Anatomy And Physiology- The Digestive System Test

56 Questions | Total Attempts: 14414

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Anatomy And Physiology- The Digestive System Test

Do you know that anatomy and physiology are two related disciplines? This quiz demonstrates the relationship between body parts. Anatomy is an old science, and anatomy and physiology examine organisms' structure and function and their components. Physiology is the study of how the bodily functions and the study of the body as a whole. This quiz will support and teach you if you want to receive an A+ in anatomy and physiology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absoprtion

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 5. 
    Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 6. 
    Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 7. 
    The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
    • A. 

      Motility

    • B. 

      Propulsion

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      Defecation

  • 8. 
    This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      MALT

    • D. 

      Muscularis

    • E. 

      Epithelium

  • 9. 
    This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
    • A. 

      Submucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      Epithelium

    • D. 

      Serosa

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
    • A. 

      Serosa

    • B. 

      Submucosa

    • C. 

      Muscularis

    • D. 

      Mucosa

    • E. 

      MALT

  • 11. 
    These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      MALT

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Serosa

  • 12. 
    This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
    • A. 

      ENS

    • B. 

      Myenteric plexus

    • C. 

      Submucosal plexus

    • D. 

      Digestive plexus

    • E. 

      Absorption plexus

  • 13. 
    Why do emotions suchas anger or fear slow digestion?
    • A. 

      Because they stimulate the parasympathetic nerves supplying the GI tract

    • B. 

      Because they stimulate the somatic nerves that supply the GI tract

    • C. 

      Because they stimulate the sympathetic nerves that supply the GI tract

    • D. 

      They do not affect digestion

    • E. 

      Because all emotions are controlled by the vagus nerve

  • 14. 
    This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 15. 
    This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 16. 
    This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 17. 
    The hard palate
    • A. 

      Is the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth

    • B. 

      Is formed by the maxillae and palatine bones

    • C. 

      Is covered by a mucous membrane

    • D. 

      Both a and b

    • E. 

      All of the abovw

  • 18. 
    In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
    • A. 

      Uvulva

    • B. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • C. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • D. 

      Parotid glands

    • E. 

      Sublingual glands

  • 19. 
    In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
    • A. 

      Gingivae

    • B. 

      Cementum

    • C. 

      Periodontal ligament

    • D. 

      Pulp

    • E. 

      Root

  • 20. 
    Deciduous molars are replaced by
    • A. 

      Bicuspids

    • B. 

      Molars

    • C. 

      Incisors

    • D. 

      Canines

    • E. 

      Wisdome teeth

  • 21. 
    Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
    • A. 

      Upper oesophageal sphincter

    • B. 

      Lower oesophageal sphincter

    • C. 

      Serosa

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Periodontal ligament

  • 22. 
    How many phases of deglutition are there?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      8

  • 23. 
    This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
    • A. 

      Cardia

    • B. 

      Fundus

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Rugae

    • E. 

      Sphincter

  • 24. 
    Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
    • A. 

      Mucous cells

    • B. 

      Parietal cells

    • C. 

      Chief cells

    • D. 

      Serosa cells

    • E. 

      Chyme cells

  • 25. 
    This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
    • A. 

      Neck cell

    • B. 

      Chief cell

    • C. 

      G cell

    • D. 

      Chyme cell

    • E. 

      Parietal cell

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