Anatomy Final Exam 2 Review

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 125

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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia

In this Anatomy Final Exam 2 Review, we’ll be testing your recently acquired knowledge on a whole host of topics related to anatomy and the processes that go on to keep our bodies ticking. From muscles to hormones and blood pressure to fluid production, let’s find out exactly what you’ve learned.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ____ acts as a switching and relay center for integration of conscious and unconscious sensory and motor pathways
    • A. 

      Pons

    • B. 

      Midbrain

    • C. 

      Cerebellum

    • D. 

      Diencephalon

    • E. 

      Medulla

  • 2. 
    The "layers" of meninges: 1. Subarachnoid space, 2: pia meter, 3. Arachnoid, 4. subdural space, 5. dura mater. The correct order, from superficial to deep is...
    • A. 

      5,3,1,4,2

    • B. 

      5,4,3,1,2

    • C. 

      5,4,3,2,1

    • D. 

      5,3,4,1,2

    • E. 

      2,4,1,3,5

  • 3. 
    As you move your light pencil smoothly over a paper to sign your name, you___
    • A. 

      Generate APs at low rates from relatively few motor neurons

    • B. 

      Generate APs at low rates from reltatively many motor neurons

    • C. 

      Generate APs at high rates from relatively few motor neurons

    • D. 

      Generate APs at high rates from relatively many motor neurons

    • E. 

      Use telekinesis

  • 4. 
    Complete tetanus, in regards to normal contraction at a muscle, involves
    • A. 

      Generate Aps at low rates form many motor neurons for that muscle

    • B. 

      Generate APs at low rates from essentially all motor neurons for that muscle

    • C. 

      Generate APs at high rates from many motor neurons for that muscle

    • D. 

      Generate APs at high rates from essentially all motor neurons for that muscle

    • E. 

      Generate APs at low rates from only a few motor neurons for that muscle

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is the site for cerebrospinal fluid production
    • A. 

      Choroid plexus

    • B. 

      Dural sinus

    • C. 

      Pia sinus

    • D. 

      Ventral sinus

    • E. 

      Sagittal fissure

  • 6. 
    Major centers concerned with autonomic control of breathing, blood pressure, heart rate, and digestive activities are located in the
    • A. 

      Medulla Oblongata

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Midbrain

    • D. 

      Diencephalons

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 7. 
    Which part of the brain is normally associated with the ability to produce speech
    • A. 

      The cerebellum

    • B. 

      The diencephalon

    • C. 

      Both halves (sides) of the cerebral cortex

    • D. 

      The right hemisphere of the cerebral cortex

    • E. 

      The left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex

  • 8. 
    What cause is most directly responsible for hydroencephaly
    • A. 

      Build up water pressure in the ventricles

    • B. 

      Build up of cerebral spinal fluid in the brain

    • C. 

      Build up of too much Na in the ventricles

    • D. 

      Build up of to much K in the ventricles

    • E. 

      Build up of too much Na in the brain itself

  • 9. 
    Nerve fibers that are considered cholinergic secrete ____ as the neurotransmitter
    • A. 

      Dopamine

    • B. 

      Norepinephrine

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Serotonin

    • E. 

      Acetylocholine

  • 10. 
    What structure has overall control of the ANS
    • A. 

      Medulla oblongata

    • B. 

      Pons

    • C. 

      Cerebrum

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 11. 
    Which is a characteristic of white muscle fibers ( compared with red m. fibers)
    • A. 

      Aerobic

    • B. 

      Great resistance to fatigue

    • C. 

      Fast contraction times

    • D. 

      More myoglobin

    • E. 

      More mitochondria

  • 12. 
    Which is a characteristic of smooth  (compared with skeletal muscle)
    • A. 

      Automaticity

    • B. 

      Actin and myosin myofilaments arranged into sarcomeres

    • C. 

      Strong contraction speeds

    • D. 

      Striated

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 13. 
    The _____neuron runs from the CNS and the autonomic ganglion
    • A. 

      Somatic motor

    • B. 

      Preganlionic

    • C. 

      Postganglionic

    • D. 

      Sensory

    • E. 

      Enteric

  • 14. 
    In general, the parasympathetic division will
    • A. 

      Decreased salivary flow rate

    • B. 

      Increased respiratory rate

    • C. 

      Increased cardiac rate

    • D. 

      Increased blood coagulation

    • E. 

      Increased digestive functions

  • 15. 
    The soma of the stretch receptors are contained in the:
    • A. 

      Grey area of the spinal cord

    • B. 

      White area of the spinal cord

    • C. 

      Dorsal root ganglia

    • D. 

      Ventral root ganglia

    • E. 

      Muscles themselves

  • 16. 
    Which transmitter below is most closely associated with the sympathetic ANS
    • A. 

      Serotonin

    • B. 

      Dopamine

    • C. 

      Epinephrine

    • D. 

      Octopamine

    • E. 

      Substance P

  • 17. 
    A nerve that has been cut through is likely ot lead to permanent paralysis because
    • A. 

      Axons cannot repair themselves

    • B. 

      Axons do not regenerate

    • C. 

      Their soma die

    • D. 

      Schwann cells wrap around axons

    • E. 

      Axons often become misdirected

  • 18. 
    Opening of sodium channels in the membrane of a resting neuron results in
    • A. 

      Repolarization

    • B. 

      Depolarization

    • C. 

      Hyperpolarization

    • D. 

      Increased negative charge inside the membrane

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 19. 
    What type of membrane channels are non gated and responsible for the permeability of the membrane at rest
    • A. 

      Na/K ion pump

    • B. 

      Leak channels

    • C. 

      Ligand- gated ions channels

    • D. 

      Voltage gated ion channels

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    According to your instructor, which of the following cannot be theoretically explained through future neuro-physiological research studies
    • A. 

      Volition

    • B. 

      Creativity

    • C. 

      Imagination

    • D. 

      Emotion, such as love

    • E. 

      None of the above ( they can all be theoretically explained)

  • 21. 
    The Na/K ion pump responsible for maintaining the NA adn K gradients
    • A. 

      Pumps out 2 na for every 3 k in

    • B. 

      Pumps out 3 Na for every 2 K in

    • C. 

      Pumps in 2 Na for every 3 K out

    • D. 

      Pumps in 3 Na for every 2K out

    • E. 

      Pumps out 2 NA for every 3 K out

  • 22. 
    Voluntary control of skeletal muscles is provided by the
    • A. 

      Somantic nervous system

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic nervous system

    • C. 

      Afferent nervous system

    • D. 

      Sympathetic nervous system

    • E. 

      Autonomic nervous system

  • 23. 
    The ion needed to initiate the release of acetylcholine into the synaptic cleft is
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Calcium

    • E. 

      Zinc

  • 24. 
    The standard Action Potential happens by __ entering followed by __ leaving
    • A. 

      Na; K

    • B. 

      K, NA

    • C. 

      Na; Na

    • D. 

      K;K

    • E. 

      K; Ca

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is not a general characteristic of every action Potential
    • A. 

      It is regenerative

    • B. 

      It has a threshold

    • C. 

      It has a refactory period

    • D. 

      It jumps from one location to another

    • E. 

      It is all- or- none amplitude

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