The transpyloric line intersects the 1st part of the duodenum.
The transversalis fascia forms the cremaster fascia of the spermatic cord.
Superficial veins of the abdominal wall anastomose with tributaries of the portal and caval systems of veins.
The deep inguinal ring is formed by an evagination of the transversalis fascia
The gastrosplenic and splenorenal ligaments normally prevent fluids from entering the omental bursa from the left paracolic gutter.
A mesentery transmits the neurovascular supply to the organ with which it is related
The common bile duct is contained within the gastrocolic ligament.
The adrenal glands are situated posterior to parietal peritoneum.
Body of the pancreas.
Celiac artery (trunk).
Upper pole of the left kidney.
Transverse colon and its mesocolon.
In anatomical position, the body of the stomach is anterior to the fundus.
Cell bodies of postganglionic sympathetic neurons to the stomach are located in the superior mesenteric ganglion.
Gastric ulcers that erode through the posterior wall of the stomach could affect the splenic artery
The initial pain of inflammatory diseases of the stomach is dull and diffuse.
lateral displacement and compression of the common bile duct.
Compression of the superior mesenteric artery.
Compression of the left adrenal gland.
compression of the left renal vein.
Indirect hernias involve a parietal peritoneal sac surrounded by successive coverings of the spermatic cord.
Direct hernias enter the inguinal canal through the deep inguinal ring
Indirect hernias protrude through the relatively weak abdominal wall medial to the inferior epigastric vessels
Only indirect hernias can enter the scrotal sac
The gallbladder lies in a fossa between the left and caudate lobes of the liver.
The common bile duct is located in the anterior border of the epiploic foramen (of Winslow).
The fundus of the gallbladder is typically located at the level of the subcostal plane.
The cystic duct courses posterior to the first part of the duodenum before entering the second part of the duodenum at the duodenal papilla
It receives blood supply from branches of the superior mesenteric artery.
It receives sympathetic innervation via thoracic splanchnic input to the superior mesenteric plexus.
It receives parasympathetic innervation via pelvic splanchnic input to the inferior hypogastric plexus.
Its lymphatic drainage pathway includes the intestinal lymphatic trunk and the thoracic duct.
Posterior to the splenic vein.
Lateral to the right crus of the diaphragm.
Anterior to the descending aorta.
Medial to the quadrate lobe of the liver.
The superior pole of the kidney is located significantly more posteriorly than the inferior pole.
The pain of kidney disease is sharp and well-localized.
Within the renal hilus, the renal pelvis is located anterior to both the renal artery and vein
The hilus of the kidney is usually located at the L1 vertebral level
First part of duodenum
left gastric branch - celiac artery.
Right gastric branch - superior mesenteric artery.
Left gastroepiploic branch - splenic artery.
right gastroepiploic branch - gastroduodenal artery.
Common bile duct.
inferior vena cava.
Proper hepatic artery.
The deep (internal) inguinal ring.
The inguinal canal.
The superficial (external) inguinal ring.
Right subhepatic recess.
Left lateral paracolic gutter.
Left subphrenic recess.
Main pancreatic duct.
Common bile duct.
Proper hepatic artery.
Right lobe of the liver.
anterior layer of the coronary ligament.
Right leaf of diaphragm.
Inferior vena cava.
Porta of the liver.
Gall bladder (fossa).
Fissure for the ligamentum teres.
it arises from the aorta posterior to the neck of the pancreas.
The splenic vein crosses anterior to it.
it courses posterior to the third (transverse) part of the duodenum.
The left renal vein courses posterior to it.
Inferior mesenteric vein.
superficial veins of the anterior abdominal wall.
it is posterior to the inferior vena
It is medial to the right lobe of the liver.
it is lateral to the right crus of the diaphragm
It is anterior to the pancreatic head.
fundus of the gallbladder.
3rd part of the duodenum.
Pylorus of the stomach.
Hilus of the kidney
Anterior wall of the inguinal canal.
Superficial inguinal ring.