Anatomy And Physiology- The Digestive System Test

56 Questions | Total Attempts: 8356

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Anatomy And Physiology- The Digestive System Test

Questions about the GI tract. Linked to the "Maturity 2" case unit.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of following processes is the function of the smooth muscle layer of the digestive system?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absoprtion

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    Which of following processes is the primary function of the villi of the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 5. 
    Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 6. 
    Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 7. 
    The capability of the GI tract to move material along its length is called:
    • A. 

      Motility

    • B. 

      Propulsion

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      Defecation

  • 8. 
    This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      MALT

    • D. 

      Muscularis

    • E. 

      Epithelium

  • 9. 
    This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue that binds the mucosa to the muscularis.
    • A. 

      Submucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      Epithelium

    • D. 

      Serosa

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
    • A. 

      Serosa

    • B. 

      Submucosa

    • C. 

      Muscularis

    • D. 

      Mucosa

    • E. 

      MALT

  • 11. 
    These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      MALT

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Serosa

  • 12. 
    This plexus is located betweeen the longitudinal and circular smooth muscle layers of the muscularis.
    • A. 

      ENS

    • B. 

      Myenteric plexus

    • C. 

      Submucosal plexus

    • D. 

      Digestive plexus

    • E. 

      Absorption plexus

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Because they stimulate the parasympathetic nerves supplying the GI tract

    • B. 

      Because they stimulate the somatic nerves that supply the GI tract

    • C. 

      Because they stimulate the sympathetic nerves that supply the GI tract

    • D. 

      They do not affect digestion

    • E. 

      Because all emotions are controlled by the vagus nerve

  • 14. 
    This portion of the peritoneum drapes over the transverse colon and coils of the small intestine.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 15. 
    This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 16. 
    This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 17. 
    The hard palate
    • A. 

      Is the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth

    • B. 

      Is formed by the maxillae and palatine bones

    • C. 

      Is covered by a mucous membrane

    • D. 

      Both a and b

    • E. 

      All of the abovw

  • 18. 
    In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
    • A. 

      Uvulva

    • B. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • C. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • D. 

      Parotid glands

    • E. 

      Sublingual glands

  • 19. 
    In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
    • A. 

      Gingivae

    • B. 

      Cementum

    • C. 

      Periodontal ligament

    • D. 

      Pulp

    • E. 

      Root

  • 20. 
    Deciduous molars are replaced by
    • A. 

      Bicuspids

    • B. 

      Molars

    • C. 

      Incisors

    • D. 

      Canines

    • E. 

      Wisdome teeth

  • 21. 
    Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
    • A. 

      Upper oesophageal sphincter

    • B. 

      Lower oesophageal sphincter

    • C. 

      Serosa

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Periodontal ligament

  • 22. 
    How many phases of deglutition are there?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      8

  • 23. 
    This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
    • A. 

      Cardia

    • B. 

      Fundus

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Rugae

    • E. 

      Sphincter

  • 24. 
    Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
    • A. 

      Mucous cells

    • B. 

      Parietal cells

    • C. 

      Chief cells

    • D. 

      Serosa cells

    • E. 

      Chyme cells

  • 25. 
    This cell secretes the hormone that promotes production of gastric acid.
    • A. 

      Neck cell

    • B. 

      Chief cell

    • C. 

      G cell

    • D. 

      Chyme cell

    • E. 

      Parietal cell