Digestive System Anatomy And Physiology Quiz Questions With Answers

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 18011

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Digestive System Anatomy And Physiology Quiz Questions With Answers - Quiz

Do you know that anatomy and physiology are two related disciplines? Can you attempt this Digestive system anatomy and physiology quiz with informative questions and answers? This quiz demonstrates the relationship between body parts. Anatomy is an old science, and anatomy and physiology examine organisms' structure and function and their components. Physiology is the study of how the body functions and the study of the body as a whole. This quiz will support and teach you if you want to receive an A+ in anatomy and physiology.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following processes is the primary function of the mouth?
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Secretion

    • C. 

      Mixing and propulsion

    • D. 

      Absorption

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid to soften food?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 3. 
    Which of the following accessory organs produces a fluid that functions to emulsify dietary fats?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 4. 
    Which of the following accessory organs stores bile?
    • A. 

      Teeth

    • B. 

      Salivary glands

    • C. 

      Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder

    • E. 

      Pharynx

  • 5. 
    This layer of the GI tract is composed of areolar connective tissue containing blood and lymph vessels.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      MALT

    • D. 

      Muscularis

    • E. 

      Epithelium

  • 6. 
    This layer functions by secreting a lubricating fluid.
    • A. 

      Serosa

    • B. 

      Submucosa

    • C. 

      Muscularis

    • D. 

      Mucosa

    • E. 

      MALT

  • 7. 
    These are composed of prominent lymphatic nodules that function in the immune response.
    • A. 

      Mucosa

    • B. 

      Lamina propria

    • C. 

      MALT

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Serosa

  • 8. 
    Why do emotions such as anger or fear slow digestion?
    • A. 

      Because they stimulate the parasympathetic nerves supplying the GI tract

    • B. 

      Because they stimulate the somatic nerves that supply the GI tract

    • C. 

      Because they stimulate the sympathetic nerves that supply the GI tract

    • D. 

      They do not affect digestion.

    • E. 

      Because all emotions are controlled by the vagus nerve

  • 9. 
    This portion of the peritoneum attaches the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and diaphragm.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 10. 
    This portion of the peritoneum is largely responsible for carrying blood and lymph vessels to the intestines.
    • A. 

      Greater omentum

    • B. 

      Falciform ligament

    • C. 

      Lesser omentum

    • D. 

      Mesentery

    • E. 

      Mesocolon

  • 11. 
    In the mouth, this runs posteriorly to the sides of the pharynx.
    • A. 

      Uvulva

    • B. 

      Palatoglossal arch

    • C. 

      Palatopharyngeal arch

    • D. 

      Parotid glands

    • E. 

      Sublingual glands

  • 12. 
    In the mouth, the tooth sockets are lined with
    • A. 

      Gingivae

    • B. 

      Cementum

    • C. 

      Periodontal ligament

    • D. 

      Pulp

    • E. 

      Root

  • 13. 
    Deciduous molars are replaced by
    • A. 

      Bicuspids

    • B. 

      Molars

    • C. 

      Incisors

    • D. 

      Canines

    • E. 

      Wisdom teeth

  • 14. 
    Which of the following contains skeletal muscle?
    • A. 

      Upper oesophageal sphincter

    • B. 

      Lower oesophageal sphincter

    • C. 

      Serosa

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Periodontal ligament

  • 15. 
    How many phases of deglutition are there?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

    • E. 

      8

  • 16. 
    This structure of the stomach allows greater distension for food storage.
    • A. 

      Cardia

    • B. 

      Fundus

    • C. 

      Pylorus

    • D. 

      Rugae

    • E. 

      Sphincter

  • 17. 
    Which of the following secrete gastric acid?
    • A. 

      Mucous cells

    • B. 

      Parietal cells

    • C. 

      Chief cells

    • D. 

      Serosa cells

    • E. 

      Chyme cells

  • 18. 
    This cell secretes the hormone that promotes the production of gastric acid.
    • A. 

      Neck cell

    • B. 

      Chief cell

    • C. 

      G cell

    • D. 

      Chyme cell

    • E. 

      Parietal cell

  • 19. 
    This is the heaviest internal organ of the body.
    • A. 

      Heart

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Large intestine

    • E. 

      Thyroid

  • 20. 
    This is the principle bile pigment.
    • A. 

      Stercobilin

    • B. 

      Bilirubin

    • C. 

      Biliverdin

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A, B, and C

  • 21. 
    Brunner's glands secrete
    • A. 

      Mucus

    • B. 

      An acidic juice

    • C. 

      An alkaline juice

    • D. 

      Mucus and acidic juice

    • E. 

      Mucus and alkaline juice

  • 22. 
    What is A pointing to?
    • A. 

      Lumen

    • B. 

      MALT

    • C. 

      Mucosa

    • D. 

      Submucosa

    • E. 

      Muscularis

  • 23. 
    Which layer contains the lamina propria?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

    • E. 

      E

  • 24. 
    This consists of calcified connective tissue.
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      F

    • E. 

      G

  • 25. 
    What is F pointing to?
    • A. 

      Pulp cavity

    • B. 

      Cementum

    • C. 

      Root canal

    • D. 

      Alveolar bone

    • E. 

      Gingival sulcus

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