Osseous Tissue And Bone Structure Quiz!

60 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

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Osseous Tissue And Bone Structure Quiz!

Can you identify osseous tissue and bone structure? Completing this quiz would serve you, especially if you are learning about these subjects. Bones come in an assortment of forms and sizes and have complex internal and external structures. They are the most substantial parts of the body. Bone tissue or osseous tissue is a type of specialized connective tissue. If you take this quiz, it will put everything together for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of following is a function of the skeletal system?
    • A. 

      Body support

    • B. 

      Calcium homeostasis

    • C. 

      Protection of internal organs

    • D. 

      Blood cell production

    • E. 

      All of the answers are correct.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following are not components of the skeletal system?
    • A. 

      Tendons

    • B. 

      Bones

    • C. 

      Ligaments

    • D. 

      Cartilage

    • E. 

      Other tissues that connect bones

  • 3. 
    The proximal and distal ends of a long bone are called the
    • A. 

      Epiphyses

    • B. 

      Diaphyses

    • C. 

      Epiphyseal plates

    • D. 

      Metaphyses

    • E. 

      Periphyses

  • 4. 
    The carpal bones are examples of ________ bones.
    • A. 

      Long

    • B. 

      Short

    • C. 

      Flat

    • D. 

      Irregular

    • E. 

      Sesamoid

  • 5. 
    A rib is an example of a ________ bone.
    • A. 

      Long

    • B. 

      Short

    • C. 

      Flat

    • D. 

      Sutural

    • E. 

      Sesamoid

  • 6. 
    The patella is an example of a(n) ________ bone.
    • A. 

      Irregular

    • B. 

      Sesamoid

    • C. 

      Sutural

    • D. 

      Sagittal

    • E. 

      Flat

  • 7. 
    Small bones that fill gaps between bones of the skull are called ________ bones.
    • A. 

      Irregular

    • B. 

      Sesamoid

    • C. 

      Sutural

    • D. 

      Sagittal

    • E. 

      Tendon

  • 8. 
    Which of the following labels best matches osteocyte?
    • A. 

      Stem cell

    • B. 

      Dissolves matrix

    • C. 

      Mature bone cell

    • D. 

      Secretes organic matrix

    • E. 

      Immature bone cell

  • 9. 
    Bone is composed of ________ percent cells.
    • A. 

      25

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      2

    • D. 

      15

    • E. 

      50

  • 10. 
    Cells that secrete the organic components of the bone matrix are called
    • A. 

      Osteocytes.

    • B. 

      Osteoprogenitor cells.

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts.

    • D. 

      Osteoclasts.

    • E. 

      Osteoid cells.

  • 11. 
    ________ are squamous stem cells that develop into osteoblasts.
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Osteomedullary cells

    • D. 

      Osteoprogenitor cells

    • E. 

      Osteoid cells

  • 12. 
    ________ account(s) for almost two-thirds of the weight of bone.
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Calcium carbonate

    • C. 

      Collagen fibers

    • D. 

      Fluoride

    • E. 

      Calcium phosphate

  • 13. 
    The ________ interactions allow bone to be strong, somewhat flexible, and highly resistant to shattering.
    • A. 

      Collagen-fiber

    • B. 

      Protein-crystal

    • C. 

      Mineral-crystal

    • D. 

      Protein-protein

    • E. 

      Hydroxyapatite-crystal

  • 14. 
    The most abundant cell type in bone is:
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts.

    • B. 

      Osteoblasts.

    • C. 

      Osteolytes.

    • D. 

      Osteoprogenitor cells.

    • E. 

      Osteocytes.

  • 15. 
    The lacunae of osseous tissue contain:
    • A. 

      Blood cells.

    • B. 

      Osteocytes.

    • C. 

      Chondroblasts.

    • D. 

      Bone marrow.

    • E. 

      Capillaries.

  • 16. 
    How would removing hydroxyapatite from bone matrix affect the physical properties of a bone?
    • A. 

      The bone would be less flexible.

    • B. 

      The bone would be stronger.

    • C. 

      The bone would be more brittle.

    • D. 

      The bone would be more flexible.

    • E. 

      The bone would be less compressible

  • 17. 
    In relationship to the diaphysis of a long bone, the osteons are
    • A. 

      Radial

    • B. 

      Anterior.

    • C. 

      Parallel.

    • D. 

      Proximal.

    • E. 

      Diagonal

  • 18. 
    The femur can withstand ________ times the body's weight without breaking.
    • A. 

      3

    • B. 

      5 to 10

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      10 to 15

    • E. 

      30

  • 19. 
    ________ marrow is found between the trabeculae of spongy bone.
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      White

    • C. 

      Yellow

    • D. 

      Green

    • E. 

      Red

  • 20. 
    Which statement is true regarding calcium in bone matrix?
    • A. 

      Calcium is found in crystals called hydroxyapatite.

    • B. 

      Calcium is secreted by osteoblasts into the matrix.

    • C. 

      Calcium is found in crystals called hydrochloride

    • D. 

      Calcium provides flexibility to the bone matrix.

    • E. 

      Calcium is the organic part of the matrix.

  • 21. 
    The trabeculae of spongy bone
    • A. 

      Are organized by marrow color

    • B. 

      Are organized along stress lines.

    • C. 

      Will collapse under stress.

    • D. 

      Are concentrated in the cortex of the diaphysis.

  • 22. 
    Intramembranous ossification begins with differentiation of ________ cells.
    • A. 

      Osteoclast

    • B. 

      Osteolytic

    • C. 

      Mesenchymal

    • D. 

      Osteoblast

  • 23. 
    Which of the following statements about Marfan's syndrome is false?
    • A. 

      It results in short, stubby fingers.

    • B. 

      It results from a mutation.

    • C. 

       It affects connective tissue structures.

    • D. 

      It affects epiphyseal cartilages.

  • 24. 
    Suppose that epiphyseal lines appear in a 10-year-old's long bones. Which of the following statements is, therefore, true?
    • A. 

      The epiphyseal plates have ossified and further growth in length is not possible.

    • B. 

      Administration of growth hormone will stimulate future bone growth in length.

    • C. 

      Osteoclasts will dissolve the metaphysis so length growth can continue until adulthood.

    • D. 

      More growth will occur during the teenage years as sex hormones stimulate rebuilding of growth plates.

  • 25. 
    When cartilage is produced at the epiphyseal side of the metaphysis at the same rate as bone is deposited on the opposite side, bones
    • A. 

      Grow longer.

    • B. 

      Grow wider.

    • C. 

      Become shorter.

    • D. 

      Become more porous and weaker.