

    • D. 

      Hilus of the kidney

  • 25. 
     The aponeurosis of the external abdominal oblique muscle forms all of the following structures EXCEPT the:
    • A. 

      Anterior wall of the inguinal canal.

    • B. 

      Inguinal ligament.

    • C. 

      Superficial inguinal ring.

    • D. 

      Cremasteric fascia.

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