Test Your Knowledge Of The Human Digestive System!

Reviewed by Farah Naz
Farah Naz, MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Review Board Member
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.
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Test Your Knowledge Of The Human Digestive System! - Quiz

Ever wondered how much you know about Human Digestive System? The digestive system is made up of organs that help in the digestion and absorption of food. The process starts in the mouth and ends in the anus. How well do you understand what happens to food once we eat it and the waste is sieved out? Take the quiz below and take a trip down the digestive system!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What two locations in the digestive system mechanically break down food? (Don't add comma)

    Explanation
    The correct answer is stomach and mouth. Both the stomach and mouth play a role in mechanically breaking down food. The mouth uses teeth to chew and grind food into smaller pieces, while the stomach uses muscular contractions to further break down the food into a semi-liquid state.

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  • 2. 

    What organ is bile made in?

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Gallbladder

    • D.

      Small Intestine

    Correct Answer
    B. Liver
    Explanation
    Bile is made in the liver. The liver produces bile which is then stored in the gallbladder before being released into the small intestine. Bile plays a crucial role in the digestion and absorption of fats in the small intestine. It helps in breaking down large fat molecules into smaller ones, making it easier for the body to absorb and utilize them.

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  • 3. 

    What organ is bile stored in?

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Gallbladder

    • D.

      Small Intestine

    Correct Answer
    C. Gallbladder
    Explanation
    Bile is a digestive fluid produced by the liver. It is stored in the gallbladder, which is a small organ located beneath the liver. When food enters the small intestine, the gallbladder releases bile into the digestive tract to help break down fats and aid in the absorption of nutrients. The stomach does not store bile, and the liver is responsible for producing it rather than storing it. Therefore, the correct answer is the gallbladder.

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  • 4. 

    What organ is bile secreted by?

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Gallbladder

    • D.

      Small Intestine

    Correct Answer
    B. Liver
    Explanation
    Bile is not secreted in the stomach or small intestine. It is produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. When food enters the small intestine, the gallbladder releases bile into the small intestine to aid in the digestion and absorption of fats. Therefore, the correct answer is the liver.

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  • 5. 

    Where is bicarbonate made?

    • A.

      Small Intestine

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Gallbladder

    • D.

      Pancreas

    Correct Answer
    D. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The pancreas is responsible for producing bicarbonate. Bicarbonate is an alkaline substance that helps neutralize stomach acid as food passes from the stomach to the small intestine. This is important because the small intestine requires a less acidic environment for proper digestion and absorption of nutrients. The pancreas releases bicarbonate into the small intestine through a duct, along with digestive enzymes, to aid in the digestion process. The liver produces bile, the gallbladder stores bile, but neither of these organs are involved in the production of bicarbonate.

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  • 6. 

    Where is bicarbonate secreted?

    • A.

      Small Intestine

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Gallbladder

    • D.

      Pancreatic duct

    Correct Answer
    D. Pancreatic duct
    Explanation
    Bicarbonate secretion in pancreatic juice occurs at the site where the primary pancreatic duct divides into interlobular ducts, further branching into intralobular ducts that link to the acinar lumen through intercalated ducts. The intercalated duct cells are connected to centroacinar cells situated within the acinar lumen.

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  • 7. 

    Where is hydrochloric acid secreted into?

    • A.

      Small Intestine

    • B.

      Large Intestine

    • C.

      Stomach

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    C. Stomach
    Explanation
    Hydrochloric acid is secreted into the stomach. The stomach lining contains specialized cells called parietal cells that produce and secrete hydrochloric acid. This acid plays a crucial role in the digestion process by breaking down food and killing bacteria that may be present in the ingested food. It also helps in the activation of digestive enzymes and the absorption of certain nutrients. The secretion of hydrochloric acid in the stomach creates an acidic environment necessary for optimal digestion.

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  • 8. 

    How does bile aid in digestion?

    • A.

      It neutralizes the acid from the stomach.

    • B.

      It breaks down proteins in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    • C.

      It breaks down fats to smaller particles in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    • D.

      It breaks down carbohydrates into smaller molecular chains in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    Correct Answer
    C. It breaks down fats to smaller particles in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.
    Explanation
    Bile aids in digestion by breaking down fats into smaller particles. This process, known as emulsification, helps to increase the surface area of the fat molecules, making it easier for enzymes to break them down further. This breakdown of fats is essential for their absorption in the small intestine. Bile also helps in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. However, bile does not neutralize stomach acid, break down proteins, or break down carbohydrates.

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  • 9. 

    How does bicarbonate aid in digestion?

    • A.

      It neutralizes the acid from the stomach.

    • B.

      It breaks down proteins in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    • C.

      It breaks down fats to smaller particles in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    • D.

      It breaks down carbohydrates into smaller molecular chains in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    Correct Answer
    A. It neutralizes the acid from the stomach.
    Explanation
    Bicarbonate aids in digestion by neutralizing the acid from the stomach. The stomach produces hydrochloric acid to break down food, but this acid can be too harsh for the rest of the digestive system. Bicarbonate, which is produced by the pancreas, helps to neutralize this acid and create a more optimal pH level for digestion. This allows the enzymes in the small intestine to function properly and break down food further for absorption.

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  • 10. 

    How does hydrochloric acid aid in digestion?

    • A.

      It neutralizes acid from the stomach.

    • B.

      It combines with pepsinogen to make pepsin which breaks down proteins in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    • C.

      It breaks down fats to smaller particles in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    • D.

      It breaks down carbohydrates into smaller molecular chains in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.

    Correct Answer
    B. It combines with pepsinogen to make pepsin which breaks down proteins in chemical digestion to prepare for absorption.
    Explanation
    Hydrochloric acid aids in digestion by combining with pepsinogen to form pepsin. Pepsin is an enzyme that breaks down proteins into smaller peptides, facilitating their absorption. This process occurs in the stomach during chemical digestion.

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  • 11. 

    Check all of the boxes where fat digestion occurs.

    • A.

      Mouth

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Small Intestine

    • D.

      Large Intestine

    Correct Answer
    C. Small Intestine
    Explanation
    Fat digestion primarily occurs in the small intestine. This is where the majority of fat breakdown and absorption takes place. The small intestine produces and releases bile, which helps in the emulsification of fats. Enzymes called lipases are also secreted in the small intestine, which break down fats into smaller molecules that can be easily absorbed by the body. The mouth does not play a significant role in fat digestion, as only minimal fat breakdown occurs through the action of lingual lipase. The liver produces bile, but its main role is in the storage and metabolism of nutrients rather than fat digestion. The large intestine does not participate in fat digestion, as its primary function is to absorb water and electrolytes.

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  • 12. 

    Check all of the boxes where chemical digestion of protein occurs.

    • A.

      Mouth

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Small Intestine

    • D.

      Large Intestine

    Correct Answer
    B. Stomach
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Stomach because the stomach produces gastric juice which contains enzymes like pepsin that break down proteins into smaller peptides. This process of chemical digestion starts in the stomach where proteins are partially broken down before further digestion and absorption in the small intestine. The mouth does not play a significant role in protein digestion as the enzyme responsible for protein digestion, pepsin, is not present in saliva. The large intestine is primarily involved in the absorption of water and electrolytes, not protein digestion.

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  • 13. 

    Carbohydrates, fats (lipids) and proteins are absorbed in the _____________.

    Correct Answer
    small Intestine
    Explanation
    Carbohydrates, fats (lipids), and proteins are absorbed in the small intestine. The small intestine is responsible for the majority of nutrient absorption in the digestive system. It has a large surface area due to the presence of villi and microvilli, which helps in the efficient absorption of nutrients. The small intestine contains enzymes that break down carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into smaller molecules that can be easily absorbed into the bloodstream. Once absorbed, these nutrients are transported to various cells in the body to provide energy and support various physiological functions.

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  • 14. 

    Liquids and electrolytes are absorbed in the _________________.

    Correct Answer
    Large Intestine, large intestine
    Explanation
    Liquids and electrolytes are absorbed in the large intestine. The large intestine is the final section of the digestive system, where water and electrolytes are reabsorbed from the undigested food material. This absorption process helps in maintaining the body's fluid balance and electrolyte levels.

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  • 15. 

    Check all of the boxes where carbohydrate digestion occurs.

    • A.

      Mouth

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Small Intestine

    • D.

      Large Intestine

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Mouth
    C. Small Intestine
    Explanation
    Carbohydrate digestion primarily occurs in the small intestine. This is where pancreatic amylase, an enzyme produced by the pancreas, breaks down complex carbohydrates into simpler sugars such as glucose. The small intestine also produces other enzymes like sucrase, lactase, and maltase, which further break down disaccharides into monosaccharides. The mouth does initiate carbohydrate digestion through the action of salivary amylase, but this process is minimal and not as significant as in the small intestine. The liver and large intestine do not play a direct role in carbohydrate digestion.

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Farah Naz |MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.

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  • Current Version
  • Apr 19, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team

    Expert Reviewed by
    Farah Naz
  • Apr 17, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Mmacinnes
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